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    Universal correlation between the thermodynamic potentials and some physical quantities of metallic glasses as a function of cooling rate during molecular dynamics simulation

    , Article Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids ; Volume 536 , 2020 Ghaemi, M ; Tavakoli, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Abstract
    The existence of universal semi-log linear relation between potential energy and cooling rate during the molecular dynamics simulations of metallic glasses for Cu-Zr system was formerly reported. For this purpose, different classes of metallic glasses are considered and the validity of this correlation is studied. It is shown that it holds for other thermodynamics potentials and some physical quantities like density and Wendt and Abraham parameter, too. This observation enables us to economically construct atomic scale metallic glass structures equivalent to very low cooling rates, more consistent to experimental works, not accessible using classic molecular simulations. © 2020 Elsevier B.V  

    The effective mechanical properties and the interfacial characterization of CNT reinforced nanocomposites

    , Article Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 9 March 2009 through 11 March 2009, San Diego, CA ; Volume 7294 , 2009 ; 0277786X (ISSN); 9780819475541 (ISBN) Sadeghia, H ; Naghdabadi, R ; The International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE) ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    A small volume fraction of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) added in a polymeric matrix increases significantly the mechanical properties of the polymers. It is experimentally determined from the TEM images of CNT-based nanocomposites that nanotubes don't stand straight in their embedded matrix and they have some curvature in their shape. The load transfer mechanism between CNT and polymer matrix is also one of the most important issues which is not understood explicitly, yet. In this paper a wavy Single Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWCNT) is modeled as inclusion in a polymer matrix and its effective mechanical properties is studied. This model is based on using 3-D Representive Volume Element (RVE) with... 

    Spectrophotometric determination of glutathione and cysteine based on aggregation of colloidal gold nanoparticles

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 19, Issue 3 , June , 2012 , Pages 958-963 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Seyedhosseini, E ; Robatjazi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    We report herein the development of a highly sensitive colorimetric method for the determination of cysteine and glutathione, based on aggregation of the citrate capped gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). This was exploited from high affinity of low-molecular-weight aminothiols towards the Au NPs surface, which could induce displacement of the citrate shell by the thiolate shell of target molecules, resulting in aggregation of the NPs through intermolecular electrostatic interaction or hydrogen-bonding. As a result of aggregation, which can be affected by the ionic strength, pH and concentration of Au NPs, the plasmon band at around 521 nm decreases gradually, along with formation of a new red... 

    Kinematics and kinetics description of thermoelastic finite deformation from multiplicative decomposition of deformation gradient viewpoint

    , Article Mechanics Research Communications ; Volume 37, Issue 6 , 2010 , Pages 515-519 ; 00936413 (ISSN) Darijani, H ; Kargarnovin, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this paper, using the multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient into mechanical and thermal parts, both kinematic and kinetic aspects of finite deformation thermoelasticity are considered. At first, the kinematics of the thermoelastic continua in the purely thermal process of nonisothermal deformation is investigated for finite deformation thermoelasticity. Also, a linear relation between the thermal expansion tensor and the rate of the thermal deformation tensor is presented. In order to model the mechanical behavior of thermoelastic continua in the stress-producing process of nonisothermal deformation, an isothermal effective stress-strain equation based on the... 

    Introducing a new method for estimation image complexity according to calculate watermark capacity

    , Article 2008 4th International Conference on Intelligent Information Hiding and Multiedia Signal Processing, IIH-MSP 2008, Harbin, 15 August 2008 through 17 August 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 981-984 ; 9780769532783 (ISBN) Yaghmaee, F ; Jamzad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    One of the most important parameters in evaluating a watermarking algorithm is its capacity. In fact, capacity has a paradoxical relation with other two important parameters: image quality and robustness. Some works have been done on watermarking capacity and a few on image complexities. Most works on watermarking capacity is based on information theory and the capacity values which are calculated based on these methods are very tolerate. In this paper we propose a new method for calculating image complexity based on Region Of Interest (ROI) concept. After that we analyze three complexity measures named: Image compositional complexity (ICC), Quad tree and ROI method, with three different... 

    Experimental design for optimizing the corrosion resistance of pulse reverse electrodeposited graphene oxide thin film

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 19, Issue 5 , May , 2015 , pp 1367–1380 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Yaghoubinezhad, Y ; Afshar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2015
    Abstract
    In this study, linear polarization resistance (LPR) of pulse reverse electrodeposited graphene oxide (PREGO) coating is optimized by design of experiments approach (central composite design). Pulse current density (i), cathodic (Tc) and anodic (Ta) pulse durations, and total electrodeposition time (Tt) are selected as the substantial factors. The best prediction model proposes a definitive linear relation without any significant interaction of the LPR by analysis of variance. The desirable value of LPR was predicted equal to 5358 Ω cm2, obtaining at the pulse current density of 235.62 mA cm−2, Ta of 7.75 ms, Tc equal to 3.25 ms (f = 100 Hz), and Tt of approximately 225 s. Appearance of the... 

