Search for: microchannel
0.008 seconds
Total 192 records

    Numerical Investigation of Surface Wettability Effect on Liquid-Liquid Two-Phase Flow Heat Transfer in Microchannels

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Moezzi, Mahsa (Author) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor) ; Farhanieh, Bijan (Co-Supervisor)
    It is aimed in this study to numerically investigate the effect of contact angle on the heat transfer coefficient in oil-water two-phase flow. For this purpose, the finite element method (FEM) is used to solve the unsteady Navier-Stokes and energy equations. The level set method is also used to capture the interface between the phases. In the first part of the study, two-phase flow of the water and calibration oil is considered in a T-junction geometry at contact angles of 5°, 40°, and 75°. It is observed that the flow patterns formed in the microchannel depend on the initial flow condition which results in the hysteresis phenomenon. Investigating the effect of wall contact angle on the... 

    Simulation of Flow Drag Reduction through Air Injection from the Porous Wall

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Boyerahmadi, Amirhossein (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor)
    The effect of using backpressure of air injection in a microchannel on internal flow pressure drop were investigated in this study. Multiphase flows are commonly encountered in gas and oil industries. Flow fields in production operations are often complex and include multiphase flows of gas and liquid. Previously, because of their complex nature, these flow patterns have been mostly investigated only experimentally and empirical correlations based on the experimental data. From another point of view, it is almost impossible to experimentally realize all the flow conditions for each of the flow patterns. Nowadays computer facilities provide the tool to construct and use large-scale... 

    Numerical Simulation of a Micro-Fluidic Fuel Cell

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirjamali, Mohammad (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor) ; Moosavi, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    The microfluidic fuel cell or laminar flow-based fuel cell is a membrane-less fuel cell which typically consists of two electrodes mounted within a T- or Y-shaped microchannel. Aqueous fuel and oxidant are introduced from the two inlets of the channel and flow together side-by-side toward the end of the channel. The Reynolds number in the microchannel is low, and hence viscous forces are dominant over the inertial forces. This causes the anolyte and catholyte form a co-laminar flow inside the microchannel which is required to maintain the separation of the fuel and oxidant and limit the reactions to the appropriate electrodes. In this work, a comprehensive numerical model of the microfluidic... 

    Simulation of Fluid Flow on Superhydrophobic Surfaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdollahzadeh, Mohammad Javad (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Today, with rapid developments and advances in science and technology, different ways have been studied to reduce energy consumption in various industries. Reducing the drag force and thus reducing the friction force is one of these methods which has many applications (e. g, in submarine construction industries). Creating some microgrooves in the microchannels is one of the most effective methods in order to reduce the friction force in microchannels that has recently been studied. In this method the air is trapped within the microgrooves and when the fluid (e. g, water) enters the channel passes over the trapped air within these microgrooves instead of touching the channel walls (solid... 

    Phase Extraction in Segmented Flow

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amini, Mohammad (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    The formation of droplets at a T-junction in a micro channel network is primarily influenced by the pressure difference across the interface in the squeezing regime. Accurate measurements of droplet velocity and pressure profiles are difficult to obtain experimentally, yet these are the basic parameters required. Droplet micro fluidics has shown great potential for biological assays, chemical reactions and polymer emulsions. High stability allows the droplets to work as stable and isolated reactors that open up for parallel and serial reactions where each droplet can be screened individually. The purpose was to fabricate such systems, establish stable droplet generation where droplet volumes... 

    Simulation of Residual Oil Displacement at the Pore-scale

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farrokhnia Hamedani, Bahareh (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor)
    EOR (oil enhanced recovery) is very important as oil is a nonrenewable resource. Depending on the characteristics of the rock formation, primary production can result in the recovery of up to 20% of the oil originally in the rock. This means that at least 80% of the oil may remain in the rock unless additional technology is used to increase the recovery. Before finding best way to do for EOR, scientists must study properties of different porous media that oil is trapped between its grains. Most of research and studies investigate networks of porous media but this work focused on oil movement through a pore space in porous media lonely not in network by waterflooding. Studying a pore space is... 

    Numerical Simulation of Micro channel for Cells Counting Based on the Impedance Measurement of Cell Lysate

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khademi, Maryam (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Said (Supervisor) ; Sani, Mahdi ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Nowadays cell-based microfluidic devices have many applications. One of the applications is disease diagnosis according to number of cells. Cell counting has different methods, such as optical cell counting, flow cytometry, hemocytometry, coulter counters,and so on. One of the methods of cells counting is based on measurement of changes in impedance or conductivity of surrounding medium because ions are released from surface-immobilized cells inside a micr of luidic channel.The method of cell lysate impedance spectroscopy is sensitive enough and it was offered for detecting and enumerating CD4+ cells in HIV patients. In this study,... 

