Search for: heat-transfer
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    The Finite Element Modeling of Thermodynamic Contact Problems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saffar Shahroudi, Hadi (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    The numerical modeling of engineering contact problems is one of the most difficult and demanding tasks in computational mechanics. Frictional contact can be observed in many problems; such as: crack propagation, metal forming operation, drilling pile etc. The thermodynamic coupling problems arise naturally in many industrial processes, such as thermal protection structures ,nuclear fuel elements, layerd structures , heat exchanger as well as metal forming. In these situations predicting temperature field as well as the stress field is of considerable applied importance. When two or more bodies are forced to contact whit each other as a result of thermal or/and mechanical load thermodynamic... 

    Prediction of Homogeneos Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engines Performance Using Multi-Zone Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahzadi, Hossein (Author) ; Mozafari, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    Some researches have been carried out in the last 20 years in order to increase the present IC engines thermal efficiency and their optimum performance. (HCCI) engine is viewed as a combination of spark-ignition (SI) and compression-ignition (CI) engines. This is because HCCI engines use premixed fuel/air mixture like SI engines and have auto ignition combustion after the mixture is compressed like CI engines. Control of combustion and ignition timing are the main challenges of these engines. Ignition delay, compression ratio, fuel air equivalence ratio and intake temperature and pressure are considered to be the most effective parameters on HCCI combustion.HCCI engines have great potentials... 

    Experimental Study of Internal Forced Convection of Ferrofluid Flow in Magnetizable Porous Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Keshavarz Behrghani, Mohsen (Author) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor)
    The use of nanofluids to improve the heat transfer has a special attention in the industry. researches focus on the efficiency of heat transfer nanofluids dates back to 1998. Ferrofluids are a particular type of nanofluids which their nanoparticles have magnetic effect and heat transfer can be increased by applying magnetic field to them. In this work, thermal and hydrodynamic performance of ferromagnetic fluid which flows through a copper tube in thermal entrance region has been studied. The flow in the tube is laminar and is affected by constant heat flux. Part of the tube contains a porous medium with paramagnetic properties and porosity of 0.46. Ferrofluid is composed of F e3O4 and water... 

    Numerical Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Porous Medium by Applying Magnetic Field on Nano Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Morshedi, Golnoosh (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor)
    A 2D simulation has been carried out to study the effect of magnetic field on heat transfer and pressure drop of nanofluid flowing through a pipe filled with porous medium. The nanofluid flow is modeled as a single-phase flow, and Darcy–Brinkman–Forchheimer equation is employed to model fluid flow in porous media. A constant uniform heat flux was imposed on the walls of the cylinder, and the values of Darcy number, Hartmann number, and volume fraction of the nanoparticles were selected as 0.1, 200, and 0.2, respectively. Effects of parameters such as Reynolds number, the material of the porous medium (conductivity and porosity), and material of nanofluids have been investigated in the... 

    Experimental of Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient Around a Vertical Rod Bundle

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Molla Bagher Makhmalbaf, Mohammad Hadi (Author) ; Jafari, Jalil (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Research on convective heat transfer coefficient around a rod bundle has several applications in industry. So far, many studies have been conducted in correlations related to internal fully developed flow. By comparing Dittus-Boelter, Sieder-Tate and Petukhov found to be more practical. The present study examines the validity of these frequently applied correlations experimentally. A thermohydraulic loop has been designed and manufactured to test and measuring the convective heat transfer coefficient. Due to its generalizibility, the unique geometry of this test facility (hexagonal arranged, 7 vertical rods in a hexagonal tube) has achieved extensive application. The major deviation factors... 

    Experimental Study of Internal Forced Convection of Ferrofluid Flow in Porous Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sehat, Ashkan (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Co-Advisor)
    The present work illustrates the results of an experimental study of ferrofluid flow in a tube subjected to a constant heat flux on its wall and filled with permeable material under the effect of magnetic field. The aim of this project is investigating the enhancement of heat transfer and obtaining a uniform temperature distribution inside the pipe. In order to achieve this, a porous medium with a porosity of 0.39 and ferrofluid with volume fractions of 0.6, 1.0 and 1.5 are used simultaneously, in the presence of magnetic field. The experiments are held for four different Reynolds numbers of 147.1, 167.3, 184.3 and 205.1. Also, four various modes of the oscillatory magnetic field are applied... 

