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    Synthesis of Nanoparticles by Electrical Arc Discharge in Liquid Media and Characterization

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ashkarran, Ali Akbar (Author) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor) ; Mahdavi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this research we focus on synthesis and analysis of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles and their photocatalytic activity. At the beginning a high current DC power supply and a reactor for the electrical arc discharge process designed and implemented. Several nanoparticles such as tungsten oxide, zinc oxide, silver and gold have synthesized by this method in deionized water, deionized water including surfactants and stabilizers and analyzed. Several characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic light scattering (DLS) X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), BET, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and UV-Vis spectroscopy have... 

    Application of Metallic Nanoparticles in Treatment of Wastewater Containing Dyestuffs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Reza (Author) ; Shaygan, Jalalaldin (Supervisor)
    Textile industrial wastewaters are one of the most important sources of environmental contaminants. In the recent years, use of advanced oxidation processes, by producing highly active and reactive components such as hydroxyl radicals has been proposed. The aim of this research is oxidative degradation of methylene blue dye using Cu-nanoparticles immobilized on a polymer support with H2O2 as an oxidant reagent.In general, oxidative degradation of methylene blue with hydrogen proxide in the presence of immobilized CuO nanoparticles on a polymer support as the catalyst was studied. We used polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer as the polymer support for nanoparticles. fourth generation of PAMAM was... 

    Preparation of Metal Nanoparticles/Ionic Liquid Composites and Investigation of Their Catalytic Activity

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gharegozloo, Nazanin (Author) ; Gholami, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Salari, Hadi (Co-Advisor)
    In this research Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were prepared. To protect against oxidation, a shell of SiO2 was deposited on Fe3O4. Graphene oxide was prepared by the modified Hummer method and supported on the Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell. Then, ionic liquid layer was impregnated on it. Afterward, PtAu nano alloy were synthesized on the surface of nanocomposite with the different molar ration including 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75 and 0:100. The as-prepared nanocomposite was characterized by SEM, XRD, and FT-IR analytical methods.For investigation of kinetically activity of catalysts, reduction of 4-nitrophenol with NaBH4 as reducer was used. The adsorption in different times was obtained by UV-vis... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of TiO2 and WO3 Thin Film Photoanodes Containing Noble Metal Nanoparticles and (TiO2)x-(ZnO)1-x Nanocomposite Photanodes for H2 Production

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Naseri Taheri, Naimeh (Author) ; Moshfegh, Ali Reza (Supervisor)
    Growing demand on energy and limitation and consequence of fossil fuels have caused to utilize the clean and renewable energy sources. Hydrogen is a clean energy carrier which produced just water vapor during combustion. Today, methods which are usually used to produce this fuel are based on using fossil fuel compounds. Therefore, utilizing new production methods is unavoidable. One of these methods is using semiconductors such as TiO2 to spilt water and produce H2 by solar irradiation. Reducing the energy gap of these semiconductors to match the solar spectrum, specially in its visible range, modification of their structures, surfaces and stability are the main challenges in hydrogen... 

    Investigation on Optical and Catalytic Properties of Noble Metallic Nanoparticles in SiO2 and TiO2 Matrix

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sangpour, Parvaneh (Author) ; Moshfegh, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Akhavan, Omid (Supervisor)
    Doping metal or semiconductor nanoparticles in transparent matrix have attracted much attention for practical application in recent years. From fundamental veiw point, limiting the charge carriers and exitons in nanometric scales resulted in new quantum phenomena. In this context, transparent films containing metal nanoparticles shows an absorption peak in visible region of spectrom. Thus, by choosing an appropriate metal and controlling the size and concentration of particles in corresponding matrix, we can provide coatings with a wide rang of colors. Furthermore, thin films containing metal or metal oxide nanoparticles had been considered as nanostructure materials in research and... 

