Search for: heat-transfer
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    Microstructure evolution and microhardness of friction stir welded cast aluminum bronze

    , Article Journal of Materials Processing Technology ; Vol. 214, issue. 8 , August , 2014 , pp. 1524-1529 ; ISSN: 09240136 Rizi, M. S ; Kokabi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Microstructural characteristics and mechanical properties of a friction stir welded cast aluminum bronze (Cu-9Al-1Fe), produced by a sand casting method, have been investigated at tool rotation of 850-1500 rpm and traverse speed of 50-100 mm/min. Refinement of the primary coarse cast microstructure in the base metal was seen after friction stir welding. Microstructure of the stir zone was characterized in four distinct areas of non-isometric fine grains while a significant grain growth was noticed in some of the areas. Conditions of grain growth are defined with high heat input intensity and low heat transfer capability. The grain size was observed to decrease after FSW, resulting in a... 

    Analyses of mass and heat transport interactions in a direct methanol fuel cell

    , Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Vol. 39, issue. 21 , July , 2014 , p. 11224-11240 ; ISSN: 03603199 Kalantari, H ; Baghalha, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a two-dimensional, two-phase, non-isothermal model is presented to predict the electrochemical, mass transfer and heat transfer behaviors in a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). Governing equations including the momentum, continuity, heat transfer, proton and electron transport, species transport for water, methanol, and all the gas species (carbon dioxide, methanol vapor, water vapor, oxygen, and nitrogen) and the auxiliary equations are coupled to studying the various phenomena in DMFC. The modeling results agree well with the four different experimental data in an extensive range of operation conditions. A parametric study is also performed to examine the effects of the cell... 

    Heat transfer between micro- and nano-mechanical systems through optical channels

    , Article Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics ; Vol. 31, issue. 7 , 2014 , pp. 1525-1532 ; ISSN: 07403224 Farman, F ; Bahrampour, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a new mechanism of heat transfer is introduced. It is shown that, without emission and absorption of photons, light can operate as a channel of heat transfer between nano- or micro-mechanical oscillators. We consider the dynamics of two vibrating mirrors coupled through one optical cavity mode in an optomechanical system. It is shown that light mediates heat transfer between two micro-mirrors. When the detuning frequency of the mechanical resonators is low, fluctuations flow through the light channel from the high temperature vibrating mirror toward the low temperature one. This behavior is named the resonance heat transfer effect. The rate of heat flow between the mechanical... 

    Comparison between Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches in predicting motion of micron-sized particles in laminar flows

    , Article Atmospheric Environment ; Vol. 89, issue , 2014 , Pages 199-206 ; ISSN: 13522310 Saidi, M. S ; Rismanian, M ; Monjezi, M ; Zendehbad, M ; Fatehiboroujeni, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Modeling the behavior of suspended particles in gaseous phase is important for diverse reasons; e.g. aerosol is usually the main subject of CFD simulations in clean rooms. Additionally, to determine the rate and sites of deposition of particles suspended in inhaled air, the motion of the particles should be predicted in lung airways. Meanwhile there are two basically different approaches to simulate the behavior of particles suspension, Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches. This study compares the results of these two approaches on simulating the same problem. An in-house particle tracking code was developed to simulate the motion of particles with Lagrangian approach. In order to simulate the... 

    Experimental study of internal forced convection of ferrofluid flow in porous media

    , Article Defect and Diffusion Forum ; Vol. 348 , April , 2014 , pp. 139-146 ; ISSN: 10120386 ; ISBN: 9783038350002 Sehat, A ; Sadrhosseini, H ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    This work presents an experimental study of the effect of a magnetic field on laminar forced convection of a ferrofluid flowing in a tube filled with permeable material. The walls of the tube are subjected to a uniform heat flux and the permeable bed consists of uniform spheres of 3-mm diameter. The ferrofluid synthesis is based on reacting iron (II) and iron (III) in an aqueous ammonia solution to form magnetite, Fe3O4. The magnetite is mixed with aqueous tetra methyl ammonium hydroxide, (CH3) 4NOH, solution. The dependency of the pressure drop on the volume fraction, and comparison of the pressure drop and the temperature distribution of the tube wall is studied. Also comparison of the... 