    Heat Transfer in Uniform Suction Porous Media of Micro Channel with Variable Cross-section

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akrami, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Fully developed fluid flow and heat transfer is numerically investigated in micro-channels. There are many techniques to intensify heat transfer for internal flows, such as: increasing Reynolds number, extending surface area of channel wall and also disrupting the boundary layer thickness on the wall. Among these, extension wall surface area is a common technique. There are several ways to extend surface area including finned, slotted, chemically etched, grooved as well as porous media adhered wall surface. One other method that we work on it is modifying wall cross-section and usage of uniform suction porous media. The governing equations include the momentum equation of the core region... 

    Electroosmotic Flow in Microchannels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Lesani, Mostafa (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    The present study examines both Direct Current (DC) and Alternating Current (AC) electroosmotic flows in a parallel plate microchannel. The method consists of a central finite difference scheme for spatial terms and a forward difference scheme for the temporal term. Asymmetric boundary conditions are assumed for Poison-Boltzmann equation used to determine the electric double layer (EDL) potential distribution. The potential distribution is then used to evaluate the velocity distribution for both DC and AC electroosmotic flows. The velocity distributions are obtained by applying slip boundary conditions on the walls to account for probable hydrophobicity of the surfaces. After determining the... 

    Production of Liquid Metal Micro-droplets and Electrical Control of their Size and Rate of Formation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asiabi Mollahaji, Arezoo (Author) ; Kebriaee, Azadeh (Supervisor)
    The use of liquid metal droplets due to their high electrical and thermal conductivity are used in various industries today. One of the methods of producing these micro-droplets is the flow focusing method, which is widely used to produce integrated and monodispersed droplets. Liquid metals have high surface tension and these micro-droplets are formed only if there is sufficient shear force between the liquid metal and a continuous fluid phase. In the past, they used several different methods such as pressure fluctuations and changes in continuous phase flow rate to control the shear force and produced polymer, gas, etc. micro-droplets.In this research, use the electric potential to control... 

    Simulation of Compressible Rarefied Gas Flow using High-Order WENO Finite-difference Lattice Boltzmann Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zamani Ashtiani, Shaghayegh (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    The goal of the present study is to simulate the compressible rarefied gas flow by using a high-order finite-difference lattice Boltzmann method. Here, a weighted essentially non-oscillatory lattice Boltzmann method (WENO-LBM) is applied for the solution of the compressible form of the LB equation with the Kataoka-Tsutahara model. The solution procedure is based on the discretization of the convection terms of the LB equation using the fifth-order finite-difference WENO scheme and the temporal term using the third-order explicit total variation diminishing Runge-Kutta scheme for both the continuum and rarefied gas flows. The treatment of implementing the no-slip and slip boundary conditions... 

    Simulation of two-Dimensional Supersonic Flow in Slip Regime in Microchannel with Finite Difference Lattice Boltzmann Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Barootiha, Hamed (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    In this study, the simulation of two-dimensional supersonic flows through microchannels in slip flow regime is performed using a lattice Boltzmann model (LBM). Traditional LB models have been used to simulate incompressible fluid flows and there are not suitable for modeling compressible or thermo-fluid flows. Herein, a recently developed LB model, namely, the finite difference lattice Boltzmann method (FDLBM), is employed to simulate compressible flows with embedded shocks. In this model, one can select particle velocities independently from the lattice configuration, and therefore, a correct and numerically stable multispeed thermal model by adopting more isotropic particle velocities can... 

    A ¬High Order Accurate Numerical Solution of Incompressible Slip Flow in Microchannels with Heat Transfer by Using Artificial Compressibility Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohafez, Mir Hamed (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    In the present study, a high-order accurate numerical solution of steady incompressible slip flow and heat transfer in 2D microchannels is presented. The numerical method used is an alternating direction implicit operator scheme which is efficiently implemented to solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in the primitive variables formulation using the artificial compressibility method. To stabilize the numerical solution, numerical filters are used. The present methodology considers the solution of the Navier-Stokes equations with¬ employing different slip boundary condition¬¬ (Maxwell,¬ ¬¬Hyperbolic tangent function of Knudsen number¬ and Beskok slip models)¬ ¬¬on the wall to model... 

