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    Type V collagen in scar tissue regulates the size of scar after heart injury

    , Article Cell ; Volume 182, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 545-562.e23 Yokota, T ; McCourt, J ; Ma, F ; Ren, S ; Li, S ; Kim, T. H ; Kurmangaliyev, Y. Z ; Nasiri, R ; Ahadian, S ; Nguyen, T ; Tan, X. H. M ; Zhou, Y ; Wu, R ; Rodriguez, A ; Cohn, W ; Wang, Y ; Whitelegge, J ; Ryazantsev, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Teitell, M. A ; Chiou, P. Y ; Birk, D. E ; Rowat, A. C ; Crosbie, R. H ; Pellegrini, M ; Seldin, M ; Lusis, A. J ; Deb, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cell Press  2020
    Scar tissue size following myocardial infarction is an independent predictor of cardiovascular outcomes, yet little is known about factors regulating scar size. We demonstrate that collagen V, a minor constituent of heart scars, regulates the size of heart scars after ischemic injury. Depletion of collagen V led to a paradoxical increase in post-infarction scar size with worsening of heart function. A systems genetics approach across 100 in-bred strains of mice demonstrated that collagen V is a critical driver of postinjury heart function. We show that collagen V deficiency alters the mechanical properties of scar tissue, and altered reciprocal feedback between matrix and cells induces... 

    Electrocardiographic ST-segment depression and exposure to traffic-related aerosols in elderly subjects with coronary artery disease

    , Article Environmental Health Perspectives ; Volume 119, Issue 2 , Feb , 2011 , Pages 196-202 ; 00916765 (ISSN) Delfino, R. J ; Gillen, D. L ; Tjoa, T ; Staimer, N ; Polidori, A ; Arhami, M ; Sioutas, C ; Longhurst, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: Air pollutants have not been associated with ambulatory electrocardiographic evidence of ST-segment depression ≥ 1 mm (probable cardiac ischemia). We previously found that markers of primary (combustion-related) organic aerosols and gases were positively associated with circulating biomarkers of inflammation and ambulatory blood pressure in the present cohort panel study of elderly subjects with coronary artery disease. Objectives: We specifically aimed to evaluate whether exposure markers of primary organic aerosols and ultrafine particles were more strongly associated with ST-segment depression of ≥ 1 mm than were secondary organic aerosols or PM 2.5 (particulate matter with...