Search for: microfluidics
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    Numerical Study of Enhancement of Inflection Point Focusing for Blood Cell Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirtalebi, Elnaz (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Co-Supervisor)
    Today, the determination and therapy of numerous illnesses, including malignant growth, relies upon the information and assessment of platelets, so blood testing and cell examination is fundamental to survey the movement of disease. The lab on a chip innovation is utilized as an extremely productive device in cell studies. The lab on a chip is used as a foundation and a substrate for making a legitimate stream for cell processes in medication. This innovation is a gadget or framework with millimeters or centimeters aspects like a chip, and it performs research facility handling on a micron-scale. In spite of the fact that it has a few impediments, it has so many values; for example, it... 

    The Numerical Simulation of Droplet Generation and its Control Using Electrowetting Method in Microfluidic Devices

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Merdasi, Arshia (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor)
    In this research, two important mechanisms were discussed including droplet generation and jumping mechanisms using electro wetting-on-dielectric. For these purposes, the finite element method (FEM) was used to solve the unsteady Naiver-Stokes equation. In addition, the level set method was applied to capture the interface between two phases. In the current study, first, droplet generation in a T-junction fluidic channel device was studied through using electro wetting actuation. The efficacy of electro wetting on the droplet generation frequency as well as droplet diameter is visible in a T-junction fluidic channel since after applying voltages, specified with non-dimensional electro... 

    Simulation of Fluid Aliquoting in Centrifugal Microfluidics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yousefpour, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Arghavani, Jamal (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, a numerical analysis of micro chamber filling in centrifugal microfluidics is investigated. In the development of micro total analysis systems, it is often necessary to achieve complete and uniform filling of relatively large micro chambers. With centrifugal devices, these large micro chambers must often be orientated perpendicularly to the direction of centrifugal force and are usually bounded by materials with varying surface properties. On the other hand, the mixing characterization of two fluid by centrifugal microfluidic method has been also conducted. The multiphase flow analyses based on Eulerian-Eulerian approach have been conducted and the VOF method was used for ... 

    Simulation of Droplet Sorting in Microfluidic Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fattahi, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Mousavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Asghari, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    A new microfluidic device is introduced for sorting the particles based on the hydrodynamic resistance induced in a microchannel which is not needed for additional detection or sorting modules. Hydrodynamic resistance affects physical properties, such as size and deformability of the particle. This device could apply application in cell sorting for remedies, diagnostics, and industrial applications. The device design is performed using an equivalent resistance model, and also numerical simulations are performed. For validation of the results, they are compared with experimental results. Moreover, we will discuss threshold particle size and will introduce a way to approximate it to ... 

    Numerical Simulation and Characterization of a Micro-mixer with Moving Walls

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Omidvar, Ahmad Reza (Author) ; Saeedi , Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor) ; Sani, Mahdi (Supervisor)
    Recent advances in micro-technology are finding important applications especially in chemical and biological processes. In these applications, mixing has a profound importance. Due to the inherent low Reynold’s number flow in micro systems, diffusion mixing is the dominant mixing mechanism at these scales. This is in contrary to the high Reynold’s number ordinary applications where turbulent mixing plays the major role. There are two major classes of micro-mixers: passive and active. Passive micro-mixers rely on geometric features to enhance mixing. Active micro-mixers on the other hand, use external excitation to promote and control the rate of mixing. In this work, using numerical tools,... 

    Numerical Simulation of a Micro-Fluidic Fuel Cell

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirjamali, Mohammad (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor) ; Moosavi, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    The microfluidic fuel cell or laminar flow-based fuel cell is a membrane-less fuel cell which typically consists of two electrodes mounted within a T- or Y-shaped microchannel. Aqueous fuel and oxidant are introduced from the two inlets of the channel and flow together side-by-side toward the end of the channel. The Reynolds number in the microchannel is low, and hence viscous forces are dominant over the inertial forces. This causes the anolyte and catholyte form a co-laminar flow inside the microchannel which is required to maintain the separation of the fuel and oxidant and limit the reactions to the appropriate electrodes. In this work, a comprehensive numerical model of the microfluidic... 

    Numerical Simulation of Micro channel for Cells Counting Based on the Impedance Measurement of Cell Lysate

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khademi, Maryam (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Said (Supervisor) ; Sani, Mahdi ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Nowadays cell-based microfluidic devices have many applications. One of the applications is disease diagnosis according to number of cells. Cell counting has different methods, such as optical cell counting, flow cytometry, hemocytometry, coulter counters,and so on. One of the methods of cells counting is based on measurement of changes in impedance or conductivity of surrounding medium because ions are released from surface-immobilized cells inside a micr of luidic channel.The method of cell lysate impedance spectroscopy is sensitive enough and it was offered for detecting and enumerating CD4+ cells in HIV patients. In this study,... 

