Search for: power-supplies
0.011 seconds
Total 132 records

    Control of Three-phase UPS with Nonlinear Load Using Disturbance Observer Considering Transformer Concerns

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahriari, Zohair (Author) ; Tahami, Farzad (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, non-linear loads comprise an important part of electrical grids. One of the most essential sources of nonlinear loads is switching power supplies, which mainly include power electronic rectifiers. When power outage occurs, Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS) must be able to supply these loads. The nonlinearity of the load has a significant effect on the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of the output voltage, which may not be easily reduced, especially in three-phase inverters. Furthermore, the presence of isolating transformers in these power supplies limits the control of harmonics and intensifies the nonlinear effects of the system.In this Master Thesis, a disturbance observer is... 

    Control of Quasi-Resonant Converters Using Model Predictive Control

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebad, Mehdi (Author) ; Tahami, Farzad (Supervisor)
    DC-DC switching convertors are power electronic circuits that have various applications nowadays. Quasi-resonant convertors are a kind of these convertors that are of great interest due to their simple structure and soft switching. The goal of controlling these convertors is to achieve constant output voltage while varying the input voltage and the load by choosing a proper switching frequency. Classic controllers show drawbacks in the case of high input voltage and load tolerance, and this nonlinear behavior of the systems results in some practical challenges. In this thesis, nonlinear predictive controller for quasi-resonant Buck convertors is designed. Having designed the linear... 

    Reducing the Flow Rate of Short Circuit Fault Current at the Output of the High Voltage Power Supply

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zibarzani, Ali (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriar (Supervisor)
    In this research, we have presented a method to delay the propagation of fault current in high voltage power supplies. Common protection methods usually protect the load and do not protect the power supply itself well. In this research, our goal was to propose a method to prevent the short circuit fault current from reaching the power supply elements. At first, the available methods to limit the fault current and protect the high voltage power sources were studied and investigated. Then, using the transmission line theory, a ladder filter was designed as an alternative to the normal filter at the output of the power supply. In the next step, using software simulation, the performance of the... 

    Reducing Harmonic Distortion in Three-phase Parallel UPS Configuration with Nonlinear Load Using Disturbance Observer

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Valizade Alavi, Shahab (Author) ; Tahami, Farzad (Supervisor)
    Three-phase inverters as a UPS are very common in industry and non-linear loads such as rectifiers are growing in industry. Three phase inverter with non-linear load can lead to highly distorted output voltage which can make problem for sensitive loads such as servers etc. Parallel configuration of three-phase inverters, also have the same problem with non-linear loads. Droop control and Master/slave control methods are two major methods which investigated in this thesis. This paper proposes a method for reducing voltage THD in three phase inverters with non-linear load. The proposed method considers the load current as a disturbance and provide a control strategy to reject it using the... 

    Application of PSA Methods in the Reliability Analysis of EPSS of Busherhr NPP in case of Station Black Out

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khorrami, Vahid (Author) ; Ghofrani, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    LOOP accident is one of the most important accidents in NPPS and it leads to loss of power supply of the RCP pumps which are the main pumps of primary circuit. Subsequently trip of the rector occurs. In safety analysis, concerning worst conditions, assumes that after a small period of time, main generator of plant stops working and loss of AC power supply of all power plant loads including safety systems ocures. To control of this accident, it’s necessary to startup and load backup power supply system (EDGs) for at least one safety channels, if not, the accident moves forwards and becomes S.B.O accident which is more important accident that ends to core damage because of stops working of all... 

    nvestigating and Using of an Optimal Controller for Parallel 3-Phase UPS

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazaripouya, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    In this thesis first of all the different approaches of control and parallel of multi-modular inverter system were investigated. These methods have been categorized and examined separately, and they were compared with each other in terms of quality and quantity. Afterwards, Active current sharing technique due to its high reliability was selected as the fundamental control approach. Among different ways for active current sharing, Avarage load sharing was chosen for its acceptable stability compared with other method. Approaching this goal, for the first time optimal control strategy and LQR method was proposed to parallel 3-phase inverters.At first, the problem was edited to be compatible... 

    10KV High Voltgage DC Power Supply by Diode Rectifier and Switching Regulator to Reduce Output Capacitor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jannati, Mohammad Kazem (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    High voltage dc power supplies are commonly used in medical equipment, microwave lamps, X-ray equipment and radio transmission systems. In radio Transmission power supplies the output voltage quality is of great importance and the output voltage ripple must be very low. In addition usage of low frequency transformer and rectifier needs large bulk capacitors to reduce output voltage ripple. Moreover, to reduce energy discharged into load in load short circuit faults the output capacitance should be as low as possible. An approach to solve this problem is to use a diode rectifier and a switching power supply in series configuration. The Advantage is that the switching power supply provides a... 

