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    Investigation of Palladium Growth on Nanostructured Tungsten Oxide Films

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tahmasebi Garavand, Nemat (Author) ; Mahdavi, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor)
    We have studied making and characterization of gasochromic thin films that are used as gas sensors. Gasochromic films consist of an electronchromic layer and a catalyst layer. Addition of palladium to the surface , increased the sensitivity and decreased the working temperature. The used electrochromic layer was tungsten oxide. WO3 films were fabricated by (PLD) method. The substrates were slide glasses. Structure, morphology and composite of tungsten oxide and optical property of films depend on condition of deposition. The pressure of oxygen gas in chamber and temperature of substrate are two factors that can affect in deposition. We can make layers with different morphology by variation... 

    Improving Hydrogen Sensing by Adding Additives in Nanostructure WO3 Films

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fardindoost, Somayyeh (Author) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor) ; Mahdavi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    The present work emphasizes on hydrogen resistance- sensing properties of WO3 films prepared by Sol-gel routs. The sol-gel is a simple and low cost rout which makes film with high homogeneity and low processing temperature .To improve Hydrogen sensing we modified WO3 films with Pd catalysts by Sol-gel and Electroless methods. AFM , EDX, SEM , XPS , XRD , were applied to analyze structure, morphology and Chemical composition of the fabricated thin films. We measured resistance sensing behavior of prepared films in exposure to different concentration of Hydrogen. All the films were tested under the same conditions. We measured resistance sensing in exposure to concentration below 10000 ppm... 

    Synthesis of MoS2 Nanoparticles and Their Application as Nanocatalyst for Hydrodesulfurization Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Parviz, Dorsa (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Rashidi, Alimorad (Supervisor)
    Highly active unsupported MoO3 and (Co) MoO3 catalysts were synthesized utilizing the solution combustion method where the Ammonium molybdate powder and an organic additive were used as precursors. Different organic materials including Ethylene Diamin Tetra-acetic acid (EDTA), Polyethylene Glycol 200 (PEG 200), Sorbitol and Urea were used as additive in order to investigate the effect of additive structure on morphology and particle size of products. Also various reaction parameters such as the additive/Mo molar ratio, concentration of metal ion in solution, pH of the reaction and temperature of the synthesis media were changed to study effects on product morphology and size. Outcomes were... 

    Synthesis, Characterization and Field Emission Study of Molybdenum Oxide (MoOx)Nanostructures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khademi, Ali (Author) ; Moshfegh, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Different molybdenum oxide nano/micro structure thin films were synthesized by thermal evaporation method under various growth conditions such as deposition time, temperature and evaporation source-substrate distance. Molybdenum oxide nanostructures grown on Si(100) such as nanowalls, nanostars and nanowires were characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), x-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Shape and type of nanostructures were determined with SEM, AFM and HRTEM analysis. XPS analysis showed that the synthesized nanostructures contained Mo6+, Mo5+, Mo4+ and... 

    Synthesis, Characterization and Surface Modification of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahmoudi, Morteza (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor) ; Imani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) with proper surface coatings are increasingly being evaluated for clinical applications such as hyperthermia, drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging, transfection, and cell/protein separation. Since the particles with various sizes exhibit different flow rates in the same environment (same capillary size), it is essential to use particles of a desirable size for targeted drug delivery and imaging. Particles of different sizes may be exposed to different viscosities and behave differently, particularly with regard to their velocities as they move through capillaries. In the present work, SPION with different size, purity, shape and... 

