Search for: nanostructured-materials
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    High-temperature deformation and structural restoration of a nanostructured Al alloy [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Scripta Materialia (Pergamon) ; June 2012, Volume 66, Issue 11, Pages 911–914 Asgharzadeh, H ; Simchi, A. (Abdolreza) ; Kim, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    We studied the flow stress and microstructural changes of nanostructured Al-6063 alloy produced by mechanical alloying at various temperatures and strain rates. The analysis of flow curves was performed by a constitutive equation, and the stress exponent and activation energy were determined as functions of strain. The deformation mechanisms were elaborated through microstructural observations by electron backscattering diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Coarsening of the subgrains and grain growth upon deformation was monitored and related to the Zener–Hollomon parameter  

    Microstructural development and mechanical properties of nanostructured copper reinforced with SiC nanoparticles [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Materials Science and Engineering: A (Elsevier) ; 15 April 2013, Volume 568, Pages 33–39 Akbarpour, M. R ; Salahi, E ; Hesari, F. A ; Yoon, E.Y ; Kim, H.S ; Simchi, A. (Abdolreza) ; Sharif University of Technnology
    Nanostructured Cu and Cu-2 vol% SiC nanocomposite were produced by high energy mechanical milling and hot pressing technique. Microstructure development during fabrication process was investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, scanning transmission electron microscope, and electron backscatter diffraction techniques. The results showed that the microstructure of copper and copper-based nanocomposite composed of a mixture of equiaxed nanograins with bimodal and non-random misorientation distribution. The presence of SiC nanoparticles refined the grain structure of the copper matrix while the fraction of low angle grain boundaries was increased. Evaluation of mechanical... 

    Microstructural features, texture and strengthening mechanisms of nanostructured Al6063 alloy processed by powder metallurgy [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Materials Science and Engineering: A ; 15 May 2011, Volume 528, Issue 12, Pages 3981–3989 Asgharzadeh, H ; Simchi, A. (Abdolreza) ; Kim, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nanostructured AA6063 (NS-Al) powder with an average grain size of ∼100 nm was synthesized by high-energy attrition milling of gas-atomized AA6063 powder followed by hot extrusion. The microstructural features of the consolidated specimen were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) techniques and compared with those of coarse-grained AA6063 (CG-Al) produced by hot powder extrusion of gas-atomized powder (without using mechanical milling). The consolidated NS-Al alloy consisted of elongated ultrafine grains (aspect ratio of ∼2.9) and equiaxed nanostructured grains. A high fraction (∼78%) of high-angle grain boundaries with average... 

    Improving CNT distribution and mechanical properties of MWCNT reinforced alumina matrix

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Vol. 617 , 2014 , pp. 110-114 ; ISSN: 09215093 Ghobadi, H ; Nemati, A ; Ebadzadeh, T ; Sadeghian, Z ; Barzegar-Bafrooei, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this work, an attempt was made to improve the distribution of CNTs in CNT/alumina nanocomposites. The composite powders containing 1 and 3vol% of CNTs were produced and calcined at 500°C for 2h. Surface coating with boehmite nanoparticles was used to improve CNT distribution in alumina matrix. Calcined powders were shaped into compacted samples by cold isostatic pressing at 180MPa and sintered at 1600°C for 2h in flowing gas atmosphere (95%Ar+5%H2). Phase analysis of the calcined composite powders showed complete transformation of boehmite into gamma-alumina. The maximum flexural strength was 465±31MPa corresponding to addition of 1vol% CNTs. Evaluating the fracture toughness via DCM... 

    Protein-directed synthesis of γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles and their magnetic properties investigation

    , Article Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society ; Vol. 35, issue. 5 , May , 2014 , pp. 1375-1378 ; ISSN: 02532964 Soleyman, R ; Pourjavadi, A ; Masoud, N ; Varamesh, A ; Sattari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) nanoparticles were produced using gelatin protein as an effective mediator. Size, shape, surface morphology and magnetic properties of the prepared γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles were characterized using XRD, FT-IR, TEM, SEM and VSM data. The effects of furnace temperature and time of heating together with the amount of gelatin on the produced gelatin-Fe3O4 nanocomposite were examined to prove the fundamental effect of gelatin; both as a capping agent in the nanoscale synthesis and as the director of the spinel γ-Fe2O3 synthesis among possible Fe 2O3 crystalline structures  