    Design and Simulation of a Microfluidic Blood Cells Counting Device

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yavari, Meysam (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor) ; Sani, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    A Lab-On-a-Chip (LOC) is a device which can integrate one or many laboratory functions on a small chip with millimeters to few square centimeters in size. LOC is a subset of MEMS devices and known as “Micro Total Analysis Systems” (µTAS) as well. LOC technology is closely related to microfluidics which primarily describes the physics, manipulation and study of minute amount of fluids.In this research we tried to simulate the performance of a microfluidic device for counting blood cells to find main factors of it for design and manufacturing. This research has two main sections, hydrodynamics of fluid inside the microchannels and finding electrical performance of designed Coulter counter for... 

    Design and Fabrication of Microfluidic Biosensors based on Modified Electrospun Nanofibrous Membranes for Biomarkers Detection

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahmoudifard, Matin (Author) ; Vosoughi, Manuchehr (Supervisor) ; Soleimani, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Soudi, Sara (Supervisor)
    The accurate assessment of biomarkers likes proteins, hormones or other biomolecules that amount of them changes with state of disease or level of treatment and gives diagnostic information is a difficult duty. In these samples, pathogens exist in small quantity compared to other background molecules. Therefore, appropriate sampling process for concentrating and separating pathogens from the matrix should be developed in order to provide rapid and accurate pathogen detection test. In this thesis design and fabrication of microfluidic biosensors based on the modified nanofibrous membranes were investigated and explained. PES nanofibrous membrane with carboxyl functional groups for covalent... 

    Designing and Fabrication of Microfluidic Biosensor by DNA-Directed Immobilization

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Esmaeili, Elaheh (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Soleimani, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor)
    The present study is aimed at the development of a novel approach based on the magnetically improvement of DNA-directed immobilization to prepare a highly efficient sensor for prostate diagnosis. The novelty of this work is in the use of antibody conjugated magnetic nanoparticles via DDI. DNA-modified magnetic nanoparticles are added in solution to capture DNA-conjugated, fluorescently-labeled immunocomplexes formed in solution free of steric constraints. The DDI-based nanoconstructs are then concentrated and immobilized using a magnetic field. Compared to a process in which the immunocomplex directly forms on the sensing surface, the proposed approach provides higher mass transfer and lower... 

    Computational Simulation of Micromixing, Using LBM

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini-zade, Mohammad (Author) ; Taeibi-Rahni, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, microfluidic flow appears in many applications, such as medical, biological, and chemical industries. Where as, micromixing, which deals with mixing of microfluidic flow in micro channels, appears to be an important issue to many researchers. In such systems, molecular diffusion plays an important role. On the other hand, lattice Boltzmann method is a relatively new simulation technique for complex fluid systems and has become interesting to many researchers in computational physics. In this study, computational simulation of such mixing process, using LBM is the main objective. Different obstacle layouts inside a microchannel have been investigated. Chaotic advection and jet... 

    Simulation, Design, and Fabrication of a Droplet-Based Microfluidic Device to Study The Role of Tumor Microenvironment and Drug Effects on the Behavior of Multicellular Tumor Spheroids

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Besanjideh, Mohsen (Author) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Despite the extensive research conducted so far to treat cancer, this disease is still one of the main causes of death worldwide. The results of recent studies reveal the importance of the tumor microenvironment in the growth, proliferation, and invasion of the primary tumor. Most common models in cancer research, such as 2-dimensional in vitro models and xenografts, do not have sufficient ability to mimic the interaction of tumors with human stromal tissue. Therefore, the implementation of 3-dimensional in vitro models with the ability to replicate tumor microenvironments is essential. In this study, a microfluidic platform has been introduced to create parallel models of the tumor... 

    Experimental Investigation of Dynamics of Ferrofluid-Based Liquid Marbles Under External Magnetic Fields

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Rashidi, Mahbod (Author) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor) ; Taghipoor, Mojtaba (Supervisor) ; Bijarchi, Mohamad Ali (Co-Supervisor)
    Liquid marbles are droplets enwrapped by a layer of micro/nanoparticles. Due to the insulation of inner fluid from the environment, the lower evaporation rate of the fluid, and the capability of motion even on hydrophilic surfaces, these liquid marbles, as an alternative to conventional droplets, have attracted the attention of researchers in digital microfluidics. Utilizing ferrofluid as the liquid core of the liquid marbles enables remote control over the liquid marbles by an external magnetic field. In this research, the dynamic behavior of ferrofluid liquid marbles under the magnetic field generated by an electromagnet is investigated. In this research, governing physics on the motion of... 

