Search for: hydraulics
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    Experimental Study of Geotextile's Drainage and Filtration Properties in Dams under Different Hydraulic Gradients and Boundary Conditions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zahmatkesh, Zahra (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    Geotextiles are one of the most widely used materials in filtration and drainage applications. Since geotextiles are exposed to different stresses and hydraulic gradients, thier hydraulic behavior in real situations is of great importance. In this study, filtration and drainage of several nonwoven needle-punched geotextiles with different properties and unit masses per area of 200g/m2, 400g/m2, 500g/m2 and 800g/m2 under various confined stresses and hydraulic gradients are investigated. To get to these aims, permittivity and transmissivity apparatuses were designed and built in the course of this investigation. Then samples which were emerged for at least 24 hours were tested under different... 

    Experimental Investigation On Pressure Flactuation And Hydrulic Charectrics Of Two Phase Flow In Rectangular Inclined Tunnels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zabolipour, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Borgee, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    Two phase slug flow often happens in culvert and water tunnels conveying water from dams and weirs. Having complicated hydraulic properties, little is known about different hydraulic properties of this kind of flow, while most of the previous studies deal with other liquids than water and air, mostly dealing with chemical and mechanical engineering problems. In this paper, the results from experimental study of air/water slug flow due to changing in slope of the conduit from horizontal to 2, 3 and 4% are presented. The conduit has rectangular cross section with dimension cm of Plexiglas material and inclined part. Air is added to the system upstream of the conduit using an air discharge.... 

    Experimental Study the Treatment of Oily Wastewater by Thermophilic External Membrane Bioreactor(MBR)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Geramiraz, Farzaneh (Author) ; Kariminia, Hamidreza (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Hesampour, Mehrdad (Co-Advisor)
    The membrane bioreactor (MBR) as an alternative method for simultaneous biodegradation and separation of oily water has received more attention, recently. Normally the MBR works at ambient temperature; therefore, the yield of biodegradation recalcitrant components is low. Increasing temperature improves the efficiency of degradation and reduces the amount of produced sludge. In this study the performance of an aerobic thermophilic and mesophilic membrane bioreactor (MBR) for treating oily wastewater has been investigated. In batch conditions (without applying the membrane), a comparison between COD removal in mesophilic and thermophilic conditions was done. In thermophilic conditions COD and... 

    Experimental Study on Sediment Non-uniformity Effects on Local Scour Due to Hydraulic Jump Using Buried Plates

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moftakhari Rostamkhani, Hamed (Author) ; Borghei, Mahmood (Supervisor)
    Local scour downstream of sluice gates in the erosive bed is one of the main concerns of hydraulic engineers, since it can cause serious damage to the structure. One of the ways to overcome this problem is the use of apron, or non-erosive bed. In order to shorten the apron or decrease the effect of the turbulence flow, different measures can be used. These approaches can be divided into two main branches, "Energy dissipating" and "bed reinforcement" measures. This study has investigated the scour phenomenon under the different conditions of the bed material gradation and bed reinforcement using vertical buried plates. The effect of sediment non-uniformity, unlike uniform sediment, has a... 

    Performance Evaluation of Membrane Bioreactors in Treating Municipal Wastewater

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hatami Bahman Beyglou, Elnaz (Author) ; Torkian, Ayoub (Supervisor)
    Membrane bioreactors can replace the activated sludge process and the final clarification step in municipal wastewater treatment. The combination of bioreactor and crossflow microfiltration allows for a high chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduction of synthetic wastewater. In this study, experimental data from a laboratory scale membrane bioreactor are presented. In order to investigate the influence of various operating parameters such as hydraulic retention time (HRT), biomass concentration and organic loading rate on organic pollutant removal, the pilot scale submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR) with a Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane module was conducted using synthetic... 

    Controlling Local Scour Due to Hydraulic Jump Using Oblique Buried Plates

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Borhani, Sanaz (Author) ; Borghei, Mahmood (Supervisor)
    Local scouring at the downstream of sluice gates in the erosive beds is one of the main concerns of hydraulic engineers because of the significant damage that it can cause to the hydraulic structures. It is important to control the local scour depth at downstream of hydraulic structures to ensure safety operation of these systems. Many researchers have conducted various studies to predict the maximum depth and diameter of scour hole and develop new methods in order to control this phenomenon. One way to overcome this problem is the use of apron, or non-erosive bed. In order to shorten the apron length or decrease the effect of the... 

