Search for: mechanical-response
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    Analysis of Photo-Mechanical Response of Light Sensitive Homogeneous Hydrogels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafari Khoshnabadi, Mohammad Amin (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor)
    Light-sensitive hydrogels are advanced materials with modern applications that have the ability to deform with light radiation at specific frequencies. Numerous studies have been conducted to identify the behavior and deformation of these materials. Most studies have experimentally investigated the light-sensitive behavior of hydrogels. On the other hand, modeling the behavior of light-sensitive hydrogels is very complicated, so that the use of these models is possible only in certain cases. Therefore, in the present study, the existing studies have been reviewed in order to simplify the relationships governing the deformation of light-sensitive hydrogels. In this regard, the deformation... 

    Search for critical loading condition of the spine-A meta analysis of a nonlinear viscoelastic finite element model

    , Article Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 8, Issue 5 , 2005 , Pages 323-330 ; 10255842 (ISSN) Wang, J. L ; Shirazi Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The relative vulnerability of spinal motion segments to different loading combinations remains unknown. The meta-analysis described here using the results of a validated L2-L3 nonlinear viscoelastic finite element model was designed to investigate the critical loading and its effect on the internal mechanics of the human lumbar spine. A Box-Behnken experimental design was used to design the magnitude of seven independent variables associated with loads, rotations and velocity of motion. Subsequently, an optimization method was used to find the primary and secondary variables that influence spine mechanical output related to facet forces, disc pressure, ligament forces, annulus matrix... 

    Dynamic ageing and the mechanical response of Al-Mg-Si alloy through equal channel angular pressing

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 31, Issue 9 , October , 2010 , Pages 4076-4082 ; 02641275 (ISSN) Vaseghi, M ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Ig Hong, S ; Seop Kim, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, dynamic ageing characteristics associated with the application of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) to Al6061 alloy at elevated temperatures was investigated. Followed by ECAP, Vickers microhardness measurement on the cross-sectional planes and microstructural observations were undertaken using transmission electron microscopy. The combination of the ECAP process with dynamic ageing at both 100°C and 150°C resulted in a significant increase in hardness. The grain size was measured as ∼160. nm after four passes. A comparison with the published data on the same alloy processed by ECAP at room temperature and statically aged, suggests several advantages in incorporating... 

    Effects of vertical and pinch rolling on residual stress distributions in wire and arc additively manufactured components

    , Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Volume 29, Issue 4 , 2020 , Pages 2073-2084 Tangestani, R ; Farrahi, G. H ; Shishegar, M ; Pourbagher Aghchehkandi, B ; Ganguly, S ; Mehmanparast, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Residual stresses are inherent in parts manufactured using the wire + arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) technique, resulting in unpredictable mechanical response and structural integrity (Colegrove et al.: J Mater Process Technol 213:1782-1791, 2013). An effective post-processing technique, which enhances the mechanical properties of WAAM parts, is rolling. This study investigates the vertical and pinch rolling effects on residual stress distribution in WAAM components. Initially, a WAAM model was created using a thermo-mechanical finite element modelling approach and validated against the experimental results. Subsequent to the validation of the model, the effect of the main parameters... 

    Parametric study of strain rate effects on nanoparticle-reinforced polymer composites

    , Article Journal of Nanomaterials ; Volume 2016 , 2016 ; 16874110 (ISSN) Soltannia, B ; Haji Gholami, I ; Masajedian, S ; Mertiny, P ; Sameoto, D ; Taheri, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hindawi Publishing Corporation  2016
    Crashworthiness, energy absorption capacity, and safety are important factors in the design of lightweight vehicles made of fiber-reinforced polymer composite (FRP) components. The relatively recent emergence of the nanotechnology industry has presented a novel means to augment the mechanical properties of various materials. As a result, recent attempts have contemplated the use of nanoparticles to further improve the resiliency of resins, especially when resins are used for mating FRP components. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of the response of nanoreinforced polymer composites, subjected to various rates of loading, is of paramount importance for developing reliable structures.... 

