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    Numerical Solution Of One-Dimensional Non-Fourier Bioheat Transfer Through Skin Tissue

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fazel, Zeynab (Author) ; Taghizadeh Manzari, Mehrdad (Supervisor)
    Innovations in laser, microwaves, and similar technologies have significantly advanced thermal treatments for diseases or even injuries concerning skin tissue. For a thorough understanding in the underlying mechanisms of bioheat transfer behavior of skin,a1D unsteady non-dimensional hyperbolic model of heat transfer through this tissue with metabolic heat generation which is subject to specific boundary conditions, is solved numerically using the finite difference method. A thermal shock is generated at the base of the tissue, which moves forward with a finite speed. A Numerical solution for a simple one-layer skin tissue is obtained. Then, the effects of various parameters, time step,... 

    Vibration Modeling of a Variable Section Beam under Moving Mass with Neural Networks Techniques

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khorramdel, Reza (Author) ; Ghaemi Osgouie, Kambiz (Supervisor) ; Khayyat, Amir Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    The investigation of the behavior of structures subjected to various kinds of loadings is of considerable importance. In this research, an attempt was made to analyze behavior of beams that a load is moving on them.Most of the existing relevant works in this field are dealt with examination of elastic beams with constant section, while in most cases beams with variable sections are used in order to have the optimum structure and appropriate stress distribution and to maximize strength to weight or cost ratio. While construct analysis is very advantageous, it is very difficult due to the complexities arising from the variable sections. But this design is so advantageous that it dominates... 

    Investigation on Improving Direct Discrete Method and its Application in Adjoint Diffusion Equation Numerical Solvers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ayyoub Zadeh, Mohsen (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor)
    Numerical analysis method improvement is a topic of interest among all engineering disciplines. Regarding the fact that our ability to predict the behavior of a physical system is often limited by our computational resources, the efficiency of the employed numerical method is an important factor in the degree of approximation used in modeling. One of the recent numerical methods is the Cell Method (CM), which is also known as the Direct Discrete Method (DDM). This method combines some features of a variety of methods, especially finite volume and finite element, and gains some insight from the graph theory used in network analysis. The result is a method in which the set of equations which... 

    Numerical Investigation of Laminar Premixed Flame Response to Acoustic Excitation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Behzadi, Milad (Author) ; Farshchi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Flame Response to acoustic excitation which plays an important role in combustion chamber stability state may be found through numerical simulation. A finite volume code of higher order accuracy developed for compressible flows was adopted. Species equations along with a single-step irreversible reaction model were added to this non-reacting program. Changes were also made to the energy equation. Premixed methane/air flame in tubes was studied and the same problem was solved with FLUENT software. It was found that whether the Lewis number is considered constant or temperature dependent has a strong effect on flame structure and shape and that using mean values for gas properties yields out... 

    Study of Vortex-Induced Vibration of Cylindrical Structure Using Numerical Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Seyedsharifi, Zahra (Author) ; Raie, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this study is to numerically investigate the Vortex-Induced Vibration (VIV) around the cylinder, which occurs in many engineering structures, including offshore structures, offshore risers, deep-sea pipelines, bridges, cables, and tall buildings. This phenomenon is non-linear and self-limitting and is the major cause of fatigue and failure in engineering structures. At the same time, it is possible to harvest Aquatic Clean Energy from Vortex-Induced Vibration. This research investigates the single degree of freedom and two degrees of freedom oscillator. The numerical model is validated using an experimental model in the Sharif University of Technology's advanced hydraulics... 

    Assessment of Performance Based Behavior of of the Rock Mass Abutment Anchorage System during Construction of Karun IV Bridge by Numerical Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghorbanzadeh, Alireza (Author) ; Sadaghiani, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor)
    Three dimensional analyses have been carried out for predicting the behavior of the jointed rock slope of the abutments of the bridge which is proposed to be constructed across the river Karun4 in Iran using 3DEC. The rock overall slope angle is approximately 60 to 70 degrees, composed of highly jointed rock mass and the joint spacing and orientation are varying at different locations. Since 3DEC is a three-dimensional numerical code, utilizes a Lagrangian calculation scheme to model large movements and deformations of a blocky system, allows for modeling of large movements and rotations, and including complete detachment of rigid or deformable discrete blocks has been utilized for the... 

    Obtaining a Semi-analytical Solution for Contaminant Transport in Coastal Aquifers: Fourier-galerkin Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Koohbor, Behshad (Author) ; Ataie-Ashtiani, Behzad (Supervisor) ; Jamali, Mirmosaddegh (Co-Advisor)
    Existing closed form solutions of contaminant transport problems are limited by the mathematically convenient assumption of uniform flow. These solutions cannot be applied for coastal aquifers where seawater intrusion induces a variable velocity field. The Fourier series method is adapted to obtain a semi-analytical solution for contaminant transport in confined coastal aquifer in which the saltwater wedge is in equilibrium with a freshwater discharge flow. The developed method can be applied for different scenarios of contamination. Two scenarios dealing with, respectively, contaminant leakage from a source at the aquifer top surface and aquifer contamination from the landward boundary are... 