    Visualization and Investigation of The Influence of the Connecting Channels on Flat-Plate Pulsating Heat-Pipes’ Heat-Transfer

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebrahimi Dehshali, Massoud (Author) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor)
    A desired circulatory flow in flat-plate pulsating heat-pipes may improve electronic thermal management. This desired flow can be achieved by fabricating connecting channels (CCs) to increase flow resistance in one direction. In addition, connecting channels may increase the freedom degree of fluid. In order to investigate the effect of CC, two aluminum flat plate thermal spreaders with overall size 320mm×220mm×5mm - one with CC (CC-FPHP) and one without it- were fabricated. Both of the speaders have square channels with crosssection 2mm×2.8mm. The FPHPs were charged with ethanol as working fluid with filling ratios of 35%, 50%, 65%, and 80% by volume. Performance of connecting-channels in... 

    Multiscale Modelling of Non-Isothermal Multiphase Flow in Heterogeneous Porous Media with Computational Homogenization Approach

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Saeedmonir, Saeed (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    In the real engineering problems, the existing materials in the nature or human-made materials, contain different heterogeneities from the view of small scale. Reinforced composite materials and porous media containing grains or micro-cracks are some examples of these materials. Due to the large amount of these heterogeneities as well as the small size, direct modelling of these micro-structures requires extremely high computational and memorial cost. Also, the equivalent models introduced in the literature, have strong limitations and therefore, cannot capture accurate behavior of the material. Hence, multiscale methods have been proposed in order to model these heterogeneous media with... 

    Modeling and Simulation of Magnetic Nanofluids Convective Heat Transfer around a Sphere in the Presence of External Magnetic Feild

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbasi, Zeinab (Author) ; Molaei Dehkordi, Asghar (Supervisor)
    The good performance in cooling, especially in systems with small dimensions, is one of the critical needs of many industries. Heat transfer around sphere in all systems that contain particles, is important. Many methods have been proposed to improve the heat transfer rate but using nanofluids is one of the ways that has attracted more attention than others. Ferrofluids have magnetic properties in addition to nanofluids properties and this has a significant impact in increasing the heat transfer rate. Controlling heat transfer by magnetic field is one of the unique characteristics of this fluid. The project aim is to investigate the effect of magnetic field on heat transfer around sphere in... 

    Modeling, Analysis and Possible Solution for Excessive Intraocular Pressure in Glaucoma Patients

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Singh, Dara (Author) ; Firouzbakhsh, Keykhosrow (Supervisor)
    With the advent of new computer technologies, computational analysis on the human organs has become tremendously popular in the field of medical science. Every year thousands of people suffer irreversible eye damages pertaining to lack of adequate medications. In this regards, enormous amount of money is spent annually but mostly in vain due to the irreversibility and silent nature of eye diseases like glaucoma. Yet more precise studies on the topic are requisite. In this thesis, a validated half 3D finite volume model of human eye considering the fluid flow in collaboration with heat transfer in the steady state utilizing the well known discretized bio-heat transfer equation coupled with... 

    Modeling and Optimization of a Solar Thermal Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Plants

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shamsi, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Boroushaki, Mehrdad (Supervisor)
    One of the main components of any solar power plant is the heat storage. Implementing heat storage reduc-es the cost of power generation by increasing the capacity factor of the system. This Thesis aims to analyze the operation of heat storages by modeling latent heat
    storage. In this regard, an efficient method named "Method of Characteristics" is utilized. Models developed based on this method are possible to be used for comparison, sensitivity analysis, and optimization due to their low computation time. Sensitivity analysis was carried out based on various parameters such as void fraction, fiUer material size. Results show that using latent heat storage, storage c-apacity is... 

    Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Modeling of Fractured Deformable Porous Media with Two-phase Fluid Flow using XFEM Technique

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mortazavi, Mohammad Sadegh (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    In this study, a fully coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical model for two-phase fluid flow and heat transport in fractured/fracturing porous media is introduced using the extended finite element method (XFEM) for numerical solution. The subject is important in the environmental and industrial fields such as hydraulic fracturing in petroleum industry, CO2 geo-sequestration, geothermal energy extraction and radioactive waste disposal in unsaturated porous media. In the fractured porous media, there are couplings of traction and heat and mass transfer between the fracture space and the surrounding media. Therefore, consideration of the fracture geometry explicitly in the modeling is important to... 

    Numerical Modeling of Hydrothermal Behavior of Geothermal Piles in Sandy Soils

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehraeen, Naghmeh (Author) ; Ahmadi, Mohammad Mehdi (Supervisor)
    This study highlights an important distinction between heat transfer mechanism in dry and saturated soil. Soil temperature data recorded during model tests, soil thermal response predicted using finite difference and analytical methods are compared with finite element models. In recent years, due to the industrial development of human societies, the energy consumption has been increased worldwide. On the other hand, the most commonly used energy resources are non-renewable energies. Therefore, governments and industries aimed to develop a technology which provides economical use of renewable energy sources. One of the renewable energy sources is the geothermal energy of the Earth. In this... 

