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    Control of Quasi-Resonant Converters Using Model Predictive Control

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebad, Mehdi (Author) ; Tahami, Farzad (Supervisor)
    DC-DC switching convertors are power electronic circuits that have various applications nowadays. Quasi-resonant convertors are a kind of these convertors that are of great interest due to their simple structure and soft switching. The goal of controlling these convertors is to achieve constant output voltage while varying the input voltage and the load by choosing a proper switching frequency. Classic controllers show drawbacks in the case of high input voltage and load tolerance, and this nonlinear behavior of the systems results in some practical challenges. In this thesis, nonlinear predictive controller for quasi-resonant Buck convertors is designed. Having designed the linear... 

    Feasibility Study and Conceptual Design of Solar Energy Source for Surface Train System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Maleki, Sina (Author) ; Durali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Advancements in solar powered systems bring about the possibility for today’s transportation systems to be operated and driven by such a clean and renewable source of energy. The challenging point of this combination is to draw high power levels from such a low power density source of energy. As a result, employing an efficient power storage and management system becomes inventible. The subjects of this research are to design a grid connected system and evaluate its performance and feasibility in a real application (Tehran- Mehrshahr surface train – Tehran 5th Metro Line). The task includes sixteen pairs of DC transmission lines which are powered by CIGS solar module technology and four... 

    Probabilistic Safety Assessment of IR-360 for Station BlackOut Accident (SBO) and Determination of the Frequency of Occurrence

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moinian, Fatemeh (Author) ; Ghofrani, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor) ; Yousefpour, Faramarz (Supervisor) ; Karimi, Kave (Co-Advisor)
    Station Blackout (SBO) involves Loss of Offsite Power (LOOP) concurrent with failure of the onsiteemergency ac power system. Although SBO is a beyond designbasis accident, in recent years this accident attracts a lot of attention. Fukushima nuclear accident which was initiated by earthquake followedby tsunami led to a SBO accident. In this thesis, Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) is applied to analyze SBO in IR-360 nuclear power plant and to compute its frequency. Meanwhile, weak points of the plant are identified in order to minimize the SBOprobability of occurrence. Fault tree method is used to evaluate emergency power system and offsite power system reliabilities. Common Cause... 

    Energy-Aware Service Job Scheduling in Data Center with Distributed UPS and Renewable Energy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ranjbar, Behnaz (Author) ; Goudarzi, Maziar (Supervisor)
    Recently, The Earth has become warm rapidly over the past few years. This global warming is not only caused by natural phenomena, and further increased by humans and the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Around 40 to 50 percent of energy consumption is related to information technology and communications. However, the rapid growth of electricity consumption in data centers, in addition to increased costs, data center challenges faced serious environmental pollution and more greenhouse gases. Use of renewable energy and reducing electricity costs in data centers are the important subjects for researchers around the world. Many researchers provide solutions to reduce environmental... 

    Standalone and Parallel Operation Optimization of Uninterruptible Power Supplies

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hasanzadeh, Amin (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor) ; Karimi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Increase of sensitive customers to power quality has raised concerns in industries regarding requirements of quality power supply. Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPSs) are known as efficient tools in providing reliable power supply to sensitive customer. However, in a UPS, getting a desired output requires appropriate structural implementation and successful output voltage control. On the other hand, due to the increase in sensitive loads in customers, the output power range of UPSs has increased. Consequently, design and producing high power UPSs is not economical. In addition, tendency to have high reliability power supplies disrespect of their physical locations has moved researcher... 

    nvestigating and Using of an Optimal Controller for Parallel 3-Phase UPS

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazaripouya, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    In this thesis first of all the different approaches of control and parallel of multi-modular inverter system were investigated. These methods have been categorized and examined separately, and they were compared with each other in terms of quality and quantity. Afterwards, Active current sharing technique due to its high reliability was selected as the fundamental control approach. Among different ways for active current sharing, Avarage load sharing was chosen for its acceptable stability compared with other method. Approaching this goal, for the first time optimal control strategy and LQR method was proposed to parallel 3-phase inverters.At first, the problem was edited to be compatible... 

    Application of PSA Methods in the Reliability Analysis of EPSS of Busherhr NPP in case of Station Black Out

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khorrami, Vahid (Author) ; Ghofrani, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    LOOP accident is one of the most important accidents in NPPS and it leads to loss of power supply of the RCP pumps which are the main pumps of primary circuit. Subsequently trip of the rector occurs. In safety analysis, concerning worst conditions, assumes that after a small period of time, main generator of plant stops working and loss of AC power supply of all power plant loads including safety systems ocures. To control of this accident, it’s necessary to startup and load backup power supply system (EDGs) for at least one safety channels, if not, the accident moves forwards and becomes S.B.O accident which is more important accident that ends to core damage because of stops working of all... 