    Accuracy and Stability Properties of the Numerical Integration Method with Combined Implicit or Explicit Steps for Use in Hybrid Simulations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abi, Amir Reza (Author) ; Ahmadizadeh, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    The increased need for experimental verification of the seismic performance of conventional and novel structural systems has resulted in highly sophisticated dynamic test procedures. Hybrid simulation is one of the most efficient experimental methods for assessment of dynamic and rate-dependent behavior of large-scale structural systems under earthquake excitation. Compared to earthquake simulations using shake tables, hybrid simulation may have significant advantages in terms of cost, scale, geometry, and required physical mass of structures. However, recent hybrid simulations have been limited to simplified structural models with only a few degrees of freedom. Currently, the major... 

    Developing an Object-oriented Computer Program for Seepage Analysis through Earth Dams using Boundary Element Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asadi, Roza (Author) ; Ashtiani, Ataie (Supervisor)
    Destruction of a dam is not only an economic disaster but also a catastrophe for the down stream residents. Seepage related problems are the main reasons for the destruction of the embankment dams. Therefore controlling seepage in an earth dam is of great importance.Graphical, experimental,and numerical methods can be applied for analysis of seepage problems in embankment dams.Due to the complexity of geometry and of in homogeneous and/or anisotropic media there are few analytical solutions to porous media problems. Numerical solutions have long played an important role in ground water calculation such as Finite Difference Method (FDM),Finite Element Method (FEM) and Boundary Element Method... 

    Numerical Investigation of Off-axis translocation, Shape, and the Electrical Charge of a Nanoparticle in the Nanofluidic Conduit

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jodeyri, Zohreh (Author) ; Taghipoor, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    The advent of nanopore-based sensors based on resitive pulse sensing gave rise to a remarkable breakthrough in the detection and characterization of nanoscale species. The sensors can detect the species’concentration, size, and charge using the resistive pulse characteristics. Some strong correlations have been reported between the resitive pulse characteristics and the particle’s geometrical and physical properties. These correlations are commonly used to obtain information about the particles in commercial devices and research setups. The correlations, however, do not consider the simultaneous effect of influential factors such as particle shape, charge, and off-axis translocation, which... 

    Investigation of the Fire-Induced Smoke Flow in the Complex Geometries Using The 3d Numerical Method and the Body-Fitted Curvilinear Coordinates

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Savalanpour Ardebili, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Farhanieh, Bijan (Supervisor) ; Afshin, Hossein (Co-Supervisor)
    With the process of achieving a higher state of social development and technological advances, the need for higher and more strict safety standards has been increased. In this regard, it is of great importance to have an accurate understanding of the fire phenomena and its consequences. Among the adverse effects of fire, a significant percentage of the fire fatalities is related to the fire-induced buoyant gases (smoke) flow which can lead to suffocation. Therefore, it is necessary to know the physics of the fire phenomena well. In fire investigation methods, the numerical study is an appropriate choice, because of the lower executive cost (relative to the experimental study) and the wider... 

    Numerical Simulation of Non-Newtonian Droplet Formation under External Electric Field in a Microfluidic Device

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amiri, Nasir (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Droplet formation and breakup processes are one of the important steps in many microfluidic devices with a wide range of biological and chemical applications. The purpose of this study is numerical simulation of non-Newtonian droplet formation under the influence of electric field in a microfluidic system. The innovation aspect of this project is the use of non-Newtonian fluid in this process, which, despite many applications in real issues, has been less studied, and in most of the previous researches, Newtonian fluid assumption has been used to simplify the solving. Also, simultaneously, the effects of an external electric field on this process were also studied. Carboxymethyl cellulose... 

    Determination of Hydrodynamic and Aerodynamic Coefficients and Longitudinal Dynamic Equation of a High Speed Catamaran with Commercial Softwares

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Motiallah, Arash (Author) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor) ; Seif, Mohammad Saeed (Co-Advisor)
    In recent years design and manufacturing of high speed marine vessels has been developed. to estimate and control dynamics of these vessels the dynamic equation is needed.The aim of this research is Determination of hydrodynamic and aerodynamic coefficients and longitudinal dynamic equation of a high speed catamaran wich is a kind of AAMV. There are three ways to determine these coefficients. Analytical method which is usually not applicable for industrial problems, Experimental method which is too expensive and numerical method which have two parts. The first is softwares that analyse the flow with assumption that the fluid is inviscid and second softwares which solve the full Navier-Stokes... 

