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    Heavy oil recovery using ASP flooding: A pore-level experimental study in fractured five-spot micromodels

    , Article Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering ; Volume 94, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 779-791 ; 00084034 (ISSN) Sedaghat, M ; Mohammadzadeh, O ; Kord, S ; Chatzis, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Liss Inc  2016
    Abstract
    Although alkaline-surfactant-polymer (ASP) flooding has proven efficient for heavy oil recovery, the displacement mechanisms and efficiency of this process should be discussed further in fractured porous media. In this study, several ASP flooding tests were conducted in fractured glass-etched micromodels with a typical waterflood geometrical configuration, i.e. five-spot injection-production pattern. The ASP flooding tests were conducted at constant injection flow rates but different fracture geometrical characteristics. The ASP solutions consisted of five polymers, two surfactants, and three alkaline types. It was found that using synthetic polymers, especially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide... 

    Estimation of natural gas optimum allocation to consuming sectors in year 2025 in Iran

    , Article Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy ; Volume 11, Issue 7 , 2016 , Pages 587-596 ; 15567249 (ISSN) Maroufmashat, A ; Sattari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc 
    Abstract
    Due to a large number of rich natural gas reserves in Iran, and considering the acceptable income from the exports of oil products, the consumption of gas instead of oil products in different consuming sectors seems to be rational. Therefore, in this article, the allocation of natural gas to different sectors such as residential, industries, power plants, transportation, reinjection to oil wells, export, and so forth is estimated based on the three scenarios using a linear programming method for the year 2025 in Iran. The results indicate that if there is no planned consumption management, the allocation of gas in future years will certainly have deficiencies in some sectors in Iran.... 

    Estimation of underground interwell connectivity: A data-driven technology

    , Article Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers ; Volume 116 , 2020 , Pages 144-152 Jafari Dastgerdi, E ; Shabani, A ; Zivar, D ; Jahangiri, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers  2020
    Abstract
    Water injection into petroleum reservoirs is widely performed around the world for enhancing oil recovery. Understanding the underground fluid path is an important factor in improving reservoir performance under waterflooding operation. This may be used to optimize subsequent oil recovery by changing injection patterns, assignment of well priorities in operations, recompletion of wells, targeting infill drilling, and reduce the need for expensive surveillance activities. Most of the hydrocarbon reservoirs are equipped with sensors that measure the flow rate, pressure, and temperature in the wellbores continuously. Valuable and useful information about the interwell connections can be... 

    Application of particle swarm optimization and genetic algorithm for optimization of a southern Iranian oilfield

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production ; Volume 11, Issue 4 , 2021 , Pages 1781-1796 ; 21900558 (ISSN) Razghandi, M ; Dehghan, A ; Yousefzadeh, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Optimization of the placement and operational conditions of oil wells plays an important role in the development of the oilfields. Several automatic optimization algorithms have been used by different authors in recent years. However, different optimizers give different results depending on the nature of the problem. In the current study, a comparison between the genetic algorithm and particle swarm optimization algorithms was made to optimize the operational conditions of the injection and production wells and also to optimize the location of the injection wells in a southern Iranian oilfield. The current study was carried out with the principal purpose of evaluating and comparing the... 

    Comparing the performance and recovery mechanisms for steam flooding in heavy and light oil reservoirs

    , Article Society of Petroleum Engineers- SPE Heavy Oil Conference ; Volume 1 , 2012 , Pages 28-36 ; 9781622761111 (ISBN) Bagheripour Haghighi, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Shabaninejad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    SPE  2012
    Abstract
    The concern over fossil energy shortage for the next decade leads to the extensive research activities in the area of enhanced oil recovery. Steam injection as one of well known EOR process has been used for about five decades to improve the oil production rate and recovery efficiency. Steam flooding is applied to heavy and extra-heavy oil reservoirs; however it could be used in light oil reservoirs in which water injection do not work effectively. Regardless of different performances, this method is an efficient EOR process for both heavy and light oil reservoirs. In this work, two separate numerical models were prepared to investigate steam flooding performance for the recovery of light... 

