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    Numerical Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Porous Medium by Applying Magnetic Field on Nano Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Morshedi, Golnoosh (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor)
    A 2D simulation has been carried out to study the effect of magnetic field on heat transfer and pressure drop of nanofluid flowing through a pipe filled with porous medium. The nanofluid flow is modeled as a single-phase flow, and Darcy–Brinkman–Forchheimer equation is employed to model fluid flow in porous media. A constant uniform heat flux was imposed on the walls of the cylinder, and the values of Darcy number, Hartmann number, and volume fraction of the nanoparticles were selected as 0.1, 200, and 0.2, respectively. Effects of parameters such as Reynolds number, the material of the porous medium (conductivity and porosity), and material of nanofluids have been investigated in the... 

    Performance Improvement of the Flat Plate Pulsating Heat Pipe with Diagonal Grooves

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zareian, Alireza (Author) ; Shafiee, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor) ; Moosavi, Ali (Co-Supervisor)
    The main purpose of this study was to increase the flow circulation within the flat plate oscillating heat pipes as a result Increase the heat transfer rate by placing diagonal grooves in the evaporator. The project in two stages a simple page and diagonal companion page are provided to investigate the effect of diagonal grooves. First a simple plate and then a second one with diagonal grooves in the evaporator it was made. Thermal performance of the heat pipes at each of the stages at different filling ratios of 40%, 50%, 60% and 70% for variable input capacities have been studied and compared. The results of the second stage showed that the performance of the new heat pipe at the optimum... 

    Numerical Investigation of Surface Wettability Effect on Liquid-Liquid Two-Phase Flow Heat Transfer in Microchannels

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Moezzi, Mahsa (Author) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor) ; Farhanieh, Bijan (Co-Supervisor)
    It is aimed in this study to numerically investigate the effect of contact angle on the heat transfer coefficient in oil-water two-phase flow. For this purpose, the finite element method (FEM) is used to solve the unsteady Navier-Stokes and energy equations. The level set method is also used to capture the interface between the phases. In the first part of the study, two-phase flow of the water and calibration oil is considered in a T-junction geometry at contact angles of 5°, 40°, and 75°. It is observed that the flow patterns formed in the microchannel depend on the initial flow condition which results in the hysteresis phenomenon. Investigating the effect of wall contact angle on the... 

    Visualization of Pool Boiling Heat Transfer of Magnetic Nano-Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zarei Salehabad, Mostafa (Author) ; Shafiee, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor) ; Moosavi, Ali (Co-Supervisor)
    The use of nano-fluid, which is a stable solid liquid mixture, has been proposed as a new strategy for heat transfer operations. Much research has been done on heat transfer of nano-fluids until now, whereas the study of phenomena associated with phase change, such as boiling where there is heat transfer in larger scales is very necessary. The boiling process based on its potential for transferring high amounts of heat at low temperatures is a very effective and common mechanism, and it occurs in many engineering systems, including boilers at plants, evaporators in refrigeration systems and nuclear reactors. Also, a considerable amount of research was done recently in the field of... 

    Simulation of the Effects of Nanofluids on the Thermal Performance of a Heat Pipe

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirahmadi, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Co-Advisor)
    In terms of thermodynamics and heat transfer, heat pipes such as closed two-phase thermosyphon are of great importance in saving energy. In this study, a computational fluid dynamics model for simulation of a thermosyphon heat pipe with two-phase flow including phase change heat transfer was developed. The study has mainly focused on the effects of volume concentrations of Nanoparticles and the operating temperature on the heat transfer performance of the thermosyphon. The analysis was performed to compare heat transfer performance between a solid copper tube and a thermosyphon heat pipe which contained deionized water and graphene oxide(GO)/water Nanofluid as its working fluids. Based on a... 

    Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer Coefficient of Porous Materials in Various Air Pressures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gholami, Soroush (Author) ; Nouri Broujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Heat transfer in porous media has recently become an important subject in mechanical engineering. Heat transfer in porous media is central in many applications involving industrial devices (chemical engineering, heat exchangers, nuclear reactor, etc...) as well as complex geological formations (in situ combustion and pyrolysis, geothermal sites, etc...). On track to achieve heat transfer methods and heat transfer coefficients of porous materials, this investigation describes the design process of fabrication and experimental analysis of calculation the conduction heat transfer coefficient of the uniform porous materials. We report on thermal conductivity measurements performed on uniform... 

    Modeling of Phase Change Materials Operating in Energy Efficient Buildings

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kayedpour, Kamran (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Zabihollah, Abolghasem (Co-Advisor)
    Shortage of energy sources in the new decade along with the increasing level of greenhouse gas emissions urges researchers in the field of energy to explore for the new source of energy as well as seeking for methods for usage of available energy resources more efficiently. Therefore, development of building with low level of energy usage may significantly reduce the need for grid energy. This can be met with new construction materials to reduce the energy consumption, using renewable energies sources such as solar and wind as well as design and development of materials with capability to store energy. The use of materials which can store energy and release it when needed has been considered... 

