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Total 98 records

    Horseradish peroxidase immobilization on amine functionalized carbon nanotubes: direct electrochemistry and bioelectrocatalysis

    , Article Progress in Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism ; Volume 37, Number 2 , 2012 , pp. 161-172 Tasviri, M. (Mahboubeh) ; Ghourchian, H. (Hedayatollah) ; Gholami, M. R. (Mohammad Reza) ; Rafieepour, H. A. (Hossain Ali) ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was successfully immobilized on amine functionalized TiO2-coated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (NH2 – TiO2 – CNTs) by a convenient and efficient method. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and amperometry were applied to characterize the HRP/NH2 – TiO2 – CNT nano-composite. These techniques showed that the NH2 – TiO2 – CNTs greatly enhance the electron transfer between HRP and the modified electrode. Owing to the redox reaction of the electroactive centre of HRP, the HRP = NH2 – TiO2 – CNTs modified electrode exhibited a pair of quasi-reversible peaks with a peak-to-peak separation (ΔEp) of 70.6 mV and a formal potential (E 0′) of 367.65 mV... 

    A novel iron complex containing an N,O-type bidentate oxazoline ligand: Synthesis, X-ray studies, DFT calculations and catalytic activity

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Vol. 133, issue , Jun , 2014 , p. 432-438 Amini, M ; Arab, A ; Derakhshandeh, P. G ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Ellern, A ; Woo, L. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A five-coordinated Fe(III) complex with the distorted trigonal bipyramidal configuration was synthesized by reactions of FeCl36H2O and 2-(2′-hydroxyphenyl)oxazoline (Hphox) as a bidentate ON donor oxazoline ligand. Complex [Fe(phox)2Cl] was fully characterized, including by single-crystal X-ray structure analysis. DFT calculations were accompanied with experimental results in order to obtain a deeper insight into the electronic structure and vibrational normal modes of complex. Oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides in one-step was conducted by this complex as catalyst using urea hydrogen peroxide (UHP) in mixture of CH2Cl 2/CH3OH (1:1) under air at room temperature. The results show that using... 

    Selective oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides by a molybdate-based catalyst using 30% hydrogen peroxide

    , Article Catalysis Communications ; Vol. 52, issue , July , 2014 , pp. 16-21 ; ISSN: 15667367 Bayat, A ; Shakourian-Fard, M ; Hashemi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    An efficient method is reported for selective oxidation of various types of sulfides to sulfoxides and sulfones in good to high yields using 30% H 2O2 in the presence of catalytic amounts of molybdate-based catalyst in acetonitrile as solvent at room temperature. The catalyst can be easily recovered and reused for seven reaction cycles without considerable loss of activity  

    Simple and green oxidation of cyclohexene to adipic acid with an efficient and durable silica-functionalized ammonium tungstate catalyst

    , Article Catalysis Communications ; Vol. 43 , 5 January , 2014 , pp. 169-172 Vafaeezadeh, M ; Mahmoodi Hashemi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A novel silica-functionalized ammonium tungstate interphase catalyst has been reported as a non-nitric acid route for adipic acid production from one-pot oxidative cleavage of 30% hydrogen peroxide and catalytic amounts of p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA). The catalyst has been simply prepared by commercially available starting material. The structure of the catalyst has been investigated using FT-IR spectroscopy, atomic absorption, TEM, SEM and XRD analysis. The catalyst has shown good to high activity even up to 10 runs of reaction. Simple preparation of the catalyst, avoids using harmful phase transfer catalyst (PTC) and/or chlorinated additives are among the other benefits of this work  

    Gas barrier and mechanical properties of crosslinked ethylene vinyl acetate nanocomposites

    , Article Journal of Composite Materials ; Volume 47, Issue 23 , 2013 , Pages 2987-2993 ; 00219983 (ISSN) Ahmad Ramazani, S. A ; Shafiee, M ; Abedsoltan, H ; Shafiee, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this research, the effects of crosslinking agent and clay content on the morphology, barrier and mechanical properties of ethylene vinyl acetate-organoclay nanocomposites prepared by solution method were studied. Dicumyl peroxide has been used as crosslinking agent. The morphology of the prepared nanocomposites was investigated using wide-angle X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopyindicated that the prepared nanocomposites had predominantly intercalated morphologies. The obtained results of permeability tests showed that the permeability of ethylene vinyl acetate films dramatically decreases with addition... 