    Model Systems for Oxygen – Evolving Complex in Photosystem II: Manganese Oxides and Manganese Complexes with O and N Donor Ligands

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Najafpour, Mohammad Mahdi (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    The aim of this study is to mimic water oxidizing complex to find new materials and also to understand their rules in this matter. To achieve this, manganese complexes containing 2,4,6-tris (2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-Triazine, 1,10-phenanthroline, 1,10-bipyridine, Schiff base, amino acids, 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 2-pyridinecarboxylic acid have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, EPR, ESI-MS, electronic absorption spectroscopy, electrochemistry, X-ray diffraction and oxygen evolution in presence of oxone and Ce(IV). It is shown that the reaction between Mn(II) complexes containing 2,4,6-tris¬(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-Triazine, 1,10-phenanthroline, 1,10-bipyridine,... 

    The Effect of Metal Oxides on Gasochromic Properties of WO3 Thin Films Formed by Pulsed Laser Deposition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nematollahi, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Mahdavi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Physical and chemical properties of tungsten oxide thin films change reversibly while exposure to hydrogen gas. This property is called gasochromic. To enhance optical properties of such films, nanostructured, amorphous and porous thin films of (WO3)1-x(MeO)x (MeO= TiO2, MoO3, NiO; x=0.09, 0.17, 0.23, 0.29, 0.33) were fabricated by Pulsed Laser Deposition. Molar percentage of Me/W (Me= Ti, Mo and Ni) was changed in films with respect to targets; for Ti and Ni always a reduction, but for Mo an enhancement for low percentages was observed. The reason is the existence of thermal ablation mechanism during deposition, in the other word is different vapor pressure effect. An increment in x for... 

    Experimental Study of Flameless Combustion

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azimizadeh, Ehsaneddin (Author) ; Farshchi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Flameless Combustion was experimentally studied. In this combustion mode, inlet air is preheated and products are recirculated inside the chamber. Therefore, the reaction zone is spread from a limited front to a wider area with that of a lower peak temperature and very lower Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) production. Controllable parameters are preheating temperature, equivalence ratio, and fuel and air mass flow rates. Applying similar conditions, the flameless combustion was compared to the diffusion flame. Measurable parameters are exhaust temperature and composition, including NOx. Reaction zone homogeneity is observed by photographing inside the combustion chamber through its visual access... 

    Lanthanum Chromite Coating on Stainless Steel by sol–Gel Dip Coating Technique

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rashtchi, Hamed (Author) ; Faghihi Sani, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    Because of the high operating temperature, interconnect surface tends to be oxidized and Cr2O3 oxide layer will be created on the surface. This phenomenon is undesirable due to decreasing electrical conductivity, so a preservative coating is needed to improve the interconnect properties. In this paper, a dense perovskite thin film was successfully synthesized on a ferritic stainless steel (type 430) substrate by a sol-gel dip coating method. This coating improved chemical stability, oxidation behavior of the substrate and decreased cathode poisoning. The lanthanum chromite was coated on the substrate by sol-gel dip coating process. First, during a hydrolyze process, a stable sol was made up... 

    Modeling Catalyst Deactivation in Dehydrogenation of Ethylbenzene to Styrene

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Babaei Matin, Jalal (Author) ; Baghghalha, Morteza (Supervisor) ; Ghotbi, Siroos (Supervisor)
    Long-term deactivation of a commercial K-promoted Fe2O3 catalyst used in the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene monomer was studied using thirty months of operating data of three industrial SM radial fixed bed adiabatic reactors. The Langmuir-Hinshelwood, Hougen-Watson model (LHHW) was used for reaction kinetics modeling. The kinetics of coking from ethylbenzene and styrene and the short-term deactivation function due to the quick coke formation were also considered in the model. The kinetics of long-term deactivation of the catalyst for ethylbenzene dehydrogenation to styrene between 550 and 630 °C were determined by allowing the effects of temperature and time on the catalyst... 

    Fabrication of Mn/Co and Co Coatings on AISI 430 for SOFC Interconnect Via Sol-Gel and Dip Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dayaghi, Amir Masoud (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    With regard to recent progress in decreasing of operating temperature of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC), metallic interconnect use widely than ceramic interconnect. Metallic interconnect have interested due to their low cost, easy fabrication and high electronic and thermal conductivity.oxidation resistance of metals is big challenge, because of low conductivity of formed oxide layers that led to increasing of electrical conductivity. Ferritic stainless steel is among the most thriving candidate alloy because of BCC structure that its coefficient of temperature expansion is close to that of other SOFC. Nonetheless, the increase of electrical resistance over the time and the evaporation of... 