    Numerical Simulation of Heat Transfer on Topographically Structured Surfaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Javanbakht, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Numerous three-dimensional models of laminar flow and heat transfer in rough microchannels are developed and analyzed numerically to compare the effect of roughness elements on the thermal and hydrodynamic characteristics. In these models, the rough surfaces are configured with rectangular, triangular and sinusoidal roughness elements. Here, the effects of the roughness height, roughness element width, roughness element pitch, channel separation, Reynolds number and both Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluid on pressure drop and heat transfer in rough microchannels are all investigated and discussed.H2 thermal boundary condition is considered for all peripheral walls and power law model also is... 

    Analytical and Experimental Study of Heat Pipes Performance to Condense the Vapors Outlet of Process Condensate Strippers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fadaee Ayyam, Behrooz (Author) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor)
    In petrochemical, Process condensate is mixtures of dissolved gasses and water. Process condensate striper tower is a physical separation equipment where dissolved gasses remove from water by saturated steam. The Process condensate feed is introduced at the top of the column and the steam input is located at the bottom. When the process condensate enters the stripper tower, it comes down the tower also when the steam enters the tower, it goes up, because there is packing portion in the stripper tower and two streams are countercurrent, as result contact between steam and process condensate, a lot of dissolved gases vapors and exits with steam from top of tower. After leaving the tower, the... 

    Numerical Solution Of One-Dimensional Non-Fourier Bioheat Transfer Through Skin Tissue

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fazel, Zeynab (Author) ; Taghizadeh Manzari, Mehrdad (Supervisor)
    Innovations in laser, microwaves, and similar technologies have significantly advanced thermal treatments for diseases or even injuries concerning skin tissue. For a thorough understanding in the underlying mechanisms of bioheat transfer behavior of skin,a1D unsteady non-dimensional hyperbolic model of heat transfer through this tissue with metabolic heat generation which is subject to specific boundary conditions, is solved numerically using the finite difference method. A thermal shock is generated at the base of the tissue, which moves forward with a finite speed. A Numerical solution for a simple one-layer skin tissue is obtained. Then, the effects of various parameters, time step,... 

    Heat Transfer in Uniform Suction Porous Media of Micro Channel with Variable Cross-section

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akrami, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Fully developed fluid flow and heat transfer is numerically investigated in micro-channels. There are many techniques to intensify heat transfer for internal flows, such as: increasing Reynolds number, extending surface area of channel wall and also disrupting the boundary layer thickness on the wall. Among these, extension wall surface area is a common technique. There are several ways to extend surface area including finned, slotted, chemically etched, grooved as well as porous media adhered wall surface. One other method that we work on it is modifying wall cross-section and usage of uniform suction porous media. The governing equations include the momentum equation of the core region... 

    Experimental Study of Internal Forced Convection of Ferrofluid Flow in Porous Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sehat, Ashkan (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Co-Advisor)
    The present work illustrates the results of an experimental study of ferrofluid flow in a tube subjected to a constant heat flux on its wall and filled with permeable material under the effect of magnetic field. The aim of this project is investigating the enhancement of heat transfer and obtaining a uniform temperature distribution inside the pipe. In order to achieve this, a porous medium with a porosity of 0.39 and ferrofluid with volume fractions of 0.6, 1.0 and 1.5 are used simultaneously, in the presence of magnetic field. The experiments are held for four different Reynolds numbers of 147.1, 167.3, 184.3 and 205.1. Also, four various modes of the oscillatory magnetic field are applied... 

    A Numerical and Analytical Investigation into Heat Losses of Induction Furnaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kabir, Ali Akbar (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    Double channel and coreless induction furnaces are used extensively in many processing industries due mainly to their good heating efficiency, high production rate, clean working environments and relatively low operating costs. The study of heat transfer treatment and evaluation of the heat losses of these furnaces becomes an important issue in melting industries. In this dissertation, a heat transfer analysis will be performed for an induction furnace and heat losses by conduction, convection, Eddy-Current and Hysteresis in a furnace structure, and radiation from the body of a specific induction furnace will be modeled considering the symmetry of the furnace chamber. The models presented in... 

    Performance of Partially Filled Mini-Channels with Porous Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azimi, Adel (Author) ; Nouri, Ali (Supervisor) ; Moosavi, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Laminar forced convection flow through a channel partially filled with a porous material was numerically studied in this thesis. The Navier-Stokes and Brinkman-Forchheimer equations were used to model the fluid flow in the free and porous regions, respectively. Coupling of the pressure and velocity fields was resolved using the SIMPLEC algorithm. The local thermal equilibrium was adopted in the energy equation. The effects of the thermal conductivity ratio, Darcy number, porosity, Reynolds number and height of the porous insert on velocity and temperature field were investigated. The results show that the flow behavior and its associated heat transfer are susceptible to the variation of the... 