    Macroscopic recovery mechanisms of in-situ combustion process in heavy oil fractured systems: Effect of fractures geometrical properties and operational parameters

    , Article Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE EOR Conference at Oil and Gas West Asia 2012, OGWA - EOR: Building Towards Sustainable Growth ; Volume 2 , 2012 , Pages 593-617 ; 9781622760473 (ISBN) Fatemi, S. M ; Kharrat, R ; Vossoughi, S ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    SPE  2012
    Abstract
    The In-Situ Combustion (ISC) as a thermal EOR process has been studied deeply in heavy oil reservoirs and is a promising method for certain non-fractured sandstones. However, its feasibility in fractured carbonates remained questionable. The aim of the present work was to understand the recovery mechanisms of ISC in fractured models and to evaluate the effect of fractures geometrical properties such as orientation, density, location and networking on the ISC recovery performance. Combustion parameters of a fractured low permeable carbonate heavy oil reservoir in Middle East called KEM; applied to simulation study. Simulator has been validated with KEM combustion tube experimental data and... 

    Pore-level experimental investigation of ASP flooding to recover heavy oil in fractured five-spot micromodels

    , Article EUROPEC 2015, 1 June 2015 through 4 June 2015 ; June , 2015 , Pages 1033-1058 ; 9781510811621 (ISBN) Sedaghat, M ; Mohammadzadeh, O ; Kord, S ; Chatzis, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Society of Petroleum Engineers  2015
    Abstract
    Although Alkaline-Surfactant-Polymer (ASP) flooding is proved to be efficient for heavy oil recovery, the displacement mechanisms/efficiency of this process should be discussed further in fractured porous media especially in typical waterflood geometrical configurations such as five-spot injection-production pattern. In this study, several ASP flooding tests were conducted in fractured glass-etched micromodels which were initially saturated with heavy oil. The ASP flooding tests were conducted at constant injection flow rates and different fracture geometrical characteristics were used. The ASP solutions constituted of five polymers, two surfactants and three alkaline types. The results... 

    Activating solution gas drive as an extra oil production mechanism after carbonated water injection

    , Article Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering ; Volume 28, Issue 11 , 2020 , Pages 2938-2945 Shakiba, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Riazi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials China  2020
    Abstract
    Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods are mostly based on different phenomena taking place at the interfaces between fluid–fluid and rock–fluid phases. Over the last decade, carbonated water injection (CWI) has been considered as one of the multi-objective EOR techniques to store CO2 in the hydrocarbon bearing formations as well as improving oil recovery efficiency. During CWI process, as the reservoir pressure declines, the dissolved CO2 in the oil phase evolves and gas nucleation phenomenon would occur. As a result, it can lead to oil saturation restoration and subsequently, oil displacement due to the hysteresis effect. At this condition, CO2 would act as in-situ dissolved gas into the oil... 

    Experimental investigation of asp flooding in fractured heavy oil five-spot systems

    , Article 74th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2012 Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2012: Responsibly Securing Natural Resources, 4 June 2012 through 7 June 2012 ; 2012 , Pages 3924-3928 ; 9781629937908 (ISBN) Sedaghat, M. H ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Masihi, M ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers, EAGE  2012
    Abstract
    Although alkaline-surfactant-polymer flooding is proved to be efficient for oil recovery from heavy oil reservoirs, the displacements mechanism/efficiency of this process in fractured systems needs to more discussion, especially in five-spot patterns. In this work, several ASP flooding test were performed on fractured micromodels which were initially saturated with heavy oil at constant flow rate and different fracture geometrical characteristics conditions. The ASP solutions are constituted from 5 polymers i.e. four synthetic polymers include three hydrolyzed polyacrylamide with different molecular weight as well as a non-hydrolyzed polyacrylamide and a biopolymer, 2 surfactants i.e. a... 

    Experimental investigation of water alternating CH4-CO2 mixture gas injection to light oil reservoirs

    , Article 74th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2012 Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2012: Responsibly Securing Natural Resources, 4 June 2012 through 7 June 2012 ; June , 2012 , Pages 3919-3923 ; 9781629937908 (ISBN) Ghazanfari, M. H. G. H ; Alizadeh, A
    European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers, EAGE  2012
    Abstract
    In this work effect of composition changes of injection gas, CH4 + CO2, on the performance of immiscible WAG injection in light oil, 41 oAPI, which has been rarely attended in the available literature is investigated. Presence of CO2 helps to reduce the MMP of CH4 significantly. Core flood experiments are conducted at reservoir conditions and fixed flow rate of 0.5cc/min on a sandstone sample with the brine concentration of 5000 ppm, and the influence of injection gas composition as well as WAG ratio on oil recovery is investigated. Different mole percents of methane in mixture, 0%, to 100% are examined, and the tests continued to ten alternate cycles with a slug size of 0.1 pore volumes and... 