    Numerical Simulation of Cold and Hot Water Injection into Naturally Fractured Reservoirs Using the Extended Finite Element Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pirmoradi, Pouriya (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    The present article studies the isothermal and non-isothermal water injection into naturally fractured oil reservoirs by numerical simulation. The fractures in naturally fractured reservoirs can possess different characteristics. In addition. a remarkable number of naturally fractured reservoirs contain relatively heavy oils that could not be extracted economically; hence. the thermal recovery methods are extensively used for these reservoirs. Hot water injection is one of the thermal recovery methods that has not been explored enough compared to its alternatives. In this study. the effectiveness of the hot water injection over the cold (isothermal) water injection in oil production is... 

    Numerical Modeling of Treatment of Liver Tissue Cancer by Using High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (Hifu)

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mohammadpour Ghadikolaie, Maryam (Author) ; Firoozabadi, Bahar (Supervisor)
    In recent years, the incidence rate of liver cancer has increased sharply and nowadays liver cancer is known as the second leading cause of cancer death in the world. Surgical resection is usually used to treat malignant hepatic tumors. However, in some cases, surgical resection is not possible because of some reasons, such as tumor size and location. In these cases, other minimally invasive ablation methods such as radio-frequency ablation, microwave ablation, and high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) can be used. HIFU has some advantages such as noninvasiveness, high penetration depth, and low cost in comparison to the other ablation techniques such as radiofrequency ablation. In HIFU... 

    Numerical Modeling of Hydrothermal Behavior of Geothermal Tunnels in Sandy Soils

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ashkbari, Mohammad Amin (Author) ; Ahmadi, Mohammad Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Shallow geothermal energy is a renewable and sustainable form of energy that has the potential to help alleviate the growing climate and energy crisis. The most common system used to extract shallow geothermal energy is the ground source heat pump (GSHP) system. The concept of using underground structures in exploiting shallow geothermal energy for space heating and cooling has received increasing attention. This study focuses on the use of geothermal tunnels as a means of extracting shallow geothermal energy.This research examines the effects of different heat transfer mechanisms, and highlights the effects of this phenomenon by focusing on the effects of natural convection around the... 

    Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer at the Entrance Zone of a Partially Filled Porous Channel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Inanloo, Saeed (Author) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    This paper numerically studies the convection heat transfer enhancement of a developing two dimensional laminar flow in a pipe partially filled with porous materials. One of the most important effects of the systems with porous materials in them, is that they can improve some heat transfer components if they be used in a proper way. This study has been performed under both local thermal equilibrium (LTE) and local thermal non-equilibrium (LTNE) conditions. Two energy equations are used in non-thermal equilibrium condition between fluid and porous material. Darcy-Brinkman-Forchheimer model is used to model the flow inside the porous medium. The effects of different parameters such as, Darcy... 

    Modeling of Heat Transfer and Thermo-Mechanical Contact in Fractured Medium using XFEM Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bahmani, Bahador (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Heat transfer phonomenon is very important in solids and fluids, specially in fractured medium which has a major role in response of domain.In fact the fracture in special conditions can prevent the heat flow and in different conditions can aid the heat flow and conducts it.Propagation of hydraulic fracture by non-isothermal injection in fractured domain is a problem that has many physical phenomena like modeling of porous medium, heat transfer process in medium, discontinuities presence, concevtion of heat process by hydraulic fracture, fracture propagation, interaction of hydraulic fracture with existing fractures, junctions of cracks, contact phenomenon, etc. Therfore, solving this... 

    Simulation of Heat Transfer in Nanoscale Flow Using Molecular Dynamics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbasi, Hossein Reza (Author) ; Darbandi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    We investigate heat transfer between parallel plates separated by liquid argon using three-dimensional molecular dynamics (MD) simulations incorporating with 6-12 Lennard-Jones potential between molecule pairs. We use thermal walls constructed from the oscillating molecules, which are connected to their original positions using linear spring forces. Channel walls are maintained at specific temperatures using a recently developed interactive thermal wall model. This approach is much more effective than the one which uses a fixed lattice wall modeling to simulate the heat transfer between wall and fluid. Heat flux and temperature distribution in nanochannels are calculated for channel height... 

    Modeling of Phase Change Materials Operating in Energy Efficient Buildings

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kayedpour, Kamran (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Zabihollah, Abolghasem (Co-Advisor)
    Shortage of energy sources in the new decade along with the increasing level of greenhouse gas emissions urges researchers in the field of energy to explore for the new source of energy as well as seeking for methods for usage of available energy resources more efficiently. Therefore, development of building with low level of energy usage may significantly reduce the need for grid energy. This can be met with new construction materials to reduce the energy consumption, using renewable energies sources such as solar and wind as well as design and development of materials with capability to store energy. The use of materials which can store energy and release it when needed has been considered...