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    The Dynamic Interfacial Phenomena Investigations on Mobile Fluid Surfaces: Experimental Studies and CFD Simulations

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Karbaschi, Mohsen (Author) ; Bastani, Dariush (Supervisor) ; Miller, Reinhard (Co-Advisor) ; Yar Javadi, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Understanding the hydrodynamic and physical chemistry basis of surface phenomena is very important for many branches of basic science like Chemical Engineering, Mechanics, Space Engineering, and Material Engineering in the level of fundamental studies and applications. In addition to the common technologies, the role of surface phenomena in novel technologies is also very essential. For example, nanotechnology, chemical or physical sensors, or micro electrical systems in which surface phenomena is playing a main role. Therefore, understanding the basis of surface science is very important for any development in many industrial and fundamental studies. The main topic of this thesis which is a... 

    Microfluidic Tensiometry and Investigation of Nanoparticles Adsorption at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Arvahi, Milad (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    The present paper is an attempt to critically measure interfacial tension with microchannels and achieve the quantity of adsorption in the liquid – liquid interfaces and comparing the adsorption of surfactants and nanoparticles surface modificated as well. At this point we need to make emulsion and it is necessary for droplets to be monodispersed due to analyze these droplets in this paper. According to this condition for our droplets microsystems are the best options. As we know surfactants were already known as a stabilizing emulsion agent and in this paper nanoparticles are suggested as suitable alternatives for surfactants which can be absorbed as if they are in the water / oil... 

    Design and Fabrication of a Spiral Microchannel for High Resolution Blood Cell Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehran, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor) ; Taghipoor, Mojtaba (Co-Supervisor)
    In medical science, preparing a high purity sample of certain kinds of cells plays an important role in studying the characteristics and functionality of cells, detecting in vitro harmful pathogens and helping to find ways of preventing and treating diseases that cause cellular disorders in the human body. The goal of this research is to improve the spiral microchannel with stair-like cross section in order to separate white blood cells from whole blood. First, the efficiency of this method was evaluated numerically, using a developed finite element model. Then, the desired microchannel mold was made using the micromiling method, and we fabricated the chip using soft lithography and pasting... 

    Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flow Heat Transfer in the Entrance Region of Microchannels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadeghi, Arman (Author) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    In this thesis the steady state convective heat transfer for turbulent, two-dimensional, incompressible gas flow in a circular microchannel under slip flow and temperature jump conditions is numerically investigated by means of finite volume scheme. The low Reynolds number k-ε turbulence model is employed using a new boundary condition for turbulent kinetic energy at solid surface. To calculate variables at control volume surfaces in the axial direction upwind differencing scheme and in the radial direction central differencing scheme are used. Rhie-Chow interpolation technique is used to prevent pressure field oscillations. The set of discrete equations are solved using SIMPLE Algorithm. In... 

    Developing a Parallel DSMC Algorithm for Simulating Flow in Micro-Nano Propulsion Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirjalili, Vahid (Author) ; Darbandi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    With the rapid development of mico-nano propulsion systems in micro-spacecrafts and micro-sattelites, precise investigation of flow field in these devices has become necessary. Micro propulsion systems usually have a thrust in order of mili Newton, and they can be used for maneuvers of spacecrafts with mass of less than 10 kg. Micro propulsion systems are usually classified according to their thrust generation mechanism to different classes like cold gas, and chemical propulsion systems. Cold gas micro propulsion systems obtain their energy from thermodynamic expansion of gas and not by combustion. If the flow fiel dimensionare comparable to mean free path, rarefaction effects are observed... 

    Simulating Flow over Nanoparticles through Microchannels Using Lattice Boltzmann Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Setayeshgar, Alireza (Author) ; Darbandi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Novel manufacturing technologies in micro scales, such as micro machining, guide us through constructing micro scale systems known as MEMS. These systems have a wide range of applications, from fabrication of electrostatic, magnetic, pneumatic sensors and actuators to micro mechanical gears and motors. Also, MEMS applications involve the manipulation of one or more fluids, known as microfluids. Simulation of flow through microchannels over nano particles has important applications in solid particles transport. In this flow, the rarefaction phenomenon will affect the flow behavior and its subsequent impacts such as aerodynamic drag forces. In this work, we use the Lattice Boltzmann method... 

    Experimental Study on Two-Phase Flow Characteristics in Micro-Channels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yavari, Hadi (Author) ; Nouri, Ali (Supervisor)
    The present study provids an experimental investigation on two-pase flow characteristics in microchannels. Experiment were conducted with a mixture of air and water in horizontal circular pyrex channel with 400µm inner diameter. The pressure drop and flow rates of the liquid and gas were measured using new method and images of the flow patterns recorded by high shutter speed camera. The gas and liquid superficial velocity ranges were 0.025-12.5m/s and 0.016-3.6m/s, respectively. The flow pattern map is developed from the observed flow patterns based on phases superficial velocity as wel as We numbers of liquid and gas phases. The flow pattern map is compared with those of larger channels.... 