    Characterization of liquid bridge formed during gas-oil gravity drainage in fractured porous media

    , Article 16th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, ECMOR 2018, 3 September 2018 through 6 September 2018 ; 2018 ; 9789462822603 (ISBN) Harimi, B ; Masihi, M ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Shoushtari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers, EAGE  2018
    Abstract
    Gas-oil gravity drainage that takes place in the gas-invaded zone of fractured reservoirs is the main production mechanism of gas-cap drive fractured reservoirs as well as fractured reservoirs subjected to gas injection. Interaction of neighboring matrix blocks through reinfiltration and capillary continuity effects controls the efficiency of gravity drainage. Existence of capillary continuity between adjacent matrix block is likely to increase the ultimate recovery significantly. Liquid bridge formed in fractures has a significant role in maintaining the capillary continuity between two neighboring matrix blocks. The degree of capillary continuity is proportional to capillary pressure in... 

    Simulation study of Conventional Fire Flooding (CFF) in fractured combustion cells: A promising tool along experiment

    , Article 1st International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition, Shiraz, 4 May 2009 through 6 May 2009 ; 2009 Fatemi, S. M ; Kharrat, R ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    European association of geoscientists and engineers, EAGE  2009
    Abstract
    The Conventional Fire Flooding (CFF) process application feasibility on fractured carbonated reservoirs remained questionable. In this paper first combustion parameters and reaction kinetics of a naturally fractured low permeability carbonated heavy oil reservoir in Iran called Kuh-E-Mond applied to simulation study. After that, simulator has been validated with Kuh-E-Mond combustion tube experiment. Recovery mechanism in single block matrix is different from one in conventional model since oxygen first flows into the fractures and then diffuses from all sides into the matrix. Combustion of the oil in the fractures produces some water ahead of fracture combustion front which prohibits oxygen... 

    Laboratory evaluation of nitrogen injection for enhanced oil recovery: Effects of pressure and induced fractures

    , Article Fuel ; Volume 253 , 2019 , Pages 607-614 ; 00162361 (ISSN) Fahandezhsaadi, M ; Amooie, M. A ; Hemmati Sarapardeh, A ; Ayatollahi, S ; Schaffie, M ; Ranjbar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Nitrogen has emerged as a suitable alternative to carbon dioxide for injection into hydrocarbon reservoirs worldwide to enhance the recovery of subsurface energy. Nitrogen typically costs less than CO2 and natural gas, and has the added benefit of being widely available and non-corrosive. However, the underlying mechanisms of recovery following N2 injection into fractured reservoirs that make up a large portion of the world's oil and gas reserves are not well understood. Here we present the laboratory results of N2 injection into carbonate rocks acquired from a newly developed oil reservoir in Iran with a huge N2-containing natural gas reservoir nearby. We investigate the effectiveness of N2... 

    Multi-criterion based well placement and control in the water-flooding of naturally fractured reservoir

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 149 , 2017 , Pages 675-685 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Bagherinezhad, A ; Boozarjomehry Bozorgmehry, R ; Pishvaie, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2017
    Abstract
    In the optimization of naturally fractured reservoirs, it is required to take into account their complex flow behavior due to high conductivity fractures. In this regard, the possible effects of fractures must be included in the optimization procedure. In a water-flooding project, fast water breakthrough from injection to production wells may be occurred because of high permeability fractures. To consider the effect of the fracture system, a multi-criterion optimization procedure is proposed in this work. For this contribution, Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm version II (NSGA-II) is implemented for the optimization purposes. Considering the effect of the fracture system on the flow... 

