Search for: oxidation
0.024 seconds
Total 2196 records

    Synthesis, Characterization, and Enhanced Optical/Electronic Properties of g-C3N4 Nanosheets for Water Remediation

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Yousefi, Mahdieh (Author) ; Moshfegh, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Asgari, Reza (Supervisor) ; Naseri, Naimeh (Co-Supervisor)
    A global concern has arisen owing to rapid industrial development and population growth, resulting in energy scarcity and earth pollution. In this regard, developing green and sustainable methods for producing clean energy and solving environmental pollution problems have absorbed enormous attention. Among various auspicious strategies, semiconductor photocatalysis has been widely studied in recent years owing to its capabilities to obtain hydrogen as an energy carrier, to remove organic pollutants, and to reduce CO2 emission by converting solar energy into chemical energy. Recently, a metal-free semiconductor photocatalyst based on graphitic carbon nitride, g-C3N4, has received much... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yosefi, Mahdie (Author) ; Moshfegh, Alireza (Supervisor)
    ZnO is a wide and direct band gap (3.37 eV) semiconducting material with a large exciton binding energy (60 meV). It has been extensively studied in the last few years owing to its potential applications in various fields such as surface acoustic wave devices (SAW), transparent electrode, solar cell windows, photovoltaic devices, gas sensors and photoelectrochemical cells. Recently, much attention has been paid to rare-earth (RE) doped ZnO for possible applications in visible emitting phosphors in displays, high power lasers, and other optoelectronic devices. In this thesis, initially ZnO thin films were deposited on glass and ITO substrates using sol-gel dip-coating method. Optical and... 

    Optimization of the Pulp and Paper Mill Wastewater Treatment System from Recycling with the Aim of Reducing COD by Conducting a Laboratory Pilot Plant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yousefi, Farid (Author) ; Raie, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Paper and cardboard waste pulping consume large volumes of water, so the discharge of this effluent without proper treatment can have far-reaching environmental consequences. The color and variable COD concentration of wastewater in this industry make treating this wastewater complicated. Therefore, this study aims to reduce the COD of the wastewater treatment plant of a pulp and paper mill under different laboratory conditions to achieve environmental standards in Iran.In this study, coagulation-flocculation and the Fenton process on the wastewater entering the treatment plant were investigated first. It was found that coagulation and flocculation by 750-1250 ppm of alum coagulant and ten... 

    Effect of Selected Promotors on the Electrocatalytic Performance in Oxygen Evolution Reaction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yousefi, Zahra (Author) ; Ghotbi, Cyrus (Supervisor) ; Larimi, Afsaneh Sadat (Supervisor)
    During the last few decades, efforts have been made to replace fossil fuels with clean and non-absorbent energy sources. One of the promising strategies is energy production by hydrogen storage using water splitting. For this purpose, different methods of using light, heat and electricity are provided. Electrolysis of water with a simple environment such as very high purity of hydrogen produced, controllable, device, no need for high temperature and pressure in the reactor and huge potential for industrial applications has been very much considered. Water electrolysis consists of two reactions: reduction of water to hydrogen (HER) and oxidation of water to oxygen (OER). The second reaction... 

    Preparation of New Titanium Nitride-Carbon Nanocomposites and Evaluation of their Electrocatalytic Behavior

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Yousefi, Elahe (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Titanium nitride-carbon nanocomposites are synthesized by the reaction of TiCl4 and NaN3 in supercritical benzene medium that also serves as a carbon source. In order to improve the crystallinity of the as-prepared precursor (SI), it is further heat-treated at 1000 ˚C for 3-10 h using anhydrous ammonia and UHP nitrogen atmospheres at 1000 ˚C (SIII-SV). Moreover, to improve electrochemical behavior, the synthesized nanocomposite (SIV) is modified with Pt nanoparticles using a polyol process. For better understanding of synthesized catalyst nature and justifying their variant ORR activity several analyses are done. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectrum, field emission scanning electron... 

    Synthesis and Electrochemical Evaluation of Graphene-Ni/Cu/Zn Nanocomposite Coating Modified by Pt/Ru Nanoparticles

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Yaghoubinezhad, Yadollah (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    In this research,Graphene Oxide nanoplatelets (GO) were synthesized by chemically modified Hummer's method.After the GO nanosheets electrochemically reduced to graphene, nanoparticles imposed to this thin film.This optimized nanostructure coating was utilized for investigating the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction (HER) over the copper substrate. In order to optimize the kinetic of electrodeposition and reduction, diverse electrochemical approaches such as cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometic and potentiometric as well as pulse electrodeposition methods were employed. Electrochemical procedures were aligned by Design of Experiment (DOE) ... 

    Loading of Doxorubicin on Stimuli-Responsive Nanocarriers and Investigation of its Release

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yaghoubi, Mahshid (Author) ; Pourjavadi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Drug targeting to specific organs and tissues has become one of the critical endeavors of the new century. Magnetic nanoparticles have gained a lot of attention in biomedical and industrial application. Doxorubicin is an effective anti-cancer drug in the treatment of many types of cancers. The aim of this study is to load doxorubicin on stimuli-responsive nanocarriers. These nanocarriers are prepared from magnetic nanoparticles. Then these magnetic nanparticles are coated by copolymer of poly(glycidyl methacrylate) then reacted with hydrazine and hydrazide functional group is formed that can chemically be bonded with the anticancer drug doxorubicin via a hydrazone bond formation. This... 