    A ¬High Order Accurate Numerical Solution of Incompressible Slip Flow in Microchannels with Heat Transfer by Using Artificial Compressibility Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohafez, Mir Hamed (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    In the present study, a high-order accurate numerical solution of steady incompressible slip flow and heat transfer in 2D microchannels is presented. The numerical method used is an alternating direction implicit operator scheme which is efficiently implemented to solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in the primitive variables formulation using the artificial compressibility method. To stabilize the numerical solution, numerical filters are used. The present methodology considers the solution of the Navier-Stokes equations with¬ employing different slip boundary condition¬¬ (Maxwell,¬ ¬¬Hyperbolic tangent function of Knudsen number¬ and Beskok slip models)¬ ¬¬on the wall to model... 

    Fabrication of Ferrofluidic Micropump

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ashouri, Majid (Author) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor) ; Saidi, Mohammad Said (Supervisor) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    In this project, two Ferrofluidic micropumps that do not need any mechanical moving parts are presented. These micropumps are including simple microchannels containing magnetic fluid plugs that are used as flow actuator and the on/off valve. Using external magnetic field actuation in this type of micropumps, the magnetic fluid would have continuous motion in a channel with micrometer dimensions that would provide the main fluid to be pumped. Although the plug of magnetic fluid has surface contact with operative fluid, but considering its specific features, it would not compine with the pumping fluid. These micropumps may be used to pump the fluids or gases. The outcomes of the investigation... 

    Experimental Investigation of Nano Particle Effect on Heat Transfer in a Micro Heat Exchanger

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafarpoor Chekab, Hamideh (Author) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Modern microelectronic systems generate a large amount of heat which must be transferred out of the system without excessive temperature rise. Conventional forced air convection and microchannel cooling plates have reached their performance limits Nanofiuids are proposed as an innovative way to solve the problem. A nanofiuid is nanoscale solid particles dispersed in a traditional heat transfer liquid. Some studies show an anomalous increase in the thermal conductivity for stationary nanofiuids. However, there are only few previous studies on the convection heat transfer rate and viscosity of nanofiuids. Both convection and stationary measurements of the thermal conductivity are widely... 

    Experimental Study of Microbubbles Generation as a Contrast Agent in Blood, to Determine the Blood Flow by Echo-PIV Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Salari, Alinaghi (Author) ; Shafiee, Behshad (Supervisor)
    Today microbubbles are broadly used as ultrasound contrast agents. These bubbles enhance the image resolution of B-mode pictures. Flow focusing in microchannels could provide us the goal of one-size bubbles generation. Microbubbles could use as tracers in Echo_PIV method to determine the velocity profile in main body vessels such as carotid. In this paper we introduce a new production method to fabricate a low-cost microchannel for preparing Microbubble contrast agents (less than 50 microns) by using some surface active agents and a viscosity enhancing material to obtain appropriate Microbubbles with desired life time and stability for any in vitro infusion for velocity measurement. By... 

    Simulation of two-Dimensional Supersonic Flow in Slip Regime in Microchannel with Finite Difference Lattice Boltzmann Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Barootiha, Hamed (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    In this study, the simulation of two-dimensional supersonic flows through microchannels in slip flow regime is performed using a lattice Boltzmann model (LBM). Traditional LB models have been used to simulate incompressible fluid flows and there are not suitable for modeling compressible or thermo-fluid flows. Herein, a recently developed LB model, namely, the finite difference lattice Boltzmann method (FDLBM), is employed to simulate compressible flows with embedded shocks. In this model, one can select particle velocities independently from the lattice configuration, and therefore, a correct and numerically stable multispeed thermal model by adopting more isotropic particle velocities can... 

    Electroosmotic Flow in Microchannels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Lesani, Mostafa (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    The present study examines both Direct Current (DC) and Alternating Current (AC) electroosmotic flows in a parallel plate microchannel. The method consists of a central finite difference scheme for spatial terms and a forward difference scheme for the temporal term. Asymmetric boundary conditions are assumed for Poison-Boltzmann equation used to determine the electric double layer (EDL) potential distribution. The potential distribution is then used to evaluate the velocity distribution for both DC and AC electroosmotic flows. The velocity distributions are obtained by applying slip boundary conditions on the walls to account for probable hydrophobicity of the surfaces. After determining the... 

