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    Fouling reduction of emulsion polyvinylchloride ultrafiltration membranes blended by PEG: the effect of additive concentration and coagulation bath temperature

    , Article Desalination and Water Treatment ; Volume 57, Issue 26 , 2016 , Pages 11931-11944 ; 19443994 (ISSN) Davood Abadi Farahani, M. H ; Rabiee, H ; Vatanpour, V ; Borghei, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2016
    Abstract
    In the present work, ultrafiltration membranes were prepared using emulsion polyvinyl chloride (EPVC) with the addition of various concentrations of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to investigate the morphological structure and separation properties. The effects of polymer concentration, coagulation bath temperature (CBT), and PEG (6 kDa) concentrations—a pore former hydrophilic additive—were studied. Through the phase inversion, the membranes—which were induced by immersion precipitation in a water coagulation bath—were fabricated through dissolving EPVC in N-methyl-pyrrolidinone, a polymer solvent. Morphological features of the membranes were characterized through scanning electron microscopy,... 

    Hydro-purification of crude terephthalic acid using palladium catalyst supported on multi-wall carbon nanotubes

    , Article Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry ; Volume 28 , August , 2015 , Pages 202-210 ; 1226086X (ISSN) Tourani, S ; Khorasheh, F ; Rashidi, A. M ; Safekordi, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Korean Society of Industrial Engineering Chemistry  2015
    Abstract
    Palladium catalysts supported on functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes were synthesized for hydro-purification of crude terephthalic acid containing 2100ppm 4-carboxybenzaldehyde (4-CBA) as impurity. PdCl2 and Pd(OAc)2 were used as precursors. Palladium loadings were 0.05 to 0.6wt.% with catalysts reduced at 200 to 400°C. Catalysts prepared from both precursors with least 0.3wt.% palladium resulted in 99%+ removal of 4-CBA. The most desired selectivity was obtained for the catalyst with PdCl2 as precursor, reduction temperature of 300°C, and palladium loading of 0.3wt.%. This catalyst had slightly better performance than the commercial catalyst (0.5wt.%... 

    Mesoporous nanostructured Ni/MgAl2O4 catalysts: Highly active and stable catalysts for syngas production in combined dry reforming and partial oxidation

    , Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 44, Issue 21 , 2019 , Pages 10427-10442 ; 03603199 (ISSN) Jalali, R ; Nematollahi, B ; Rezaei, M ; Baghalha, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    In this paper, the combination of dry reforming and partial oxidation of methane on nickel catalysts supported on mesoporous MgAl2O4 was investigated. The support was prepared by a facile sol-gel route using propylene oxide as a gelation agent. The characterizations of the catalysts were performed by BET, XRD, TPR, TPO, TPH, UV–vis, CO-dispersion, SEM and TEM techniques. In addition, the effects of nickel content, reaction and reduction temperatures, feed ratio and the GHSV value on the physicochemical and catalytic properties were studied. The results revealed that the nickel content had an optimum value of 7.5 wt% and the catalyst with this content of nickel exhibited the highest activity.... 

    Influence of metal loading and reduction temperature on the performance of mesoporous NiO–MgO–SiO2 catalyst in propane steam reforming

    , Article Journal of the Energy Institute ; Volume 96 , 2021 , Pages 38-51 ; 17439671 (ISSN) Barzegari, F ; Farhadi, F ; Rezaei, M ; Kazemeini, M ; Keshavarz, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    In this research, a series of NiO–MgO–SiO2 catalyst samples with various nickel contents (5, 10, 15 and 20 wt %) were prepared by a co-precipitation method followed by a hydrothermal treatment and employed in propane steam reforming. The analyses revealed that the enhancement of the nickel content up to 15 wt % improved the propane conversion to 98.6% at 550 °C. Nonetheless, further increase in the nickel loading reduced the catalyst activity due to the formation of larger and more poorly dispersed active sites. Besides, 15 wt % nickel loading led to the high resistance against coke deposition with no detectable carbon on the catalyst surface. In addition, it was revealed that, the decrease... 

    Hydro-purification of crude terephthalic acid using palladium catalyst supported on multi-wall carbon nanotubes

    , Article Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry ; 2015 ; ISSN: 1226086X Tourani, S ; Khorasheh, F ; Rashidi, A. M ; Safekordi, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Palladium catalysts supported on functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes were synthesized for hydro-purification of crude terephthalic acid containing 2100ppm 4-carboxybenzaldehyde (4-CBA) as impurity. PdCl2 and Pd(OAc)2 were used as precursors. Palladium loadings were 0.05 to 0.6wt.% with catalysts reduced at 200 to 400°C. Catalysts prepared from both precursors with least 0.3wt.% palladium resulted in 99%+ removal of 4-CBA. The most desired selectivity was obtained for the catalyst with PdCl2 as precursor, reduction temperature of 300°C, and palladium loading of 0.3wt.%. This catalyst had slightly better performance than the commercial catalyst (0.5wt.% of palladium on activated carbon)... 

    Increasing the antioxidant activity of green tea polyphenols in the presence of iron for the reduction of graphene oxide

    , Article Carbon ; Volume 50, Issue 8 , 2012 , Pages 3015-3025 ; 00086223 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Kalaee, M ; Alavi, Z. S ; Ghiasi, S. M. A ; Esfandiar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    An easy method for green and low-temperature (40 °C) reduction of graphene oxide (GO) by increasing the antioxidant activity of green tea polyphenols (GTPs) in the presence of iron was developed. The reduction level (obtained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) and electrical conductivity (obtained by current-voltage measurement) of the GO sheets reduced by GTPs in the presence of iron were comparable to those of hydrazine-reduced GO and much better than those of the GO reduced by only GTPs (in the absence of iron) at reduction temperatures of 40-80 °C. Raman spectroscopy indicated that application of GTPs in the presence of iron, in contrast to hydrazine, resulted in better recovering of... 

    The effect of oxygenate additives on the performance of PtSnγ - Al2O3 catalyst in the propane dehydrogenation process

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 18, Issue 6 , December , 2011 , Pages 1377-1383 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Fattahi, M ; Khorasheh, F ; Sahebdelfar, S ; Zangeneh, F. T ; Ganji, K ; Saeedizad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    The effect of oxygenate modifiers on the performance of PtSnγAl 2O3 catalyst in dehydrogenation of propane was studied. Dehydrogenation reaction was carried out in a fixed-bed quartz reactor in the temperature range of 575620 °C. Two types of oxygenate modifiers, namely water and methanol, were added to the feed. The optimum amounts of water for reaction temperatures of 575, 600 and 620 °C were 84, 120 and 140 ppm, respectively. The optimum amounts of methanol for the same reaction temperatures were 9.9, 25 and 50 ppm, respectively. Any further addition of water or methanol beyond these optimum levels resulted in a loss in activity. The addition of water or methanol led to the formation of...