    Exergy analysis of a flat plate solar collector in combination with heat pipe

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Research ; Vol. 8, Issue. 1 , 2014 , Pages 39-48 ; ISSN: 17356865 Kargarsharifabad, H ; Shafii, M. B ; Rahni, M. T ; Abbaspour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The use of solar collectors in combination with heat pipes is rapidly growing in recent years. Heat pipes, as heat transfer components, have undeniable advantages in comparison with other alternatives. The most important advantage is their high rate of heat transfer at minor temperature differences. Although there have been numerous studies on the heat analysis or first thermodynamic analysis of flat plate solar collectors in combination with heat pipes, the exergy analysis of these collectors is needed to be investigated. In this work, energy and exergy analysis of a flat plate solar collector with a heat pipe is conducted theoretically. Next, the exergy efficiency of pulsating heat pipe... 

    The study of magnetic field implementation on cylinder quenched in boiling ferro-fluid

    , Article Applied Thermal Engineering ; Volume 64, Issue 1-2 , March , 2014 , Pages 331-338 ; ISSN: 13594311 Habibi Khoshmehr, H ; Saboonchi, A ; Shafii, M. B ; Jahani, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    It has been shown that nanofluids in different investigations increase or decrease heat transfer rate in boiling phenomenon. The present study examined the effects of ferro-fluid concentrations and magnetic field implementation on the fluid throughout the boiling process. Obtained are the quenching curve and boiling curve on specified surface roughness in both water and ferro-fluid with two different concentrations. A silver cylinder with Aspect ratio of 10, and surface roughness of 689 nm was heated up to 350 C and then was overwhelmed in the fluid under study. Temperatures were measured by a thermocouple which installed in the center of the cylinder. The test was carried out 5 times. The... 

    Empirical correlation for performance evaluation of electric/corona wind on natural convection

    , Article Journal of Electrostatics ; Vol. 72, issue. 1 , February , 2014 , pp. 82-90 ; ISSN: 03043886 Nasiri Vatan, S ; Shabahang-Nia, E ; Merdasi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The effect of the corona wind on the natural convection at a rectangular channel was investigated experimentally. The results indicate that the natural convection in the absence of electric/corona wind at obtuse angles outperforms than acute angles and keeps improving by increasing the angle. However, the efficiency of the electric/corona wind at acute angles is higher than obtuse angles. Generally, in the presence of electric/corona wind, heat transfer coefficient was increased. The effect of the electric/corona wind was decreased by raising heat flux. This mainly stems from the fact that the temperature gradient raises the thermal boundary layer and reduces the secondary flow power.... 

    Open-loop pulsating heat pipes charged with magnetic nanofluids: powerful candidates for future electronic coolers

    , Article Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering ; Volume 18, Issue 1 , 2014 , Pages 18-38 ; ISSN: 15567265 Mohammadi, M ; Taslimifar, M ; Haghayegh, S ; Hannani, S. K ; Shafii, M. B ; Saidi, M. H ; Afshin, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    The present research proposes an effective method to enhance the heat transport capability of conventional electronic coolers and improve their thermal management. Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) are outstanding heat transfer devices in the field of electronic cooling. In the present study, two sets of open-loop pulsating heat pipes (OLPHPs) for two different magnetic nanofluids (with and without surfactant) were fabricated and their thermal performance was experimentally investigated. Effects of working fluid (water and two types of magnetic nanofluids), heating power, charging ratio, nanofluid concentration, inclination angle, application of a magnetic field, and magnet location are described.... 

    Three dimensional heat transfer modeling of gas-solid flow in a pipe under various inclination angles

    , Article Powder Technology ; Vol. 262, Issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 223-232 ; ISSN: 0032-5910 Pishvar, M ; Saffar Avval, M ; Mansoori, Z ; Amirkhosravi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The turbulent heat transfer in gas-solid flows through an inclined pipe under various inclination angles is studied with constant wall heat flux. The hydrodynamic k- τ and kθ- τθ thermal two phase model is used in a lagrangian/Eulerian four way approach. The numerical results agreed reasonably with available experimental data in vertical and horizontal pipe flows. The effects of inclination angles on the flow patterns are reported. The pressure drop and Nusselt number are enhanced significantly as the inclination increases up to a certain angle. The mass loading ratio has influence on the optimal inclination angle. With increasing loading ratio, the optimal inclination angle of maximum... 