    Simulation of Flow and Mass Transfer in Microfluidic Systems of Human Body

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Saadatmand, Maryam (Author) ; Abd Khodaei, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor) ; Farhadi, Fathollah (Supervisor) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoud Reza (Supervisor)
    The effects of gravity and inertia dominate our experiences of the physical world. But as systems are reduced in size, phenomena such as diffusion, surface tension and viscosity become ever more important; at the microscale they can dominate and result in a world that operates very differently from the macroscopic world. Kidney is one of the vital organs in which fluid and mass transfer occur between blood flow in microvessels and urine in microchannels called nephron. The present work is aimed at applying microchannel theory to study renal system. First, a n efficient numerical orthogonal collocation method has been employed to solve the steady-state formulation of electrolyte transport in... 

    Transport Phenomena in Electrokinetically Generated Microflows

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sadeghi, Arman (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Mozaffari, Ali Asghar (Supervisor) ; Chakraborty, Suman (Co-Advisor)
    This is a theoretical study on heat and mass transfer in electrokinetically driven microfluidic devices with particular consideration to the lab-on-a-chip (LOC) applications. Special attention is given to disclose the effects of the fluid rheology and the aspect ratio of the rectangular geometry on the surface reaction kinetics and the temperature rise due to the Joule heating. Along this line, two different viscoelastic constitutive equations namely PTT and FENE-P models along with the power-law viscosity model are being considered. The secondary aims also include exploring the influences of the fluid properties variations throughout the channel cross section on the hydrodynamic and thermal... 

    Gaseous Slip Flow Mixed Convection in Vertical Microducts of Constant but Arbitrary Geometry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadeghi, Morteza (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    In the study of heat transfer in micro-channels, free and force convections are two limit cases and these two methods of heat transfer are combined together generally, so to achieve the most accurate informations about the flow field they should be considered in combination. In the first part of the thesis the fully developed slip flow mixed convection in vertical micro-ducts of arbitrary shapes is investigated.Uniform axial heat flux and uniform peripheral wall temperature (H1) is considered. The method considered is analytical-numerical in which the governing equations and three of the boundary conditions are exactly satisfied but the remaining slip boundary condition on the duct wall... 

    Modeling and Simulation of Tansport Phenomena in Irregular Microchannels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nikouei, Maryam Sadat (Author) ; Molaie Dehkordi, Asghar (Supervisor)
    In this article, the problem of mixed convection in vertical rectangular microchannels for both regular fluids and nanofluids have been solved, using the CFD technique in the entrance regions of momentum and heat transfer taking in account the influences of viscous heating, inertial force and sleep conditions. In case of nanofluid flow, both the Brownian and thermophoresis molecular transfer mechanisms were considered.The predicted results were validated using fully developed distributions of velocity and temperature. Furthermore, the influences of mixed convection parameter (Gr/Re) and Kn number values on distributions of velocity and temperature through the entrance and fully-developed... 

    Two Phase Flow in Micro-channel with Liquid Injection From Wall

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Derakhshani, Mehdi (Author) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, two-phase flow modeling in two-dimensional micro channel with liquid injection from wall is studied. Two models as "separated flow model" and "two-phase mixture flow" is developed. The separated flow model considers gas and liquid flow in separated films of flow with an interface between the phases. The two-phase mixture flow considers equivalent fluid mixture from gas and liquid with local modification in density and viscosity. Governing equations include continuity and momentum solved with control volume method. SIMPLE algorithm's been used to pressure-velocity linked equations. Velocity and pressure profiles plotted for mentioned models at a given situations. By comparing... 

    Heat Transfer in Uniform Suction Porous Media of Micro Channel with Variable Cross-section

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akrami, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Fully developed fluid flow and heat transfer is numerically investigated in micro-channels. There are many techniques to intensify heat transfer for internal flows, such as: increasing Reynolds number, extending surface area of channel wall and also disrupting the boundary layer thickness on the wall. Among these, extension wall surface area is a common technique. There are several ways to extend surface area including finned, slotted, chemically etched, grooved as well as porous media adhered wall surface. One other method that we work on it is modifying wall cross-section and usage of uniform suction porous media. The governing equations include the momentum equation of the core region... 

    Designing and Developing an Active Micromixer Based on Optical Tweezers for Microfluidics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taheri, Saeed (Author) ; Seyed Reihani, Nader (Supervisor)
    Microfluidics is a field of science that studies micron-scale characteristics of fluids. In this scale fluids show fascinating behavior far beyond our expectation compared to their large-scale counterparts. One of such peculiar behavior is the mixing of two different liquids flowing inside a microchannel. Due to low Reynolds number, the flow inside such a channel would be dominated by laminar behavior. In this regime mixing of the fluids is only mediated by molecular diffusion which is a rather slow process. In the current thesis, we utilized the rotating ability of optical tweezers to construct an active micromixer for Microfluidics. In order to do this we used birefringent microbeads. The...