    Fabrication of Metallic Nano-Tip Field Emitters and Measurement

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yazdanfar, Payam (Author) ; Rashidian, Bijan (Supervisor)
    The need for integration of electron guns together with thermal considerations of thermionic cathodes has led to design new cold cathode guns based on field emission phenomenon. In first part of this thesis, basic field emission theories, fabrication methods of field emitter arrays, effect of different parameters on the field emission properties of field emitter arrays and applications of these arrays are investigated. After setting up fabrication methods of nano-tip field emitters, in the second part of thesis, Si nano-tips and Si field emitter arrays are fabricated using of thermal oxidation of silicon substrate, lithography, and chemical etching of silicon oxide and silicon substrate. Si... 

    Study of CNT/ZnO/PANI Nanocomposite Biosensors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yazdanbakhsh Sorkhabi, Khashayar (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    For application as a biosensor electrode, Aligned Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) were produced on Stainless Steel 304 substrate by optimizing the CVD method. For better performance, Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were coated on CNTs, using electrochemical deposition method at room temperature and process variables were optimized to acquire discrete particles with a narrow distribution. After that, Polyaniline, which is a conductive polymer, was electropolymerized on CNT/ZnO composite to further improve the electrocatalytic abilities of the electrode. The produced electrode was then used to detect glucose by Cyclic Voltammetry and Amperometry methods. This electrode shows a linear relationship... 

    Sprue-well Design Optimization by Means of Computer Simulation and Experimental Tests

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yari Dehkaboudi, Ali (Author) ; Tavakoli, Rouhollah (Supervisor) ; Davami, Parviz (Co-Advisor)
    In many casting experiments, a well is used in the bottom of downsprue, which causes smooth flow in the runner. When the well is not properly designed, sand erosion happens in the runner and some oxide films and gaseous trap within the melt. These oxide films enter into the cast and decrease its strength and fatigue resistance. In addition, the gaseous trapped in the melt turn into solidification voids within the casting part which deteriorate its mechanical properties. The purpose of this research is to enhance casting efficiency by eliminating the mentioned defects. Modified design of sprue-well is proposed by the means of simulation with ProCAST software. Effective variables considered... 

    Synthesis and Study of Catalytic Activity of[Ru(oxazine)2(EtOH)2]Cl complex in epoxidation of Olefins and Oxidation of Alkanes, Alcohol and Sulfide with TBHP and UHP

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gohari Derakhshande, Parviz (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    Ruthenium complexes with their wide range of stable but chemically accessible oxidation states have been extensively studied as catalyst of hydrocarbon oxidation. In recent years, these complexes with various ligands have been reported as new catalysts with better selectivity and several co-oxidations. Ruthenium complexes act as oxidation catalyst, often via ruthenium-oxo species as active intermediates in the oxygen transfer process, oxidizing alcohols or alkanes and epoxidizing alkane. Here, we reported the synthesis and catalytic activity of a ruthenium(III) complex with bidentate oxazine ligand. The new synthesized Ru(III)-oxazine complex was characterized by IR and UV-Vis spectra and... 

    Preparation and Characterization of Nanostructural Ternary Mixed Oxide Containing Ti/Ru/Ir on Titanium by Sol-gel Process for MMO Electrode

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Goudarzi, Mona (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this study, ternary metal oxide coating consisting of Ti, Ru, Ir were prepared by sol-gel method. In order to achieve optimal conditions, the effect of number of layers, temperature and velocity of the heat treatment, the amount of ruthenium and iridium, polymeric additive on the coating and also, comparisons of binary and ternary oxide coatings were studied. The corrosion behavior was examined by anodic polarization and cyclic voltammetry tests and accelerated stability test (AST), the morphology of coatings was studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), phase and elemental analysis was performed using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive spectroscopy... 

    Hydroxyapatite Coating on Nanotubes TiO2

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Goodarzi, Mena (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    There are many techniques that have been used to create hydroxyapatite nanoparticles coating on nanotubes. Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) is one of the methods that has advantages of short formation time, needs simple apparatus, little restriction of the shape of substrate, no requirement for binder burnout as the green coating contains few or no organics. In the research, first, titanium dioxide nanotubes were fabricated by anodic oxidation. Anodizing voltage effect on the morphology of nanotubes was evaluated. SEM images was shown that in the anodizing voltage 20V, nanotubes were the most regular. Then, Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles has been deposited onto nanotublar TiO2 by... 

