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    Capturing single-cell heterogeneity via data fusion improves image-based profiling

    , Article Nature Communications ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , 2019 ; 20411723 (ISSN) Rohban, M. H ; Abbasi, H. S ; Singh, S ; Carpenter, A. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Publishing Group  2019
    Abstract
    Single-cell resolution technologies warrant computational methods that capture cell heterogeneity while allowing efficient comparisons of populations. Here, we summarize cell populations by adding features’ dispersion and covariances to population averages, in the context of image-based profiling. We find that data fusion is critical for these metrics to improve results over the prior alternatives, providing at least ~20% better performance in predicting a compound’s mechanism of action (MoA) and a gene’s pathway. © 2019, The Author(s)  

    The immunomodulatory effects of probiotics on respiratory viral infections: A hint for COVID-19 treatment?

    , Article Microbial Pathogenesis ; Volume 148 , November , 2020 Mahooti, M ; Miri, S. M ; Abdolalipour, E ; Ghaemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press  2020
    Abstract
    Respiratory virus infections are among the most prevalent diseases in humans and contribute to morbidity and mortality in all age groups. Moreover, since they can evolve fast and cross the species barrier, some of these viruses, such as influenza A and coronaviruses, have sometimes caused epidemics or pandemics and were associated with more serious clinical diseases and even mortality. The recently identified Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a Public Health Emergency of International concern and has been associated with rapidly progressive pneumonia. To ensure protection against emerging respiratory tract... 

    Temporary skin grafts based on hybrid graphene oxide-natural biopolymer nanofibers as effective wound healing substitutes: pre-clinical and pathological studies in animal models

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Volume 28, Issue 5 , 2017 , 73 ; 09574530 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, N ; Eslahi, N ; Mehdipour, A ; Mohammadi, M ; Akbari, M ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    Abstract
    Abstract: In recent years, temporary skin grafts (TSG) based on natural biopolymers modified with carbon nanostructures have received considerable attention for wound healing. Developments are required to improve physico-mechanical properties of these materials to match to natural skins. Additionally, in-deep pre-clinical examinations are necessary to ensure biological performance and toxicity effect in vivo. In the present work, we show superior acute-wound healing effect of graphene oxide nanosheets embedded in ultrafine biopolymer fibers (60 nm) on adult male rats. Nano-fibrous chitosan-based skin grafts crosslinked by Genepin with physico-mechanical properties close to natural skins were... 

    Mining the potential of label-free biosensors for in vitro antipsychotic drug screening

    , Article Biosensors ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 20796374 (ISSN) Kilic, T ; Soler, M ; Fahimi Kashani, N ; Altug, H ; Carrara, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2018
    Abstract
    The pharmaceutical industry is facing enormous challenges due to high drug attribution rates. For the past decades, novel methods have been developed for safety and efficacy testing, as well as for improving early development stages. In vitro screening methods for drug-receptor binding are considered to be good alternatives for decreasing costs in the identification of drug candidates. However, these methods require lengthy and troublesome labeling steps. Biosensors hold great promise due to the fact that label-free detection schemes can be designed in an easy and low-cost manner. In this paper, for the first time in the literature, we aimed to compare the potential of label-free optical and... 

    Preclinical evaluation of 188 Re-HYNIC-PSMA as a novel therapeutic agent

    , Article Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry ; Volume 331, Issue 2 , 2022 , Pages 841-849 ; 02365731 (ISSN) Hadisi, M ; Vosoughi, N ; Yousefnia, H ; Bahrami-Samani, A ; Zolghadri, S ; Vosoughi, S ; Alirezapour, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media B.V  2022
    Abstract
    In this study, optimized preparation, quality control, cell assessments and biostribution of 188Re-HYNIC-PSMA in normal rats and tumor bearing mice are studied. Optimized conditions for radiolabeling were evaluated and radiochemical purity (> 99%) was investigated using ITLC and HPLC methods. 188Re-HYNIC-PSMA was stable both in PBS (4 °C) and in human serum (37 °C) even after 48 h. The results showed the complex was cleared from the blood very fast via urinary track. This new radiolabeled compound has a high potential to be considered as an agent for the treatment of patients with PSMA expressing tumors however more biological studies are still needed. © 2022, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest,...