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    Multi-Sensory Balance Board for Children with SPD & ADHD Disability

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amouei, Shila (Author) ; Selk Ghafari, Ali (Supervisor) ; Zabihollah, Abolghasem (Co-Supervisor)
    Nowadays, as technology grows, human life formation changes every single second. These changes sometimes create harmful habits and effects on our lifestyle, which unfortunately brings various types of disabilities and disorders. SPD (Sensory Processing Disorder) and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) are common disorders in children and usually show themselves in younger ages. The cause of these disorders is not unique and multiple factors can lead it. Fortunately, they can be easily treated by considering the appropriate treatments. Research that has been performed on any treatment device available for children with SPD and ADHD disorder shows that the sense of balance has not... 

    Designing a Mechanism for Fault Diagnosis of Space Reaction Wheel by Piezoelectric Sensors and Neglecting the Rotor Inertia

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbasi, Meisam (Author) ; Salarieh, Hassan (Supervisor) ; Zabihollah, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    A Reaction Wheel (RW) is a torque actuator which is used for attitude control of a satellite. Reaction Wheels usually consist of a brushless DC motor which rotates a flywheel. When the flywheel is accelerated by the motor, the reaction torque of the motor applies to the base of the RW and therefore the satellite can rotate along the RW spin axis. Due to frictionless surrounding of a satellite in space, a very small disturbance in a reaction wheel structure during its function may lead to instability of satellite and decrease the satellite precision and performance. There are some important sources of disturbance in an RW. Some of them are: 1- Unbalances in wheel (offset of center of gravity... 

    Production of New Nanocomposites for Neutron and Gamma Shielding and Modeling of the Attenuation Phenomena Using Computational Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Safavi, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor) ; Kiani, Mohammad Amin (Co-Supervisor)
    If nuclear radiation is not weakened and absorbed, it can cause serious damage to human devices or the environment. Dual-purpose dry casks are one of the sources of nuclear radiation production as a place to keep the spent fuel assemblies. One of the ways to protect against them is to use shield. One of the most common of them is composite shield. The composite used in this study has a polymer matrix. The matrix of the used polymer is epoxy resin. In this study, two separate composites have been made to attenuate neutron and gamma radiation. In this thesis, first, by using the MCNPX code, the necessary simulations for the design and construction of composite shields have been carried out.... 

    Fault-Tolerant Control of Flexible Satellite with Magnetic Actuation and Reaction Wheel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hajkarim, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Assadian, Nima (Supervisor)
    The primary goal of this thesis is to develop a Fault Tolerant Control (FTC) system for a flexible satellite in presence of actuators fault and failure. The actuators of the satellite are including three magnetorquers and three reaction wheels on each principal axis. At first, the three-degree-of-freedom rotational motion of a rigid satellite with two flexible solar panels is modeled. The flexible panels are modeled through the assumed mode approach by a finite set of bending modal motion. The ordinary differential equations of their generalized coordinates are found using the Lagrange’s equation. Then, the dynamic model is validated by comparing the simulation results of the model to the NX... 

    Simulation and Analysis of a Reactive Flow in a Porous Media, Using LBM and GPU

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sheida, Mojtaba (Author) ; Taeibi Rahni, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Esfahanian, Vahid (Co-Advisor)
    In this research, surface reaction phenomenon in porous media has been numerically simulated in pore scale. The main interesting part in this kind of physics is surface reaction exposed to a flow field. In this regard, an in-house code, based on LBM was developed. To speed-up our simulation, parallel computing was used on a GPU platform leading to a significant speed-up. Also, to model a real complex geometry, X-CT and MRI medical imaging technique were used to accurately model several complex 3D geometries. While, image processing technique was used to model our 2D geometries. The basic equilibrium equation of isopropanol dehydrogenation was considered to simulate and to analize chemical... 

    A 35 Step Reduced Mechanism for Methane-Air Combustion to Estimate Pollutants

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Babaei Zarch, Abbas (Author) ; Mazaheri, Karim (Supervisor)
    A novel reduced mechanism is introduced which aimed to predicts NOx and CO generation in advanced industrial gas turbine combustors. The survey is initially conducted by considering 25 species in GRI-3 mechanism of Methane oxidation and continued to choose nine of the most important species based on the quasi-steady state analysis. Finally, a new skeletal reduced mechanism with 35 reactions and 20 species is derived using sensitivity analysis, reaction path analysis, and some physical reasons. The overall validity of this mechanism is clearly confirmed by comparing the present predicted results with GRI-3 full mechanism in a PSR reactor. The adiabatic flame temperature and all of the main... 

