Search for: protein-expression
Total 33 records
The role of hippo signaling pathway in physiological cardiac hypertrophy, Article BioImpacts ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2020 , Pages 251-257 ; Tabrizi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences 2020
Introduction: The role of Hippo signaling pathway, which was identified by genetic studies as a key regulator for tissue growth and organ size, in promoting physiological cardiac hypertrophy has not been investigated. Methods: Fourteen male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to the exercise and control groups. The exercise group ran 1 hour per day, 5 days/week, at about 65%-75% VO2max on the motor-driven treadmill with 15ºslope, and the control group ran 15 min/d, 2 days/ week at 9 m/min (0ºinclination), throughout the eight-week experimental period. Forty-eight hours after the last session, hearts were dissected and left ventricles were weighed and stored for subsequent RT-PCR analysis....
Expression of functional recombinant human tissue transglutaminase (TG2) using the bac-to-bac baculovirus expression system, Article Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin ; Volume 6, Issue 1 , 2016 , Pages 49-56 ; 22285881 (ISSN) ; Azari, S ; Kalhor, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
Tissue transglutaminase (TG2) is a unique multifunctional enzyme. The enzyme possesses enzymatic activities such as transamidation/crosslinking and non-enzymatic functions such as cell migration and signal transduction. TG2 has been shown to be involved in molecular mechanisms of cancers and several neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. The present study aimed at cloning and expression of full length human TG2 in Bac-to-Bac baculovirus expression system and evaluation of its activity. Methods: pFastBac HTA donor vector containing coding sequence of human TG2 was constructed. The construct was transformed to DH10Bac for generating recombinant bacmid. The verified bacmid was...
Personalised deposition maps for micro- and nanoparticles targeting an atherosclerotic plaque: attributions to the receptor-mediated adsorption on the inflamed endothelial cells, Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 813-828 ; 16177959 (ISSN) ; Forouzandehmehr, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2019
Endothelial inflammation as a prominent precursor to atherosclerosis elicits a distinct pathological surface expression of particular vascular proteins. To exhibit a site-specific behaviour, micro- and nanoparticles, as carriers of therapeutics or imaging agents, can distinguish and use these proteins as targeted docking sites. Here, a computational patient-specific model capturing the exclusive luminal qualities has been developed to study the transport and adsorption of particles decorated with proper antibodies over an atherosclerotic plaque located in the LAD artery of the patient. Particles, in nano- and micron sizes, have been decorated with Sialyl Lewisx (sLex), P-selectin aptamer...
Stereolithography 3D bioprinting method for fabrication of human corneal stroma equivalent, Article Annals of Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 48, Issue 7 , June , 2020 , Pages 1955-1970 ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Kumar, H ; Mashayekhan, S ; Baradaran Rafii, A ; Kim, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract: 3D bioprinting technology is a promising approach for corneal stromal tissue regeneration. In this study, gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) mixed with corneal stromal cells was used as a bioink. The visible light-based stereolithography (SLA) 3D bioprinting method was utilized to print the anatomically similar dome-shaped structure of the human corneal stroma. Two different concentrations of GelMA macromer (7.5 and 12.5%) were tested for corneal stroma bioprinting. Due to high macromer concentrations, 12.5% GelMA was stiffer than 7.5% GelMA, which made it easier to handle. In terms of water content and optical transmittance of the bioprinted scaffolds, we observed that scaffold with...
Expression analysis of cytokine transcripts in inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, Article Metabolic Brain Disease ; Volume 36, Issue 7 , 2021 , Pages 2111-2118 ; 08857490 (ISSN) ; Ghafouri Fard, S ; Omrani, M. D ; Nazer, N ; Sayad, A ; Taheri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathies are a group of peripheral nerve system disorders in which immune reactions are dysregulated. Cytokines have noticeable roles in the regulation of these responses. We compared transcript levels of nine cytokine coding genes namely IL-1B, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17A, IFN-G, TGF-B and TNF-A in the peripheral blood of patients with acute and chronic kinds of this condition (AIDP and CIDP) and healthy persons. Expression of IL-17A was significantly lower in female AIDP cases compared with female controls (Expression Ratio = 0.02, P value = 0.02). Expression of this cytokine was higher in female CIDP cases compared with female AIDP cases...