    Molecular dynamics study of two dimensional silicon dioxides with in-plane negative poisson's ratio

    , Article Computational Materials Science ; Volume 153 , 2018 , Pages 258-267 ; 09270256 (ISSN) Safaei, S ; Tavakoli, R ; Jafary Zadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present work, the mechanical properties, in particular, the Poisson's ratio of four two-dimensional silica structures, called here α,β,γ and δ are studied by means of molecular dynamics simulations. The α structure has been synthesized experimentally and the others have been reported as the most stable low-energy structures that reveal in-plane negative Poisson's ratio based on the first principles calculations. Among these structures, β-silica exhibits the largest in-plane negative Poisson's ratio which is 2–4 times higher than penta-graphene. Our results illustrate that the classical molecular dynamics simulation reproduces results in agreement with those of the first principles... 

    An integrated model for prediction of thermo-mechanical behaviour of metal and work-rolls during hot strip rolling process

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture ; Volume 223, Issue 4 , 2009 , Pages 395-407 ; 09544054 (ISSN) Rezaei Farkoosh, A ; Serajzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper an integrated model has been developed that is capable of considering the effects of process parameters on the thermo-mechanical behaviour of the work-roll and the strip during hot rolling operations. The commercially finite element package ABAQUS is utilized to solve the governing equations, while an elasto-viscoplastic material behaviour is utilized in the model. The model may be employed in single-pass as well as multi-pass rolling layouts. Various aspects of the hot rolling process are predicted including temperature field and thermo-mechanical stresses within the work-roll as well as temperature, strain, and residual stresses distributions within the strip. To assess the... 

    Multi-scale modeling of surface effect via the boundary Cauchy-Born method

    , Article International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering ; Volume 85, Issue 7 , August , 2011 , Pages 827-846 ; 00295981 (ISSN) Qomi, M. J. A ; Aghaei, A ; Khoei, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a novel multi-scale approach is developed for modeling of the surface effect in crystalline nano-structures. The technique is based on the Cauchy-Born hypothesis in which the strain energy density of the equivalent continua is calculated by means of inter-atomic potentials. The notion of introducing the surface effect in the finite element method is based on the intrinsic function of quadratures, called as an indicator of material behavior. The information of quadratures is derived by interpolating the data from probable representative atoms in their proximity. The technique is implemented by the definition of reference boundary CB elements, which enable to capture not only... 

    Effects of rolling reduction on mechanical properties anisotropy of commercially pure titanium

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 34 , 2012 , Pages 268-274 ; 02641275 (ISSN) Nasiri Abarbekoh, H ; Ekrami, A ; Ziaei Moayyed, A. A ; Shohani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present work tensile and tear properties of commercially pure titanium with different rolling reductions and specimens directions were investigated. The experimental results showed that in low levels of deformation the microstructure refining and mechanical twins have fewer significant effects on the anisotropic behavior of both tear and tensile properties and the crystallographic texture controls the mechanical properties anisotropy. The increase in rolling reduction up to 50% led to the formation of strong-basal texture and resulted in the activation of almost same deformation systems and isotropic mechanical response. However, at high levels of deformation, due to the split... 

    Nanoparticle enhanced solders for increased solder reliability

    , Article Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 28 November 2011 through 2 December 2011, Boston, MA ; Volume 1424 , 2012 , Pages 115-120 ; 02729172 (ISSN) ; 9781605114019 (ISBN) Mokhtari, O ; Roshanghias, A ; Ashayer, R ; Kotadia, H. R ; Khomamizadeh, F ; Kokabi, A.H ; Clode, M. P ; Miodownik, M ; Mannan, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Due to environmental concerns traditional eutectic tin-lead solder is gradually being replaced in electronic assemblies by "lead-free" solders. During this transition, nanoparticle technology is also being investigated to see whether improvements in joint reliability for high temperature applications can be made. Nanoparticles can be used to harden the solder via Zener pinning of the grain boundaries and reduce fatigue failure. This paper explores the effects of adding Silica nanoparticles to SnAgCu solder, and how the mechanical properties induced in the solder vary with temperature. It is found that above 100°C the mechanical response and microstructure of the normal and nanoparticle... 

