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    Investigation of Activation Mechanism of Mechanosensitive Nano Ion Channels

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Bavi, Omid (Author) ; Vosoughi, Manochehr (Supervisor) ; Jamali, Yusef (Supervisor) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor)
    Mechanosensitive (MS) channels are ubiquitous molecular force sensors that respond to a number of different mechanical stimuli including tensile, compressive and shear stress. One of the main mechanisms to functionally study these channels is the patch clamp technique. Here we use continuum mechanics to probe the question of how curvature, in a standard patch clamp experiment, at different length scales (global and local) affects a model MS channel. Firstly, to increase the accuracy of the Laplace’s equation in tension estimation in a patch membrane and to be able to more precisely describe the transient phenomena happening during patch clamping, we propose a modified Laplace’s equation. In... 

    Study on Immobilization of the Spent Ion Exchange Resins of Tehran Research Reactor in Borosilicate Glass

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rastgoo, Pouria (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Yadollahi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Sepehrian, Hamid (Co-Supervisor)
    Considering the operation of the current nuclear reactors and the country's policy to achieve 10,000 megawatts of nuclear power in the horizon of 1420, as well as the construction of research reactors, we will face a huge amount of radioactive waste in the coming years. Meanwhile, spent ion exchange resins constitute a large amount of low and intermediate level (LILW) solid radioactive waste produced from the nuclear industry. Therefore, appropriate precautionary measures should be taken for the immobilization and disposal of these radioactive wastes in order to ensure the sustainable development of the nuclear industry and the protection of the environment and human health. In this study,... 

    Investigation of the Optimum Conditions for the Regeneration of Anion and Cation Exchange Resins of the TR System of Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Arkannia, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Seyed Kalal, Hossein (Supervisor) ; Habibian, Alireza (Co-Supervisor)
    The main purpose of this research is to select a suitable solution for regeneration of ion exchange resins of TR system of Bushehr nuclear power plant and also to compare and evaluate the possibility of using industrial cationic resin (Amberlite IR120) instead of nuclear grade cationic resin (Amberlite IRN97).First, different solutions for regeneration of cationic resins were investigated. For this purpose, three strong acids including hydrochloric acid (HCl), sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and nitric acid (HNO3) were selected and each of these acids was tested in two different concentrations and two different linear velocities; Also, to evaluate the appropriate solution for anionic resin... 

    Synthesis of Graphene and its Application for Adsorption of Cobalt and Strontium Ions, and as an Electrode in Electrochemical Cells (Battery)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jalilzadeh, Hassan (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Hosseinpour, Morteza (Co-Supervisor)
    Although much progress has been made in eliminating, conserving, and reducing migration and emissions of radioactive materials, the risk of radioactive material release into the environment is still one of the most important hazards in the use of nuclear energy. In this study, graphene compounds have been used as adsorbents for the removal of radioactive materials due to their high level, cost-effectiveness and simplicity of the synthesis process of various composites. In this regard, the removal of strontium and cobalt by graphene compounds has been investigated. Magnetite nanoparticles were anchored on the surface of graphene by sol-gel method and adsorption in batch mode was investigated.... 

    Numerical Simulation and Modeling of Electrochemical Processes in Lithium Titanate Oxide Batteries

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hassani, Elham (Author) ; Rajani Ghahnavieh, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Torabi, Farshad (Co-Supervisor)
    Batteries have always been used as one of the most important sources of electricity storage and supply. Among different types of batteries, lithium-ion batteries are widely used in various fields and engineering applications due to their high-density energy/power, high discharge/charge rate, and long life. The most common of these applications are using these batteries in all-electric and hybrid vehicles, which reduce environmental problems. Due to the high cost of these types of batteries and the environmental issues of battery decomposition, researchers are seeking to discover long-lasting batteries that lithium titanate oxide batteries have the most extended lifespan among lithium-ion... 

    Study on Adsorption of Uranium from Saghand Ore Leach Liquor by Continuous Ion Exchange Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Noori Khangah, Behrooz (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Godocynejhad, Davood (Supervisor) ; Saberyan, Kamal (Co-Supervisor) ; Asghari, Reza (Co-Supervisor)
    The current study was attributed to uranium uptake by Varion-AP resin from Saghand, Iran Uranium Mine, ore leach liquor. A suitable high-efficiency system was designed for continuous ion exchange at the bench scale and the uranium uptake parameters were optimized. In this system, 1 reactors was used with a volume of 3 liters in stage with the same height difference. A leach liquor containing uranium with a concentration of between 200 and 300 mg/l was flowed from the feed storage by gravity between reactor 1 to 10 at a flow rate of 30 lit/h and Varion-AP resin was transferred in counter-current flow from stage 10 to 1 by a pneumatic pump. The output of each reactor had a screener that... 

