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    Greener, nonhalogenated solvent systems for highly efficient Perovskite solar cells

    , Article Advanced Energy Materials ; Volume 8, Issue 21 , 25 July , 2018 ; 16146832 (ISSN) Yavari, M ; Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Gholipour, S ; Tavakoli, M. M ; Turren Cruz, S. H ; Taghavinia, N ; Gratzel, M ; Hagfeldt, A ; Saliba, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    Abstract
    All current highest efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs) use highly toxic, halogenated solvents, such as chlorobenzene (CB) or toluene (TLN), in an antisolvent step or as solvent for the hole transporter material (HTM). A more environmentally friendly antisolvent is highly desirable for decreasing chronic health risk. Here, the efficacy of anisole (ANS), as a greener antisolvent for highest efficiency PSCs, is investigated. The fabrication inside and outside of the glovebox showing high power conversion efficiencies of 19.9% and 15.5%, respectively. Importantly, a fully nonhalogenated solvent system is demonstrated where ANS is used as both the antisolvent and the solvent for the HTM.... 

    Reducing surface recombination by a poly(4-vinylpyridine) interlayer in perovskite solar cells with high open-circuit voltage and efficiency

    , Article ACS Omega ; Volume 3, Issue 5 , 2018 , Pages 5038-5043 ; 24701343 (ISSN) Yavari, M ; Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Gholipour, S ; Tavakoli, M. M ; Taghavinia, N ; Hagfeldt, A ; Tress, W ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2018
    Abstract
    Identifying and reducing the dominant recombination processes in perovskite solar cells is one of the major challenges for further device optimization. Here, we show that introducing a thin interlayer of poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PVP) between the perovskite film and the hole transport layer reduces nonradiative recombination. Employing such a PVP interlayer, we reach an open-circuit voltage of 1.20 V for the best devices and a stabilized efficiency of 20.7%. The beneficial effect of the PVP interlayer is proven by statistical analysis of various samples, many of those showing an open-circuit voltage larger than 1.17 V, and a 30 mV increase in average compared to unmodified samples. The reduced... 

    Carbon nanoparticles in high-performance perovskite solar cells

    , Article Advanced Energy Materials ; Volume 8, Issue 12 , 2018 ; 16146832 (ISSN) Yavari, M ; Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Gholipour, S ; Marinova, N ; Delgado, J. L ; Turren Cruz, S. H ; Domanski, K ; Taghavinia, N ; Saliba, M ; Gratzel, M ; Hagfeldt, A ; Tress, W ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    Abstract
    In the past few years, organic–inorganic metal halide ABX3 perovskites (A = Rb, Cs, methylammonium, formamidinium (FA); B = Pb, Sn; X = Cl, Br, I) have rapidly emerged as promising materials for photovoltaic applications. Tuning the film morphology by various deposition techniques and additives is crucial to achieve solar cells with high performance and long-term stability. In this work, carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) containing functional groups are added to the perovskite precursor solution for fabrication of fluorine-doped tin oxide/TiO2/perovskite/spiro-OMeTAD/gold devices. With the addition of CNPs, the perovskite films are thermally more stable, contain larger grains, and become more... 

    Solid phase extraction of trace amounts of Pb(II) in opium, heroin, lipstick, plants and water samples using modified magnetite nanoparticles prior to its atomic absorption determination

    , Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Volume 9, Issue 2 , 2012 , Pages 171-180 ; 1735207X (ISSN) Karimi, M. A ; Hatefi Mehrjardi, A ; Mohammadi, S. Z ; Mohadesi, A ; Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Kabir, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    A new, simple, fast and reliable solid-phase extraction method has been developed for separation/preconcentration of trace amounts of Pb(II) using dithizone/sodium dodecyl sulfate-immobilized on alumina-coated magnetite nanoparticles, and its determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) after eluting with 4.0 mol L -1 HNO 3. Optimal experimental conditions including pH, sample volume, eluent concentration and volume, and co-existing ions have been studied and established. Under the optimal experimental conditions, the preconcentration factor, detection limit, linear range and relative standard deviation of Pb(II)...