Search for: hydraulics
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    Development of a New Analytical Model based on Soil-water Retention Curve Microstructure Considering the Effects of Osmotic Potential

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golaghaei Darzi, Ali (Author) ; Sadeghi, Hamed (Supervisor)
    The soil-water retention curves (SWRC) is an unsaturated soil mechanics hydro chemical state surface, which expresses the relationship between the soil suction and water content. The soil-water retention curve could describe the water adsorption and desorption process that happened in soils. The difference between the desorption or drying retention curve and the adsorption or wetting retention curves in a specific soil specimen indicates the hydraulic hysteresis phenomenon. Generally, the amount of water remaining in the drying process is greater than the amount of water adsorbed in the wetting process at a certain amount of suction. Suction due to the combined effects of capillary and... 

    Experimental Study the Treatment of Oily Wastewater by Thermophilic External Membrane Bioreactor(MBR)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Geramiraz, Farzaneh (Author) ; Kariminia, Hamidreza (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Hesampour, Mehrdad (Co-Advisor)
    The membrane bioreactor (MBR) as an alternative method for simultaneous biodegradation and separation of oily water has received more attention, recently. Normally the MBR works at ambient temperature; therefore, the yield of biodegradation recalcitrant components is low. Increasing temperature improves the efficiency of degradation and reduces the amount of produced sludge. In this study the performance of an aerobic thermophilic and mesophilic membrane bioreactor (MBR) for treating oily wastewater has been investigated. In batch conditions (without applying the membrane), a comparison between COD removal in mesophilic and thermophilic conditions was done. In thermophilic conditions COD and... 

    Development of Dynamic Simple Shear Apparatus for Small Strain Dynamic Tests on Unsaturated Granular Soils by Bender Element and ultrasonic Sensors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimzadeh, Ali Akbar (Author) ; Jafarzadeh, Fardin (Supervisor)
    Shear modulus and confined modulus are important parameters for static and dynamic analysis in geotechnical applications. Elastoplastic and nonlinear constitutive models has been formulized by these parameters. Cyclic simple shear apparatus had been developed by mounting bender element and ultrasonic sensor to measure continuous shear wave and pressure wave velocities for determination of G_max and M.For this purpose two new pedestals have been fabricated on which HAE ceramic disc and sensors were mounted. A pressure control panel and a hanging column system have been designed to apply high and low matric suction with high accuracy.At first two small strain tests were conducted for... 

    Optimization of Hybrid Anaerobic/Aerobic Bioreactor for Phosphate Removal

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kavousi, Rezvan (Author) ; Borghei, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Discharging treated or raw waste water in to surface water may cause lots of serious problems, including growth of algae, as a result of the presence of nutrients in waste water.algae decrease the concentration of dissolve oxygen in water.phosphorus removal from waste water is of absolute necessity. according to the standards set by the environmental organization, discharge the untreated waster water in to the surface water is not allowed. on the other hand, given manager facilities of deprived area,effort is channeled to reach the desired result through designing the simplest treatment systems. anaerobic-aerobic systems have remarkably been used for many years in the treatment of urban and... 

    The Study of the Effect of Geomechanical Parameters on Hydraulic Fracturing Characteristics in Hydrocarbon Reservoirs by Numerical Modeling

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Chiti, Navid (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    The exploitation of oil and gas were changed dramatically with the advent of hydraulic fracturing. By using enhanced oil recovery methods in unconventional reservoirs, USA could raise the rate of production in comparison with the rate of consumption. Hydraulic fracturing is one of the enhanced oil recovery methods.The purpose of this research is the study of the effects of geomechanical parameters in the characteristics of the cracks induced by hydraulic fracturing in unconventional oil reservoirs. The minimum in-situ stress and tensile stress of rock can be overcome by injecting fluid and thus the rock will be cracked. Changes in geomechanical parameters such as modulus of elasticity,... 

    Identification Dynamic Modeling and Analysis of a Variable Displacement Axial Piston Pump

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pooyafar, Payam (Author) ; Salarieh, Hassan (Supervisor)
    According to high nominal pressure and controllable flow, variable displacement axial piston pumps are used widely in hydraulic industry. However, there still exist many problems and limitations in the areas of design, controllers and performance. To solve the problems without wasting time and money in making prototypes, an accurate dynamic model of the pump is required which predicts pump behavior under various control signals and loads. The lack of simple and practical methods of measuring describing parameters of pump dynamics, makes investigation and verification of such a model very challenging. In this thesis, literature review is presented in a wide range. After investigating of... 

    Performance Analysis and Design of Spectral Noise Logging Tool

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vahdanizadeh, Farhad (Author) ; Movahedian, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Today, one of the most important concerns of oil and gas wells is to increase the efficiency of wells. To increase efficiency, well integrity must be monitored. One of the factors that destroy the integrity of the well is the creation of hydraulic fractures inside the oil and gas wells, which is one of the main factors that reduce the efficiency of the well. Hydraulic fractures cause water, gas and other materials to leak into the well or oil and gas to leak out of the fracture, which in both cases reduces the efficiency of the well. One of the most important technologies for identifying hydraulic fractures is the use of SNL tools from oil and gas wells. The oil and gas well SNL tool listens... 