    Synthesis of Novel Bimetallic Nanocomposite of Copper and Silver Based on Metal Organic Frameworks and Investigation of Its Application as Catalyst in Sulfonation Reaction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yaghoubnejad Pazoki, Parisa (Author) ; Matloubi Moghaddam, Firouz (Supervisor)
    In recent years, bimetallic metal-organic frameworks have attracted the great attention of researchers due to their dual properties and synergistic effects. In this research and inspired by green chemistry, the synthesis of a magnetic nanocomposite of the defective green metal-organic framework was implemented, which carries metallic silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs@Cu-MOF). Then, the sulfonated compounds were synthesized with the prepared nanocomposite because of the importance and widespread medicinal use of sulfur-containing compounds especially sulfonated compounds, and the difficulty of their preparation methods. It is noteworthy to mention that the sulfonation reaction was done by... 

    Preparation and Investigation of the Electrochemical Behavior of Sensors Based on Glassy Carbon Electrode Modified with Various Carbon Nanostructures Decorated by Some of Metal Nanoparticlesfor Determination of Ceftizoxime

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ranjbar, Saba (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor) ; Masoumeh Ghalkhani (Co-Advisor)
    In the recent years, sensors and biosensors attracts much attentions as a suitable devices in analytical chemistry. In this meantime carbon nanostructures and metal nanoparticles act as a good choice owing to their unique properties such as high electrical conductivity andmechanical and chemical stability in modification of the surface of sensors and biosensors. Because of importance of analysis the trace amounts of pharmaceutical and biological compounds, in this studies the surface of glassy carbon electrode was modified with some carbon nanostructures and metal nanoparticles for electrochemical investigation and determination of pharmaceutical and clinical compounds.In the first work, a... 

    Separation and Preconcentration of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles Using Cloud Point Extraction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zare-moghadam, Mousa (Author) ; Hormozi-Nezhad, M.R (Supervisor)
    Separation and identification of metal nanoparticles in surface water samples such as river water is very important. Nanoparticles specially metal nanoparticles have small dimensions can easily pass through from the body's outer immune system and disrupt biological function. Most of the nanoparticles have active surface so environmental contaminants can be absorbed on their surface and then can penerated in the body, and they may cause disease. Therefore determination of nanoparticles type and concentrations and their separation from the surrounding environment, especially surface waters is important. Separation and preconcentration of metal nanoparticles was done by using cloud point... 

    Highly Sensitive Detection of Captopril by Fluorescein-5-Isothiocyanate-Modified Gold Nanoparticles Based on FRET& Antioxidant Activity Assay in Iranian Tea Using the Generation and Growth of Metalic Nanoparticles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bohloul, Arash (Author) ; Bagheri, Habib (Supervisor) ; Hormozi Nezhad, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    The research of this work was divided into two parts. First, A novel fuorescence sensor based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer for the determination of captopril was developed. FITC molecules that are highly fluorescent in alkaline solution fluoresce weakly when they are adsorbed onto AuNP surfaces (based on affinity of AuNPs and isothiocyanate group on FITC) as a result of fluorescence resonance energy transfer. In the presence of captopril, FITC molecules are released from the AuNP surface in order to stronger affinity to AuNPs surface than FITC molecule (in order to thiol group in captopril) so the florescence intensity of FITC restore. This phenomenon was used for quantitative... 

    Molecular dynamics simulation of manipulation of metallic nanoclusters on stepped surfaces

    , Article Central European Journal of Physics ; Volume 9, Issue 2 , 2011 , pp 454-465 ; 1644-3608 Mahboobi, S. H ; Meghdari, A. (Ali) ; Jalili, N. (Nader) ; Amiri, F. (Farshid) ; Sharif University of Technology
    Molecular dynamics simulations are carried out to investigate the manipulation of metallic clusters on stepped surfaces. Five surface forms are considered in the simulations. The system parts are made of pure transition metals and Sutton-Chen many-body potential is used as interatomic potential. The conditions which are subjected to change in the tests include: materials used for particles and substrate, and surface step conditions. In addition to qualitative observations, two criteria which represent the particle deformation and substrate abrasion are utilized as evaluation tools and are computed for each case. Simulation results show the effect of the aforementioned working conditions on... 