    Analysis of High Voltage Pulsed Power Supply Based on Parallel Modules via Pulse Transformer

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hadizade, Amir Abbas (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, pulsed power structures containing a step up high voltage transformer with large transformer ratio are investigated. In pulsed power applications, a step up pulse transformer is a proper choice in the cases in which a low primary voltage is available. The noticeable advantage of employing these transformers is the ability to use several modules in the primary side of the transformer. However, it should be noticed that the primary side current of the transformer is large. So to solve this problem, the number of primary windings could be increased and the primary large current can be shared between these windings. In this thesis, the sharing methods are investigated and the... 

    Design and Implementation of a High-Efficient High-Power-Density Telecom Battery Charger using Planar Matrix Transformers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazerian, Emad (Author) ; Tahami, Farzad (Supervisor)
    In creating a telecom battery charger there are three challenging factors which are high power density, high efficiency and modularity. A telecome battery charger consist of a rectifier with power factor correction capability and a DC-DC converter. The power stage of DC-DC converter with high output current and low output voltage has a vital role in the battery charger. The isolation transformer and magnetic component of LLC resonant tank are two huge and heavy parts of the DC-DC converter. With the emergence of GaN and SiC switches pushing frequency to to megahertz is possible which resulted in decreasing the volume of passive divices. But with increasing the frequency, designing of the... 

    10KV High Voltgage DC Power Supply by Diode Rectifier and Switching Regulator to Reduce Output Capacitor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jannati, Mohammad Kazem (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    High voltage dc power supplies are commonly used in medical equipment, microwave lamps, X-ray equipment and radio transmission systems. In radio Transmission power supplies the output voltage quality is of great importance and the output voltage ripple must be very low. In addition usage of low frequency transformer and rectifier needs large bulk capacitors to reduce output voltage ripple. Moreover, to reduce energy discharged into load in load short circuit faults the output capacitance should be as low as possible. An approach to solve this problem is to use a diode rectifier and a switching power supply in series configuration. The Advantage is that the switching power supply provides a... 

    Design and Analysis of a High Voltage Power Supply with Variable Output Voltage

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khakparvar Yazdi, Amin (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    High voltage DC/DC converters are widely used in lasers, microwave tubes supplies, X-ray equipment, medical and industrial applications. Each of these applications have special attention to certain parameters such as output voltage ripple, fast stability, repeatability and accuracy. For power modulation in microwave tubes, the anode-cathode supply need to be varied. Generally such variations needs a high voltage DC supply so that, in a certain frequency each point can be controlled in specific voltage. Anode- cathode current flow is too low (in milliamps scale) so, the load of converter output can be assumed to be zero. The goal of this thesis is to design a DC/DC converter for Variable... 

    Design and Implement a High Voltage Switching DC Power Supply Based on Voltage Multiplier for High Regulation and Controllable Output Voltage

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi, Abbas (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    High DC voltage is widely used in many applications such as X-Ray machines ,CRT , photocopy machines and etc. One idea to produce this high DC voltage is to use transformers, but it will be large in volume. We can increase frequency to reduce the volume of transformers but high voltage of primary and secondary winding will limited this volume reduction. Furthermore high turn ratio in transformers increases non idealities that cause voltage and current spike, and increase loss and noise. The main goal of this thesis is to reduce differential mode voltages on transformers to reduce the volume of power supply. Voltage multiplier will be used to reduce differential mode voltage. Voltage... 

    Applying of Data Fusion Method for Improving the Protection System of the High Voltage DC Power Supply

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ayoubi, Ramin (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    Short-circuit fault detection is mandatory in a high voltage DC power supply to prevent fatal damage. The majority of converters employ a single sensor to detect the short-circuit fault. This attribute increases the interference vulnerability of the fault detection system in the presence of noise. Therefore, miss detections and false alarms are possible to occur. Miss detections and false alarms are harmful catastrophes in most applications. A commonly used method to suppress the noise impacts is using a low-bandwidth low-pass filter. However, the use of the low-bandwidth low-pass filter reduces the speed of fault detection due to the filter delay. This paper proposes a fast fault detection... 

