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    The Effect of Compatibilizer and Short Glass Fiber on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of PBT/PC Blend

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahab, Amir Reza (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    In this research, we studied the effect of compatibilizer and short glass fiber on microstructure and mechanical properties of PBT/PC blends. Fisrt, Antioxidants and sodium pyrophosphate dibasic were used to suppress transesterification in PBT/PC Blend. The results showed that best composition occur when both of them are used. In the next step, we used 3%wt MBS (methyl methacrylate-butadiene-styrene) and saw that this weight percent of this compatibilizer doesn’t useful. Moreover addition of short glass fiber to PBT/PC was examined and the results showed that mechanical properties of composite are extensively increased. Also in this step, we proved this idea that we can replace some of PBT... 

    Study on Structure, Mechanical Properties, and Flammability of PC/ABS

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alaei, Yasaman (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor) ; Seyed Reyhani, Morteza (Supervisor)
    Polycarbonate (PC) is known as one of the engineering plastics with remarkable mechanical properties, but the application of this polymer is limited due to its high notch sensitivity. Blending polycarbonate with other polymers such as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is a method to resolve this disadvantage. PC/ABS blends are commonly used in automotive industry, electrical and electronic devices. As PC and ABS are not completely miscible, a variety of compatibilizers are used to achieve a suitable microstructure and high engineering properties. Considering crucial applications of PC/ABS blends, different flame retardants are also used to reduce the flammability. These flame retardants... 

    Mechanical Behavior of Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate/Polycarbonate/Glass Fiber Composites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Haji Rezaei, Mohammad Javad (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, with the increasing number of polyethylene terephthalate wastes, the issue of its recycling has become very important. Among the problems of polyethylene terephthalate recycling are its loss of crystallinity and mechanical properties. Recycled polyethylene terephthalate does not have the properties of new polyethylene terephthalate and using its mixture with other materials is an effective way to remove its waste from nature and return it to the production cycle. The aim of this study is to produce a mixture of recycled polyethylene terephthalate with polycarbonate and glass fibers with mechanical properties such as good impact strength, which ultimately leads to the production of... 

    The Impedimetric Human Papiloma Virous DNA Biosensor Fabrication Based on Gold Nanotubes

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Shariati, Mohsen (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Sasanpour, Pezhman (Supervisor)
    An impedimetric human papilloma virus (HPV) DNA biosensor based on gold nanotubes (AuNTs) in label free detection was materialized. The AuNTs decorated nanoporous polycarbonate (AuNTs-PC) template as biosensor electrode was fabricated by electrodeposition method. The single strand DNA (ss-DNA) probe was covalently immobilized onto the AuNTs-PC electrode. The hybridization of target sequences with the ss-DNA probe was observed by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The biosensor showed high selectivity and could differentiate between the complementary, mismatch and non-complementary DNA sequences. The EIS measurements were matched to Randle's equivalent circuit. The... 

    Processing and Characterization of Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of PC/PBT Blend

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shabani, Farzan (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    Blend of Polycarbonate/ poly(butylene terephthalate) is among the most famous blends of polycarbonate/polyester with vast engineering applications and unique properties. Miscibility and compatibilization of this blend are important as they directly influence the general properties.Transesterification which occurs in the melt state, is a series of cutting and rejoining of dissimilar polymer chains. The reaction ruins the order of pure chains and forms block copolymers of different natures. Further progress in transesterification lead into a completely random copolymer of initial chains. Time, temperature and addition of catalyst can effectively influence transesterification.In this study,... 

    Processing and Characterization of Fracture Behavior of Hybrid Epoxy Nanocomposite Modified with Polycarbonate

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amini NajafAbadi, Leila (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    Epoxy resins have good mechanical and thermal properties, high chemical resistance and low shrinkage during cure but in spite of these good properties,they are brittle and this limits the usage of them. Adding a second, soft or rigid, phase has been always an effective strategy to improve the toughness of epoxy. Rigid phase used in resins are divided into organic and inorganic. The aim of this study is to increase epoxy toughness, maintaining mechanical properties and study effect of silica and polycarbonate on fracture toughness simultaneously. Mechanical properties including yield strength and elastic modulus are evaluated by pressure test. Additionally fracture toughness and three... 

