Search for: hydrophobicity
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    Preparation and Evaluation of Hydrophobic Pt Catalyst on Alumina and CNT to Produce Heavy Water Isotope

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Es’haghi Gorji, Zahra (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Liquide phase catalytic exchange (LPCE) between liquid water and hydrogen is an important reaction for separation of the hydrogen isotope from liquid water. One of the application of this reaction is heavy water production. This method is mainly used hydrophobic catalysts with Pt active metal. The use of hydrophobic catalyst is necessary, because liquid water in the LPCE reaction, resulted in block the catalyst pores and loss of catalyst activity. Design of experiment has been done by using of Design Expert 7.0.0 for determination of number of tests and optimization of Pt weight percent. Alumina and carbon (included graphene, single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotube) supported 5% wt Pt... 

    Synthesis and Application of Acidic and Hydrophobic Ionic Liquids in Mannich Reaction and Esterification of Fatty Acids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karbalaie Reza, Mina (Author) ; Mahmoodi Hashemi, Mohammed (Supervisor)
    The current study deals with application of a surfactant-like Brønsted acidic ionic liquid (IL) 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogensulfate (catalys 1) for Mannich reaction at room temperature. The reaction has been efficiently proceeds in water as solvent without using any harmful and expensive organic additives. Our observation has been shown that the reaction is selective for cyclohexanone and no product was observed by using cyclopentanone at room temperature. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to provide evidence about the nature of reactivity of the cyclohexanone/cyclopentanone. The activity of the catalyst 2 (1-dodecyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium... 

    Synthesis and Investigation on the Properties of Silica-Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Afzali, Neda (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    The investigations on hydrophobic surfaces have attracted lots of intrests in science and technology. Silica sols have been used extensively in the area of producing hydrophobic coatings. On the other hand, carbon-based materials have attracted of a great deal of scientific interest in recent years. The purpose of this research is synthesis and investigation on the properties of Silica- Graphene Oxide nanocomposite coating.Graphene Oxide synthesized by using Hummer’s method. Silica nanoparticles were prepared using sol-gel process and tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) as precursor. The surface hydroxyl groups of silica nanoparticles are replaced with Methyl groups by treatment with... 

    Experimental Investigation of Water and Oil Based Colloidal Gas Aphron Drilling Fluid Performance Containing Nanoparticles in Formation Damage Reduction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hassani, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor) ; Rashtchian, Davood (Supervisor)
    In recent years, utilizing the colloidal gas aphron (CGA) drilling fluids is getting more and more commonplace due to their little formation damage and filtration loss. This study tries to investigate the effect of presence of nanoparticles and their type (hydrophobicity) on stability and performance of water and oil based CGA drilling fluids. This is done through analyzing stability, filtration, rheology, and pore blockage tests. Water and oil based CGA drilling fluids consisted of stabilizer, surfactant, and nanoparticles are generated and through examining of the effects of polymer, surfactant, and nanoparticle concentrations, the optimum formulation is obtained. High pressure-high... 

    Synthesis, Characterization and Hydrophobicity of Teflon Coated Tungsten Nanostructure Thin Films

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bayat, Amir (Author) ; Moshfegh, Ali Reza (Supervisor) ; Azimirad, Rouhollah (Supervisor)
    Hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces find many applications in different fields of science. The aerospace industry is one such field that can take the advantage of superhydrophobicity for anti-icing coatings. In order to make hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces on hydrophilic materials, two-step process is usually need, at first, making a rough surface and then modifying it with hydrophobic coatings with low surface free energy. In this research, we have used glancing angle deposition (GLAD) RF sputtering technique to fabricate Teflon coated tungsten on glass substrate for obtaining hydrophobic surface. GLAD approach is a method to grow structures such as nanorods and zigzag... 

    Development of a Paper-based Microfluidic Device for Biological Assay

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Boodaghi, Miad (Author) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor)
    All the biological diagnostic devices that are introduced to the consumers, must meet WHO criteria. Some of these criteria include being affordable, sensitive and deliverable to the user. In the last twenty years, there have been lots of efforts to use microfluidic devices for biological assay. Due to their expensive price and requirement of complex equipment for their fabrication, polymer-based microfluidic devices have not been able to be used in developing countries. It is to be hoped that introduction of paper for fabrication of microfluidic devices could make microfluidic devices meet WHO criteria. μPADs are divided into well-based and channel-based devices. In the present work, both... 

    The Impact of Temperature on Surface Activity and Stability of Surface Modified Nano Particles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Masoudi, Ghasem (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    Surface modification is an important property of nano particles. In this project surface of silica nano particles modified with hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups to imrprove surface activity of nano particles. Purpose of this project is to study surface activity of surface modified silica nano particles in different temperatures from 20 to 70 degree centigrade. Also effect of salt and time on the surface activity is studied. At first nano particles modified just with haydrophobic groups and then just with hydrophilic groups (hydrophobic and hydrophilic nano particles) and after that, the surface modification done with both hyadrophilic and hydrophobic groups (amphiphilic nanoparticles).... 