    Modeling of Hydraulic Fracture Propagation in Naturally Fractured Saturated Poruos Media Using the XFEM Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hirmand, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Hydraulic fracture propagation occures in fractured saturated porous media due to fluid leakage from the crack faces and the consequent fluid pressure. In many cases, hydraulic fracturing may be considered as a detrimental phenomenon which endangers stability of human made structures like rock-fill dames. However, in recent decades the hydraulic fracturing has been an appealing method for increasing the production rate of low-permeability oil and gas reservoirs in petroleum industries.
    In order to efficiently assess the behavior of saturated madia one needs to consider the coupling between the solid and fluid phases of the medium. To do so, the coupled formulation refered to as u-p... 

    Effect of Subsequent Drying and Wetting on Small Strain Shear Modulus of Unsaturated Silty Soils Using Bender Element

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Khosravi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Evaluation of the seismic-induced settlement of an unsaturated soil layer depends on several variables, among which the small strain shear modulus, Gmax, and soil’s state of stress have been demonstrated to be of particular significance. Recent interpretation of trends in Gmax revealed considerable effects of the degree of saturation and hydraulic hysteresis on the shear stiffness of soils in unsaturated states. Accordingly, the soil layer is expected to experience different settlement behaviors depending on the soil saturation and seasonal weathering conditions. In this study, a semi-empirical formulation was adapted to extend an existing Gmax model to infer hysteretic effects along... 

    Investigating the Propagation of Thermal-hydraulic Noise in PWRs in Two phases

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naghavi Dizaji, Davod (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor)
    The core behaviour of a nuclear reactor might be fluctuated (deviations from the normal operating conditions) in operating conditions due to various reasons. Control rod vibrations and the alterations of coolant temperature and velocity could be the main reasons for the fluctuations. These fluctuations lead to neutronic flux noise and subsequently power noise. The main objective of the current thesis was to study the thermal-hydraulic noise of the PWRs in two-phase with the emphasis on VVER-1000, which is similar to the Bushehr-1 nuclear reactor. By considering the possibility of existing two-phase flow (maximum allowable quality is about 14%) in hot channel of the PWRs, thermal-hydraulic... 

    Laboratory Investigation of the Effects of Sodium Chloride Concentration on Soil Water Retention Curve and Volumetric behavior Using an Unsaturated Automatic Oedometer

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nasiri, Hamed (Author) ; Sadeghi, Hamed (Supervisor)
    Laboratory studies to investigate the effects of different saline concentrations (such as sodium chloride or calcium chloride) on the soil water retention behavior of clayey soils and their volumetric changes have received much attention recently. However, many previous studies have investigated these effects in only one path of the SWRC (wetting or drying path) and the effects of saline concentration on hydraulic hysteresis have not been considered. In addition, researchers have frequently studied these effects on SWRC on clay samples, and little research has been done on collapsible soils. Therefore, the most important purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of increasing... 

    Development of a Computer Code for Thermo Hydraulics Analysis of Prismatic High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naderi, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Ghofrani, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor) ; Jafari, Jalil (Supervisor)
    A prismatic high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR), which is a graphite moderated, helium-cooled reactor, is a promising candidate for next generation nuclear power plant in that it enables applications, such as hydrogen production or process heat for petrochemical by supplying heat with core outlet temperatures as high as 1000°C. A Thermal Hydraulic Analysis Code (THAC) for gas-cooled reactors has been developed. THAC implicitly solves heat transfer equation of fuel, graphite block and helium. Three types of fuel pins were considered; solid fuel pin, fuel pins with inside holes and annular fuels with coolant flow from its inside and outside surfaces. THAC predicts axial and radial... 

    Determination of Optimized Position and Orientation of Hydraulic Engine Mounts

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Miri, Mohammad Ebrahim (Author) ; Saadat Foumani, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    Reducing noise, vibration and damage to the vehicle's passenger compartment was always a problem that has been investigatedin many researches. Here engine mounts as connecting members between engine and chassis play a big role. Because both of engine and road vibration put on it. Many studies have been done to optimize the engine mounts. As a result, many of hydraulic engine mounts with different variety of system control. But a few researches did about optimization of location and orientation of engine mounts. Therefore this project is to provide a process to optimize the location and orientation of engine mounts. The optimization process is First the dynamic equations of dynamic system are... 