    Design and Development of Non-Newtonian Droplet-based Logic Microfluidics Using Passive Method

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Asghari, Elmira (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Droplet-based microfluidic logic gates have many applications in diagnostic tests and biosciences due to their automation and cascading ability. Although most biological fluids, such as blood, exhibit non-Newtonian properties, all previous studies in this field have been with Newtonian fluids. Additionally, none of the previous work has studied the functional area of logic gates. In the present work, AND-OR logic gate with power-law fluid is considered. The effect of important parameters such as non-Newtonian fluid properties, droplet length, capillary number, and geometrical properties of the microfluidic system on the operating region of the system has been investigated. The results show... 

    Design and Manufacturing of a Setup for Solid-state Nanopore Fabrication

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bayat, Alireza (Author) ; Akbari, Javad (Supervisor) ; Taghipour, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    The aim of the current research is to study the process of making a solidstate nanopore by molding from PDMS polymer and to make a laboratory sample of a solidstate nanopore manufacturing device using this method. Solid-state nanopores are used to control ion transport in microfluidic channels,lab-on-a-chip detection to study nucleic acids and proteins, desalination, nanofluidic transistors,single-cell sensing tools, and particle classification. In general, the smaller the nanopore, the shorter the length and the higher the mechanical stability, the better the performance. In this research, chips have been made on which there is a blade with a sharpness of 10 nanometers and a height of 10... 

    Enhanced Paper Microfluidic Sensor Applicable to Affinity-Based Detection Assays

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rostami, Zohreh (Author) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor) ; Hosseini, Vahid (Co-Supervisor)
    Due to the urgent need for early diagnosis of many blood and gastrointestinal diseases, the development and optimization of rapid diagnosis kits is considered important. One of the best ways to make these kits is to use paper microfluidics. The paper platform is inexpensive and compatible with diagnostic processes and can enable rapid and high-sensitivity detection. In the present study, filter paper has been used as the main platform and hydrophobic channels have been created with the help of a hydrophobic marker to guide the fluid on the paper substrate. To perform the detection process, color changes resulting from the aggregation of nanoparticles on the paper are used. In this case, in... 

    Design and Simulation of a Spiral Based Microfluidic Device for Separation of Circulating Tumor Cells Using Tunable Nature of Viscoelastic Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nouri, Mohammad Moein (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, cancer, which has been mentioned as the disease of the century, is the second leading cause of death throughout the world, and its incidence is constantly increasing. Isolation of circulating tumor cells is one of the most critical steps in diagnosing and controlling cancer progression. Due to the rarity of cancer cells compared to other cells in the blood sample, the isolation process requires optimal and high-precision devices. With the advent of inertial microfluidics, the ability to control the particles movement, the processing of blood samples as quickly and accurately as possible, and the viability of cells with a high percentage, introduced microfluidic systems as a... 

    Design and Fabrication of Microfluidic System for Cell Lysis and DNA Purification

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jalilvand, Elahe (Author) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor) ; Hosseini, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, intracellular studies have been widely developed in biological applications. Intracellular analysis requires direct experiments on cells such as cell separation, purification, lysis and DNA extraction. The process of cell lysis and the resulting DNA purification is a crucial step in diagnostic processes. Since, the basis of many genetic studies is the information existed in double-stranded DNA structures.In this project, a microfluidic system is presented which performs integrated chemical cell lysis and DNA extraction. The cell used in this study is L-929. In order to increase cell lysis, the serpentine micromixer in combination with internal and external barriers at the beginning... 

    Simulation, Design and Fabrication of Microfluidic Systems for the Enrichment of Cancer Stem Cells and the Pharmacological Tests

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Barisam Haghiri, Maryam (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor) ; Kashaninejad, Navid (Co-Supervisor) ; Trung Nguyen, Nam (Co-Supervisor)
    Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and despite all the advances in medical science, there isn't any definitive cure for it, yet. Researchers have recently considered the presence of cancer stem cells with the capability of tumorigenesis, invasion, metastasis, self-renewal, etc. as the main cause of inefficiency of cancer treatment. It means current therapies are able to kill the tumor mass, but they are not successful in confront of cancer stem cells and this causes the disease to recur a while after the apparent recovery. To study these specific cells, in this project, first the population of cancer stem-like cells was increased in the cancer cell mass, in other words,... 

    Three-dimensional Simulation of Circulating Tumor Cells Magnetic Isolation Using a Viscoelastic-based Ferrofluid Solution

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mostafavi, Ali (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Nowadays cancer is the second major cause of death in the world after cardiovascular diseases and scientists and researchers are making considerable efforts to fight it. Detection and isolation of circulating tumor cells in the blood is of paramount importance as it can be further used to measure the disease severity as well as efficacy of chemical drugs. Magnetophoresis has attracted researchers because of its simplicity, high effectiveness and non-invasiveness. Microfluidic systems have a high potential for implementing conventional biological methods in a microscale for detection, separation and incubation of CTCs, and they also lead to reduction in costs and required samples. Prior to...