    Model Predictive Control of Satellite Attitude Using Reaction Wheels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khoshrooz Azad, Reza (Author) ; Pourtakdoust, Hossein (Supervisor)
    This project discusses designing and implementing a model predictive controller for attitude control of a satellite with reaction wheels as actuator. Deriving a predictive model and designing the controller is performed based on linear model of rigid satellite attitude dynamics. The designed controller is utilized to control both a constrained and a nonlinear problem by using optimization method such as quadratic programming. The controller performance and its robustness, in case of uncertainties in model parameters and encountering external disturbances, are studied and compared with those sliding mode controller  

    Optimal Combination of Aerodynamic and Reaction Jet Control in a Vertical Launch Vehicle

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khosravi Samani, Mahdi (Author) ; Nobahari, Hadi (Supervisor) ; Kashefi, Saeid (Co-Advisor)
    In this research, the design of control system has been studied for a special flying vehicle at whole of flight time. This flying vehicle is vertically launched and few time after launch its attitude changes to the desired attitude by a reaction jet control system, then the acceleration commands are tracked when the aerodynamic is activated. Design process includes attitude control system design in launch phase and aerodynamic control system design. Because of the existence of nonlinear and multi-variable dynamics in the flying vehicle and the presence of uncertainty and disturbance, combination of nonlinear, robust and adaptive methods are used in controller design process. Design of... 

    Economic Consequences of SEC Regulation for Iran-related Disclosure

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zare Bidaki, Mohsen (Author) ; Fatemi Ardestani, Farshad (Supervisor) ; Rastad, Mahdi (Supervisor)
    We examine the economic implications of the SEC disclosure rules for companies doing business with Iran on their riskiness of debt. We exploit Section 219 of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act (ITRA), which requires companies listed on U.S exchanges to disclose their activities and transactions with Iranian institutions. We analyze the impact of the first ITRA disclosure on the cost of capital for both American and foreign companies listed on the US exchanges. Using a difference-in-difference approach, we document a negative impact of ITRA disclosures on loan spread and credit rating of foreign companies. Further, using textual analysis, we identify the elements in the... 

    Investigating Market Reaction to Asset Revaluation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soltani, Roya (Author) ; Ebrahimnejad, Ali (Supervisor)
    In recent years, some listed companies have re-evaluated their assets, an event that has generally received market attention; In fact, the market seems to be reacting very positively to an accounting phenomenon. In this study, we seek to investigate the market reaction to the revaluation of listed companies in Iran. To do this, we first estimate the market reaction to the news of the revaluation of assets. We then examine the possible reasons for the market reaction to the revaluation. Asset revaluation can improve the firm's access to finance by improving some financial ratios; On the other hand, the increase in capital from the revaluation of firms is accompanied by the issuance of bonus... 

    Acquiring Phrasal Verbs through Implicit and Explicit Instruction: Insights from Eye-tracking and Reaction time

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Faraji, Mohammad Javad (Author) ; Rezaei, Saeed (Supervisor) ; Hassanzadeh, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    English language is peppered with phrasal verbs (PhVs) and native speakers use them frequently and endlessly in daily life. However, due to various semantic and syntactic difficulties, polysemy, unpredictability, and learners’ L1 differences, this omnipresent aspect of English language morphology poses formidable challenges for learners in terms of fluency and accuracy, and leads them to resort to avoidance strategies. The problem has also been exacerbated with the arbitrariness of PhVs’ teaching methods prescribed by various textbooks. In order to shed more light on the ongoing debate over implicit and explicit types of instruction as two viable approaches to tackling PhVs, this study aimed... 

    Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Master's Degree in TEFL

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Torabi, Fariba (Author) ; Salehi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In the last decades, Reaction Time research has been extended to cognitive science and more specifically human information-processing research and has gained momentum (Shim, 1996). The present study examined the reaction time in processing marked and unmarked structures with regard to the four types of conditionals (considered as unmarked, less marked, marked and strongly markedness, respectively) and prepositions (preposition pied piping that is considered as unmarked and preposition stranding as marked). To this end, two softwares were developed for which the items relating to conditionals were chosen from the Bernet’s test (1985) and the ones pertinent to prepositions were taken from... 

    Reaction Time Comparison of Unambiguous Statements with
    Ambiguous and Garden Path Sentences

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Erfanian, Ali (Author) ; Salehi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    The present study compares the reaction times in processing unambiguous sentences with three ambiguous statements of lexical, grouping and functional as well as garden path sentences. To this end, a special computer program was developed with the accuracy of micro seconds. Furthermore, a set of 25 items was prepared with acceptable levels of reliability and validity. Forty seven highly proficient subjects, all undergraduate students of Air Traffic Control, participated in this study. The results of the study showed no significant difference between the reaction times of grouping and functional ambiguities but garden path sentences showed the greatest difference with the other groups. All... 