Screening of glypican-6 expression in benign, primary and metastatic colon cancers, Article Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology ; Volume 15 , 2021 ; 11795549 (ISSN) ; Alshammari, F. O. F. O ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Sarayreh, S ; Al Sarayra, Y. M ; Aborajooh, E ; Al Shuneigat, J ; Alrawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
SAGE Publications Ltd 2021
Background: The development of colon cancer has been described as a multistep process of carcinogenesis. Understanding molecular and cellular changes underlying this process is required to determine potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets in colon cancers. Several molecular entities, including glypicans, are implicated in cancer development. Among these is glypican-6, which is overexpressed in a limited number of cancers. This study aims to characterise the glypican-6 expression in different types of colon cancer. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to characterise glypican-6 expression in a panel of archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded colon tissue types. These types included...
Directional migration and differentiation of neural stem cells within three-dimensional microenvironments, Article Integrative Biology (United Kingdom) ; Volume 7, Issue 3 , Jan , 2015 , Pages 335-344 ; 17579694 (ISSN) ; Heibatollahi, M ; Mofrad, M. R. K ; Sharif University of Technology
Royal Society of Chemistry 2015
Harnessing neural stem cells to repair neuronal damage is a promising potential treatment for neuronal diseases. To enable future therapeutic efficacy, the survival, proliferation, migration and differentiation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) should be accurately studied and optimized in in vitro platforms before transplanting these cells into the body for treatment purposes. Such studies can determine the appropriate quantities of the biochemical and biomechanical factors needed to control and optimize NPC behavior in vivo. In this study, NPCs were cultured within a microfluidic device while being encapsulated within the collagen matrix. The migration and differentiation of NPCs were...
Expression and function of c1orf132 long-noncoding rna in breast cancer cell lines and tissues, Article International Journal of Molecular Sciences ; Volume 22, Issue 13 , 2021 ; 16616596 (ISSN) ; Sharifi Zarchi, A ; Rahmani, S ; Nafissi, N ; Mowla, S. J ; Lauria, A ; Oliviero, S ; Matin, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
miR-29b2 and miR-29c play a suppressive role in breast cancer progression. C1orf132 (also named MIR29B2CHG) is the host gene for generating both microRNAs. However, the region also expresses longer transcripts with unknown functions. We employed bioinformatics and experimental approaches to decipher C1orf132 expression and function in breast cancer tissues. We also used the CRISPR/Cas9 technique to excise a predicted C1orf132 distal promoter and followed the behavior of the edited cells by real-time PCR, flow cytometry, migration assay, and RNA-seq techniques. We observed that C1orf132 long transcript is significantly downregulated in triple-negative breast cancer. We also identified a...
Cytochrome 4z1 expression is correlated with poor prognosis in patients with cervical cancer, Article Current Oncology ; Volume 28, Issue 5 , 2021 , Pages 3573-3584 ; 17187729 (ISSN) ; Alshammari, F. O. F. O ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Sarayra, Y. M ; Al Saraireh, R. A ; Al Muhaisen, G. H ; Al Mahdy, Y. S ; Al Kharabsheh, A. M ; Abufraijeh, S. M ; Al Rawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Background: cervical cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women worldwide and its management remains challenging and complex. As Cytochrome4Z1 (CYP4Z1) is overex-pressed in many tumours, its expression in cervical cancer is unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate CYP4Z1 expression in cervical cancers. Methods: CYP4Z1 expression was immunohistochemically assessed in 100 cases of cervical cancers along with ten normal cervix tissues, and the enzyme’s relationship to several clinicopathological features and survival was explored. Results: CYP4Z1 was strongly expressed in 55% of cervical cancer patients. Normal cervix samples were negative for CYP4Z1 expression....
Role of endurance training in preventing pathological hypertrophy via large tumor suppressor (LATS) changes, Article Iranian Heart Journal ; Volume 20, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 52-59 ; 17357306 (ISSN) ; Soori, R ; Choobineh, S ; Gholipour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Iranian Heart Association 2019
Background: One of the negative effects of cardiac sympathetic hyperactivity is pathologic hypertrophy. Recent studies have indicated that large tumor suppressor (LATS) is one of the molecules which play a critical role in cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Considering the preventive role of exercise training, we evaluated the effects of endurance training on LATS gene expression and its upstream pathway in the present study. Methods: Eighteen male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: Endurance and control. Endurance training was performed for 8 weeks, 1 hour per day, and 6 days per week on the treadmill at a 15° inclination. Pathologic hypertrophy was induced with the injection of 3...