    Effects of preheating temperature and cooling rate on two-step residual stress in thermal barrier coatings considering real roughness and porosity effect

    , Article Ceramics International ; Vol. 40, Issue. 10 , December , 2014 , pp. 15925-15940 ; ISSN: 02728842 Rezvani Rad, M ; Farrahi, G. H ; Azadi, M ; Ghodrati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this research, a finite element model was developed in order to simulate the two-step residual stress distribution of a thermal barrier coating system, considered to be used in diesel engine cylinder head, with a real roughness and real porosity. Two steps including the bond coat and the top coat deposition processes were taken into account. The real geometry of coating layers, including the roughness and the porosity, was also considered based on a scanning electron microscopy image. Then, effects of the convective heat transfer coefficient and initial substrate and substrate/bond coat preheating temperatures on the residual stress were studied. Obtained results illustrate that the... 

    CFD-aided simulation of frost growth inside a narrow duct with uniform wall temperature variation

    , Article ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2014, Collocated with the ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting ; 2014 ; ISBN: 9780791846278 Darbandi, M ; Asgari, E ; Hajikaram, M ; Schneider, G. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we study the frost formation and growth at the walls of a duct with uniform wall temperature variation. The simulation is performed for laminar flow regime considering suitable semi-empirical models incorporated with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method. The frost growth is considered to be normal to the duct surface. Since the duct aspect ratio is high, we perform our simulations in two-dimensional zones. To simulate the frost layer properly, we solve both the energy and mass balance equations implementing some semi-empirical correlations on the frost side. At this stage, we suitably predict the required heat flux value at the solid boundary and the heat transfer... 

    Solving combined natural convection-radiation in participating media considering the compressibility effects

    , Article 52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014 ; 13- 17 January , 2014 ; ISBN: 9781624102561 Darbandi, M ; Abrar, B ; Schneider, G. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this work, we aim to study the effect of temperature gradients on the combined natural convection-radiation heat transfer problem in participating media. To impose this combined effect, we first solve the radiative transfer equation in an absorbing and emitting media. Then, we suitably add the radiation source terms to the energy equation and solve the fluid flow equations. Literature shows that many incompressible algorithms use the Boussinesq assumption to model the thermobuoyant force; however, the validity of this assumption is limited to cases with low temperature gradient distributions. Evidently, Boussinesq assumption would result in considerable errors in high temperature gradient... 

    Experimental characterization of stabilized suspensions caused by formation of nanoparticle halos

    , Article ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2014, Collocated with the ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting ; 2014 ; ISBN: 9780791846278 Keramati, H ; Zabetian, M ; Saidi, M. H ; Mozafari, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Suspension flow has an important role in various applications such as paint, material and pharmaceutical industries. Settling is considered as a resisting phenomenon in the processes dealing with suspensions. Using nanoparticles as an additive to micro-particulates has been studied in limited studies. This work presents an experimental investigation to assess the effectiveness of nanoparticles in reduction of suspension settling. Microscopic imaging and transmission measurement were used to analyze the stability factors in a container. Transmission analysis revealed that presence of nanoparticles in the suspension, decreased the sedimentation rate. Microscopy showed that the settling rate... 

    Extension of weighted sum of gray gas data to mathematical simulation of radiative heat transfer in a boiler with gas-soot media

    , Article The Scientific World Journal ; Vol. 2014 , 2014 ; ISSN: 1537744X Gharehkhani, S ; Nouri-Borujerdi, A ; Kazi, S. N ; Yarmand, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study an expression for soot absorption coefficient is introduced to extend the weighted-sum-of-gray gases data to the furnace medium containing gas-soot mixture in a utility boiler 150 MWe. Heat transfer and temperature distribution of walls and within the furnace space are predicted by zone method technique. Analyses have been done considering both cases of presence and absence of soot particles at 100% load. To validate the proposed soot absorption coefficient, the expression is coupled with the Taylor and Foster's data as well as Truelove's data for CO2-H2O mixture and the total emissivities are calculated and compared with the Truelove's parameters for 3-term and 4-term gray... 