    Investigating the rheological properties of nanofluids of water/hybrid nanostructure of spherical silica/MWCNT

    , Article Thermochimica Acta ; Volume 578 , 20 February , 2014 , Pages 53-58 ; ISSN: 00406031 Baghbanzadeh, M ; Rashidi, A ; Soleimanisalim, A. H ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Regarding the importance of rheological properties of water based drilling fluids, the effects of silica nanospheres, multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and two types of their hybrid, i.e. H1 (80 wt.% silica nanosphere/20 wt.% MWCNT) and H2 (50 wt.% silica nanosphere/50 wt.% MWCNT) on the viscosity and density of distilled water were investigated. According to the results, viscosity and density of the nanofluids increased with the concentration, while they were reduced by increasing the temperature. At high concentrations, the least increase in the viscosity of distilled water by adding the nanomaterials is related to H2 (8.2% increase at 1.0 wt.%). Likewise, the optimum operating... 

    Multi-scale modeling of surface effects in nano-materials with temperature-related Cauchy-Born hypothesis via the modified boundary cauchy-born model

    , Article International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering ; Vol. 97, issue. 2 , 2014 , pp. 79-110 ; ISSN: 00295981 Khoei, A. R ; Ghahremani, P ; Dormohammadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In nano-structures, the influence of surface effects on the properties of material is highly important because the ratio of surface to volume at the nano-scale level is much higher than that of the macro-scale level. In this paper, a novel temperature-dependent multi-scale model is presented based on the modified boundary Cauchy-Born (MBCB) technique to model the surface, edge, and corner effects in nano-scale materials. The Lagrangian finite element formulation is incorporated into the heat transfer analysis to develop the thermo-mechanical finite element model. The temperature-related Cauchy-Born hypothesis is implemented by using the Helmholtz free energy to evaluate the temperature... 

    Production of nanostructured Ni-Ti-Ag alloy by mechanical alloying

    , Article Advanced Materials Research ; Vol. 829 , 2014 , pp. 67-72 ; ISSN: 10226680 Rostami, A ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Bagheri, G. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Because of corrosion resistance and antibacterial effects, shape memory Ni-Ti-Ag alloy can be considered for different biomedical applications. Mechanical alloying is used to produce nanostructured Ni-Ti-Ag alloy from elemental powders. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) are used to characterize the product. Results show that after 1h milling, homogenous distribution of the elements occurs; while no intermetallic compounds is observed. After 3h milling, titanium dissolves in nickel to form amorphous and nanostructured solid phases. Peaks of B2 phase appear in the XRD pattern after the 3h milling of the powder mixture. Sintering of the 3h-milled... 

    The effect of layer number on the nanostructural ternary mixed oxide containing Ti, Ru and Ir on titanium

    , Article Advanced Materials Research ; Vol. 829 , 2014 , pp. 638-642 Goudarzi, M ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Titanium anodes coated with noble metal oxides are widely used in chlorate industry. In fact, these anodes are dimensionally stable. In this article, the electrochemical characteristics of the ternary oxide coating created by sol-gel on titanium, which consisted of Ti, Ru and Ir, were investigated in the number of different layers. The electrochemical properties of anodes, morphology of samples, and phase analysis were investigated respectively by cyclic voltammetry and polarization measurements, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) and XRD. The result indicated that the application of the more layer number increases the rate of chlorine evolution. Also, The morphology of the... 

    Nano-magnetic poly (vinyl alcohol) hydrogels

    , Article Advanced Materials Research ; Volume 829 , 2014 , Pages 539-543 ; ISSN: 10226680 ; ISBN: 9783037859070 Asadi, S ; Frounchi, M ; Dadbin, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Surface modified magnetic nanoparticles (M-NPs) were synthetized and stabilized in poly (vinylalcohol) solution. The solutions with various magnetic nanoparticles contents were gammairradiated and magnetic poly (vinyl-alcohol) (M-PVA) hydrogels were synthesized. The magnetic hydrogels and also the un-irradiated magnetic poly (vinyl alcohol) nanocomposite films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and mechanical measurement. The M-NPs were uniformly dispersed in the polymer matrix due to a strong interaction between the surface-modified M-NPs and polymer matrix.... 