    Effect of tiO_2 Nanoparticles on Heat and Drag Properties of Dilute Polymer Solutions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Paryani, Sadra (Author) ; Ramezani Saadat Abadi, Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    In the present work, the experiments were carried out for two types of PAM (3330 and 3630) with three distinct concentrations (25, 40 and 55 ppm) and TiO_2-water nanofluid for four concentrations (1.5, 2, 2.5 and 3 vol. %), and the Nusselt number and friction factor for each of them expressed separately. The Reynolds number was in the range from 11000 to 21000. The steady state turbulent convective heat transfer and friction factor of the combination of TiO_2-water nanofluid and polymer 3330 in the coiled tube were investigated. The effects of the Reynolds number for 2 vol. % nanoparticles which consists of 25 ppm PAM (3330) determined at the constant temperature of 24°C. It was observed... 

    Thermohydraulic Analysis of High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors Using Porous Media Approach

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Tabatabai Ghomsheh, Isar (Author) ; Nouri Borojerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    High temperature modular reactors (HTR) are the most likely next generation reactors that will meet future energy needs. Their inherent safety is the most attractive feature of this type of reactors, and along with that, we can mention the ease of their design, operation and maintenance. Since the reactor is safe in the event of an accident, without activating any external source of security, this reactor is considered intrinsically safe. Despite this inherent property, the reactor is only affected by its physical characteristics, and therefore, many dangerous situations are prevented.The inherent safety feature of this reactor is completely dependent on its proper design. The power density... 

    Technical and Economic Assessment Of a Symbiosis Opportunity for Utilization of Power Plants-Sourced Waste Heat to Supply Greenhouses Demand Considering Spatial Configuration

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Geramian Nejjad, Ali (Author) ; Roshandel, Ramin (Supervisor)
    The main purpose of this research is analyzing the energy stream of clean food production by using Iran's power plants sourced waste heat. In order to achieve this goal, at first, greenhouse heating demand model according to the type of crops and geographic location of greenhouse, heat transport from power plant to greenhouse model, and heat exchanger model is presented. Then, the potential of constructing clean greenhouse around power plants has been evaluated by using the concept of industrial symbiosis and by integrating greenhouse energy demand, waste heat transport, and heat exchanger models into industrial symbiosis concept framework and also by economical and geographical assessments.... 

    An Experimental-Theoretical Study on Batch (Static) Sublimation and Derivation of a Correlation for its Heat Transfer Coefficient

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mottafegh, Amir Reza (Author) ; Otukesh, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    The major features of batch sublimation were investigated in an experimental-theoretical study. An experimental setup with real-time displays, sublimated dry ice blocks of different sizes, with circular or rectangular geometries. When temperature of hotplate was changed from -30 to 200 oC, heat transfer coefficient “hsub” decreased from 126 to 70 W/m2K, while thermal flux increased, linearly. Weight and area of the block had a positive/negative effects on “hsub”, respectively. In theoretical part, at first, two “linear-gradient” and “cubic” models were developed by a combined mass-momentum-energy balance. The latter used Von Karman temperature profile, and in cases of circular and... 

    Thermal-Hydraulic Simulation and Analysis of Two-Phase Thermal Shock in Pressurized Light Water Power Plants

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ghafari, Mohsen (Author) ; Ghofrani, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    As a result of fission reaction in a nuclear reactor, the produced high neutron flux would affect the material of Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV). This neutron radiation has a detrimental impact on the mechanical properties of the RPV material such as hardening (or embrittlement) while neutrons are absorbed by the material. A major concern in embrittled RPVs is propagation of critical flaw causing through-wall cracks. Some transients leading to overcooling of RPV intensify the propagation of theses cracks and result in thermal load on RPV, known as Pressurized Thermal Shock (PTS). Such situation could be created in case of Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS) actuation which leads to injection... 

    Optimal Design of Active and Passive Solar Greenhouses Considering Climate Conditions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esmaeli, Homa (Author) ; Roshandel, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Increasing global demand for water, food, energy and the interdependency of these three nexuses increase the necessity of finding suitable solutions and making policies considering the impact of each nexus to the others. The aim of developing greenhouses is to produce high-quality food with high performance while the water consumption decrease. This comes along with huge amount of energy consumption. Solar greenhouse technology utilizes solar energy to decrease heating demand of greenhouse to zero. The greenhouse performance has a direct correlation with climate condition. This research has been conducted to present optimal design for solar greenhouses. Firstly, a solar passive design was...