    Simulating Flow over Nanoparticles through Microchannels Using Lattice Boltzmann Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Setayeshgar, Alireza (Author) ; Darbandi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Novel manufacturing technologies in micro scales, such as micro machining, guide us through constructing micro scale systems known as MEMS. These systems have a wide range of applications, from fabrication of electrostatic, magnetic, pneumatic sensors and actuators to micro mechanical gears and motors. Also, MEMS applications involve the manipulation of one or more fluids, known as microfluids. Simulation of flow through microchannels over nano particles has important applications in solid particles transport. In this flow, the rarefaction phenomenon will affect the flow behavior and its subsequent impacts such as aerodynamic drag forces. In this work, we use the Lattice Boltzmann method... 

    Developing a Parallel DSMC Algorithm for Simulating Flow in Micro-Nano Propulsion Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirjalili, Vahid (Author) ; Darbandi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    With the rapid development of mico-nano propulsion systems in micro-spacecrafts and micro-sattelites, precise investigation of flow field in these devices has become necessary. Micro propulsion systems usually have a thrust in order of mili Newton, and they can be used for maneuvers of spacecrafts with mass of less than 10 kg. Micro propulsion systems are usually classified according to their thrust generation mechanism to different classes like cold gas, and chemical propulsion systems. Cold gas micro propulsion systems obtain their energy from thermodynamic expansion of gas and not by combustion. If the flow fiel dimensionare comparable to mean free path, rarefaction effects are observed... 

    Dynamics and Heat transfer of Two-phase Non-Newtonian Fluids in Superhydrophobic Channels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahsavari, Arghavan (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    When the fluid passes through the microchannel, some energy is lost due to drag force and pressure drop. One of the methods used in the last few decades to optimize energy consumption is creating superhydrophobic surfaces in microchannels. These surfaces, with their features such as increasing the contact angle and reducing the contact angle hysteresis, can reduce energy loss, which is due to the presence of unevenness on the surface, and by trapping air and creating a two-phase flow, they reduce the drag force. On the other hand, the air trapped inside these irregularities will also affect the heat transfer of the passing fluid in the microchannel, which by creating resistance in the... 

    Design and Simulation of a Spiral Based Microfluidic Device for Separation of Circulating Tumor Cells Using Tunable Nature of Viscoelastic Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nouri, Mohammad Moein (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, cancer, which has been mentioned as the disease of the century, is the second leading cause of death throughout the world, and its incidence is constantly increasing. Isolation of circulating tumor cells is one of the most critical steps in diagnosing and controlling cancer progression. Due to the rarity of cancer cells compared to other cells in the blood sample, the isolation process requires optimal and high-precision devices. With the advent of inertial microfluidics, the ability to control the particles movement, the processing of blood samples as quickly and accurately as possible, and the viability of cells with a high percentage, introduced microfluidic systems as a... 

    Analysis of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Partial Porous Microchannel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shamsoddini Lori, Mohammad (Author) ; Nouri Brorujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    In this study, heat transfer and fluid flow inside a rectangular microchannel with partial porous media is simulated numerically. Darcy-Brinkman-Forchheimer equations are used to model the porous media. The effect of height of porous media, permeability (Darcy number), porosity and inlet velocity (Reynolds number) on Hydrodynamic and heat transfer performance are examined. At different values of height of porous media 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1 mm the Nusselt number of microchannel are 1.72, 1.78, 1.86, 1.94, and 2.02 compared to the microchannel without porous media. And the porous drop are 1.09, 1.2, 1.49, 1.76, and 2.15 compared to the microchannel without porous media. And FOM are 1.78,... 

    Design and Fabrication of a Spiral Microchannel for High Resolution Blood Cell Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehran, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor) ; Taghipoor, Mojtaba (Co-Supervisor)
    In medical science, preparing a high purity sample of certain kinds of cells plays an important role in studying the characteristics and functionality of cells, detecting in vitro harmful pathogens and helping to find ways of preventing and treating diseases that cause cellular disorders in the human body. The goal of this research is to improve the spiral microchannel with stair-like cross section in order to separate white blood cells from whole blood. First, the efficiency of this method was evaluated numerically, using a developed finite element model. Then, the desired microchannel mold was made using the micromiling method, and we fabricated the chip using soft lithography and pasting... 

    Drag Reduction Using Geometrically Structured Surfaces for Non-newtonian Multi-phase Fluids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Javaherchian, Javaneh (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    With the advancement of the industry, microscale devices use due to its unique characteristics. On the other hand, it is essential to find ways to reduce drag inside microchannels because of The importance of energy. One of the methods is to optimize the contact surface using structured geometric surfaces. These hydrophobic surfaces reduce drag by trapping the air in roughness and creating a two-phase flow. The purpose of this project is to reduce the drag within the microchannel using structured geometric surfaces for non-Newtonian and multiphase flows. In most previous studies, with simplification, Newtonian and two-phase flows have been investigated. While most industrial fluids show...