    Molecular dynamics simulation of manipulation of metallic nanoclusters on double-layer substrates [electronic resource]

    , Article Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures ; 2010, Vol. 42, No. 9, pp. 2364-2374 Mahboobi, H. (Hanif) ; Meghdari, Ali ; Jalili, Nader ; Amiri, Farshid ; Sharif University of Technology
    Molecular dynamics simulations are carried out to investigate the manipulation of metallic clusters on double-layer surfaces. The system parts are made of transition metals. The conditions which are subjected to change in the tests are material combinations for cluster, main substrate and lubricant layer (adlayer). In addition to qualitative observations, two criteria which represent the particle deformation and substrate abrasion are utilized as evaluation tools and are computed for each case. Obtaining this sort of knowledge is highly beneficial for further experiments in order to be able to plan the conditions and routines, which guarantee better success in the manipulation process  

    Nanoscale phase behavior on flat and curved membranes

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Vol. 25, issue. 50 , Dec , 2014 Andersen, T ; Bahadori, A ; Ott, D ; Kyrsting, A ; Reihani, S. N. S ; Bendix, P. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The diverse physical properties of membranes play a critical role in many membrane associated biological processes. Proteins responsible for membrane transport can be affected by the lateral membrane order and lateral segregation of proteins is often controlled by the preference of certain membrane anchors for membrane phases having a physically ordered state. The dynamic properties of coexisting membrane phases are often studied by investigating their thermal behavior. Optical trapping of gold nanoparticles is a useful tool to generate local phase transitions in membranes. The high local temperatures surrounding an irradiated gold nanoparticle can be used to melt a part of a giant... 

    A sensitive and selective colorimetric method for detection of copper ions based on anti-aggregation of unmodified gold nanoparticles

    , Article Talanta ; Vol. 129, issue , 2014 , pp. 227-232 ; ISSN: 00399140 Hormozi-Nezhad, M. R ; Abbasi-Moayed, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A highly sensitive and selective colorimetric method for detection of copper ions, based on anti-aggregation of D-penicillamine (D-PC) induced aggregated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) was developed. Copper ions can hinder the aggregation of AuNPs induced by D-PC, through formation of mixed-valence complex with D-PC that is a selective copper chelator. In the presence of a fixed amount of D-PC, the aggregation of AuNPs decreases with increasing concentrations of Cu2+ along with a color change from blue to red in AuNPs solution and an increase in the absorption ratio (A520/A 650). Under the optimum experimental conditions (pH 7, [AuNPs] =3.0 nmol L-1 and [NaCl]=25 mmol L-1), a linear calibration... 

    Fabrication localized surface plasmon resonance sensor chip of gold nanoparticles and detection lipase-osmolytes interaction

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Vol. 314, issue , 2014 , Pages 138-144 ; ISSN: 01694332 Ghodselahi, T ; Hoornam, S ; Vesaghi, M. A ; Ranjbar, B ; Azizi, A ; Mobasheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Co-deposition of RF-sputtering and RF-PECVD from acetylene gas and Au target were used to prepare sensor chip of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). Deposition conditions were optimized to reach a Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) sensor chip of Au NPs with particle size less than 10 nm. The RF power was set at 180 W and the initial gas pressure was set at 0.035 mbar. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) images and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) data were used to investigate particles size and surface morphology of LSPR sensor chip. The Au and C content of the LSPR sensor chip of Au NPs was obtained from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H)... 

    DNA impedance biosensor for detection of cancer, TP53 gene mutation, based on gold nanoparticles/aligned carbon nanotubes modified electrode

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Vol. 836, issue , July , 2014 , p. 34-44 ; ISSN: 00032670 Fayazfar, H ; Afshar, A ; Dolati, M ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    For the first time, a new platform based on electrochemical growth of Au nanoparticles on aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes (A-MWCNT) was developed for sensitive lable-free DNA detection of the TP53 gene mutation, one of the most popular genes in cancer research. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used to monitor the sequence-specific DNA hybridization events related to TP53 gene. Compared to the bare Ta or MWCNT/Ta electrodes, the synergistic interactions of vertically aligned MWCNT array and gold nanoparticles at modified electrode could improve the density of the probe DNA attachment and resulting the sensitivity of the DNA sensor greatly. Using EIS, over the extended... 