    Aluminothermic Reduction of Neodymium Oxide (Nd2O3) for Synthesis of Nanostructured Nd-Fe-B Alloys

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini Kouhkamari, Mahsa (Author) ; Halali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Nd-Fe-B alloys as permanent magnets are used in the components of the computer, sensors, medical equipments and etc. Two main methods which used for making these alloys, are calciothermic reduction process and fused salt electrolysis technique. In this study, a new affordable process for producing Fe-Nd alloys have been suggested.In this research, aluminothermic reduction and co-reduction processes were used to make a Pb-Nd alloy from neodymium oxide (Nd2O3) and Lead Oxide (PbO). Then by using liquid-liquid extraction at high temperature, Fe-Nd alloy was produced. Experiments were performed at temperature of about 1600°C and in the air atmosphere. Different weight ratios were also tried. The... 

    Development of a Reduced-Order Model for Control of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirabi, Emad (Author) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoud Reza (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, a reduced model of a distributed one-dimensional Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) system is presented. Consequently the reduced model is used to estimate the states of the exact model. The reduced model is derived using the exact solution of the distributed model and implementing the Karhunen-Loève-Galerkin procedure. To achieve an exact solution of the distributed model, method of lines is used. In the method of lines, accuracy of the solution depends on the number of grid points. To increase the accuracy, the number of grid points should be increased which will lead to a high order dynamic model. Such a model is not suitable for state estimation, optimization or control... 

    Preparation, Characterization and Applications of Niobium Oxide Nanorods by Combined Sputtering-Thermal Oxidation Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology karimi khaneghah, Shamim (Author) ; Moshfegh, Ali Reza (Supervisor) ; Akhavan, Omid (Supervisor)
    Recently, quasi 1D (Q1D) structures of materials such as nanowires, nanorods and nanobelts with high surface to volume ratio (A/V) and small grain size devoted an extensive part of researches. This is due to their unique properties and thus various applications in manufacturing of nanometric devices. Niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5) as semiconductor with wide bandgap has been applied in various fields including: electrochromic devices, gas sensors, anti-reflective coatings, capacitors, photocatalysts , field emission and recently; antibacterial systems. In this project , initially niobium thin films was deposited on Si(100) substrate using RF magnetron sputtering method and then niobium oxide... 

    Study on the Influence of the Functional Groups of Schiff Base Complexes on Oxygen Adsorption and Catalysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Roshdi Ferdosi, Shayesteh (Author) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    Co(salen)-type complexes: Co(salen), Co(salophen), Co(3,5-Brsalen), Co(Clsalen), Co(3-OMe,5-Brsalen), Co(saltmen), Co(Brsalen), Co(OMesalen) were shown to be efficient catalysts for oxidizing cumene to cumyl alcohol, methylstyrene and acetophenone. The mixture was characterized by 1H NMR and GC-Mass spectroscopy. Product s efficiency and turnover number of catalysists were determined. Proposal of the mechanism provides a rationale for the influence of ligand substitutions on the reaction. A series of experiments are reported to provide strong support for a mechanistic scheme that involves reaction of coordinated dioxygen. On the basis of these observations, the coordination of O2 to this... 