    Developing an Efficient Framework for Involving Degradation Model of Lithium-ion Battery in Optimization Studies of a Residential Energy Hub

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kheirkhah Rad, Ehsan (Author) ; Moeini Aghtaie, Moein (Supervisor)
    Energy storage systems are expected to play an important role in future renewable-based power systems. Recently, lithium-ion batteries have been attracting considerable attention as alternative energy storage systems due to their advantages. In this study, viability of battery storage systems as large-scale energy storage systems is studied in the context of a residential energy hub. A stochastic optimization problem is proposed for energy management of the energy hub where wind generation and demand are considered uncertain. In order to account for the degradation costs of the battery storage system, a data-driven State-of-health prediction model is developed based on the relevance vector... 

    Synthesis of Graphene by New Methods, and its Application for Adsorption of Cobalt

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Faham Mofrad, Ali (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Shafiekhani, Azizollah (Supervisor)
    In this study graphene and graphene adsorbent for the Co2+ ion were created from sodium phenoxide and calcium phenoxide, respectively, using the chemical vapor deposition method, and their chemical, physical, and morphological properties were investigated using FT-IR, UV, XRD, Raman, TEM, FE-SEM, and XPS. The results suggest that the optimum reaction condition for synthesizing mono-layer and multi-layer graphene is the 750 °C temperature for 30 min. The Co2+ adsorbing properties of the synthesized graphene adsorbent from calcium phenoxide was investigated. The investigation of solvation properties suggests insolubility above 650 °C and the kinetic data suggest the rapidness of the Co2+... 

    Development of a Framework to Utilize Thermoelectrochemical-aging Battery Models in Optimal Design of Renewable Energy Systems

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Astaneh, Majid (Author) ; Roshandel, Ramin (Supervisor)
    The operating conditions of the battery in renewable energy systems affect its electrochemical behavior and degradation process. Recent research mainly estimates battery lifetime through conventional methods such as counting the number of equivalent battery life cycles or based on simple experimental models that may lead to optimistic predictions in battery service period. In this study, a reduced-order thermoelectrochemical-aging battery model is developed for the application of renewable energy systems and the battery degradation analysis is investigated by this model. The proposed microscopic model evaluates the effect of battery operating conditions such as state of charge, current and... 

    Lithium ion Battery Technology Development Policy Making on Iranʼs Oncoming Energy System Based on the Technological Innovation System Approach

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esmkhani, Ali (Author) ; Maleki, Abbas (Supervisor)
    Lithium ion battery is one of the innovative and emerging technologies in energy sector that has played a major role in electricity supply security by integration of renewable energy technologies in electrical grid, implementation of electrical transportation system and de-carbonation of the both sectors in recent years. On the other hand, the formation of the potential market of technology as one of the functions of the technological innovation system plays an essential role in creation and advancement of innovation in the energy sector. Therefore, in this thesis, the development of lithium ion battery technology in Iran has been investigated from the perspective of the technology market in... 

    Immobilization of Spent Ion Exchange Resins from Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bamshad, Zahra (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Davarkhah, Reza (Supervisor) ; Tavasoli, Maryam (Co-Advisor)
    Ion exchange resins are widely used in nuclear industries. These spent resins result in the production of a large amount of low and intermediate level radioactive wastes, therefore, the treatment and immobilization of spent ion exchange resins are the major problems in the development of nuclear power plants.In this research, in a laboratory scale, we tried to find the suitable procedure and formulation to immobilize a specific group of cation-exchange resins which is used in Bushehr nuclear power plant (AMBERLITE IRN-97H) in the cement matrix. The solidification matrix consists of five constituents: anti sulfate slag type portland cement, cation-exchange resins, diatomite, sodium hydroxide... 

    Experimental Study and Optimization of Nuclear Grade Boric Acid Production Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadian Koudakan, Payam (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Aflaki Pashaki, Fereydoon (Supervisor)
    Boric acid (H3BO3) is a weak monobasic acid that exist as a white powder in the standard conditions. In industry, it is used in manufacturing of fiberglas filaments, precious metals soldering and production of flat panel LCD displays. In all of these applications, normal grade boric acid is used, but nuclear industry demands an ultrapure boric acid (UPA) for controlling of the reactivity and power levels in pressurized water reactors. Annual consumption of UPA in Bushehr Power Plant (BPP) is around 60 metric tons. Currently, this amount is imported from Russia, but atomic energy organization of Iran plans to displace it by the acid made inside the country. Domestic production of UPA in... 

    Design and Construction of a Sputter Ion Pump

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bazrafshan, Gholamreza (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor) ; Rahighi, Javad (Supervisor)
    Design and construction process of special kind of sputter ion pump is described briefly in this paper. In order to investigate the optimization of effective parameters in choosing and designing ILSF ion pumps, this pump has been designed and manufactured. By optimizing some parameters such as dimension and shape of penning cells, anode voltage, magnetic field and internal structure of pump, it is possible to significantly decrease the cost of construction and operation of synchrotron vacuum system. By using the results of simulations and calculations of electromagnetic field, plasma simulation or glow discharge, titanium sputtering, etc., critical parameters in design of internal structure... 

