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    Simulating Dynamics of Immiscible Liquids Separation Using Microfluidics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kamrani, Soroush (Author) ; Mohammadi, Aliasghar (Supervisor)
    Most of industrial and laboratory processes are faced with liquid-liquid emulsions particularly aqueous-organic ones in their different product streams which determine the need to perform phase separation due to enviromental problems or need to increase the product purity. In this project, due to presence of a water-hexane two phase flow mixture in the outflow of a microractor that performs Lithium-Bromine exchange reaction, a capillary microchip separator has been designed in order to separate water through capillary channel and hexane through main channel outlet using interfacial forces and wettability effects. To obtain a desired phase separation, the pressure drop through main channel... 

    Preparation and Characterization of Polymeric Nanocomposite Membrane used in Li-Ion Batteries

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadzad, Mohammad Khalil (Author) ; Pircheraghi, Gholamreza (Supervisor)
    In Lithium ion batteries, the separator is membrane that placed between the cathode and the anode is one of critical components. Its primary function is to effectively transport ionic charge carriers between two electrodes as an efficient ionic conductor as well as to prevent the electric contact between them as a good electric insulator. The separator does not involve directly in any cell reactions, but its structure and properties play an important role in determining the battery performance. Commercially available polyolefin separators low cost, good electric resistance, high electrochemical stability, and effectively prevent thermal runaway caused by the electrical short-circuits or... 

    Construction of Suitable Polymeric Membrane by Thermal Induce Phase Separation (TIPS) for using in the Membrane Bioreactor (MBR)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahanbakhshi, Nader (Author) ; Farhadi, Fathollah (Supervisor) ; Mousavi, Abbas (Supervisor)
    In this study, the response surface methodology (RSM) based on the central composite design (CCD) were used to prepare a polypropylene grafted maleic anhydride (PP-g-MA) microporous flat sheet membrane via thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) method. Mixture of dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and dioctyl phthalate (DOP) were used as diluent. The effect of the polymer composition and coagulation bath temperature on the morphology and performance of the fabricated microporous membranes in a bioreactor (MBR) were investigated. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine which variables and interactions between variables have a significant effect on our responses. The ANOVA revealed that the... 

    Study on the Exfoliation of Graphite into Graphene by Electrochemical Method and Its Application in Thermoplastic Polyurethane Nanocomposite

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Razeghi, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Pircheraghi, Gholamreza (Supervisor)
    Graphene is two dimensional nanomaterial, single layer of carbon atoms that exhibited excellent properties like high electrical conductivity and stiffness, but producing graphene and obtaining a good dispersion of graphene in a polymer matrix is still a major challenge. In this study by using the electrochemical route several graphene with different degree of oxidation produced in different electrolyte medium. According to XRD data, product of electrochemical exfoliation in dilute HNO3 medium includes 50% few-layer graphene (5 layers) and 25% GO and the rest are multi-layer graphene. Nonsolvent induced phase separation method were used to prepare TPU/Graphene nanocomposite. Different methods... 

    Porous Structured of Polystyrene by Phase Separation in Liquid Nitrogen for Immersed Solvent Supported µ-extraction of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahdi, Tayebeh (Author) ; Bagheri, Habib (Supervisor)
    Porous materials using polymers have been developed for a variety of industrial applications. These structures mostly contain well-aligned microchannels and exhibit good mechanical properties and high porosity.There are several ways to prepare porous polymeric structures, such as sintering, stretching, track etching and phase separation processes. In this work Phase separation method using anti-solvent of selected polymer in liquid nitrogen was used to fabricate the porous structures. Considering physical and chemical peroperties of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, porous polystyrene make to be good sorbents. Solvent supported microextraction technique was applied to extract polycyclic... 

    Numerical Investigation of Turbulent Flow Inside De-Oiling Hydrocyclones Using Large Eddy Simulation Approach

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saeedi, Maysam (Author) ; Farhanieh, Bijan (Supervisor)
    Hydrocyclones are used for separating different materials from liquids in a variety of applications. Compactness, efficiency, reliability and low maintenance costs are their noteworthy characteristics. Dewatering and deoiling hydrocyclones used for refining crude oil or oily waste water in offshore platforms are examples of liquid-liquid hydrocyclones. Separation process in hydrocyclones is based on the fact that swirl flow induces a centrifugal force and leads to separation due to density difference. The density difference in liquid-liquid mixtures is smaller than solid-liquid types and trying to separate one liquid from another takes much more effort than the other type. Increase of... 