    Modeling and experimental study on friction stir welding of artificially aged AA2017 plates

    , Article Materials and Manufacturing Processes ; Volume 28, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 683-688 ; 10426914 (ISSN) Mirjalili, A ; Serajzadeh, S ; Jamshidi Aval, H ; Kokabi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Thermo-mechanical responses, developed microstructure, and mechanical properties in friction stir welding (FSW) of artificially aged AA2017 plates were investigated. A finite element analysis was first employed to evaluate hot deformation behavior of the alloy during welding. Also, hardness, yield strength, and microstructure of the welded alloy were examined using the results of the model and experimental testing. It was found that strain and temperature fields during welding are asymmetrically distributed and the maximum temperature locates in advancing side. Furthermore, considerable grain refinement is observed in the stir zone where recrystallized grains in the range of 3 to 8 m are... 

    On the influence of deformation rate and cooling media on the static strain aging of a warm-rolled low carbon steel

    , Article International Journal of Material Forming ; Volume 6, Issue 3 , February , 2013 , Pages 417-422 ; 19606206 (ISSN) Koohbor, B ; Ohadi, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    An investigation was performed on the static strain aging behavior of warm-rolled low carbon steel during a nearly 1-year aging period, from the view point concerning with influence of changing the deformation speed and cooling media. Mechanical response of the examined material during aging period was evaluated through variations occurred in strength and hardness of the warm-deformed steel. It was shown that changing the rolling speed as well as cooling rate, may result in the occurrence of different metallurgical phenomena, consequently altering the aging kinetics of the material. It was also found that by increasing rolling speed, an increase in the value of hardness and UTS takes place,... 

    Finite element modeling of thermal and mechanical stresses in work-rolls of warm strip rolling process

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture ; Volume 230, Issue 6 , 2016 , Pages 1076-1086 ; 09544054 (ISSN) Koohbor, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd 
    An integrated mathematical model was developed to study the thermo-mechanical behavior of strips and work-rolls during warm rolling process of steels. A two-dimensional finite element analysis was first employed to solve for the thermo-mechanical response of the rolled strip under steady-state conditions. The calculated roll pressure and temperature fields were then used to apply proper boundary conditions for solving the governing thermo-mechanical problem for the work-roll. The obtained results indicate that in warm strip rolling of steels, the thermal and mechanical stresses developed within the work-roll are comparable; however, the more significant influence is due to heating and... 

    Finite-element modeling of thermal aspects in high speed cold strip rolling

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture ; Volume 231, Issue 8 , 2017 , Pages 1350-1362 ; 09544054 (ISSN) Koohbor, B ; Moaven, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2017
    An integrated model based on finite-element method has been proposed to examine the mechanical and thermal responses of strips and work-rolls in tandem and reverse cold rolling operations. The model has been developed such that the influence of various process parameters, such as lubrication, rolling speed, frictional state and back-up rolls, can be examined. Thermal behaviors of the rolled material and the work-rolls have been analyzed using stream-line upwind Petrov-Galerkin approach, in order to make the model applicable to high-speed rolling processes, as well. The results have been compared to the actual on-line measurements and shown to be of acceptable accuracy. Such modeling approach... 

    A study on subsequent static aging and mechanical properties of hot-Rolled AA2017

    , Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Vol. 23, issue. 8 , 2014 , p. 2894-2904 Khalili, L ; Serajzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this work, the effects of rolling parameters, cooling media, and deformation path on mechanical properties and aging behavior of hot-rolled AA2017 were studied. First, hot-rolling experiments were conducted under different working conditions, and the rolled strips were then aged at room temperature for up to 57 days during which hardness and tensile tests were carried out to record the changes in the mechanical properties of the alloy. Furthermore, due to the importance of static recrystallization on subsequent aging behavior, the rate of recrystallization was also computed. To this end, a mathematical model was developed to predict thermomechanical responses during hot rolling using the... 