    Electrochemical behavior of S-doped nanostructured TiO2 layer synthesized with PEO process for photocatalytic applications

    , Article Advanced Materials Research ; Volume 829 , 2014 , Pages 487-491 ; ISSN: 10226680 ; ISBN: 9783037859070 Ahmadzadeh, M ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sulfur doped and pure micro-nanoporous TiO2 film were synthesized with PEO method to produce a film with a high surface area for photocatalysis applications. The effect of applied voltage and electrolyte concentration on the microstructure and photocatalytic properties of the prepared layer were investigated via SEM, XRD, EIS and DRS studies. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) was carried out in order to determine the corrosion and electrochemical properties of the produced layer. It was found that although the barrier layer resistance decreases with the voltage, the layers porosity and consequently the surface area increases. Finally the XRD and DRS spectrums were correlated with... 

    Sintering characterizations of Ag-nano film on silicon substrate

    , Article Advanced Materials Research ; Volume 829 , 2014 , Pages 342-346 ; ISSN: 10226680 ; ISBN: 9783037859070 Keikhaie, M ; Akbari, J ; Movahhedi, M. R ; Alemohammad, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nowadays, thin films have many applications in every field. So, in order to improve the performance of thin film devices, it is necessary to characterize their mechanical as well as electrical properties. In this research work we focus on the development of a model for the analysis of the mechanical and electrical properties of silver nanoparticles deposited on silicon substrates. The model consists of inter-particle diffusion modeling and finite element analysis. In this study, through the simulation of the sintering process, it is shown that how the geometry, density, and electrical resistance of the thin film layer are changed with sintering conditions. The model is also used to... 

    An electron back-scattered diffraction study on the microstructure evolution of severely deformed aluminum AI6061 alloy

    , Article IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering ; Vol. 63, Issue. 1 , 30 June- 4 July , 2014 ; ISSN: 17578981 Vaseghi, M ; Taheri, A. K ; Kim, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper dynamic strain ageing behavior in an Al-Mg-Si alloy related to equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) was investigated. In order to examine the combined plastic deformation and ageing effects on microstructure evolutions and strengthening characteristics, the Al6061 alloy were subjected to φ=90° ECAP die for up to 4 passes via route Bc at high temperatures. For investigating the effects of ageing temperature and strain rate in ECAP, Vickers hardness tests were performed. The combination of the ECAP process with dynamic ageing at higher temperatures resulted in a significant increase in hardness. The microstructural evolution of the samples was studied using electron... 

    A mechanistic study of nanoscale structure development, phase transition, morphology evolution, and growth of ultrathin barium titanate nanostructured films

    , Article Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science ; Vol. 45, issue. 9 , August , 2014 , pp. 4138-4154 ; ISSN: 1073-5623 Ashiri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present work, an improved method is developed for preparing highly pure ultrathin barium titanate nanostructured films with desired structural and morphological characteristics. In contrast to other approaches, our method can be carried out at a relatively lower temperature to obtain barium titanate ultrathin films free from secondary phases, impurities, and cracks. To reach an in-depth understanding of scientific basis of the proposed process, and in order to disclose the mechanism of formation and growth of barium titanate ultrathin film, in-detail analysis is carried out using XRD, SEM, FE-SEM, and AFM techniques aided by theoretical calculations. The effects of calcining... 

    A mathematical method for XRD pattern interpretation in clay containing nano composites

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 318 , 1 November , 2014 , Pages 90-94 ; ISSN: 01694332 Khederlou, K ; Bagheri, R ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    X-ray diffraction and rheological measurements were used to characterize nanoparticle dispersion in LDPE/LLDPE/nanoclay hybrid nanocomposites. XRD patterns were interpreted with a novel distribution formula and rheological measurements were used to confirm the results. Results of these two methods indicated that increasing clay in all the prepared nanocomposites exhibited a significant improvement in filler-matrix interaction because of increasing the probability of polymer diffusion but further exfoliation need more compatibilizing situations. It seems that this mathematical method could be used for predicting the overall change in clay gallery d-spacing and the extent of... 