    Spectrophotometric determination of sulfide based on peroxidase inhibition by detection of purpurogallin formation

    , Article Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety ; Volume 91 , 2013 , Pages 117-121 ; 01476513 (ISSN) Ghadiri, M ; Kariminia, H. R ; Roosta Azad, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    This paper presents a new method for spectrophotometirc detection of sulfide applying fungal peroxidase immobilized on sodium alginate. The sensing scheme was based on decrease of the absorbance of the orange compound, purpurogallin produced from pyrogallol and H2O2 as substrates, due to the inhibition of peroxidase by sulfide. Absorbance of purpurogallin was detected at 420nm by using a spectrophotometer. The proposed method could successfully detect the sulfide in the concentration range of 0.6-7.0μM with a detection limit of 0.4μM. The kinetic parameters of Michaelis-Menten with and without sulfide were also calculated. Possible inhibition mechanism of peroxidase by sulfide was deduced... 

    Dual catalytic function of the task-specific ionic liquid: Green oxidation of cyclohexene to adipic acid using 30% H2O2

    , Article Chemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 221 , April , 2013 , Pages 254-257 ; 13858947 (ISSN) Vafaeezadeh, M ; Hashemi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The sole industrial process which currently used for adipic acid production is nitric acid oxidation of either cyclohexanol or cyclohexanol/cyclohexanone mixture. Emission of greenhouse nitrous oxide (N2O) gas from this process strongly contributes to global warming, resulting in acid rain and ozone depletion. Herein, we report a catalytic application of a novel dual task-specific ionic liquid (an ionic liquid with two catalytic functions) for oxidation of cyclohexene to adipic acid using 30% hydrogen peroxide. The catalyst showed desirable activity toward oxidation of cyclohexene and some cyclic olefins to produce their corresponding dicarboxylic acids  

    Development of plasma and/or chemically induced graft co-polymerized electrospun poly(vinylidene fluoride) membranes for solute separation

    , Article Separation and Purification Technology ; Volume 108 , 2013 , Pages 196-204 ; 13835866 (ISSN) Savoji, H ; Rana, D ; Matsuura, T ; Tabe, S ; Feng, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Nanofiber membranes were fabricated by electrospinning poly(vinylidene fluoride). The electrospun nanofiber membranes were further modified by grafting of acrylic acid (AA) and methacrylic acid (MAA) over the surfaces of the membranes. Plasma AA graft was attempted only, and the results indicated the partial membrane pore filling with grafted AA. For MAA grafting, chemically induced polymerization using benzoyl peroxide and hydrogen peroxide was attempted. The combination of plasma and chemically induced MAA graft polymerization was also attempted. The membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and static contact angle (SCA)... 

    The comparision of Coprinus cinereus peroxidase enzyme and TiO 2 catalyst for phenol removal

    , Article Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering ; Volume 48, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 300-307 ; 10934529 (ISSN) Sarkhanpour, R ; Tavakoli, O ; Sarrafzadeh, M. H ; Kariminia, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    This article investigates phenol removal from an aqueous solution by using enzymatic and photocatalytic methods and the efficiency of these methods has been compared. In enzymatic and photocatalytic methods, Coprinus cinereus, peroxidase enzyme and commercial TiO2 powders (Degussa P-25) in aqueous suspension were used, respectively, in ambient temperature. The effects of different operating parameters such as duration of process, catalyst dosage or enzyme concentration, pH of the solution, initial phenol concentration and H2O2 concentration on both processes were examined. In enzymatic method, efficiency of degradation reached 100% within 5min, while in the photocatalytic method, the... 

    Localized surface plasmon resonance sensor for simultaneous kinetic determination of peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 762 , 2013 , Pages 87-93 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Khodaveisi, J ; Dashti, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A new sensor for simultaneous determination of peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide using silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) as a chromogenic reagent is introduced. The silver nanoparticles have the catalytic ability for the decomposition of peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide; then the decomposition of them induces the degradation of silver nanoparticles. Hence, a remarkable change in the localized surface plasmon resonance absorbance strength could be observed. Spectra-kinetic approach and artificial neural network was applied for the simultaneous determination of peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide. Linear calibration graphs were obtained in the concentration range of (8.20×10-5 to... 