Expression analysis of protein inhibitor of activated stat in inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, Article Frontiers in Immunology ; Volume 12 , 2021 ; 16643224 (ISSN) ; Hussen, B. M ; Nicknafs, F ; Nazer, N ; Sayad, A ; Taheri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Frontiers Media S.A 2021
Protein inhibitors of activated STAT (PIAS) are involved in the regulation of the JAK/STAT signaling pathway and have interactions with NF-κB, p73 and p53. These proteins regulate immune responses; therefore dysregulation in their expression leads to several immune-mediated disorders. In the present study, we examined expression of PIAS1-4 in peripheral blood of patients with acute/chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP/CIDP) compared with healthy subjects. We demonstrated down-regulation of all PIAS genes in both AIDP and CIDP cases compared with controls. Similarly, comparisons in gender-based groups revealed down-regulation of these gene0s in patients of each...
A viscoelastic model for axonal microtubule rupture, Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 48, Issue 7 , 2015 , Pages 1241-1247 ; 00219290 (ISSN) ; Manuchehrfar, F ; Rafii Tabar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2015
Axon is an important part of the neuronal cells and axonal microtubules are bundles in axons. In axons, microtubules are coated with microtubule-associated protein tau, a natively unfolded filamentous protein in the central nervous system. These proteins are responsible for cross-linking axonal microtubule bundles. Through complimentary dimerization with other tau proteins, bridges are formed between nearby microtubules creating bundles. Formation of bundles of microtubules causes their transverse reinforcement and has been shown to enhance their ability to bear compressive loads. Though microtubules are conventionally regarded as bearing compressive loads, in certain circumstances during...
A microfabricated platform for the study of chondrogenesis under different compressive loads, Article Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials ; Volume 78 , 2018 , Pages 404-413 ; 17516161 (ISSN) ; Jahanbakhsh, A ; Saidi, M. S ; Bonakdar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
Microfluidic devices are beneficial in miniaturizing and multiplexing various cellular assays in a single platform. Chondrogenesis is known to pertain to chemical, topographical, and mechanical cues in the microenvironment. Mechanical cues themselves have numerous parameters such as strain magnitude, frequency, and stimulation time. Effects of different strain magnitudes on the chondrogenic differentiation of adult stem cells have not been explored thoroughly. Here, a new multilayer microdevice is presented for the unidirectional compressive stimulation of cells in a three-dimensional cell culture. Numerical simulations were performed to evaluate and optimize the design. Results showed a...
Producing functional recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor in Pichia pastoris and investigating its protective role against irradiation, Article Enzyme and Microbial Technology ; Volume 111 , April , 2018 , Pages 12-20 ; 01410229 (ISSN) ; Kalhor, H. R ; Mowla, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Inc 2018
Keratinocyte Growth Factor (KGF) is a paracrine-acting, epithelial mitogen that plays a prominent role in the regeneration of damaged epithelial tissues. In spite of different attempts to produce recombinant human KGF in many organisms, including bacteria, mammalian cells, plant cells and insect cells; production of recombinant form suffers from lower yields and recovery relative to other recombinant proteins of similar size and properties. Due to many advantages of Pichia pastoris expression systems for producing industrial enzymes and pharmaceutical proteins, in this study P. pastoris was chosen as a host for KGF expression. For preparing human KGF coding sequence, MCF-7 cell line was...
Overexpression of protein kinase Mζ in the hippocampus mitigates alzheimer's disease-related cognitive deficit in rats, Article Brain Research Bulletin ; Volume 166 , 2021 , Pages 64-72 ; 03619230 (ISSN) ; Roosta Azad, R ; Motamedi, F ; Mirzapour Delavar, H ; Ghasemi, S ; Aliakbari, S ; Pourbadie, H. G ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Inc 2021
Accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) soluble forms in the cerebral parenchyma is the mainstream concept underlying memory deficit in the early phase of Alzheimer's disease (AD). PKMζ plays a critical role in the maintenance of long-term memory. Yet, the role of this brain-specific enzyme has not been addressed in AD. We examined the impact of hippocampal PKMζ overexpression on AD-related memory impairment in rats. Oligomeric form of Aβ (oAβ) or vehicle was bilaterally microinjected into the dorsal hippocampus of male Wistar rats under stereotaxic surgery. One week later, 2 μl of lentiviral vector (108 T.U. / ml.) encoding PKMζ genome was microinjected into the dorsal hippocampus. Seven days...