    Phase Separation in Binary Liquid Crystal Mixtures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Noorbakhsh, Javad (Author) ; Ejtehadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Phase separation of a 50:50 binary system composed of two prolate ellipsoids with different axis ratios is investigated through molecular dynamics simulation. The system can be considered as a coarse-grained model of a binary liquid crystal mixture. Phase separation has been detected in the system by changing the density as the control parameter. The system goes through two different phase changes, one being the phase change due to phase separation and the other one due to orientational phase transition. In the latter case coexistence of the two particles results in simultaneous phase transition  

    TPU/graphene nanocomposites: effect of graphene functionality on the morphology of separated hard domains in thermoplastic polyurethane

    , Article Polymer ; Volume 148 , 18 July , 2018 , Pages 169-180 ; 00323861 (ISSN) Razeghi, M ; Pircheraghi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Graphene nanoplatelets with different surface functional groups and polarity were prepared by Hummer's method and electrochemical exfoliation of graphite in two aqueous acids. The XRD, FTIR and sedimentation tests performed to characterize the polarity of the prepared graphenes. The highest polarity was associated with the sample prepared by Hummer's method and the sample synthesized by electrochemical exfoliation in nitric acid medium showed the moderate polarity. Meanwhile, the sample prepared in sulfuric acid medium showed the lowest polarity. Then thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)/graphene nanocomposite films were fabricated with solvent exchange method. While the dispersion state and... 

    Synthesis and analysis of the properties of ferro-fluids

    , Article ICONN 2010 - Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 22 February 2010 through 26 February 2010, Sydney, NSW ; 2010 , Pages 91-93 ; 9781424452620 (ISBN) Maleki Jirsaraei, N ; Ghane Motlagh, B ; Ghane Golmohamadi, F ; Ghane Motlagh, R ; Rouhani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    We report the rheological properties of ferro-fluid (FF) containing iron oxide nano-particles. At first, a FF was synthesized by using chemical co-precipitaton[1]. The microstructure study using SEM revealed that the FF contained nano-particles with the mean particle size of 35nm. The XRD study revealed that we have well crystallized structures of magnetite; they appeared to be approximately single crystalline structures. The rheological results proved that the FF has non Newtonian behavior, it is a shear thinning fluid in all magnetic fields, Moreover, the magnetic field increases the viscosity in a definite shear rate due to the nano-particles agglomerations and formation of chain-like... 

    Super-porous semi-interpenetrating polymeric composite prepared in straw for micro solid phase extraction of antibiotics from honey, urine and wastewater

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1631 , 2020 Asgari, S ; Bagheri, H ; Es-haghi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    A cryogel–based semi–interpenetrating polymer network (Cryo–SIPN) was prepared in which conductive polymers such as polyaniline (PANI) and polypyrrole (PPy) were formed within the super porous network of acrylic acid cryogel. For completion of cryo-polymerization, all the constituent solutions were severely mixed and placed into the plastic straws and kept at -20°C and then the synthesized cyrogels were cut into the 1-cm length and freeze dried after washing with water. The Cryo–SIPN polymeric composite was applied in micro solid phase extraction (µSPE) of some selected antibiotic residues from various samples. The µSPE method combined with a high performance liquid... 

    Study of gas separation properties of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer membranes prepared via phase inversion method

    , Article Separation and Purification Technology ; Volume 62, Issue 3 , 22 September , 2008 , Pages 642-647 ; 13835866 (ISSN) Mousavi, S. A ; Sadeghi, M ; Motamed Hashemi, M. M. Y ; Pourafshari Chenar, M ; Roosta Azad, R ; Sadeghi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The gas separation properties of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) membranes containing 18 and 28 wt% of vinyl acetate (VA) were investigated in this study. The effects of membrane preparation conditions, such as thermal and thermal/wet phase inversion, and the type of solvent on the gas separation properties of EVA membranes were investigated. The permeation of pure O2, N2, CH4, and CO2 gases at different feed pressures ranging from 2 to 11 bar were examined. The results indicated that the CO2 permeability was evidently higher than those of the other gases. Furthermore, the solubility mechanism was found to be the dominant mechanism for permeation of gases through EVA membranes. Moreover, the... 