    Thickness optimization of polyurethane floor insulation based on analysis of the heat transfer in a multi-layer

    , Article ASME 2014 12th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2014 ; Vol. 3, issue , 2014 Moosavi, A ; Saidi, M. H ; Reshadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    During the year, due to weather conditions, the temperature fluctuations at surface level cause problems in underground pipes as a result of freezing water. One of the best prevention strategies is the use of polyurethane floor insulation for keeping the temperature of clay above zero degrees Celsius. In this study to calculate the minimum thickness of polyurethane insulation layer, the differential equation of energy is solved based on principle of separation of variables using imaginary eigenvalues for consistency with the temperature distribution in multi-layer consist of asphalt, gravel and polyurethane with finite thickness and clay as a semiinfinite medium with periodic thermal... 

    The quenching of silver rod in boiling carbon nano tube-water nanofluid

    , Article International Journal of Thermal Sciences ; Volume 75 , 2014 , Pages 95-104 ; ISSN: 12900729 Habibi Khoshmehr, H ; Saboonchi, A ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    It is well established that nanofluids increase or decrease heat transfer in boiling phenomenon. The study acquired Quenching curve and boiling curve in two different surface roughnesses in two fluids: deionized water and the nanofluid MWCNT-water with four different concentrations. The cylinder was made of silver and two surface roughnesses of 129 and 690 nm. It was heated up and soaked in the fluid mentioned above. Temperature was recorded by a drilled to install thermocouple. The experiment was replicated in five times. To calculate the heat transfer quotient, assuming the cylinder to be thermally homogeneous, the Lumped capacity method was applied. The obtained results during quenching... 

    On the prediction of shrinkage defects by thermal criterion functions

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Vol. 74, issue. 1-4 , Jun , 2014 , p. 569-579 Tavakoli, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The goal of the present study is to predict the formation of solidification induced defects in castings by thermal criteria functions. In a criterion function method, the heat transfer equation is firstly solved, and then the susceptibility of defect formation at every point in the casting is predicted by computing a local function, criterion function, using results of the thermal analysis. In the first part of the paper, some famous criteria functions, in particular, the Pellini and Niyama criteria, are analyzed and their shortcomings are discussed in details. Then, a new criterion function is suggested to decrease the shape-dependency issue of the former criteria. The feasibility of the... 

    Two-dimensional axisymmetric modelingof combustion in an iron ore sintering bed

    , Article Special Topics and Reviews in Porous Media ; Volume 4, Issue 4 , 2013 , Pages 299-313 ; 21514798 (ISSN) Lafmejani, S. S ; Emami, M. D ; Panjehpour, M ; Sohrabi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A twodimensional model, based on conservation of mass, momentum and energy equations, is represented in this paper in which the coke combustion process, for iron ore sintering in a packed bed, is simulated numerically. The aforementioned packed bed consists of iron ore, coke, limestone and moisture. The main objective of iron ore sintering is producing resistant agglomerates which can be used in blast furnaces. For this purpose, the sinter mixture is partially melted in high temperature and finally molten is allowed to cool. The molten production and subsequently, the solidification process are totally dependent on composition and components of mixture. Changes in bed porosity, caused by... 

    Advanced gel polymer electrolyte for lithium-ion polymer batteries

    , Article ASME 2013 7th Int. Conf. on Energy Sustainability Collocated with the ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conf. and the ASME 2013 11th Int. Conf. on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology ; July , 2013 ; 9780791855515 (ISBN) Zhang, R ; Hashemi, N ; Ashuri, M ; Montazami, R ; Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division ; Sharif University of Technology
    We report improved performance of Li-ion polymer batteries through advanced gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs). Compared to solid and liquid electrolytes, GPEs are advantageous as they can be fabricated in different shapes and geometries; also ionic properties are significantly superior to that of solid and liquid electrolytes. We have synthetized GPE in form of membranes by trapping ethylene carbonate and propylene carbonate in a composite of polyvinylidene fluoride and N-methylpyrrolidinore. By applying phase-transfer method, we synthetized membranes with micro-pores, which led to higher ionic conductivity. The proposed membrane is to be modified further to have higher capacity, stronger...