    Polymer-functionalized carbon nanotubes in cancer therapy: A review

    , Article Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition) ; Vol. 23, issue. 5 , May , 2014 , p. 387-403 Eskandari, M ; Hosseini, S. H ; Adeli, M ; Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The increasing importance of nanotechnology in the field of biomedical applications has encouraged the development of new nanomaterials endowed with multiple functions. Novel nanoscale drug delivery systems with diagnostic, imaging and therapeutic properties hold many promises for the treatment of different types of diseases, including cancer, infection and neurodegenerative syndromes. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are both low-dimensional sp2 carbon nanomaterials exhibiting many unique physical and chemical properties that are interesting in a wide range of areas including nanomedicine. Since 2004, CNTs have been extensively explored as drug delivery carriers for the intracellular transport of... 

    Nanothickness films, nanostructured films, and nanocrystals of barium titanate obtained directly by a newly developed sol–gel synthesis pathway

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics ; Vol. 25, issue. 12 , 2014 , p. 5345-5355 Ashiri, R ; Nemati, A ; Sasani Ghamsari, M ; Dastgahi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This work aims to develop a chemically modified sol–gel synthesis pathway for obtaining various barium titanate nanostructures. The method is able to prepare different BaTiO3 nanostructures such as highly stable nanoparticle embedded colloids, highly transparent amorphous nanolayers, nanocrystalline BaTiO3 powders and ultrathin BaTiO3 nanostructured films directly from a precursor solution. All the products have been prepared at a lower temperature and in a more cost-effective way in contrast to other established sol–gel methods. The results show that the optical transparency of the thin films has been significantly improved in contrast to the similar researches. The deposited thin film is... 

    Development and biomedical application of nanocomposites: In situ fabrication of ZnO-PbO nanocomposite through microwave method

    , Article Materials Technology ; Vol. 29, issue. 4 , July , 2014 , p. 227-231 Rajabi, A ; Aieneravaie, M ; Dorosti, V ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel nanocomposite of ZnO-PbO with flower-like nanostructure was fabricated from zinc acetate and lead nitrate as principle raw materials via an in situ process. The novelty of this study consists in the use of a common approach for fabricating of ZnO and PbO nanoparticles simultaneously. From these experiments the conclusion might be drawn that Zn(NH4) 2 4+ ions and Pb(OH)2 act as precursors for the nucleation and growth of ZnO and PbO respectively under microwave irradiation. The precursors formation were carried at two stages: reaction between zinc ions and lead nitrate with ammonium ion and hydroxide sodium respectively. The average crystalline size of Zno and PbO has been analysed by... 

    Hyperthermia-induced protein corona improves the therapeutic effects of zinc ferrite spinel-graphene sheets against cancer

    , Article RSC Advances ; Vol. 4, issue. 107 , 2014 , p. 62557-62565 Hajipour, M. J ; Akhavan, O ; Meidanchi, A ; Laurent, S ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Superparamagnetic zinc ferrite spinel-graphene nanostructures were synthesized as potential therapeutic agents in the magnetic targeted photothermal therapy of cancer and/or drug delivery. The global temperature of the solution and the local temperature at the nanoparticle (NP) surface determine the protein corona composition/content, which in turn affects the biological effects of NPs and the corresponding physiological responses. Therefore, it is rational to hypothesize that spinel-graphene nanostructures may have distinct protein corona compositions and contents, and therapeutic and toxic effects under laser irradiation. To assess this hypothesis, the effects of laser irradiation on the... 

    Core-shell γ-Fe2O3/SiO2/PCA/Ag-NPs hybrid nanomaterials as a new candidate for future cancer therapy

    , Article International Journal of Nanoscience ; Vol. 13, issue. 1 , February , 2014 Soleyman, R ; Pourjavadi, A ; Masoud, N ; Varamesh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the current study, γ-Fe2O3/SiO 2/PCA/Ag-NPs hybrid nanomaterials were successfully synthesized and characterized. At first, prepared γ-Fe2O3 core nanoparticles were modified by SiO2 layer. Then they were covered by poly citric acid (PCA) via melting esterification method as well. PCA shell acts as an effective linker, and provides vacancies for conveying drugs. Moreover, this shell as an effective capping agent directs synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) via in situ photo-reduction of silver ions by sunlight-UV irradiation. This system has several benefits as a suitable cancer therapy nanomaterial. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) can guide Ag-NPs and drugs to cancer cells and then...