    Estimation of stress drop for some large shallow earthquakes using stochastic point source and finite fault modeling

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 17, Issue 3 A , JUNE , 2010 , Pages 217-235 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Moghaddam, H ; Fanaie, N ; Motazedian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Using stochastic point source and finite fault modeling, the stochastic stress drop is estimated for 52 large shallow earthquakes listed in the 'Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER) Next Generation Attenuation of Ground Motions (NGA)' database. The Pseudo Spectral Acceleration (PSA) of 541 accelerograms, recorded at National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) C-class sites from 52 earthquakes are simulated and compared with the PSA listed in the PEER NGA database. The magnitude of the analyzed earthquakes ranged from M4:4 to M7:6. The stress drop is calibrated by trial and error and based on the analysis of residuals where the residual is defined as the log of the... 

    Controlling the depth of anesthesia by using extended DMC

    , Article 2008 Cairo International Biomedical Engineering Conference, CIBEC 2008, Cairo, 18 December 2008 through 20 December 2008 ; 2008 ; 9781424426959 (ISBN) Bamdadian, A ; Towhidkhah, F ; Marami, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Monitoring and controlling the depth of anesthesia is really important, since over dosing and under dosing can be dangerous for the patients. Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic models vastly used for describing the relationship between input anesthetic agents and output patient endpoint variables. As there is a large variety between the patients so for controlling the depth of anesthesia we need a controller which should be robust enough and also because the anesthesia process is nonlinear and contains time delay, among them all the proposed methods for controlling the depth of anesthesia, model predictive controllers (MPCs) are good choices. Extended dynamic matrix control (EDMC) can be... 

    Assessing dynamic response of multispan viscoelastic thin beams under a moving mass via generalized moving least square method

    , Article Acta Mechanica Sinica/Lixue Xuebao ; Volume 26, Issue 5 , October , 2010 , Pages 721-733 ; 05677718 (ISSN) Kiani, K ; Nikkhoo, A ; Mehri, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Dynamic response of multispan viscoelastic thin beams subjected to a moving mass is studied by an efficient numerical method in some detail. To this end, the unknown parameters of the problem are discretized in spatial domain using generalized moving least square method (GMLSM) and then, discrete equations of motion based on Lagrange's equation are obtained. Maximum deflection and bending moments are considered as the important design parameters. The design parameter spectra in terms of mass weight and velocity of the moving mass are presented for multispan viscoelastic beams as well as various values of relaxation rate and beam span number. A reasonable good agreement is achieved between... 

    Application of carbon-paste electrode modified with iron phthalocyanine for voltammetric determination of epinephrine in the presence of ascorbic acid and uric acid

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 137, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 669-675 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghalkhani, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    A carbon-paste electrode (CPE) modified with iron(II) phthalocyanine was used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of epinephrine (EN). The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward EN, ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) were investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (CV and DPV). The results show an efficient catalytic activity of the electrode for the electro-oxidation of EN, which leads to improvement of reversibility of the electrode response and lowering its overpotential by more than 100 mV. The effect of pH and potential sweep rate on the mechanism of the electrode process was investigated. The modified electrode exhibits an... 

    An exact analytical model for fluid flow through finite rock matrix block with special saturation function

    , Article Journal of Hydrology ; Volume 577 , 2019 ; 00221694 (ISSN) Izadmehr, M ; Abbasi, M ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Sharifi, M ; Kazemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    An exact analytical solution for one-dimensional fluid flow through rock matrix block is presented. The nonlinearity induced from flow functions makes the governing equations describing this mechanism difficult to be analytically solved. In this paper, an analytical solution to the infiltration problems considering non-linear relative permeability functions is presented for finite depth, despite its profound and fundamental importance. Elimination of the nonlinear terms in the equation, as a complex and tedious task, is done by applying several successive mathematical manipulations including: Hopf-Cole transformation to obtain a diffusive type PDE; an exponential type transformation to get a... 

    A comparative study of mutual information analysis under a Gaussian assumption

    , Article Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 25 August 2009 through 27 August 2009, Busan ; Volume 5932 LNCS , 2009 , Pages 193-205 ; 03029743 (ISSN) ; 3642108377 (ISBN) Moradi, A ; Mousavi, N ; Paar, C ; Salmasizadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In CHES 2008 a generic side-channel distinguisher, Mutual Information, has been introduced to be independent of the relation between measurements and leakages as well as between leakages and data processed. Assuming a Gaussian model for the side-channel leakages, correlation power analysis (CPA) is capable of revealing the secrets efficiently. The goal of this paper is to compare mutual information analysis (MIA) and CPA when leakage of the target device fits into a Gaussian assumption. We first theoretically examine why MIA can reveal the correct key guess amongst other hypotheses, and then compare it with CPA proofs. As our theoretical comparison confirms and shown recently in ACNS 2009...