    Synthesis and Optical Properties of Cadmium Selenide Thin Films and Nanowires

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kalhori, Hossein (Author) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    The interesting properties of metallic and semiconductor nanowires provide many applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices. In this project, we have synthesized Cu and CdSe nanowires using electrodeposition method. To adjust deposition bath conditions and characterize the structure of deposit first we prepared CdSe thin film on ITO substrates. The used solution was contained 0.1 M CdSO4+ 0.1 mM SeO2 in the acidic situation with pH=2.5. The best reduction potential was determined about -0.5 V. The XPS and XRD analyses showed that the ratio of cadmium to selenium in the films was 1:1 and the film’s structure is amorphous. Optical band gap of the cadmium selenide films was obtained... 

    Preparation and Surface Modification of PC Membranes for Gas Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sedghi, Saeed (Author) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Goodarznia, Iraj (Supervisor)
    The gas separation properties of polycarbonate (PC) membranes were investigated in this study. These membranes were prepared via dry and dry-wet phase inversion technique. Pure O2, N2, and CO2 gases were permeated through prepared membranes. The effects of membrane preparation conditions, including solvent type, non-solvent type, non-solvent/solvent volumetric ratio, polymer weight fraction, and drying temperature on the gas separation properties of dry PC membranes were investigated using Taguchi experimental design. Taguchi analysis show that polymer weight fraction offers the most important effect on the separation characteristics of the dry PC membranes. To get the highest... 

    Synthesis of Palladium Nanowires for Hydrogen Gas Sensor by Field Ionization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology dolatkhah, Naeme (Author) ; Irajizad, Azam (Supervisor)
    The interesting properties of metallic nanowires provide many applications in electronic sensors. In this project, we have synthesized Pd nanowires using electrodeposition method. These nanowires are useful for hydrogen sensors by measuring field ionization current in gas. In this project, Pd nanowires were synthesized by electrochemical deposition method in PCT template with 100 nm pore size. The used solution was contained 2mM PdCl2 + 0.1M HCl. The best reduction potential was determined about -0.2V and the best time for synthesizing nanowires was 7 minutes. Chronoampermetric diagrams showed four steps, capacitive current, growth in the holes, reaching to the surface of PCT and the growth... 

    Preparation of Polycarbonate Membrane for Industrial Wastewater Treatment in Membrane Bioreator

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazemi Dashtarjandi, Saeed (Author) ; Mousavi, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Bastani, Dariush (Supervisor)
    Today, membrane bioreactors (MBRs) process is one of the most important options in industrial and municipal wastewater treatment. In MBRs, membrane has an essential influence on their performance. In this study, polycarbonate was exploited as membrane to evaluate its performance in MBR since it has excellent mechanical properties. However, polycarbonate is brittle and breaks at low elongation at room temperature. Solution blending was utilized to improve polycarbonate’s properties. Blending membrane was characterized and assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and tensile strength. Polycarbonate solution blending with polyurehatne which has excellent toughness and flexibility enhance... 

    Fabrication of Porous Electrospun Fibe on Biocompatible Polymers such as Polycaprolactone (Pcl) and Thrs Based eir Application in Sample Preparation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdi, Parisa (Author) ; Bagheri, Habib (Supervisor)
    The aim of this study was to develop a method to determine the trace residual amounts of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in meat-related samples and to study the effect of different cooking methods and storage conditions of meat before cooking as an effective factor on the fate of these drugs. To proceed this goal, a nanocomposite was prepared from polycaprolactone nanofiber/silica mesopores as green sorbent by electrospinning. The synthesized nanocomposite was implemented for micro-solid phase extraction of the desired drugs in conjunction with high performance liquid chromatography. Polycaprolactone, due to its excellent physical properties, availability, biodegradability,... 