    Turbulence and additive effects on ignition delay in supersonic combustion

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering ; Volume 227, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 93-99 ; 09544100 (ISSN) Tahsini, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Numerical study of two-dimensional supersonic hydrogen-air mixing layer is performed to investigate the effects of turbulence and chemical additive on ignition distance. Chemical reaction is treated using detail kinetics. Advection upstream splitting method is used to calculate the fluxes, and one-equation turbulence model is chosen here to simulate the considered problem. Hydrogen peroxide is used as an additive and the results show that inflow turbulence and chemical additive may drastically decrease the ignition delay in supersonic combustion  

    A very simple method to synthesize nano-sized manganese oxide: An efficient catalyst for water oxidation and epoxidation of olefins

    , Article Dalton Transactions ; Volume 41, Issue 36 , Jul , 2012 , Pages 11026-11031 ; 14779226 (ISSN) Najafpour, M. M ; Rahimi, F ; Amini, M ; Nayeri, S ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    RSC  2012
    Abstract
    Nano-sized particles of manganese oxides have been prepared by a very simple and cheap process using a decomposing aqueous solution of manganese nitrate at 100 °C. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction spectrometry have been used to characterize the phase and the morphology of the manganese oxide. The nano-sized manganese oxide shows efficient catalytic activity toward water oxidation and the epoxidation of olefins in the presence of cerium(iv) ammonium nitrate and hydrogen peroxide, respectively  

    Design of silica supported task-specific ionic liquid catalyst system for oxidation of cyclohexene to adipic acid with 30% H 2O 2

    , Article Catalysis Communications ; Volume 26 , September , 2012 , Pages 54-57 ; 15667367 (ISSN) Vafaeezadeh, M ; Hashemi, M. M ; Shakourian Fard, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    Abstract
    1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium tungstate ([BMIm] 2WO 4) ionic liquid supported onto silica sulphamic acid demonstrated desirable performance for oxidation of cyclohexene to adipic acid. Simple experimental procedure, easy product isolation, catalyst recovery and reusability are some attractive features of this protocol  

    Horseradish peroxidase immobilization on amine functionalized carbon nanotubes: Direct electrochemistry and bioelectrocatalysis

    , Article Progress in Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism ; Volume 37, Issue 2 , May , 2012 , Pages 161-172 ; 14686783 (ISSN) Tasviri, M ; Ghourchian, H ; Gholami, M. R ; Rafiee Pour, H. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was successfully immobilized on amine functionalized TiO 2-coated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (NH 2-TiO 2-CNTs) by a convenient and efficient method. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and amperometry were applied to characterize the HRP/NH 2-TiO 2-CNT nano-composite. These techniques showed that the NH 2-TiO 2-CNTs greatly enhance the electron transfer between HRP and the modified electrode. Owing to the redox reaction of the electroactive centre of HRP, the HRP/NH 2-TiO 2-CNTs modified electrode exhibited a pair of quasi-reversible peaks with a peak-to-peak separation (ΔE p) of 70.6mV and a formal potential (E 0′) of -367.65mV (versus... 

    Amperometric sulfide detection using Coprinus cinereus peroxidase immobilized on screen printed electrode in an enzyme inhibition based biosensor

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 35, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 297-301 ; 09565663 (ISSN) Savizi, I. S. P ; Kariminia, H. R ; Ghadiri, M ; Roosta Azad, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    In the present work, an amperometric inhibition biosensor for the determination of sulfide has been fabricated by immobilizing Coprinus cinereus peroxidase (CIP) on the surface of screen printed electrode (SPE). Chitosan/acrylamide was applied for immobilization of peroxidase on the working electrode. The amperometric measurement was performed at an applied potential of -150. mV versus Ag/AgCl with a scan rate of 100. mV in the presence of hydroquinone as electron mediator and 0.1. M phosphate buffer solution of pH 6.5. The variables influencing the performance of sensor including the amount of substrate, mediator concentration and electrolyte pH were optimized. The determination of sulfide... 