    Modeling Catalyst Deactivation in Catalytic Wet Air Oxidation of Phenol in Fixed Bed Three-Phase Reactors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golestani, Akram (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Khorasheh, Farhad (Supervisor)
    In the present work, wet air oxidation of phenol over 7/3 MnO2/CeO2 composite oxide catalyst in trickle-bed and packed-bubble column reactors was modeled. Complexity of wet air oxidation reactions and catalyst poisoning with carbonaceous groups, on the surface and in the pores of catalyst, make the modeling process complicated. Plurality of mass balance equations which are confirmed in the catalyst pellet and in dynamic and static bed phase, also the equation of catalyst deactivation, lead us solve them simultaneously. In addition, the equations are two dimension and unsteady state and carbon of oxidation intermediates are present which make the modeling process more complicated. We are... 

    Polysaccharide-Based Nanocomposites as Green Sorbents in Microextraction Methodologies

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Golzari Aqda, Tahereh (Author) ; Bagheri, Habib (Supervisor)
    This thesis is focused on the preparation and use of polysaccharides as extractive phases in various extraction methods, such as the micro solid phase extraction (µ-SPE), needle trap microextraction (NTME) and thin film microextraction (TFME).In the first research, feasibility of the online µ-SPE method using cellulose acetate (CA) fibers was investigated. For this purpose, CA fibers were prepared by electrospinning technique and then placed into µ-SPE cartridge. With this method, it was possible to simultaneously extract the drug compounds in the urine and plasma samples. The enrichment factor and limits of detection (LODs) were obtained in the range of 194-210 and 1.0-2.4 μg L-1,... 

    Production of Uranium Dioxide Nano Powder With Hydrothermal Method in Supercritical Water Reactor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golzary, Abooali (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Ahmadi, Javad (Supervisor) ; Karimi Sabet, Javad (Co-Advisor)
    Hydrothermal supercritical method is one of the most suitable methods for metal oxide nano powder, ceramics and mineral catalyst synthesis. Metal oxides nanopowder in its pure or mixed form has wide potential application as chemical industrial catalyst, hot Superconductors, magnetic material, gas sensors and car catalyst convertors. One of the most important metal oxides aspects of application is uranium oxide as nuclear reactor fuel is used. In addition, UO2 is selective catalyst for converting methane to methanol process and Decomposition of organic Chlorine material. In Supercritical hydrothermal method done in high pressure reactor with critical to fluid, is new method for the... 

    Investigation of Effective Parameters on Propulsion in a Vortex Engine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golbafian, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Mozafari, Ali Asghar (Supervisor) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Ghafourian, Akbar (Supervisor)
    Vortex flow is one of the most sophisticated fluid movements in nature which has great industrial and scientific importance. In this dissertation, in order to study the combustion process due to a vortex flow, a new experimental model of a cold wall vortex engine, was designed, fabricated and tested with oxidizer issuing tangentially toward the end of the chamber. The cold wall effect in these chambers is a result of the cool layer of oxidizer which significantly reduces the amount of heat transfer to the chamber’s wall. This experimental model was designed to withstand the massive temperature rise resulting from the usage of Polyethylene as fuel and Nitrous oxide as oxidizer. In a series of... 

    CMOS Frequency Multiplier Design for Millimeter-Wave Imaging System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kiyaei, Alireza (Author) ; Fakharzadeh Jahromi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this study، a novel frequency multiplier chain for wideband millimeter-wave applications at 28 GHz is presented. Millimeter-wave imaging systems require high frequency and wide bandwidth to accurately detect hidden objects. Various methods have been proposed to increase the frequency of generated signals, but in the meantime، frequency multiplier structures exhibit better performance in terms of bandwidth، power consumption and, harmonic rejection. These circuits are widely used in High-frequency telecommunication systems such as 5th generation mobile services. To design a frequency quadrupler، two multiplier stages based on the improved quadrature Gilbert structure were used. Generating... 

    Fabrication and Surface Engineering of Pu-Tio2 Nanocomposites with Improved Mechanical, Surface and Hemocompatibility Properties with Usability in Vascular Tissue Engineering

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Kianpour, Ghazal (Author) ; Baghery, Reza (Supervisor) ; Pourjavadi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Ghanbari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The main focus of this project is the fabrication of surface engineering scaffolds based on polyurethane and titanium dioxide. The research's aim is the creation of the synergistic properties of TiO2 and PU as a new strategy for engineering artificial autologous blood vessels. In the first section, PU-TiO2 nanocomposites were synthesized by co-insitu synthesis of nanoparticles and polymer. The nanocomposite films were prepared by solvent casting and thermally induced phase separation methods. Mechanical and biological properties of films were compared with pure PU film. In solvent casting method, the outcomes revealed that the rate of endothelialization of the nanocomposite scaffold after 7... 

    Preparation and Study of the Electrochemical Ptal Oxide Particles/Carbon Nanoparticles: Application to Pharmaceutical Determinations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kohansal, Razieh (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    In the first work, a novel voltammetric biosensor basedon TiO2-nafion-carbon nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrode (TiO2/N/CNP/GCE) was developed for the determination of DBA. The electrochemical performance of the modified electrode was investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV), different pulse voltammetry (DPV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. Characterization of the surface morphology and properties of TiO2/N/CNP was carried out by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Effective experimental variables, such as scan rate, pH of the supporting electrolyte, drop size of the cast modifier suspension and accumulation...