    Analysis of the Effect of High-Power Microwave Tube Internal Fault on High Voltage Power Supply and Protection System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Atharijoo, Esmaeel (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    RF amplifier are one of the most important part of communication industry. microwave tubes are of the most sensitive and expensive parts of such systems, protection measures are of high importance. One of the phenomena that cause failure or degradation of tubes is electric arc in cathode of the tubes and dissipating energy due to that. In order to prevent the tubes from undergoing such harm, protection must be put into consideration. Furthermore, the limit of this dissipating energy determines the capacitor needed at the output of the power supply of the cathode. Since the value of the capacitor is directly proportionate to the amount of ripple of the output voltage, an exact calculation of... 

    Design and Construction of High-voltage Linear Regulator with Minimal Losses for Power Supply of Microwave Tube Cathode

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Osanloo, Mohsen (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    Microwave tubes are widely used in the telecommunications transmitters. high voltage power supplies are used to feed them. According to the specifications that arises for microwave tubes, To take advantage of these tubes need to maintain and stabilize voltage in a certain amount to be felt. If the tube supply voltage changes, the desired output parameters such as RF output power quality will change. To stabilize the voltage is within acceptable limits provided in different ways. One common method is the use of switching regulators due to the high efficiency compared to linear regulators considered. But it also will bring problems. Some of these problems can be pointed to electromagnetic... 

    Analysis and Optimal Design of High-Voltage High-Frequency Transformer with Parasitic Elements Consideration for Microwave Power Module

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Aghaei, Morteza (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    Applications of high voltage power supplies is increasing. Microwave power module is one of the applications. In microwave power module, the dimensions of the power supply are very important. On the other hand, the parasitic elements of the transformer of a high voltage power supply are significant because of high insulation distances and transformer high turn ratio. These elements including stray capacitance and leakage inductance change the converter behavior. In this thesis, a method for dimensional efficient design of high voltage power supply used in microwave power module is presented considering and analyzing the transformer parasitic elements. Beforehand, at first, the transformer... 

    Design and Implement of an Ultra Low Ripple Power Supply for Cathode of Microwave Tube

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jalali, Saeed (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahryar (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this Thesis is designing and constructing of high voltage power supply with very low ripple. Proposed method of this thesis is formed of two sections. In this proposed structure, in first section, structure is on basis of diodes rectifier that has been used for producing main portion of output load energy. Second section uses with aim of regulating of first stage voltage. In attention to existence of noises and available offsets in different sections of proposed circuits, model is basis of two stages structure. Sampling of output voltage by using of resistance divider for main loop of circuit has been done. So noises and offsets available in circuit act as prevented factor... 

    Robusting Series Structure of Semiconductor Switches for High Voltage Applications

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mohsenzadeh Hedesh, Sadegh (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    The series structure of semiconductor devices has a wide application in the industry and research field. The most critical issue in the series structure of series switches is the safe operating condition provision. Hence many kinds of research have been intensively focused on this topic to overcome this necessity. However, many existing aspects relevant to the series stacking of the semiconductor switches have not been pointed out. These include, the power loss must be accepted for the series devices and recovery of this power, providing balanced voltage for the series devices through a simple and easy implementing structure and providing a safe voltage condition for the series devices under... 

    Design and Fabrication of Variable DC Current Source for Microwave Tube Solenoid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi, Hamidreza (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    In order to adjust the electrons beam in microwave lamps, an accurate electromagnetic field that is produced by a solenoid is required. The precision of the magnetic field generated by this solenoid is very important, and in advanced systems this precision is less than 10 ppm. This system is used to adjust the radiation rate for producing a variety of radiopharmaceutical. The major problem of the system is that the electron beam changes by time due to a change in the magnetic field, and this event causes the operator's room to be radiated. Constant calibration of this system is also very demanding and impractical. An example of these highly accurate (several ppm) systems are used in the... 

    Reducing Harmonic Distortion in Three-phase Parallel UPS Configuration with Nonlinear Load Using Disturbance Observer

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Valizade Alavi, Shahab (Author) ; Tahami, Farzad (Supervisor)
    Three-phase inverters as a UPS are very common in industry and non-linear loads such as rectifiers are growing in industry. Three phase inverter with non-linear load can lead to highly distorted output voltage which can make problem for sensitive loads such as servers etc. Parallel configuration of three-phase inverters, also have the same problem with non-linear loads. Droop control and Master/slave control methods are two major methods which investigated in this thesis. This paper proposes a method for reducing voltage THD in three phase inverters with non-linear load. The proposed method considers the load current as a disturbance and provide a control strategy to reject it using the...