    Experimental Study on Sediment Non-uniformity Effects on Local Scour Due to Hydraulic Jump Using Buried Plates

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moftakhari Rostamkhani, Hamed (Author) ; Borghei, Mahmood (Supervisor)
    Local scour downstream of sluice gates in the erosive bed is one of the main concerns of hydraulic engineers, since it can cause serious damage to the structure. One of the ways to overcome this problem is the use of apron, or non-erosive bed. In order to shorten the apron or decrease the effect of the turbulence flow, different measures can be used. These approaches can be divided into two main branches, "Energy dissipating" and "bed reinforcement" measures. This study has investigated the scour phenomenon under the different conditions of the bed material gradation and bed reinforcement using vertical buried plates. The effect of sediment non-uniformity, unlike uniform sediment, has a... 

    Modeling of Hydraulic Fracture Propagation in Fractured Non-isothermal Saturated Porous Media with XFEM

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Reza (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Investigation about Hydraulic Fracturing phenomenon in fractured porous medium which was occurred by in-situ fracture pressure upon the crack wings, owes the fact that creating enormous damages. However, it might include advantages such as increasing the rate of crude oil production from deep and high pressure/ high temperature reservoirs. On account of the fact that, existence of cracks and natural discontinuities and heat sources such as boundary of geo thermal reservoirs in porous mediums it is undeniable fact. Also, cross sectioning hydraulic fracturing cracks with natural cracks it is an obvious impact. Actually, investigation and analyzing the break throw of HF crack with natural... 

    Dynamic Modeling of Cohesive Crack Propagation in Multiphase Porous Media Using the Extended Finite Element Method

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mohammadnejad, Toktam (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, a fully coupled numerical model is developed for the modeling of the cohesive crack propagation and hydraulic fracturing in porous media using the extended finite element method in conjunction with the cohesive crack model. The governing equations, which account for the coupling between various physical phenomena, are derived within the framework of the generalized Biot theory. The solid phase displacement, the wetting phase pressure and the capillary pressure are taken as the primary variables of the three-phase formulation. The other variables are incorporated into the model via the experimentally determined functions that specify the relationship between the hydraulic... 

    Investigating the Propagation Noise in PWRs via Coupled Neutronic and Thermal-Hydraulic Noise Calculations

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Malmir, Hessam (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor)
    In operating nuclear reactor core, fluctuations (deviations from normal operating conditions) are usually produced and propagated. These fluctuations can be due to control rod vibrations, inlet coolant temperature fluctuations, inlet coolant velocity fluctuations and so on. The induced neutron noise can be detected by in-core neutron detectors. Noise source identifications (such as the type, location and propagating velocity) as well as the calculation of the dynamical parameters (such as moderator temperature coefficient in PWRs and Decay Ratio in BWRs) are of the main applications of the neutron noise analysis in power reactors.
    Investigating the propagation noise in PWRs (specifically... 

    Modeling and Laboratory Evaluation of Rheological Properties of Water based Mud for Horizontal Extended Reach Well

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Latifi Shirdar, Babak (Author) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor) ; Tahmasbi Nowtarki, Koroush (Co-Supervisor) ; Kalhor, Mojtaba (Co-Supervisor)
    One of the most important challenges in drilling horizontal and directional wells is the optimization of hydraulics and hole cleaning and ECD management. In these wells, poor hole cleaning can lead to formation of cutting bed on the low side of the annulus and cause problems such as stuck pipe or increase in torque and drag. Also poor hydraulic design can lead to decrease in rate of penetration and thus, increase in costs. Mud weight should be placed inside the range of mud window (more than pore pressure and less than formation fracture pressure) in order to prevent kick of reservoir fluid or mud loss.In this thesis, the main goal is to optimize hydraulics and hole cleaning and manage ECD... 

    Impacts of Water Level Rise and Fall of a Hypersaline Lake on Seawater Intrusion: Case of Lake Urmia, Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghazvini, Faezeh (Author) ; Ataie Ashtiani, Behzad (Supervisor)
    Lake Urmia located in the NW of Iran, has lost 96 percent of its volume in 20 years and become a national crisis. During this shrinkage, the lake level has fallen by 8 m, and its concentration has increased up to 380 g/l. Regarding the vast area Lake Urmia basin is covered, the hydrological characteristics of the basin varies a lot, which affects the aquifers response to the seawater intrusion. In order to study the seawater intrusion in the lake’s aquifer, 18 cases with different hydraulic gradients, hydraulic conductivities and bathymetries were defined. All of these cases were run under three different scenarios in sequence. First, steady state scenario is preformed, then the lake level... 

    Impact of Net Stress on Stress State of an Unsaturated Sand

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemi, Pegah (Author) ; Khosravi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Results of an advanced suction controlled triaxial test device in an attempt to define the constitutive relationship between suction stress and matric suction (Suction Stress Characteristic Curve, SSCC) for unsaturated sand was presented. The suction stress is a macroscopic stress that incorporates the effects of capillary van der Waals forces cementation, and electrical double-layer repulsion into the definition of effective stress for unsaturated soils. Results of previous studies on silt and clay indicated that variations in the suction stress, during drying path had a non-linear increasing trend with matric suction with greater values upon wetting. However, due to different material...