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    Localization of Active Aerial Targets Using Targets with Known Location

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kaviani, Saber (Author) ; Behnia, Feridoon (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Localization of radio, acoustic and vibration wave’s sources by passive systems has many applications in positioning systems, navigation systems, wireless sensor networks, defense, security, and geophysics. RSS, AOA, TDOA, and FDOA are some of the techniques available for passive localization. The performance of TDOA/FDOA techniques does not degrade with distance and multipath, but it may suffer from poor performance for narrowband signals. On the other hand, FDOA technique requires narrowband signals. Thus, the combination of TDOA and FDOA can be suitable for a much wider range of sources. In addition, the TDOA/FDOA method can provide more accurate interference source localization compared... 

    Passive Source Localization Using Time Difference of Arriaval and Frequency Difference of Arrival Measurements

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Adelipour, Sajjad (Author) ; Behnia, Fereidoon (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Passive source localization accounts for the identification of the position and velocity of an object that emits electromagnetic/sound waves. This concept suggests various civil and military applications such as localization of the cellular phone users for emergency services, navigation, localizing radar and sonar sources. Received Signal Strength (RSS), Time of Arrival (TOA), Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA) and Frequency Difference of Arrival (FDOA) of the emitted signals are commonly used for position finding. Among all these measurement methods, localization using TDOA and FDOA is highly accurate and needless of any time synchronization between the source and the sensors. Common methods... 

    Optimal Sensors Placement for Passive Source Localization Considering NLOS Conditions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Solhi Jouybari, Mohammad (Author) ; Behnia, Fereidoon (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Passive Location is to obtain the location and velocity of a radio source using a source-generated signal in the environment and extract its parameters, which today have many applications in controlling security activities, tracking people and vehicles, emergency services, radar, Sonar, electronic warfare, and etc. . The location of a source is obtained by using a variety of methods such as received signal strength (RSS), signal angle of arrival (AOA), signal time of arrival (TOA), time difference of arrival (TDOA), and frequency difference of arrival (FDOA) of received signals. Many studies have been done in measuring and extracting data and solving the equations. However, little research... 

    MIMO localization by illuminators of opportunity

    , Article Proceedings of 2011 IEEE CIE International Conference on Radar, RADAR 2011, 24 October 2011 through 27 October 2011 ; Volume 1 , October , 2011 , Pages 112-115 ; 9781424484416 (ISBN) Radmard, M ; Karbasi, S. M ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Passive localization using MIMO techniques has attracted much attention recently. In such schemes, using multiple antennas at transmitter and receiver sides provides spatial diversity without need for identifiable transmitters. On the other hand, one of the problems facing such approach arises when transmitters of a single frequency network (SFN) are used as non-cooperative transmitters and resolving the signals of multiple transmitters reflected from multiple targets is not trivial at receiver side. Therefore, in order to obtain the diversity gain of MIMO localization schemes, it is necessary to develop a technique to assign each echo arriving at the receiver to a given transmitter. In this... 

    MIMO PCL in a single frequency network

    , Article 2011 Microwaves, Radar and Remote Sensing Symposium, MRRS-2011 - Proceedings, 25 August 2011 through 27 August 2011 ; August , 2011 , Pages 280-283 ; 9781424496440 (ISBN) Radmard, M ; Karbasi, S. M ; Khalaj, B. H ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Passive localization using MIMO techniques has attracted much attention recently. In such schemes, using multiple antennas at transmitter and receiver sides provides spatial diversity without need for identifiable transmitters. On the other hand, one of the problems facing such approach arises when transmitters of a single frequency network (SFN) are used as non-cooperative transmitters and resolving the signals of multiple transmitters reflected from multiple targets is not trivial at receiver side. Therefore, in order to obtain the diversity gain of MIMO localization schemes, it is necessary to develop a technique to assign each echo arriving at the receiver to a given transmitter. In this...