Search for: heat-transfer-device
Efficiency improvement of solar stills through wettability alteration of the condensation surface: An experimental study, Article Applied Energy ; Volume 268 , 2020 ; Soltani Goharrizi, A ; Ayatollahi, S ; Feilizadeh, M ; Dashti, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2020
The condensation process is of great importance in many heat transfer devices in which a large amount of energy must be transferred. Furthermore, condensation is a crucial part of energy conversion and affects the energy efficiency of thermal desalination plants and solar stills. During the condensation process in solar stills, an essential part of the energy is transferred through the condensation surface to produce fresh water. Therefore, the condensation surface plays a significant role in the working efficiency of solar stills. The wettability of the condensation surface influences the condensation mechanism, which, in turn, affects the efficiency of solar stills. This study aims to...
A review on application of nanofluid in various types of heat pipes, Article Journal of Central South University ; Volume 26, Issue 5 , 2019 , Pages 1021-1041 ; 20952899 (ISSN) ; Ahmadi, M. H ; Sadeghzadeh, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Goodarzi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Central South University of Technology 2019
Nanotechnology is widely used in heat transfer devices to improve thermal performance. Nanofluids can be applied in heat pipes to decrease thermal resistance and achieve a higher heat transfer capability. In the present article, a comprehensive literature review is performed on the nanofluids’ applications in heat pipes. Based on reviewed studies, nanofluids have a high capacity to boost the thermal behavior of various types of heat pipes such as conventional heat pipes, pulsating heat pipes, and thermosyphons. Besides, it is observed that there must be a selected amount of concentration for the high-performance utilization of nanoparticles; high concentration of nanoparticles causes a...
Numerical simulation of PV cooling by using single turn pulsating heat pipe, Article International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 127 , 2018 , Pages 203-208 ; 00179310 (ISSN) ; Ghasempour, R ; Shafii, M. B ; Ahmadi, M. H ; Yan, W. M ; Nazari, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
Electrical efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) modules depends on their working temperature. Effective cooling is required in order to achieve higher performance. Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) are compact heat transfer devices with high effective thermal performance due to the two-phase heat transfer mechanism. Since the lower temperature of PV modules leads to higher electricity generation and better efficiency, PHPs can be applied for PV cooling. In this work, the PV cooling by applying a single turn PHP is numerically investigated. In addition, a copper fin with the same dimensions as the PHP for cooling the PV panel is simulated to compare the performance of the PHP with a solid metal like...
Experimental investigation of graphene oxide nanofluid on heat transfer enhancement of pulsating heat pipe, Article International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 91 , February , 2018 , Pages 90-94 ; 07351933 (ISSN) ; Ghasempour, R ; Ahmadi, M. H ; Heydarian, G ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) are heat transfer devices which are widely utilized in electronic devices and energy systems. Improvement in thermal performance of PHPs will lead to higher heat transfer capacity and enhancement in the efficiency of systems which PHPs are applied. In this study, an experimental investigation was performed on the thermal performance of a pulsating heat pipe by applying graphene oxide nanofluid as working fluid. Four concentrations of graphene oxide (0.25, 0.5, 1, and 1.5 g/lit) in water as base fluid were used in the PHP. Results indicate that adding graphene oxide sheets increased thermal conductivity and viscidity of the base fluid. Moreover, utilizing graphene...
Experimental investigation on performance of a rotating closed loop pulsating heat pipe, Article International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 45 , 2013 , Pages 137-145 ; 07351933 (ISSN) ; Nikravan Moghaddam, A. M ; Mohammadi, N ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) are interesting heat transfer devices. Their simple, high maintaining, and cheap arrangement has made PHPs very efficient compared to conventional heat pipes. Rotating closed loop PHP (RCLPHP) is a novel kind of them, in which the thermodynamic principles of PHP are combined with rotation. In this paper, effect of rotational speed on thermal performance of a RCLPHP is investigated experimentally. The research was carried out by changing input power (from 25. W to 100. W, with 15. W steps) and filling ratio (25%, 50%, and 75%) for different rotational speeds (from 50. rpm to 800. rpm with an increment of 125. rpm). The results presented that at a fixed filling...