Examination of chondroitinase ABC I immobilization onto dextran-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles and its in-vitro release, Article Journal of Biotechnology ; Volume 309 , 2020 , Pages 131-141 ; Vossoughi, M ; Khajeh, K ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2020
Chondroitinase ABC I (cABC I) has received notable attention in treatment of spinal cord injuries and its application as therapeutics has been limited due to low thermal stability at physiological temperature. In this study, cABC I enzyme was immobilized on the dextran-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles through physical adsorption to improve the thermal stability. The nanoparticles were characterized using XRD, SEM, VSM, and FTIR analyses. Response surface methodology and central composite design were employed to assess factors affecting the activity of immobilized cABC I. Experimental results showed that pH 6.3, temperature 24 °C, enzyme/support mass ratio 1.27, and incubation time 5.7 h were the...
Aptamer hybrid nanocomplexes as targeting components for antibiotic/gene delivery systems and diagnostics: a review, Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 15 , 2020 , Pages 4237-4256 ; Arab, Z ; Safarkhani, M ; Nasseri, B ; Rabiee, M ; Tahriri, M ; Webster, T. J ; Tayebi, L ; Rabiee, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Dove Medical Press Ltd 2020
With the passage of time and more advanced societies, there is a greater emergence and incidence of disease and necessity for improved treatments. In this respect, nowadays, aptamers, with their better efficiency at diagnosing and treating diseases than antibodies, are at the center of attention. Here, in this review, we first investigate aptamer function in various fields (such as the detection and remedy of pathogens, modification of nanoparticles, antibiotic delivery and gene delivery). Then, we present aptamer-conjugated nanocomplexes as the main and efficient factor in gene delivery. Finally, we focus on the targeted co-delivery of genes and drugs by nanocomplexes, as a new exciting...
Bioinspired nanofiber scaffold for differentiating bone marrow-derived neural stem cells to oligodendrocyte-like cells: Design, fabrication, and characterization, Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 15 , 2020 , Pages 3903-3920 ; Mashayekhan, S ; Abbaszadeh, H. A ; Ansarizadeh, M ; Khoramgah, M. S ; Rahimi Movaghar, V ; Sharif University of Technology
Dove Medical Press Ltd 2020
Background: Researchers are trying to study the mechanism of neural stem cells (NSCs) differentiation to oligodendrocyte-like cells (OLCs) as well as to enhance the selective differentiation of NSCs to oligodendrocytes. However, the limitation in nerve tissue acces-sibility to isolate the NSCs as well as their differentiation toward oligodendrocytes is still challenging. Purpose: In the present study, a hybrid polycaprolactone (PCL)-gelatin nanofiber scaffold mimicking the native extracellular matrix and axon morphology to direct the differentiation of bone marrow-derived NSCs to OLCs was introduced. Materials and Methods: In order to achieve a sustained release of T3, this factor was...
Cytochrome 4Z1 expression is associated with unfavorable survival in triple-negative breast cancers, Article Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy ; Volume 13 , 2021 , Pages 565-574 ; 11791314 (ISSN) ; Alshammari, F. O. F. O ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Tarawneh, F ; Al Sarayreh, S ; Almuhaisen, G. H ; Satari, A. O ; Al Shuneigat, J ; Alrawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Dove Medical Press Ltd 2021
Purpose: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by high mortality rate, and its clinical management is difficult and complex. Therefore, there is a need for extensive efforts aimed at accelerating the discovery of novel therapies for TNBC. CYP4Z1 has been implicated in the development of breast cancer. The current study aimed at characterizing the expression of CYP4Z1 on TNBC. Materials and Methods: Using immunohistochemistry, CYP4Z1 expression was evaluated on 122 TNBC samples, four samples of breast cancers expressing ER, PR, and HER-2, and four samples of normal breast tissues. The association between the enzyme and various histopathological features and survival of...
Glypican-1 overexpression in different types of breast cancers, Article OncoTargets and Therapy ; Volume 14 , 2021 , Pages 4309-4318 ; 11786930 (ISSN) ; Al Saraireh, Y. M ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Sarayra, Y. M ; Alrawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Dove Medical Press Ltd 2021
Purpose: Treatment of metastatic breast cancer patients is challenging and remains a major underlying cause of female mortality. Understanding molecular alterations in tumor development is critical to identify novel biomarkers and targets for cancer diagnosis and therapy. One of the aberrant cancer expressions gaining recent research interest is glypican-1. Several studies reported strong glypican-1 expression in various types of human cancers. However, none of these investigated glypican-1 expression in a large cohort of breast cancer histopathological subtypes. Patients and Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to assess glypican-1 expression in 220 breast cancer patients and its relation...