    Robusting Series Structure of Semiconductor Switches for High Voltage Applications

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mohsenzadeh Hedesh, Sadegh (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    The series structure of semiconductor devices has a wide application in the industry and research field. The most critical issue in the series structure of series switches is the safe operating condition provision. Hence many kinds of research have been intensively focused on this topic to overcome this necessity. However, many existing aspects relevant to the series stacking of the semiconductor switches have not been pointed out. These include, the power loss must be accepted for the series devices and recovery of this power, providing balanced voltage for the series devices through a simple and easy implementing structure and providing a safe voltage condition for the series devices under... 

    Feasibility Study and Conceptual Design of Solar Energy Source for Surface Train System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Maleki, Sina (Author) ; Durali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Advancements in solar powered systems bring about the possibility for today’s transportation systems to be operated and driven by such a clean and renewable source of energy. The challenging point of this combination is to draw high power levels from such a low power density source of energy. As a result, employing an efficient power storage and management system becomes inventible. The subjects of this research are to design a grid connected system and evaluate its performance and feasibility in a real application (Tehran- Mehrshahr surface train – Tehran 5th Metro Line). The task includes sixteen pairs of DC transmission lines which are powered by CIGS solar module technology and four... 

    Holistic Energy Management in Distributed Data Center with Renewable Energy

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Taheri, Somayyeh (Author) ; Goudarzi, Maziar (Supervisor)
    In recent years, and with the development of information technology in various aspects of life, the growth of energy consumption in this sector has accelerated. With the advent of cloud computing and the development of its users, data centers have become one of the largest consumers of energy in the world. Adverse effects of fossil fuel consumption on the one hand and the global energy crisis as a limiting factor for development, on the other hand, have doubled the importance of managing the issue and reducing energy consumption in this sector. The two main energy-related concerns in data center construction are clean energy and energy management. The use of new energy and natural facilities... 

    Design and Implementation of a High-Efficient High-Power-Density Telecom Battery Charger using Planar Matrix Transformers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazerian, Emad (Author) ; Tahami, Farzad (Supervisor)
    In creating a telecom battery charger there are three challenging factors which are high power density, high efficiency and modularity. A telecome battery charger consist of a rectifier with power factor correction capability and a DC-DC converter. The power stage of DC-DC converter with high output current and low output voltage has a vital role in the battery charger. The isolation transformer and magnetic component of LLC resonant tank are two huge and heavy parts of the DC-DC converter. With the emergence of GaN and SiC switches pushing frequency to to megahertz is possible which resulted in decreasing the volume of passive divices. But with increasing the frequency, designing of the... 

    Design and Implement of Voltage Ripple Measuring System for Power Supply of Microwave Tubes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi Someh, Saeed (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahryar (Supervisor)
    Mostly, the high voltage DC power supplies have output voltage ripple. In such an applications like power supply of microwave lamps in radar systems, low output voltage ripple is an important point of operational characteristics. On the other hand, measuring the low voltage ripple will be a challenge that can lead to recognize of its reasons and reduce its amplitude. In this thesis, different ways of ripple measurement constraints is described, then a method based on high pass filters for output voltage ripple measurement is implemented. The impact of components tolerance and their parasitic components like shunt parasitic resistance of a capacitor in filter operational characteristics is... 

    Design and Implementation of a Regenerative Programmable Voltage Source

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemizadeh, Roozbeh (Author) ; Zolghadri, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Programmable AC Power Supply is a part of any Grid Simulator. Grid simulator is a system that, as a voltage source, can produce various power grid voltage waveforms in the output, and as a load, can draw different currents of ordinary loads from the power grid. The application of Grid Simulators is testing many grid connected systems, such as chargers, power supplies, PV inverters and etc. The purpose of this thesis is to design and build a 3 kW Programmable AC power supply, which can be used as a part of a grid simulator in future works. In this thesis, back to back converter topology is used for implementation of the programmable AC power supply. This back to back converter consists of an... 