    Preparation of Claus Nanocatalyst for Replacing the Commercial Catalyst

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaee, Mohammad (Author) ; Kazemini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Rashidi, Ali Morad (Supervisor)
    Selective oxidation of H2S to elemental sulfur in a fixed bed reactor over seven nanocatalysts has been investigated and compared to commercial claus catalyst. Among them, Al2O3-supported sodium oxide nanocatalyst prepared with wet chemical technique and Al2O3 nanocatalyst prepared with spray pyrolysis method were the most active catalysts for selective oxidation of H2S to elemental sulfur. The remaining nanocatalysts were deactivated, mainly due to the interaction with H2S and conversion into sulfides. For synthesis of Al2O3 with spray pyrolysis method we use statistical design of experiments (box-behnken design) in order to screen the effects of significant synthesizing parameters  

    Synthesis and Characterization of a novel Ruthenium(II) Complex With Bidentate O,N-donor OxazolineLigand and Study of Catalytic Oxidation of Sulfides and Alkanes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Mojtaba (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    The 2-(2′-hydroxyphenyl)-oxazoline ligand (Hphox) is generated from 1:1 condensation of methyl salicylate with 2-aminoethanol. Novel [Ru(Hphox)2(H2O)2] (Hphox = 2-(2′-hydroxyphenyl)-oxazoline ) complex has been synthesized and characterized by physic-chemical methods. Oxidation of sulfides catalyzed by the mixed-ligand ruthenium(II) complex [Ru(Hphox)2(H2O)2]using urea-hydrogen peroxide (UHP) as oxidant was investigated under mild condition within 1 h. The results showed that mixed-ligand ruthenium(II) complex was effective catalyst in oxidation of sulfides in whichsulfoxideswere the only products. Using this catalytic system in the oxidation of alkanes, ketones were obtained as the main... 

    Synthesis and Study of Catalytic Activity of[Ru(oxazine)2(EtOH)2]Cl complex in epoxidation of Olefins and Oxidation of Alkanes, Alcohol and Sulfide with TBHP and UHP

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gohari Derakhshande, Parviz (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    Ruthenium complexes with their wide range of stable but chemically accessible oxidation states have been extensively studied as catalyst of hydrocarbon oxidation. In recent years, these complexes with various ligands have been reported as new catalysts with better selectivity and several co-oxidations. Ruthenium complexes act as oxidation catalyst, often via ruthenium-oxo species as active intermediates in the oxygen transfer process, oxidizing alcohols or alkanes and epoxidizing alkane. Here, we reported the synthesis and catalytic activity of a ruthenium(III) complex with bidentate oxazine ligand. The new synthesized Ru(III)-oxazine complex was characterized by IR and UV-Vis spectra and... 

    Electrophoretic Deposition of Titanium Dioxide for Fabrication of Photoanode of Dye Sensitized Solar Cell

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sedighi, Rahime (Author) ; Taghavinia, Nima (Supervisor)
    This research is focused on fabrication of TiO2 layers by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) for application as photoanode in Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSC). DSCs are third generation of solar cells, also known as the Grätzel cell, after its inventor Michael Grätzel. A DSC is composed of a porous layer of wide band gap semiconductor such as TiO2 and ZnO, covered with a molecular dye that absorbs sunlight, and a counter electrode contacted by a liquid redox electrolyte. Dye Sensitized semiconductor (photoanode) has important role in conversion of photon to electricity. To achieve higher efficiency, preparation of photoanode with high surface area resulted to enough dye adsorption is necessary.... 

    Production of Zn-Tio2 Nanocomposite Coating by Electrochemical Method and Investigation of its Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sajjadnezhad, Mohammad (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    Pure zinc coating and Zn-TiO2 composite coating were deposited from two methods: Direct and Pulse Current from a sulphate bath. D.C. section, current density and particle concentration in electrolyte were investigated. Moreover in Pulse section, frequency, duty cycle and maximum current density were investigated as parameters. Morphological properties of these coatings were investigated by FE-SEM and corrosion behavior by potentiodynamic polarization in 1M NaCl. In D.C. section, in investigation of the effect of current density, an optimum was observed in case of obtaining the highest amount of deposited particles at 0.1 A/cm2 and amount of 2.93%. This amount is the highest one in D.C....