Experimental study of the startup performance of ferrofluidic open loop Pulsating Heat Pipes, Article ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference Collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Div. Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th Int. Conf. on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, HT 2012, Rio Grande, 8 July 2012 through 12 July 2012 ; Volume 2 , 2012 , Pages 585-591 ; 9780791844786 (ISBN) ; Mehdi, T ; Siamak, K. H ; Mohammad Hassan, S ; Hossein, A ; Mohammad Behshad, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Pulsating Heat Pipes (PHPs) are new and promising heat transfer devices. To implement the novel idea to vary the startup performance of a PHP using ferrofluid with and without the application of magnetic field, an experimental investigation is conducted. The effects of several important parameters including working fluid, charging ratio, heat input, ferrofluid concentration, internal pressure, and application of magnetic field on the startup performance of Open Loop Pulsating Heat Pipes (Open Loop PHPs) have been considered and described in detail. Obtained results show that using ferrofluid instead of distilled water can improve the startup performance of PHPs in certain conditions....
Effects of surface coating of nanoparticles on thermal performance of Open Loop Pulsating Heat Pipes, Article ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conf. Collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Div. Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th Int. Conf. on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, HT 2012, 8 July 2012 through 12 July 2012 ; Volume 2 , 2012 , Pages 593-599 ; 9780791844786 (ISBN) ; Maziar, M ; Ali, A ; Hossein, A ; Mohammad Hassan, S ; Mohammad Behshad, S ; Siamak, K. H ; Sharif University of Technology
Homogenous dispersing of nanoparticles in a base fluid is an excellent way to increase the thermal performance of heat transfer devices especially Heat Pipes (HPs). As a wickless, cheap and efficient heat pipe, Pulsating Heat Pipes (PHPs) are important candidates for thermal application considerations. In the present research an Open Loop Pulsating Heat Pipe (OLPHP) is fabricated and tested experimentally. The effects of working fluid namely, water, Silica Coated ferrofluid (SC ferrofluid), and ferrofluid without surface coating of nanoparticles (ferrofluid), charging ratio, heat input, and application of magnetic field on the overall thermal performance of the OLPHPs are investigated....
Experimental investigation of pulsating heat pipes and a proposed correlation, Article Heat Transfer Engineering ; Volume 31, Issue 10 , Oct , 2010 , Pages 854-861 ; 01457632 (ISSN) ; Arabnejad, S ; Saboohi, Y ; Jamshidi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Pulsating heat pipes are complex heat transfer devices, and their optimum thermal performance is largely dependent on different parameters. In this paper, in order to investigate these parameters, first a closed-loop pulsating heat pipe (CLPHP) was designed and manufactured. The CLPHP was made of copper tubes with internal diameters of 1.8 mm. The lengths of the evaporator, adiabatic, and condenser sections were 60, 150, and 60 mm, respectively. Afterward, the effect of various parameters, including the working fluid (water and ethanol), the volumetric filling ratio (30%, 40%, 50%, 70%, 80%), and the input heat power (5 to 70 W), on the thermal performance of the CLPHP was investigated...
Open-loop pulsating heat pipes charged with magnetic nanofluids: powerful candidates for future electronic coolers, Article Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering ; Volume 18, Issue 1 , 2014 , Pages 18-38 ; ISSN: 15567265 ; Taslimifar, M ; Haghayegh, S ; Hannani, S. K ; Shafii, M. B ; Saidi, M. H ; Afshin, H ; Sharif University of Technology
The present research proposes an effective method to enhance the heat transport capability of conventional electronic coolers and improve their thermal management. Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) are outstanding heat transfer devices in the field of electronic cooling. In the present study, two sets of open-loop pulsating heat pipes (OLPHPs) for two different magnetic nanofluids (with and without surfactant) were fabricated and their thermal performance was experimentally investigated. Effects of working fluid (water and two types of magnetic nanofluids), heating power, charging ratio, nanofluid concentration, inclination angle, application of a magnetic field, and magnet location are described....