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    Gut-on-a-chip: Current progress and future opportunities

    , Article Biomaterials ; Volume 255 , 2020 Ashammakhi, N ; Nasiri, R ; Barros, N. R. D ; Tebon, P ; Thakor, J ; Goudie, M ; Shamloo, A ; Martin, M. G ; Khademhosseni, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Organ-on-a-chip technology tries to mimic the complexity of native tissues in vitro. Important progress has recently been made in using this technology to study the gut with and without microbiota. These in vitro models can serve as an alternative to animal models for studying physiology, pathology, and pharmacology. While these models have greater physiological relevance than two-dimensional (2D) cell systems in vitro, endocrine and immunological functions in gut-on-a-chip models are still poorly represented. Furthermore, the construction of complex models, in which different cell types and structures interact, remains a challenge. Generally, gut-on-a-chip models have the potential to... 

    Engineered Biomimetic Membranes for Organ-on-a-Chip

    , Article ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering ; Volume 8, Issue 12 , 2022 , Pages 5038-5059 ; 23739878 (ISSN) Rahimnejad, M ; Rasouli, F ; Jahangiri, S ; Ahmadi, S ; Rabiee, N ; Ramezani Farani, M ; Akhavan, O ; Asadnia, M ; Fatahi, Y ; Hong, S ; Lee, J ; Lee, J ; Hahn, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2022
    Abstract
    Organ-on-a-chip (OOC) systems are engineered nanobiosystems to mimic the physiochemical environment of a specific organ in the body. Among various components of OOC systems, biomimetic membranes have been regarded as one of the most important key components to develop controllable biomimetic bioanalysis systems. Here, we review the preparation and characterization of biomimetic membranes in comparison with the features of the extracellular matrix. After that, we review and discuss the latest applications of engineered biomimetic membranes to fabricate various organs on a chip, such as liver, kidney, intestine, lung, skin, heart, vasculature and blood vessels, brain, and multiorgans with... 

    Brain-on-a-chip: Recent advances in design and techniques for microfluidic models of the brain in health and disease

    , Article Biomaterials ; Volume 285 , 2022 ; 01429612 (ISSN) Amirifar, L ; Shamloo, A ; Nasiri, R ; de Barros, N. R ; Wang, Z. Z ; Unluturk, B. D ; Libanori, A ; Ievglevskyi, O ; Diltemiz, S. E ; Sances, S ; Balasingham, I ; Seidlits, S. K ; Ashammakhi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Recent advances in biomaterials, microfabrication, microfluidics, and cell biology have led to the development of organ-on-a-chip devices that can reproduce key functions of various organs. Such platforms promise to provide novel insights into various physiological events, including mechanisms of disease, and evaluate the effects of external interventions, such as drug administration. The neuroscience field is expected to benefit greatly from these innovative tools. Conventional ex vivo studies of the nervous system have been limited by the inability of cell culture to adequately mimic in vivo physiology. While animal models can be used, their relevance to human physiology is uncertain and... 

    A hepatocellular carcinoma–bone metastasis-on-a-chip model for studying thymoquinone-loaded anticancer nanoparticles

    , Article Bio-Design and Manufacturing ; Volume 3, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 189-202 Sharifi, F ; Yesil Celiktas, O ; Kazan, A ; Maharjan, S ; Saghazadeh, S ; Firoozbakhsh, K ; Firoozabadi, B ; Zhang, Y. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    We report the development of a metastasis-on-a-chip platform to model and track hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)–bone metastasis and to analyze the inhibitory effect of an herb-based compound, thymoquinone (TQ), in hindering the migration of liver cancer cells into the bone compartment. The bioreactor consisted of two chambers, one accommodating encapsulated HepG2 cells and one bone-mimetic niche containing hydroxyapatite (HAp). Above these chambers, a microporous membrane was placed to resemble the vascular barrier, where medium was circulated over the membrane. It was observed that the liver cancer cells proliferated inside the tumor microtissue and disseminated from the HCC chamber to the... 

    A foreign body response-on-a-chip platform

    , Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 8, Issue 4 , 2019 ; 21922640 (ISSN) Sharifi, F ; Htwe, S. S ; Righi, M ; Liu, H ; Pietralunga, A ; Yesil Celiktas, O ; Maharjan, S ; Cha, B. H ; Shin, S. R ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Vrana, N. E ; Ghaemmaghami, A. M ; Khademhosseini, A ; Zhang, Y. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2019
    Abstract
    Understanding the foreign body response (FBR) and desiging strategies to modulate such a response represent a grand challenge for implant devices and biomaterials. Here, the development of a microfluidic platform is reported, i.e., the FBR-on-a-chip (FBROC) for modeling the cascade of events during immune cell response to implants. The platform models the native implant microenvironment where the implants are interfaced directly with surrounding tissues, as well as vasculature with circulating immune cells. The study demonstrates that the release of cytokines such as monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) from the extracellular matrix (ECM)-like hydrogels in the bottom tissue chamber...