    A second-order advantage achieved with the aid of gold nanoparticle catalytic activity. Determination of nitrophenol isomers in binary mixtures

    , Article Analytical Methods ; Vol. 6, issue. 9 , Feb , 2014 , pp. 3056-3064 ; ISSN: 17599660 Rabbani, F ; Abdollahi, H ; Hormozi-Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel, simple and rapid spectrophotometric method for the determination of nitrophenol (NP) isomer mixtures based on the catalytic activity of gold nanoparticles is described. Gold nanoparticle (∼13 nm) solution was used to catalyze the reduction of NP isomers to aminophenols with an excess amount of NaBH4. The second-order data were obtained by spectrophotometrically monitoring the reduction process of NP isomers. So, multivariate curve resolution optimized by alternative least squares (MCR-ALS) was used to analyze such data. MCR-ALS, an appropriate second-order method, can exploit the so-called 'second order advantage' (the ability to determine in the presence of uncalibrated... 

    Rapid and simultaneous determination of tetracycline and cefixime antibiotics by mean of gold nanoparticles-screen printed gold electrode and chemometrics tools

    , Article Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation ; Vol. 47, Issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 145-149 ; ISSN: 02632241 Asadollahi-Baboli, M ; Mani-Varnosfaderani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The screen-printed gold electrode (SPGE) modified with the formation of self-assembly monolayer (SAM) of cysteine (Cys) on gold-nanoparticles (Au nano) was utilized for rapid and simultaneous determination of tetracycline and cefixime antibiotics by square wave voltammetry (SWV). Electrochemical investigation and characterization of the modified electrode was achieved using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A principal component artificial neural network (PCANN) with three layer back-propagation network was utilized for the analysis of the voltammogram data. It is possible to simultaneously determine the tetracycline and cefixime concentrations in the ranges of... 

    Pd-Au nanoparticle decorated carbon nanotube as a sensing layer on the surface of glassy carbon electrode for electrochemical determination of ceftazidime

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Vol. 34, issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 318-325 ; ISSN: 09284931 Shahrokhian, S ; Salimian, R ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A simple electrodeposition method is employed to construct a thin film modifier of palladium-gold nanoparticles (Pd-AuNPs) decorated multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) on the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Morphology and property of Pd-AuNPs-MWCNT have been examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). Electrochemical performance of Pd-AuNPs-MWCNT/GCE for detection of ceftazidime (CFZ) has been investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV). This nanostructured film modified electrode effectively exhibited enhanced properties for detection of ceftazidime (CFZ). The effects of various experimental variables such as, the amount of casted MWCNT,... 

    Nickel hydroxide nanoparticles-reduced graphene oxide nanosheets film: Layer-by-layer electrochemical preparation, characterization and rifampicin sensory application

    , Article Talanta ; Vol. 119 , 2014 , pp. 156-163 ; ISSN: 00399140 Rastgar, S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Electrochemical deposition, as a well-controlled synthesis procedure, has been used for subsequently layer-by-layer preparation of nickel hydroxide nanoparticle-reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (Ni(OH)2-RGO) on a graphene oxide (GO) film pre-cast on a glassy carbon electrode surface. The surface morphology and nature of the nano-hybrid film (Ni(OH)2-RGO) was thoroughly characterized by scanning electron and atomic force microscopy, spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. The modified electrode appeared as an effective electro-catalytic model for analysis of rifampicin (RIF) by using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The prepared modified electrode exhibited a distinctly higher activity... 

    Useful multivariate kinetic analysis: Size determination based on cystein-induced aggregation of gold nanoparticles

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 115 , 2013 , Pages 588-594 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Rabbani, F ; Nezhad, M. R. H ; Abdollahi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study describes spectrometric monitored kinetic processes to determine the size of citrate-capped Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) based on aggregation induced by L-cysteine (L-Cys) as a molecular linker. The Au NPs association process is thoroughly dependent on pH, concentration and size of nanoparticles. Size dependency of aggregation inspirits to determine the average diameters of Au NPs. For this aim the procedure is achieved in aqueous medium at pH 7 (phosphate buffer), and multivariate data including kinetic spectra of Au NPs are collected during aggregation process. Subsequently partial least squares (PLS) modeling is carried out analyzing the obtained data. The model is built on the...