    Separation of Yttrium - 90 From Radioactive Liquid Wastes by Using Liquid – Membrane Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farahmand Asl, Elmira (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Davarkhah, Reza (Supervisor)
    In this research project, It has been investigated the ability of thenoyltrifluoroacetone (HTTA) as a carrier for selective separation of yttrium ions from aqueous media using bulk liquid membrane (BLM) system as a simple model for selective separation of 90Y from radioactive liquid wastes by the mentioned technique. Thus, a study has been made on carrier-mediated transport of yttrium(III) using a bulk liquid membrane prepared by dissolving thenoyltrifluoroacetone (HTTA) in dichloromethane. It has been observed that the use of n-propylamine (n-PA) in source phase as a synergistic reagent showed a marked enhancement of transport of yttrium ion. The source phase comprised of a solution of ... 

    Derivation of a Scalable Mass Ttransfer Equation for Adsorption of Uranium on Resin in Stirred Reactors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naderi, Ali (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; khanchi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Resin In Pulp(RIP) is One of the most important processes for separation of uranium from ore while concentration of uranium in ore is low , based on adsorption of uranium that exist in the slurry on onion exchanger resins .uranium ore is dissolved in sulfuric acid and slurry that contain uranium is produced,then this slurry enter stirred reactors and adsorption process is performed.RIP are accepted universally and now adays countries such as canada,south africa and australia use this process when concentration of uranium in slurry after leaching process is 100-500 ppm.in iran also this process is performing in ardacan-saghand mine.Kinetic of adsorption process in stirred reactors has been... 

    Study on the Kinetics of Uranium Adsorption in the Stirred Reactors, and Search for the Scalable Kinetic Models for This

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi Oalya, Ali (Author) ; Otukesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Khanchi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    One of the main uranium separations of ore that uranium percent application of enhanced design strategies in the industrial cracking furnaces are of practical interest for oil, gas and petrochemical industries. For such engineering purposes the exact simulation of temperature, species concentration and flow fields in the furnace is essential. In this paper, a study was performed to simulate 3D flue gas flow pattern, temperature and species concentration field in the radiation section of an industrial cracking furnace using the computational fluid dynamics (100-500) ppm technique. The steady-state Reynolds Averaged Navier–Stokes (Resin in pulp)equations were solved, in a finite volume scheme,... 

    Uranium Recovery From Liquid Waste of UCF Plant With Ion Exchange Resin Method in Continuous Mode

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Semnani, Fatemeh (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Sepehrian, Hamid (Supervisor) ; Ghasemi, Mohammad Reza (Co-Advisor)
    During various stages of processing uranium in Uranium conversion facility (UCF) in Isfahan, significant amounts of liquid waste is produced which leads to evaporation ponds. Since the concentration of uranium in evaporation ponds is relatively high, it seems to addition to environmental issues with recycled uranium from existing pools is also economically. Various physical and chemical methods for removal of uranium waste is used such as solvent extraction, ion exchange, chemical precipitation, membrane processes, etc. Each method has advantages and disadvantages. The ion exchange method, The due to lower cost, less acid pollution with organic copmpounds, convenience and high selectivity... 

    Uranium Recovery From Liquid Waste of UCF Plant With Ion Exchange Resin Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asadi, Zahra (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Sepehrian, Hamid (Supervisor)
    During the various stages of uranium processing in Uranium Conversion Facility (UCF) in Isfahan, significant amounts of liquid waste stream is produced which is sent to evaporation ponds. In addition to environmental considerations, uranium recovery from existing pools is also economically feasible due to high concentration uranium in liquid waste. Several methods have been evolved over the years to remove dissolved uranium from uranium bearing solution. These methods are: chemical precipitation, liquid-liquid extraction, ion exchange and membrane processes. The purpose of this study is recovery of uranium from liquid waste of Isfahan UCF plant by using ion exchange method. Although this... 

    Study on Separation of Uranium from Phosphoric Acid by Column Chromatography

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Grayeli, Fatemeh (Author) ; Sohrabpour, Mostafa (Supervisor) ; Khanchi, Ali Reza (Supervisor) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this study, uranium removal from phosphoric acid with doulite resin was examined. Different uptake properties of the doulite resin were examined using batch, stirred and column methods. Langmuier, freundlich and dubinin equation was fitted the isotherm data and freundlich equation showed the best fitting. Adsorption kinetics was controlled by slow intraparticle diffusion of UO22+ ions in resin, and it obeyed a shrinking core model. Also a pseudo-second order chemical reaction fairly fitted the kinetics data  

    Study of the Surface Effect on the Behavior of a FG Multiphase Nano-Sphere with Spherical Anisotropy Due to some Nonuniform Eigenstrain Field

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahryari, Benyamin (Author) ; Mohammadi Shodja, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The elastic field is one of the challenges in optimizing the lifetime and capacity of the lithium-ion batteries. Graphite nanoparticles have been widely used in Li-ion batteries, due to their mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. During the lithiation, chemical reactions occurred in the electrolyte, which forms a solid electrolyte interphase(SEI) in the surrounding of nanoparticles as well as stress fields inside the nanoparticles. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to examine the effects of the surface/interface on diffusion induced stresses(DIS) within core-shell nanosphere due to non-uniform distribution of eigenstrain fields. Due to the mechanical behavior of the phases,...