    Structural analysis of Y3Ba5Cu8O 19-δ high-Tc superconductor by ab initio density functional theory

    , Article Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications ; Volume 497 , 15 February , 2014 , 2014, Pages 84-88 ; ISSN: 09214534 Khosroabadi, H ; Rasti, M ; Akhavan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The details of the crystal structure of the recently discovered Y 3Ba5Cu8O18+δ (Y358) superconductor have been determined by ab initio density functional theory. Total energy calculation has been performed for three different suggested structures with different oxygen content. The structure with a center of inversion symmetry and the highest oxygen concentration has the lowest total energy. Thus, it is the best choice for the Y358 crystal structure. By investigating the detailed structure, it is seen that this compound is arranged either of YBa2Cu3O7 and YBaCu2O 5 or YBaCu2O5 and BaCuO2 substructural blocks in the c direction. The difference between the total energy of Y358 compound and the... 

    Spin and charge fluctuations in a one-dimensional lattice with long-range interactions

    , Article Physica B: Condensed Matter ; Volume 571 , 2019 , Pages 204-209 ; 09214526 (ISSN) Talebi, A. H ; Davoudi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    We study the competition between spin and charge fluctuations of the extended Hubbard model with on-site and dipole-dipole interactions in a one-dimensional lattice. Using the extended two-particle self consistent (ETPSC) method, we find the corresponding expressions for spin and charge response functions. In this approach, the irreducible spin and charge vertices are a function of inter-particle distance (r) and wave-number (q). This theory allows us to determine the crossover temperatures and the dominant instability as a function of U and V. The phase diagrams are obtained for several effective particle densities: n = 0.5, n = 1 and n = 4/3. Each phase diagram (U − V − T space)... 

    Solvent extraction of rare earth elements from a nitric acid leach solution of apatite by mixtures of tributyl phosphate and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid

    , Article Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science ; Volume 48, Issue 6 , 2017 , Pages 3380-3387 ; 10735615 (ISSN) Ferdowsi, A ; Yoozbashizadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Solvent extraction of rare earths from nitrate leach liquor of apatite using mixtures of tributyl phosphate (TBP) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) was studied. The effects of nitrate and hydrogen ion concentration of the aqueous phase as well as the composition and concentration of extractants in the organic phase on the extraction behavior of lanthanum, cerium, neodymium, and yttrium were investigated. The distribution ratio of REEs increases by increasing the nitrate concentration in aqueous phase and concentration of extractants in organic phase, but the hydrogen ion concentration in aqueous phase has a decreasing effect. Yttrium as a heavy rare earth is more sensitive to... 

    Sol-gel-based silver nanoparticles-doped silica - Polydiphenylamine nanocomposite for micro-solid-phase extraction

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 886 , July , 2015 , Pages 56-65 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Banihashemi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    A nanocomposite of silica-polydiphenylamine doped with silver nanoparticles (Ag-SiO2-PDPA) was successfully synthesized by the sol-gel process. For its preparation, PDPA was mixed with butanethiol capped Ag nanoparticles (NPs) and added to the silica sol solution. The Ag NPs were stabilized as a result of their adsorption on the SiO2 spheres. The surface characteristic of nanocomposite was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In this work the Ag-SiO2-PDPA nanocomposite was employed as an efficient sorbent for micro-solid-phase extraction (μ-SPE) of some selected pesticides. An amount of 15 mg of the prepared sorbent was used to extract and... 