    Development of an Improved Semi-active Damper Based on the Reduction of the Effects of Brace Flexibility

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rasoulnia, Akbar (Author) ; Ahmadizadeh, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Considerable research work has been dedicated to the development of structural control systems to improve the performance of structures and reduce the casualties resulting from earthquakes. It is generally accepted that semi-active control systems result in better structural performance compared to what can be achieved using passive systems. However, it has been observed that the majority of the performance improvement obtained from semi-active control systems stems from the reduction of brace flexibility effects, rather than the control algorithm used. In this study, it is attempted to utilize this fact to improve the performance of passive control systems, or develop simple semi-active... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology (Author) ; Farhadi, Fathollah (Supervisor)
    The aim of this project is Industrial Solvents (White Spirit) producing in Tehran Refinery. For this manner “Wild Naphtha” from Gasoil Hydrotreater and Kerosene Hydrotreater Units was chosen as feed stock for solvents preparation. In addition, Pentane Recovery Column is selected for Simulation and Optimization based on Wild Naphtha. As a Result, Abadan White Spirit 402 and 410 has been produced and a side stream which is full of Aromatic is obtained. Simultaneously, Tray Hydraulics and Solvents production in different cases (Various Pressure and different Split Ratio of Feed Stock) are evaluated, so optimum Tower process conditions such as pressure, Temperature and Split Ratio of Feed Stock... 

    Investigating the Propagation Noise in PWRs via Coupled Neutronic and Thermal-Hydraulic Noise Calculations

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Malmir, Hessam (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor)
    In operating nuclear reactor core, fluctuations (deviations from normal operating conditions) are usually produced and propagated. These fluctuations can be due to control rod vibrations, inlet coolant temperature fluctuations, inlet coolant velocity fluctuations and so on. The induced neutron noise can be detected by in-core neutron detectors. Noise source identifications (such as the type, location and propagating velocity) as well as the calculation of the dynamical parameters (such as moderator temperature coefficient in PWRs and Decay Ratio in BWRs) are of the main applications of the neutron noise analysis in power reactors.
    Investigating the propagation noise in PWRs (specifically... 

    Characterizing the Impact of Void Ratio and Stress Path on the Small Strain Shear Modulus of Unsaturated Silt

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahimi, Mehrzad (Author) ; Khosravi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Early efforts in soil dynamics have shown that the analysis of soil behavior under cyclic or random loading conditions is highly dependent on some representative material properties, the dynamic shear modulus, the Poisson’s ratio, and the damping ratio. Of particular interest is the value of dynamic shear modulus for strains less than 10-6 defined as the maximum or small strain shear modulus Gmax. Improvements in experimental unsaturated soil mechanics have led to the definition of trends between Gmax with different parameters most notably unsaturated stress state, degree of saturation and void ratio. However, the tests in these studies were mostly conducted on specimens experiencing... 

    A Semi-Emperical Model for Small Starin Shear Modulus of Unsaturated Low Plasticity Soils

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gheibi, Amin (Author) ; Khosravi, Ali (Supervisor)
    The shear modulus of soils is a key material quantity which is frequently used in the evaluation of wave propagation through soil layers in dynamic response analyses for many geotechnical systems. The shear modulus, G, is defined as the slope of the shear stress-strain hysteresis loop and is significantly influenced by the shear strain amplitude induced in a soil specimen. Of particular interest in geotechnical engineering, the value of shear modulus for strains less than 10-6 defined as the small strain shear modulus, Gmax. The early experimental studies on the shear modulus of water-saturated or dry soil showed that shear modulus is highly dependent on mean effective sress, p´, and void... 

    Development of Dynamic Simple Shear Apparatus for Small Strain Dynamic Tests on Unsaturated Granular Soils by Bender Element and ultrasonic Sensors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimzadeh, Ali Akbar (Author) ; Jafarzadeh, Fardin (Supervisor)
    Shear modulus and confined modulus are important parameters for static and dynamic analysis in geotechnical applications. Elastoplastic and nonlinear constitutive models has been formulized by these parameters. Cyclic simple shear apparatus had been developed by mounting bender element and ultrasonic sensor to measure continuous shear wave and pressure wave velocities for determination of G_max and M.For this purpose two new pedestals have been fabricated on which HAE ceramic disc and sensors were mounted. A pressure control panel and a hanging column system have been designed to apply high and low matric suction with high accuracy.At first two small strain tests were conducted for... 

    Neutronic and Thermal-Hydraulic Coupling in time domain and Feasibility Study of its Application in Accident Prediction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbasi Fashami, Sajjad (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor)
    Analysis of neutronic and thermal-hydraulics fluctuations has various applications in calculation or measurement of the core dynamical parameters (temperature reactivity coefficients) furthermore it is applicable in thermal-hydraulics surveillance and diagnostics. Experience of the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant and the lessons learned from the European stress tests, demonstrated that alternative and various tools and methods are needed for the reactor's condition identification. In this paper the feasibility of development of an alternative accident monitoring via eminent coupling of neutron and thermal-hydraulics noise is proposed. and it is programming a simple simulator for calculating... 