    Investigation of the antibacterial and photocatalytic properties of the zeolitic nanosized AgBr/TiO 2 composites

    , Article Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing ; Volume 15, Issue 1 , February , 2012 , Pages 73-79 ; 13698001 (ISSN) Padervand, M ; Elahifard, M. R ; Vatan Meidanshahi, R ; Ghasemi, S ; Haghighi, S ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Zeolite-based Ag/AgBr and Ag/AgBr/TiO 2 photocatalysts were prepared by sol-gel and deposition methods and were characterized. Their photocatalytic activities were evaluated by inactivation of Escherichia (E.) coli and the photodegradation of Acid Blue 92 and potassium permanganate. The composites containing Ag/AgBr showed the antibacterial activity in the dark by releasing Ag ions into the medium. The results for inactivation of E. coli indicated that Ag/AgBr/TiO 2 modified photocatalyst had better antibacterial activity than Ag/AgBr/zeolite, while zeolite and TiO 2/zeolite did not show any antibacterial activity under visible light and dark conditions. Photodecolarization rate was affected... 

    Determination of antioxidant component and activity of rice bran extract

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 18, Issue 6 , December , 2011 , Pages 1402-1406 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Arab, F ; Alemzadeh, I ; Maghsoudi, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Rice bran is one of the most important co-products in the rice milling. In this research, antioxidant activity of two Iranian rice bran varieties, Fajr and Tarem, extracted by three different solvents (methanol, ethanol and ethyl acetate) was evaluated. The order of antioxidant activity was evaluated by measurement of total phenolic content, antioxidant activity in linoleic acid system, reducing power and scavenging capacity by DPPH radical. The methanolic extract of Fajr rice bran showed a total phenolic content of 3.31 mg Gallic acid/gr rice bran and a DPPH free radical-scavenging activity of 93.91%, achieved at 50 mg/ml concentration, and a percent inhibition of linoleic acid peroxidation... 

    A novel photometric glucose biosensor based on decolorizing of silver nanoparticles

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 158, Issue 1 , November , 2011 , Pages 185-189 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Khodaveisi, J ; Dashti, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A novel glucose biosensor based on chromophore (silver nanoparticles) decolorizing for the photometric determination of glucose was developed. Silver nanoparticles are directly synthesized in the sol-gel matrix by a one-step method based on the reduction of the inorganic precursor AgNO3 and were used for the preparation, characterization and calibration of a highly sensitive and cost-effective localized surface plasmon resonance-based glucose biosensor. In the presence of glucose oxidase (GOx) and due to the enzyme-substrate (glucose) reaction, H2O2 was produced and silver nanoparticles in the sol-gel glass have the ability for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Due to the degradation... 

    Study and production of silicone rubber and polyethylene alloy

    , Article Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials ; Volume 24, Issue 5 , 2011 , Pages 669-677 ; 08927057 (ISSN) Tavakkoli, H ; Meibod, M. P ; Frounchi, M ; Dadbin, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Linear silicone rubber and polyethylene alloy produced from extrusion-injecting process will be present in separate phases. While samples are mixed with 1% dicumylperoxide, DCP, and injected in extruder, an alloy is almost formed. In addition, when the samples containing silicon rubber with vinyl group are mixed with polyethylene and passed in the vicinity of electron beam, a similar reaction occurs, as confirmed from FTIR spectrum. The water contact angles for the samples has been listed in the article. Furthermore, the crystallinity of samples produced via electron beam method is more than that obtained from peroxide method. On the other hand, the tensile strengths of produced samples via... 

    Oxidation of sulfides with urea-hydrogen peroxide catalyzed by iron-salen complexes

    , Article Journal of Sulfur Chemistry ; Volume 32, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 335-343 ; 17415993 (ISSN) Bagherzadeh, M ; Zare, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    The oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides with hydrogen peroxide in good yield and high selectivity has been catalyzed very effectively by a series of Schiff base salen-type iron complexes in a monophasic medium (CH 2Cl2/CH3OH) at ambient temperature. The results of the present study show that the reaction rate strongly depends on both catalyst steric effects and steric and electronic properties of sulfides. In the system, the electronic spectral studies are applied to explain the formation of a reactive (salen) Fe=O intermediate