    Simultaneous separation of H2S and CO2 from CH4 by a high silica CHA-type zeolite membrane

    , Article Journal of Membrane Science ; Vol. 470, issue , 2014 , pp. 159-165 ; ISSN: 03767388 Maghsoudi, H ; Soltanieh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A high silica CHA-type membrane was synthesized by the in-situ crystallization method on a disk like α-alumina porous support to separate both acid (H2S, CO2) gases from methane. The membrane showed a permeance of 3.39×10-8mol/m2sPa for pure CO2with CO2/CH4 ideal selectivity of 21.6 at 303K and 100kPa pressure difference across the membrane. The membrane was also tested with N2 and O2 pure gases indicating a small O2/N2 selectivity of 1.2-1.4, which shows that this type of membrane is not suitable for O2/N2 separation. The membrane performance was also analyzed by binary (CO2-CH4) and ternary (H2S-CO2-CH4) gas mixtures, with compositions near the real sour natural gas (CO2: 2.13mol%, H2S:... 

    Simulation of two-phase liquid-vapor flows using a high-order compact finite-difference lattice Boltzmann method

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 92, Issue 5 , November , 2015 ; 15393755 (ISSN) Hejranfar, K ; Ezzatneshan, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Physical Society  2015
    A high-order compact finite-difference lattice Boltzmann method (CFDLBM) is extended and applied to accurately simulate two-phase liquid-vapor flows with high density ratios. Herein, the He-Shan-Doolen-type lattice Boltzmann multiphase model is used and the spatial derivatives in the resulting equations are discretized by using the fourth-order compact finite-difference scheme and the temporal term is discretized with the fourth-order Runge-Kutta scheme to provide an accurate and efficient two-phase flow solver. A high-order spectral-type low-pass compact nonlinear filter is used to regularize the numerical solution and remove spurious waves generated by flow nonlinearities in smooth regions... 

    Silica aerogel coated on metallic wire by phase separation of polystyrene for in–tube solid phase microextraction

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1500 , 2017 , Pages 69-75 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Baktash, M. Y ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2017
    In this research, an attempt was made toward synthesizing a sol–gel–based silica aerogel and its subsequent coating on a copper wire by phase separation of polystyrene. Adaption of this new approach enabled us to coat the metallic wire with powder materials. The use of this method for coating, led to the formation of a porous and thick structure of silica aerogel. The coated wire was placed in a needle and used as the sorbent for in–tube solid phase microextraction of chlorobenzenes (CBs). The superhydrophobicity of sorbent on extraction efficiency was investigated by using different ratios of tetraethylorthosilicate/methyltrimethoxysilane. The surface coated with the prepared silica aerogel... 

    Separation control of aero boundary layer in supercavitating bodies and its effect on pressure drag reduction

    , Article 2005 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM2005, Houston, TX, 19 June 2005 through 23 June 2005 ; Volume 2005 , 2005 , Pages 19-27 ; 0791837602 (ISBN); 9780791837603 (ISBN) Khakpour, Y ; Yazdani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Supercavitation is known as the way of viscous drag reduction for the projectiles, moving in the liquid phase. In recent works, there is distinct investigation between cavitation flow and momentum transfer far away from the cavity surface. In fact such methodologies consider cavitation flow statically, rather than taking dynamic effects of overall flow into account. However, it seems that there is strong connection between overall flow and what takes place in the sheet cavity where a constant pressure distribution is assumed. Thereby, in order to configure the system conditions which may be cause of cavity perturbation and so system oscillation, we need to use proper methodologies in which... 

    Resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogel as a micro-solid-phase extraction sorbent for the determination of herbicides in aquatic environmental samples

    , Article Journal of Separation Science ; Volume 38, Issue 13 , 2015 , Pages 2305-2311 ; 16159306 (ISSN) Es Haghi, A ; Zare, M ; Piri Moghadam, H ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, organic aerogels were synthesized by the sol-gel polycondensation of mixed cresol with formaldehyde in a slightly basic aqueous solution. Carbon aerogels and xerogels are generated by pyrolysis of organic aerogels. The novel sol-gel-based micro-solid-phase extraction sorbent, resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogel, was employed for preconcentration of some selected herbicides. Three herbicides of the aryloxyphenoxypropionate group, clodinafop-propargyl, haloxyfop-etotyl, and fenoxaprop-P-ethyl, were extracted from aqueous samples by micro-solid-phase extraction and subsequently determined by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry. The effect of different parameters influencing the...