    Application of Salt Fog Test and Lifetime Evaluation of Silicone Rubber Insulators in Atmospheric Conditions with Contamination and Humidity

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Eshaghi Maskouni, Mahdi (Author) ; Vakilian, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Electricity distribution companies always strive to operate the power network efficiently and reliably so that their network be able to satisfy the growing needs for electricity. To achieve these goals in a power network, a comprehensive asset management plan with a sound policy for inspection, periodic maintenance, replacement, and disposal of depreciated equipment is required. One of the high-risk sectors of the electricity grid is the insulation section of distribution and transmission lines. In recent years, composite insulators have been used more widely because of their desirable characteristics such as: hydrophobicity, lower price, and lower weight if compared with the another... 

    Investigating Asphaltene Biodegradability by Microorganism Considering Oil-Water Interface

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Iraji, Shohre (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahab (Supervisor) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Asphaltine particle precipitation may lead to serious problems in petroleum industry; including wellbore transmissibility reduction. One of the proposed remedial methods is to make a use of the microorganisms which are able to consume the heavy hydrocarbon chains.
    Hydrophobicity of a cell surface is one of the parameters which greatly affect the microorganism adhesion to water insoluble hydrocarbons, in which results a higher hydrocarbon biodegradation. Consequently as the hydrophobicity of a cell surface increases; the microorganism tendency to bond with the hydrocarbon molecule enhances. The presence of a surface active agent, as an instance a chemical surfactant, will affect the... 

    Effect of Superhydrophobic Materials Application on the Car Body to Reduce Drag

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Valizadeh, Mahsa (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Khodaygan, Saeed ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Considering the importance of environmental issues and the limitation of fuel supplies in the world, car issues have become one of the most important debates of the day. The methods used to reduce fuel consumption and emissions of greenhouse gases are primarily aimed at changing vehicle structure to reduce drag. An external body shape has been developed to reduce drag forces over the years. Due to the existence of limitations in the actual conditions of the theory, such as the beauty and convenience production, other methods should be examined. In this study, the structure of superhydrophobic properties materials with the emphasis on innovation has been considered. In order to investigate... 

    Development of Particulate Zinc-Iron/PTFE Composite and Nanocomposite Coatings Using Electrodeposition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohagheghi Fard, Omid (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Electrodeposition is an old, well known and conventional science surface modification method to improve the surface characteristics, decorative and functional, of a wide variety of materials. This science is considered in nanotechnology as a bottom-up method for fabrication of one, two and three-dimensional nanomaterials. A great variety of secondary components can be added to plating baths resulting in metallic matrix composite and nanocomposite coatings production. Low amounts of iron addition for alloying zinc coatings, significantly increases the corrosion resistance of this generally used metal economically. Superhydrophobic coatings on metallic substrates have shown, during the past... 

    Numerical Modeling of Electroosmotic Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids in Hydrophobic Microducts

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdoli Farzaneh, Hassan (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Co-Advisor)
    The integrated development of small-scale electronic and mechanical systems has drawn attention, since they lead to increase in speed and decrease in volume of industry dimensions in the manufacturing sector. That is why microelectromechanical systems are highly considered. MEMS are widely used in Microfluidic systems that can be used in medicine, biology and drug injection. Due to the fact that consistent fluid velocity is necessary in biological applications, electroosmotic flow is more important than ever. To investigate the behavior of biofluids, Newtonian models cannot be used and it is required to use models that predict the behavior of these fluids accurately. In this research... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bakhtiari, Fatemeh (Author) ; Mosavi, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Co-Advisor)
    In this work nanocomposite CNT/polysulfone and CNT/polyethersulfone membranes for membrane contactor application in gas separation were fabricated. The two types of CNTs used for chemical and physical separation of H2S from a mixture of CH4 an H2S, had the outer diameter of 20-30nm and 50-100nm. One of the greatest concerns about using membrane contactors for gas separation applications is the wetting of membranes which consequently leads to decrease in separation performance. The aim of this study is to enhance the hydrophobicity of membranes by mixing hydrophobic carbon nanotubes in the polymeric matrix. The effect of factors like type of the polymer, diameter of the carbon nanotube and... 

    Drag Reduction Using Geometrically Structured Surfaces for Non-newtonian Multi-phase Fluids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Javaherchian, Javaneh (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    With the advancement of the industry, microscale devices use due to its unique characteristics. On the other hand, it is essential to find ways to reduce drag inside microchannels because of The importance of energy. One of the methods is to optimize the contact surface using structured geometric surfaces. These hydrophobic surfaces reduce drag by trapping the air in roughness and creating a two-phase flow. The purpose of this project is to reduce the drag within the microchannel using structured geometric surfaces for non-Newtonian and multiphase flows. In most previous studies, with simplification, Newtonian and two-phase flows have been investigated. While most industrial fluids show... 