    Time dependence of the surface plasmon resonance of copper nanorods

    , Article Journal of Physics Condensed Matter ; Volume 19, Issue 44 , 2007 ; 09538984 (ISSN) Azarian, A ; Iraji zad, A ; Dolati, A ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Copper nanorods have been synthesized by electrodeposition with different lengths in porous polycarbonate (PCT) membranes with a pore diameter of 50nm and a thickness of 4νm. The PCT membranes were dissolved in dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) and the solvent was replaced by methanol solutions. Extinction peaks at 587, 581 and 574nm were observed for the Cu nanorods with aspect ratio R = 6,8 and 10 in methanol, respectively. Polarization of the molecules of the medium around the wires changes the dielectric constant of the medium. Hence, the wavelength of the extinction peaks does not shows good agreement with calculations that were done on basis of Gans' theory with nominal dielectric constant of... 

    The potentiostatic electrodeposition of gold nanowire/nanotube in HAuCl4 solutions based on the model of recessed cylindrical ultramicroelectrode array

    , Article Journal of the Electrochemical Society ; Volume 160, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages D279-D288 ; 00134651 (ISSN) Bagheri Hariri, M ; Dolati, A ; Siavash Moakhar, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The mechanism of gold nanowire (AuNW) and nanotube (AuNT) electrodeposition in a cyanide-free solution is investigated for the first time based on the analytical model of Szabo et al. (A. Szabo et al., J. Electroanal. Chem. 217 (1987) 417) for recessed cylindrical ultramicroelectrode (UME). Track-etched Polycarbonate Template (PCT) is served as cylindrical UME ensemble/arrays. Firstly, Au is nucleated through a charge transfer step and when the Nernst thickness exceeds the pore length, the radial diffusion is established around pore mouths. By overlapping of these domains, the planar diffusion toward the whole PCT surface is obtained. An analytic expression for global diffusion coefficient... 

    Synthesis and characterization of electrochemically grown CdSe nanowires with enhanced photoconductivity

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics ; Volume 26, Issue 3 , March , 2015 , Pages 1395-1402 ; 09574522 (ISSN) Kalhori, H ; Irajizad, A ; Azarian, A ; Ashiri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2015
    CdSe nanowires were grown in polycarbonate track etched membrane with pore diameter of 80 nm by an electrochemical deposition technique. The mechanism of the growth was studied during the potentiostatic deposition of nanowires. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry results showed binding of fragments and fraction of atoms for the CdSe nanowires. Microstructure and morphology of synthesized CdSe nanowires were observed by scanning electron microscopy. Optical spectrophotometry technique was used to determine the energy band gap of CdSe nanowires. It was found that the nanowires were resistive in the dark and exhibited a pronounced visible light photoconductivity.... 

    Surface plasmon resonance of two-segmented Au-Cu nanorods

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 19, Issue 41 , 2008 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Azarian, A ; Iraji Zad, A ; Dolati, A ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Two-segmented gold-copper nanorods were electrodeposited inside the pores of polycarbonate track-etched membranes from two separate solutions. The PCT membranes were dissolved in dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) and the solvent was replaced by methanol solution. Optical absorption spectra of two-segmented Au-Cu nanorods dispersed in methanol showed two peaks which were related to the transverse mode of copper and the longitudinal mode of gold. By increasing the length of the gold segment, when the total length of both metals was fixed at 1 μm, the copper and gold peaks shifted to the blue and red wavelengths, respectively. We observed that the wavelengths of the extinction peaks are not in good... 

