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    Margination and adhesion of micro- and nanoparticles in the coronary circulation: A step towards optimised drug carrier design

    , Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; Volume 17, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 205-221 ; 16177959 (ISSN) Forouzandehmehr, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    Abstract
    Obstruction of left anterior descending artery (LAD) due to the thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques is the leading cause of death worldwide. Targeted delivery of drugs through micro- and nanoparticles is a very promising approach for developing new strategies in clot-busting or treating restenosis. In this work, we modelled the blood flow characteristics in a patient-specific reconstructed LAD artery by the fluid–solid interaction method and based on physiological boundary conditions. Next, we provided a Lagrangian description of micro- and nanoparticles dynamics in the blood flow considering their Brownian motion and the particle–particle interactions. Our results state that the number of... 

    In silico study of patient-specific magnetic drug targeting for a coronary LAD atherosclerotic plaque

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 559 , 2019 , Pages 113-129 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Amani, A ; Forouzandehmehr, M ; Ghoytasi, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    Coronary artery disease is the first cause of death across the world. Targeted delivery of therapeutics through controlled release of micro- and nano-particles remains a very capable approach to develop new strategies in treating restenosis and atherosclerotic plaques. In this research, to produce the arterial geometry, an image-processing was done using CT-scan images of a LAD coronary artery. After implementing the finite element mesh, the Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) simulation based on physiological boundary conditions was performed. Next, a Lagrangian description of particles dynamics in a non-Newtonian blood flow considering momentum equation of motion for each particle and the... 

    Atheroprone sites of coronary artery bifurcation: Effect of heart motion on hemodynamics-dependent monocytes deposition

    , Article Computers in Biology and Medicine ; Volume 133 , 2021 ; 00104825 (ISSN) Biglarian, M ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Atherosclerosis as a common cardiovascular disease is a result of both adverse hemodynamics conditions and monocyte deposition within coronary arteries. It is known that the adhesion of monocytes on the arterial wall and their interaction with the vascular surface are one of the main parameters in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. In this work, hemodynamic parameters and monocyte deposition have been investigated in a 3D computational model of the Left Anterior Descending coronary artery (LAD) and its first diagonal branch (D1) under the heart motion. A one-way Lagrangian approach is performed to trace the monocyte particles under different blood flow regimes and heart motion...