    Optimum groove pressing die design to achieve desirable severely plastic deformed sheets

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 31, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 94-103 ; 02641275 (ISSN) Kazeminezhad, M ; Hosseini, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, considering the problems of common finite element (FE) codes that consider simple constitutive equations, a developed FE code that considers a new constitutive model is used to simulate the behavior of copper sheets under severe plastic deformation (SPD). The new proposed constitutive model, that considers dislocation densities in cell interiors and cell walls of material as true internal state variables, can investigate all stages of flow stress evolution of material during large plastic deformations and also can explain the effects of strain rate magnitude on the mechanical response of material, during room temperature SPD. The proposed FE analysis is used to investigate the... 

    Effect of thermal cycles on mechanical response of pultruded glass fiber reinforced polymer profiles of different geometries

    , Article Composite Structures ; Volume 223 , 2019 ; 02638223 (ISSN) Jafari, A ; Ashrafi, H ; Bazli, M ; Ozbakkaloglu, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    This study investigates the effect of Thermal cycles on the mechanical properties of GFRP pultruded profiles with different geometries. Bending specimens consisted of I-shaped and U-channel profiles that were tested in three-point bending along their both principal weak and strong axes, whereas box profiles and laminates were used in compression and tension tests, respectively. Each specimen was exposed to a range of thermal cycles, between −20 °C and 20 °C. The failure modes of the profiles were closely investigated at both major and minor scales. Results were analyzed using ANOVA to determine the influence of each factor and a model was developed to predict the strength retention of... 

    Healthy and diseasedin vitromodels of vascular systems

    , Article Lab on a Chip ; Volume 21, Issue 4 , 2021 , Pages 641-659 ; 14730197 (ISSN) Hosseini, V ; Mallone, A ; Nasrollahi, F ; Ostrovidov, S ; Nasiri, R ; Mahmoodi, M ; Haghniaz, R ; Baidya, A ; Salek, M. M ; Darabi, M. A ; Orive, G ; Shamloo, A ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Ahadian, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2021
    Irregular hemodynamics affects the progression of various vascular diseases, such atherosclerosis or aneurysms. Despite the extensive hemodynamics studies on animal models, the inter-species differences between humans and animals hamper the translation of such findings. Recent advances in vascular tissue engineering and the suitability ofin vitromodels for interim analysis have increased the use ofin vitrohuman vascular tissue models. Although the effect of flow on endothelial cell (EC) pathophysiology and EC-flow interactions have been vastly studied in two-dimensional systems, they cannot be used to understand the effect of other micro- and macro-environmental parameters associated with... 

    Investigation of thermo-mechanical response of a geothermal pile through a small-scale physical modelling

    , Article 2nd International Conference on Energy Geotechnics, ICEGT 2020, 20 September 2020 through 23 September 2020 ; Volume 205 , 2020 Hashemi Senejani, H ; Ghasemi Fare, O ; Yazdani Cherati, D ; Jafarzadeh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    EDP Sciences  2020
    Energy piles have been used around the world to harvest geothermal energy to heat and cool residential and commercial buildings. In order to design energy geo-structures, thermo-mechanical response of the geothermal pile must be carefully understood. In this paper, a small scale physical model is designed and a series of heating thermal cycles with various vertical mechanical loads are performed. The instrumented pile is installed inside a dry sand bed. Changes in pile head displacement, shaft strains and pile and sand temperatures are monitored using an LVDT, strain gauges and thermocouples, respectively. Prolonged heating cycles, which would continue until boundary temperature changes,... 

    Influence of stacking fault energy and short-range ordering on dynamic recovery and work hardening behavior of copper alloys

    , Article Scripta Materialia ; Volume 62, Issue 9 , May , 2010 , Pages 693-696 ; 13596462 (ISSN) Hamdi, F ; Asgari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    True stress vs. true strain responses of Cu-6 wt.% Al and Cu-12 wt.% Mn alloys are presented. While Cu-6 wt.% Al alloy shows the typical mechanical response of low stacking fault energy alloys, the Cu-12 wt.% Mn alloy behaved similarly to medium to high stacking fault energy alloys. These findings clearly show that while short-range ordering triggers slip planarity, it has a minor effect on total dynamic recovery of these copper alloys