    In Situ Preparation of Acrylamide-Styrene- Maleic Anhydride Nano Hydrogels and Investigation of their Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Lalehgani, Zahra (Author) ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Among the methods for increasing chemical oil extraction,the polymeric flood method has the most commercialization capability.However,most commonly used polymers such as Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide (HPAM) are not able to withstand high levels of salinity and high temperatures.To overcome these problems,in this project,new types of polymer nanostructures were synthesized with hydrophobic groups consisting of styrene (hydrophilic monomer) and malic anhydride (hydrophilic monomer) acrylamide (hydrophilic monomer). These polymers were synthesized by reversible mini-emulsion by adjusting the synthesis conditions for the purpose of producing the terpolymer with suitable conditions for tolerating... 

    Preparation of Hydrophobically Modified Copolymer Nanostructures as Viscosity Increasing Agents for Enhanced Oil Recovery

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Shaban, Masoom (Author) ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Ahadian, Mohammad Mahdi (Supervisor)
    Among chemical enhanced oil recovery (CEOR) methods, polymer flooding has the highest commercial potential. However, the most widely used conventional polymers such as partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) are not applicable for high temperature and high-salinity reservoirs. To overcome above mentioned problems, in this work, a series of water- soluble hydrophobically modified polymers (HMPs) nanostructures comprising styrene (hydrophobic monomer) and acrylamide (hydrophilic monomer) have been produced. The copolymers have been synthesized using inverse miniemulsion synthesis method by adjusting synthesis conditions to optimize solution characteristic of copolymers for applying under... 

    The Effect of Hydrophobic Mismatch and Rigidity of Protein on the Cluster Formation of Transmembrane Proteins in Biomembranes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafarinia, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Ahmadiyan, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor) ; Jalali, Mir Abbas (Co-Advisor) ; Khoshnood, Atefeh (Co-Advisor)
    Membrane proteins aggregation is a very important biological phenomenon in a variety of cell functions. It has been suggested that aggregation behavior of membrane proteins is influenced by the shape of the hydrophobic domain of the proteins, proteins hydrophobic mismatch and bilayer curvature. However, in this study by means of coarse grained membrane simulations it has been found that in thermal equilibrium, protein-protein interactions also depend on protein rigidity and structural strength. Based on simulation results, we have observed stable large clusters even in the absence of hydrophobic mismatch between lipids and proteins. Interestingly, our results also indicate that proteins with... 

    PVDF/SiO2 Nanocomposite Coating with Different Wettability in Contact with Oil and Water for phase Separation Propose

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hassani, Mohammad Ebrahim (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    increased cohesion up to 4H pencil. Results of immersion test in water showed stability of coatings. Polarization test in naphtha and water mixture for stainless steel, copper and aluminum meshes demonstrated 98.89%, 86.25% and 66.6% protection efficiency respectively. In order to study of oil and water separation efficiency, mixtures of water and naphtha with different content of naphtha were used. Separation test for 200μm St.St mesh in different slopes demonstrated that changing of slop increase separation efficiency up to 95.5% for water and up to 100% for naphtha. Separation test for meshes with different pore size demonstrated that meshes with small pore size are more appropriate for... 

    Designing Drilling Mud Using Environmental Resistant Polymers and Investigation of Rheological Properties and Stability to Achieve Optimal Formulation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soleimanian, Alireza (Author) ; Ramezani, Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Goodarznia, Iraj (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this project is to design a water-based drilling fluid for use in high-pressure and high-pressure conditions (Deep Drilling). This goal is usually achieved by adding the resistant polymers to the ambient conditions (temperature stability) to the drilling fluid (here the blue base fluid), and then the rheological properties of the fluid are studied. The stability of the rheological properties of the fluid in high temperature and high pressure conditions is not constant. In this situation, a sequence of events occurs, for example, decreases with increasing viscosity and turbulence, and hence the reduction of drilling fractures and the efficiency of the bottom of the well is... 

    Re-Creation of Lost Gas Layer on Superhydrophobic Surfaces with Micro/Nanostructures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jabari Farokhi, Salar (Author) ; Mosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Due to their unique characteristics, such as drag reduction, anti-fouling, and enhancing condensation, hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces have attracted a lot of attention in the past decades. Since approximately 4% of the fossil fuel usage and 14-19% of the air pollution (including greenhouse gases, sulfur, and so forth) are attributed to naval activities, and the dominant form of drag on vessels is friction, drag reduction will not only reduce the cost and usage of fossil fuels, but it will also have numerous environmental benefits