    Design and Implement of an Ultra Low Ripple Power Supply for Cathode of Microwave Tube

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jalali, Saeed (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahryar (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this Thesis is designing and constructing of high voltage power supply with very low ripple. Proposed method of this thesis is formed of two sections. In this proposed structure, in first section, structure is on basis of diodes rectifier that has been used for producing main portion of output load energy. Second section uses with aim of regulating of first stage voltage. In attention to existence of noises and available offsets in different sections of proposed circuits, model is basis of two stages structure. Sampling of output voltage by using of resistance divider for main loop of circuit has been done. So noises and offsets available in circuit act as prevented factor... 

    Design and Implement a High Voltage Switching DC Power Supply Based on Voltage Multiplier for High Regulation and Controllable Output Voltage

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi, Abbas (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    High DC voltage is widely used in many applications such as X-Ray machines ,CRT , photocopy machines and etc. One idea to produce this high DC voltage is to use transformers, but it will be large in volume. We can increase frequency to reduce the volume of transformers but high voltage of primary and secondary winding will limited this volume reduction. Furthermore high turn ratio in transformers increases non idealities that cause voltage and current spike, and increase loss and noise. The main goal of this thesis is to reduce differential mode voltages on transformers to reduce the volume of power supply. Voltage multiplier will be used to reduce differential mode voltage. Voltage... 

    Design and Fabrication of Variable DC Current Source for Microwave Tube Solenoid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi, Hamidreza (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    In order to adjust the electrons beam in microwave lamps, an accurate electromagnetic field that is produced by a solenoid is required. The precision of the magnetic field generated by this solenoid is very important, and in advanced systems this precision is less than 10 ppm. This system is used to adjust the radiation rate for producing a variety of radiopharmaceutical. The major problem of the system is that the electron beam changes by time due to a change in the magnetic field, and this event causes the operator's room to be radiated. Constant calibration of this system is also very demanding and impractical. An example of these highly accurate (several ppm) systems are used in the... 

    Design of Excitation Circuits for Cold Plasma Characterization Chamber

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vardast, Sajjad (Author) ; Rashidian, Bijan (Supervisor)
    Plasma is a quasi-neutral gas consist of charged and neutral particles that manifest collective behavior. Plasma is an ionized gas in which all or a significant portion of its atoms have lost one or more electrons and become a set of positive ions and electrons. Plasma is one of the four primary states of matter. This project intends to generate plasma by a pulsed electric discharge in a gaseous environment. At first, in this project, the proper excitation circuits are collected and compared, then based on the feasibility of production, applicable methods are selected and constructed. The construction steps were such that the selected circuits were first simulated with the appropriate... 

    Design and Construction of High-voltage Linear Regulator with Minimal Losses for Power Supply of Microwave Tube Cathode

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Osanloo, Mohsen (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    Microwave tubes are widely used in the telecommunications transmitters. high voltage power supplies are used to feed them. According to the specifications that arises for microwave tubes, To take advantage of these tubes need to maintain and stabilize voltage in a certain amount to be felt. If the tube supply voltage changes, the desired output parameters such as RF output power quality will change. To stabilize the voltage is within acceptable limits provided in different ways. One common method is the use of switching regulators due to the high efficiency compared to linear regulators considered. But it also will bring problems. Some of these problems can be pointed to electromagnetic... 

    Design and Analysis of a High Voltage Power Supply with Variable Output Voltage

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khakparvar Yazdi, Amin (Author) ; Kaboli, Shahriyar (Supervisor)
    High voltage DC/DC converters are widely used in lasers, microwave tubes supplies, X-ray equipment, medical and industrial applications. Each of these applications have special attention to certain parameters such as output voltage ripple, fast stability, repeatability and accuracy. For power modulation in microwave tubes, the anode-cathode supply need to be varied. Generally such variations needs a high voltage DC supply so that, in a certain frequency each point can be controlled in specific voltage. Anode- cathode current flow is too low (in milliamps scale) so, the load of converter output can be assumed to be zero. The goal of this thesis is to design a DC/DC converter for Variable... 

    Hardware Design for Cold Plasma Characterization Chamber

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Aghapour, Reza (Author) ; Rashidian, Bijan (Supervisor) ; Faez, Rahim (Supervisor)
    Cold plasma due to its special properties has many applications in the microelectronics industry. At the beginning of this study, a few examples of widely used plasmas and the requirements for driving their power sources have been investigated. To generate and characterize plasma, various topologies of DC power supply construction, including high-voltage low-current power supplies called multipliers and low-voltage high-voltage power supplies called converters, have been reviewed and compared.Circuit for pulse generating for plasma application has also been proposed and investigated. In the simulation section, after introducing, reviewing, and compareing the common types of simulators, the...