    Numerical Investigation on Offshore wind Turbine Feasibility and Function

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebrahimi, Alireza (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Madjid (Supervisor)
    This thesis consists of three main chapters. The first chapter is about describing principles about offshore wind turbine, principal concepts. This chapter also explains about advantages and disadvantages of installing wind turbine at offshore fields, and economical aspect of this kind of wind turbine farms. In the second chapter,anumerical method is used to investigate a SeaStar tension leg platform offshore wind turbine response behavior in parked condition. This code considers nonlinearities due to changes in tension of tethers. Wave forces are calculated adopting the Airy wave theory. Furthermore, shear turbulent wind is exerted on tower, with maximum speed 30 m/s on the hub. Since surge... 

    Numerical Simulation and Modeling of Thermosyphon Using PIV Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bastankhah, Majid (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    Heat pipe is a device with several applications in various industries such as electronics cooling, nuclear and renewable technologies. This apparatus transfers heat from a hot source to a cold one. Thermosyphon is a special type of heat pipe that transmits heat using gravitational forces. Although scholars have performed many experiments on thermosyphon, mostly they were about the thermal characteristics of thermosyphon and rarely the hydraulic specifications of thermosyphon have been investigated. But it is clear that these two specifications (thermal, hydraulic) relate to each other closely and detailed study about their interaction may bring out better results. In this thesis, initially a... 

    Development of a Finite Volume Numerical Method by Overlapping Grids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Masoudi, Ali (Author) ; Seif, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    A finite volume algorithm to assess hydrodynamic aspects of a rigid and up to three degrees of freedom marine structure in the context of transient two-phase flow o viscous incompressible fluids is presented. Different components of the algorithm are selected just after a complete review of all probable choices. Using a collocated arrangement to save data, a fractional step method is applied to satisfy Navier-Stokes and continuity equations, as an appropriate choice in transient flows. Also, a volume fraction transport equation is solved to capture large and complex deformations of the interface between two phases. So, an effective fluid is introduced by combining two immiscible phases in... 

    Generating a Pulsatile Pulmonary Flow after Fontan Operation by Means of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghoreyshi, Mostafa (Author) ; Saidi, Mohamad Said (Supervisor) ; Firoozabadi, Bahar (Supervisor) ; Navaee Shirazei, Mohammad Ali (Co-Advisor)
    This study considers blood flow in total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) morphology, which is created in Fontan surgical procedure in patients with single ventricle heart disease. Ordinary process of TCPC operation reduces the pulmonary blood flow pulsatility; because of right ventricle being bypassed. This phenomenon causes a lot of side effects for patients. A cardiac surgeon has suggested that keeping main pulmonary artery (MPA) partially open, would increase pulmonary flow pulsations. MPA gets closed in ordinary TCPC operation. The purpose of current study is to verify the effects of keeping MPA partially open on pulmonary flow pulsations, by means of computational fluid dynamics (CFD).... 

    Determination of Forming Limit Diagram with Existence of Normal Stress and Investigation on the Methods of Calibration in this Diagram

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khakpour Nejad Khaki, Hamid (Author) ; Assempour, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Theoretical studies in the analysis of sheet metal failures are referred to obtain the Forming Limit Diagrams (FLDs). Since extracting the Forming Limit Diagrams experimentally is cost and time consuming, many researches have been accomplished for obtaining these diagrams theoretically. However, in many of these researches, the assumption of plane stress state has been used to obtain the FLD, which is not correct in some processes such as hydroforming because of high level of normal stress. In this study, determination of the forming limit diagram with existence of the normal stress is based on the Marciniak and Kuczynski model. Newton-Raphson method has been used to find the set of... 

    Modeling of Wellbore Stability in Shales including Proelsatic, Chemical and Thermal Effects

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rafiee Pur, Saeed (Author) ; Ghotbi, Sirous (Supervisor) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoud Reza (Supervisor)
    Wellbore instability is one of the serious problems during drilling. This can cause delay in drilling, increasing drilling costs and in some cases well abandonment. The present project investigates the effects of non- isothermal drilling and the difference in salt concentration between formation fluid and drilling fluid on the stability of wellbores drilled in the saturated porous shale formations subjected to an arbitrary stress field. This project also focuses on the analysis of wellbore stability in shale formations in which the thermal diffusivity is higher than fluid invasion and the mechanism of heat transfer is dominated by conduction. The governing equations used in this dissertation... 

    Design of a SF6 Load Breaker Switch for Compact Distribution Substation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbari, Mohammad (Author) ; Vakilian, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Electrical energy customer and load growth on the one hand and the problems of allocation of land for the development of the power networks on the other hand, make the tendency to use less space in the electrical industries. One of the solutions used in power distribution networks, especially in crowded areas is compact substation which requires less space than ordinary substations and also the prefabricated types of this substation can be used in the distribution system. In a compact distribution substation, all components must be designed with a minimum size. Therefore, the insulation system of the compact substation should be designed based on these requirements.
    In the distribution...