    Convective-Reactive Transport and Unstable Density-Driven Flow in Fractured Porous Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shafabakhsh, Paiman (Author) ; Ataie-Ashtiani, Behzad (Supervisor)
    The goal of this study is to explore the density-driven flow and study the effect of fracture as well as chemical processes and reactions on convective transport. Convective flow is used in connection with the density-driven flow where the flow is driven by density differences in the fluid, which can be affected by the ambient rocks. Several studies of density-driven flow in porous media have focused on the effect of heterogeneity on the mixing convection; however, they neglect the key processes of geochemical reactions in fractured porous media. This study aims to address this gap by investigating the combined effect of heterogeneity (as fractures) and the existing geochemical reactions on... 

    Investigation of Reaction Times and Maneuver for Bus Drivers Based on Road and Drivers Characteristics Using Driving Simulator

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yahyazadeh, Ehsan (Author) ; Vaziri, Manouchehr (Supervisor)
    One of the most prominent issues in road safety is to observe reaction time and sight distance in geometric design. Various sight distances are available is Iran's specifications on "Geometric Design of Roadways" taken from the AASHTO standard from which stopping sight distance, decision sight distance and their corresponding car driver reaction times are noteworthy. This research puts effort in obtaining these values for bus drivers in Iran. To achieve this, a test designed using bus driving simulator apparatus, developed in K.N.Toosi University of Technology, was conducted on a number of bus drivers. Obtained results of driver behavior were then analyzed and compared to corresponding... 

    Physical Modeling of Effect of Liquefaction-Induced Lateral Spreading on Single Piles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Torabi, Hooman (Author) ; Haeri, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Pile foundations suffered severe damages during the past earthquakes in all around the world. These damages were more severe in laterally spreading grounds and they mostly have been observed in gently sloping grounds and coastal areas. In these cases, Pile foundations not only are subjected to structures inertial loads and kinematic loads of liquefied soil but also lateral spreading intensifies damages. Thus, in the recent decade, several researches have been conducted to investigate the behavior of pile foundations in liquefiable and laterally spreading grounds, however, some uncertainties still remain in modeling of soil-pile interaction. In this study, the effects of liquefaction- induced... 

    Prediction of Ground Reaction Forces and Center of Pressure During Different Lifting Tasks Using Inverse Dynamics and Machine Learning Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Daroudi, Sajjad (Author) ; Arjmand, Navid (Supervisor)
    Ground reaction forces (GRFs) and their centers of pressure (CoPs) are essential inputs in musculoskeletal models of the spine that study load-lifting tasks. While GRFs and CoPs are usually measured in vivo via force-plates, they can be predicted based on motion equations, developed in AnyBody Modelling System (AMS) thus eliminating the need for laboratory equipment and in vivo measurements. This study aims to develop an easy-to-use yet accurate model that predict GRFs and CoPs during different Manual Material Handling (MMH) activities using AnyBody Modelling System and artificial neural networks. First, the accuracy of the AMS GRF prediction algorithm was evaluated for 8 normal- and 4... 

    A Study on the Relationship Between Muscle, Kinematics, and Kinetic Synergies During Human Gait

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Darvishi, Mahziyar (Author) ; Farahmand, Farzam (Supervisor)
    Human body movements are achieved by activating a number of muscles. It has been shown that the central nervous system (CNS) plays the main role in controlling rhythmic activities (including walking, chewing, etc.). However, the way the central nervous system works in controlling different parts of the body has always been discussed due to the excess degrees of freedom to perform certain tasks. Controlling a group of muscles (under the name of muscle synergy analysis) instead of each one of them has been one of the most attractive and efficient recent ideas to better understand the CNS function. Also, a similar concept can be expressed for kinematic synergies (by the degrees of freedom of... 

    Design of a Microfluidic Digital Droplet PCR

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abedini, Ali (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Polymerase chain reaction, abbreviated as PCR, is a method of amplifying the number of copies of a desired DNA sequence through special protocols. The rapid advance of microfluidic devices and the emerging concept of digital microfluidics has resulted into the development of digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) systems with their significant uses in the detection of rare mutations, cancer diagnosis, and surveillance. A large number of micron-sized droplets are required to perform ddPCR. in this study, To investigate the gradient of confinements induced droplet self-breakup mechanism, we carried out the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations for the two-phase flow using a commercial software... 

    3-Axis Attitude Control of a Satellite with Two Reaction Wheels Using Heuristic Algorithms

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehrparwar Zin Janabi, Ali (Author) ; Nejat Pishkenari, Hossein (Supervisor) ; Salarieh, Hassan (Supervisor)
    In this study, the attitude control of an under-actuated satellite has been investigated. The investigated satellite uses reaction wheels for attitude control. For having full controllability of a satellite attitude, at least three reaction wheels are required. However, due to the high failure rate of reaction wheels, in this study assumed the satellite has two perpendicular reaction wheels, which causes the satellite to be under-actuated. The path planning method is used for controlling the satellite, which is an offline method. In the beginning, tries to define the control input of the satellite in term of limited parameters with different methods. In this regard, the control input is...