    Geochemical and hydrodynamic modeling of permeability impairment due to composite scale formation in porous media

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 176 , 2019 , Pages 1071-1081 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Shabani, A ; Kalantariasl, A ; Parvazdavani, M ; Abbasi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    Injectivity decline due to mineral scale deposition in near wellbore region of water injection wells is one of the main challenging issues and have been widely reported in the literature. One of the main mechanisms of injectivity loss is incompatibility between injected and formation waters that may result in inorganic scale precipitation and subsequent deposition in porous media. Reliable reactive flow models to predict type and amount of scale along with permeability decline estimation allow planning and risk management of water flood projects. In this paper, we present a coupled geochemical and hydrodynamic model to simulate the scale precipitation and deposition of mineral scales in... 

    A reactive transport approach for modeling scale formation and deposition in water injection wells

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 190 , 2020 Shabani, A ; Sisakhti, H ; Sheikhi, S ; Barzegar, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Abstract
    Petroleum industry is moving toward enhancing oil recovery methods, especially water-based methods, including low salinity and smart water flooding which water with an optimized composition is injected into the reservoir for improving oil recovery. Injection of water into the target formation is also a common operation in geothermal energy production. As the water is being injected into the reservoir, pressure and temperature change along the well column and cause scale formation. Mineral scale precipitation and deposition is a common problem for water injection wells which reduces the effective radius of the wellbore and affects the injection efficiency. In this paper, modeling scale... 

    New expert system for enhanced oil recovery screening in non-fractured oil reservoirs

    , Article Fuzzy Sets and Systems ; 2015 ; 01650114 (ISSN) Eghbali, S ; Ayatollahi, S ; Bozorgmehry Boozarjomehry, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    As the oil production from conventional oil reservoirs is decreasing, oil production through Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) processes is supposed to compensate for both the oil production reduction in matured oil reservoirs and the worldwide dramatic increase in oil demand. Therefore, developing a strategy to choose an optimized EOR technique is crucial to find a resolution for production decline in oil reservoirs. A screening tool recommending the most appropriate EOR method is proposed in this study. An expert fuzzy logic system is employed to screen four well-known EOR methods including miscible CO2 injection, miscible HC gas injection, polymer flooding and steam injection based on the... 

    A rigorous approach to predict nitrogen-crude oil minimum miscibility pressure of pure and nitrogen mixtures

    , Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 399 , 2015 , Pages 30-39 ; 03783812 (ISSN) Fathinasab, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Hemmati Sarapardeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    Nitrogen has been appeared as a competitive gas injection alternative for gas-based enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes. Minimum miscibility pressure (MMP) is the most important parameter to successfully design N2 flooding, which is traditionally measured through time consuming, expensive and cumbersome experiments. In this communication, genetic programming (GP) and constrained multivariable search methods have been combined to create a simple correlation for accurate determination of the MMP of N2-crude oil, based on the explicit functionality of reservoir temperature as well as thermodynamic properties of crude oil and injection gas. The parameters of the developed... 

    New expert system for enhanced oil recovery screening in non-fractured oil reservoirs

    , Article Fuzzy Sets and Systems ; Volume 293 , 2016 , Pages 80-94 ; 01650114 (ISSN) Eghbali, S ; Ayatollahi, S ; Bozorgmehry Boozarjomehry, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2016
    Abstract
    As the oil production from conventional oil reservoirs is decreasing, oil production through Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) processes is supposed to compensate for both the oil production reduction in matured oil reservoirs and the worldwide dramatic increase in oil demand. Therefore, developing a strategy to choose an optimized EOR technique is crucial to find a resolution for production decline in oil reservoirs. A screening tool recommending the most appropriate EOR method is proposed in this study. An expert fuzzy logic system is employed to screen four well-known EOR methods including miscible CO2 injection, miscible HC gas injection, polymer flooding and steam injection based on the... 

    Investigation of oil recovery and CO2 storage during secondary and tertiary injection of carbonated water in an Iranian carbonate oil reservoir

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 137 , 2016 , Pages 134-143 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Shakiba, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Riazi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier 
    Abstract
    Gas injection process for more oil recovery and in particular CO2 injection is well-established method to increment oil recovery from underground oil reservoirs. CO2 sequestration which takes place during this enhanced oil recovery (EOR) method has positive impact on reducing the greenhouse gas emission which causes global warming. Direct gas injection into depleted oil reservoirs, encounters several shortcomings such as low volumetric sweep efficiency, early breakthrough (BT) and high risk of gas leakage in naturally fractured carbonate oil reservoirs. Carbonated water injection (CWI) has been recently proposed as an alternative method to alleviate the problems associated with gas...