    Surface chemistry of atmospheric plasma modified polycarbonate substrates

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 257, Issue 23 , September , 2011 , Pages 9836-9839 ; 01694332 (ISSN) Yaghoubi, H ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Surface of polycarbonate substrates were activated by atmospheric plasma torch using different gas pressure, distance from the substrates, velocity of the torch and number of treatments. The modifications were analyzed by contact angle measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and UV-vis spectrophotometry. Plasma treatment caused the surface characteristics to become more hydrophilic as measured by the water contact angle, which decreased from 88° to 18°. The decrease in contact angle was mainly due to oxidation of the surface groups, leading to formation of polar groups with hydrophilic property. XPS results showed an increase in the intensity of... 

    Self cleaning TiO2 coating on polycarbonate: Surface treatment, photocatalytic and nanomechanical properties

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 204, Issue 9-10 , 2010 , Pages 1562-1568 ; 02578972 (ISSN) Yaghoubi, H ; Taghavinia, N ; Keshavarz Alamdari, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    A developed route to form TiO2 self cleaning coatings on polycarbonate substrates is reported. TiO2 coatings on plastics may find widespread application in auto and construction industries if possess desired photocatalytic and mechanical properties. A chemical surface treatment method was used to create hydrophilic groups on the surface. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed the treatment led to the oxidation of surface groups. TiO2 deposition was based on wet coating using an anatase sol of TiO2 nanoparticles of 30 nm size. The sol was synthesized using a sol-gel route. A pre-coat of peroxotitanium complex was employed to improve adhesion and inhibit the substrate degradation. The coating... 

    Preparation and characterization of polycarbonate/thermoplastic polyurethane blend membranes for wastewater filtration

    , Article Journal of Water Process Engineering ; Volume 16 , 2017 , Pages 170-182 ; 22147144 (ISSN) Nazemidashtarjandi, S ; Mousavi, S. A ; Bastani, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    The polycarbonate (PC)/thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) blend membranes were prepared by phase inversion process applied to membrane bioreactor (MBR) to investigate the fouling characteristics. The impact of TPU and poly (vinylpyrrolidone) PVP concentration in polymer dopes on membrane structure, morphology, and performance were studied. The flat sheet fabricated membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), water contact angle (WCA), membrane surface roughness measurements and mechanical strength. The membrane performance was investigated at subcritical operating conditions. Pure water and critical flux through the fabricated membranes were measured for better... 

    Polycarbonate surface cell's adhesion examination after Nd:YAG laser irradiation

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 29, Issue 4 , 2009 , Pages 1491-1497 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Ramezani Saadat Abadi, A ; Mousavi, A ; Seyedjafari, E ; Poursalehi, R ; Sareh, S ; Silakhori, K ; Poorfatollah, A. A ; Shamkhali, A. N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nd:YAG laser treatment was used in order to increase surface cell adhesion aspects of polycarbonate (PC) films prepared via melt process. The treatment was carried out under different wavelengths and beam diameters. ATR-FTIR and UV spectra obtained from different samples before and after laser treatment in air showed that laser irradiation has induced some chemical and physical changes in surface properties. The irradiated films were also characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and contact angle measurements. Effect of pulse numbers on the surface properties was also investigated. Cell culture test was used to evaluate cell adhesion property on the PC films before and after... 

    Phase morphology of polyblends of amorphous polycarbonate and semi-crystalline polyethylene terephthalate

    , Article Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition) ; Volume 11, Issue 3 , 2002 , Pages 151-157+209 ; 10261265 (ISSN) Frounchi, M ; Mehrabzadeh, M ; Mohseni, S. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Phase morphology, state of compatibility and various properties of blends of polycarbonate (PC) with bottle-grade and fibre-grade polyethylene terephthalate (BPET and FPET, respectively) were investigated. It was found that these blends have two-phase separated morphology with partial miscibility. Scanning electron micrographs revealed separated domains of PC-rich and PET-rich zones. PC domains appear spherical increasing in size from 2 μm for PC20/FPET80 up to about 5 μm for PC60/FPET40 blend. Further increase in PC content up to 80% caused phase inversion in which FPET appears as finely dispersed domains in continuous PC matrix. Tg of PC-rich phase decreased from 153 deg;C for pure PC down...