    Investigation of Coastal Geometry Effects on Freshwater Discharge to Saline Lakes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asadi, Sara (Author) ; Ataie-Ashtiani, Behzad (Supervisor)
    Groundwater is the most important freshwater resource in the coastal zones. There are some factors contaminate fresh groundwaters. Sea water intrusion (SWI) is one of the most important components of groundwater salinization. Also Submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) occurs when hydraulic gradient is from landside to seaside in coastal aquifers. There are many factors intensify SWI and SGD. In this research at the first part, coastline shape effect on SWI and SGD is investigated. For to this 4 different aquifers with different coastline shapes as stepped coastline, vertical coastline, steep slope coastline, and mild slope coastline are simulated with the same hydraulic parameters and... 

    Determination of Maximum Shear Modulus and Constraint Modulus in Unsaturated Sandy Soil under Hydraulic Hysteresis in Different Degree of Saturations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahed Orang, Milad (Author) ; Jafarzadeh, Fardin (Supervisor)
    One of the most important parameters in dynamic analysis is small-strain shear modulus of soils (Gmax). Additionally, due to the seasonal variations and traffic loading, determination of constraint modulus (M) of subragde soils is of great importance. Seasonal Variations such as evaporation, evapotranspiration and precipitation causes subgrade soils to be on unsaturated state. Therefore, there is an extending need to study the influence of matric suction and degree of saturation on maximum shear modulus and constraint modulus in the design and analysis of earthen structures.In this study, we employed a dynamic simple shear apparatus in order to fully understand variations of Gmax and M with... 

    Underbalanced Drilling Hydraulics Modeling and Optimization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Mehdi (Author) ; Jamshidi, Saeid (Supervisor) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoud Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Due to the underbalanced drilling advantages compared to the overbalanced drilling, this drilling method usage is on rise day to day. In this method, the well pressure has to be lower than formation pressure. To achieve this goal, we have to use light fluids such as air, foam, aerated mud, etc. Because of the compressible nature of these fluids, their hydraulics calculation is more complicated than overbalanced drilling fluids. Due to this complexity, a simulator which can predict and optimize the well conditions is very important in designing drilling schedule. In this thesis, by combination of different rheology and pressure drop equations for the foam, a simulator is developed to model... 

    Simulation of Steam Bubble Collapse Induced Water Hammer (SBCIWH) in the Bushehr NPP Deaerator

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saemi, Amir (Author) ; Ghofrani, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    Due to nuclear power plants’ growing roll in providing energy, analyzing probable accidents and their prevention is of vital importance. The thermal-hydraulic shock accident which happened in Bushehr nuclear power plant deaerator has been simulated in this study. Steam bubble collapsing which takes place in two phase medium by mixing steam and subcooled water leads to this kind of shock causing financial and physical irreparable damage in nuclear power plants. For carrying out this simulation, first an steady state model of the deaerator was run using RELAP5 code and then using this model and other plant’s data such as the ropert of the accident and plant’s Final Safety Analysis Report... 

    Study of the MBR System for the Removal of Ethyl Benzene and Styrene from Petrochemical Wastewater and Process Optimization by Reducing Membrane Fouling

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hazrati, Hossein (Author) ; Shayegan, Jalaloddin (Supervisor)
    In this thesis was investigated the effect of solid retention time (SRT), Hydraulic retention time (HRT), activated carbon and suspended carrier on styrene and ethylbenzene biological removal and also on membrane fouling. In addition to the typical analysis (COD, MLSS, MLVSS, and SVI), the flocculation ability, sludge particle size distribution (PSD), FTIR analysis, excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy, soluble microbial product (SMP), extracellular polymeric substance (EPS), microscopic observations, microbial activities, microorganism population, and filamentous bacteria are considered to determine sludge characteristics. This study was done in five sections: in the... 

    Intelligent Force Control for Hydraulic Manipulator within the Impedance Control Framework

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alimohammadi, Hossein (Author) ; Khayyat, Amir Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    The main concept of this thesis is to simulate, develop, and analyze the performance of force control method by applying to a Unimate MK-II hydraulic manipulator. In this investigation, simulation studies are based on the concept of impedance control technique. Position-based formulation of impedance control is employed. First in this research, a PID controller is employed and is shown to be capable of performing position control task precisely despite the fact that inertia, joint stiction, valve deadband and other nonlinearities are presented. Although trajectory tracking is performed well after several investigations, we have concluded that the impedance control cannot perform a desirable... 

    Modeling of Hydraulic Fracture Propagation in Fractured Non-isothermal Saturated Porous Media with XFEM

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Reza (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Investigation about Hydraulic Fracturing phenomenon in fractured porous medium which was occurred by in-situ fracture pressure upon the crack wings, owes the fact that creating enormous damages. However, it might include advantages such as increasing the rate of crude oil production from deep and high pressure/ high temperature reservoirs. On account of the fact that, existence of cracks and natural discontinuities and heat sources such as boundary of geo thermal reservoirs in porous mediums it is undeniable fact. Also, cross sectioning hydraulic fracturing cracks with natural cracks it is an obvious impact. Actually, investigation and analyzing the break throw of HF crack with natural...