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    Branch and bound algorithms for resource constrained project scheduling problem subject to nonrenewable resources with prescheduled procurement

    , Article Mathematical Problems in Engineering ; Vol. 2014, issue , 2014 ; ISSN: 1024123X Shirzadeh Chaleshtarti, A ; Shadrokh, S ; Fathi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    A lot of projects in real life are subject to some kinds of nonrenewable resources that are not exactly similar to the type defined in the project scheduling literature. The difference stems from the fact that, in those projects, contrary to the common assumption in the project scheduling literature, nonrenewable resources are not available in full amount at the beginning of the project, but they are procured along the project horizon. In this paper, we study this different type of nonrenewable resources. To that end, we extend the resource constrained project scheduling problem (RCPSP) by this resource type (RCPSP-NR) and customize four basic branch and bound algorithms of RCPSP for it,... 

    Incorporating large photovoltaic farms in power generation system adequacy assessment

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Vol. 21, issue. 3 , 2014 , p. 924-934 ; 10263098 Ghaedi, A ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi-Friuzabad, M ; Parvania, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Recent advancements in photovoltaic (PV) system technologies have decreased their investment cost and enabled the construction of large PV farms for bulk power generations. The output power of PV farms is affected by both failure of composed components and solar radiation variability. These two factors cause the output power of PV farms be random and different from that of conventional units. Therefore, suitable models and methods should be developed to assess different aspects of PV farms integration into power systems, particularly from the system reliability viewpoint. In this context a reliability model has been developed for PV farms with considering both the uncertainties associated... 

    Dye-sensitized solar cells based on a single layer deposition of TiO 2 from a new formulation paste and their photovoltaic performance

    , Article Solar Energy ; Volume 86, Issue 9 , 2012 , Pages 2654-2664 ; 0038092X (ISSN) Mohammadi, M. R ; Louca, R. R. M ; Fray, D. J ; Welland, M. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new strategy for enhancing the efficiency and reducing the production cost of TiO 2 solar cells by design of a new formulated TiO 2 paste with tailored crystal structure and morphology is reported. The conventional three- or four-fold layer deposition process was eliminated and replaced by a single layer deposition of TiO 2 compound. Different TiO 2 pastes with various crystal structures, morphologies and crystallite sizes were prepared by an aqueous particulate sol-gel process. Based on simultaneous differential thermal (SDT) analysis the minimum annealing temperature to obtain organic-free TiO 2 paste was determined at 400°C, being one of the lowest crystallization temperatures of TiO 2... 

    Development of a zero emission integrated system for co-production of electricity and methanol through renewable hydrogen and CO 2 capture

    , Article International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control ; Volume 7 , 2012 , Pages 145-152 ; 17505836 (ISSN) Soltanieh, M ; Azar, K. M ; Saber, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In order to decrease CO 2 emission into the atmosphere and develop renewable energy sources for carbon capture, an integrated system is considered for co-production of electricity and methanol. In this research, methanol synthesis unit through captured CO 2 from fossil fuel power plant and produced H 2 from water electrolysis unit by wind renewable energy is developed. An oxy-fuel combustion carbon capture method is considered in large scale Matiant power plant based on utilization of oxygen from water electrolysis unit. Technical and economical analysis of the proposed system shows that when the price of natural gas is 7.8US$/GJ, the total CO 2 avoided cost is 93US$/(tonne of CO 2) and... 

    An optimal procedure for minimizing total weighted resource tardiness penalty costs in the resource-constrained project scheduling problem

    , Article Computers and Industrial Engineering ; Volume 62, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 264-270 ; 03608352 (ISSN) Ranjbar, M ; Khalilzadeh, M ; Kianfar, F ; Etminani, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    We present an optimal solution procedure for minimizing total weighted resource tardiness penalty costs in the resource-constrained project scheduling problem. In this problem, we assume the constrained renewable resources are limited to very expensive equipments and machines that are used in other projects and are not available in all periods of time of a project. In other words, for each resource, there is a dictated ready date as well as a due date such that no resource can be available before its ready date but the resources are permitted to be used after their due dates by paying penalty cost depending on the resource type. We also assume that only one unit of each resource type is... 

    Reshaping energy policy for sustainable development: Curbing Iran’s carbon emission monster via renewable energies

    , Article Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy ; Volume 11, Issue 9 , 2016 , Pages 830-840 ; 15567249 (ISSN) Eshraghi, H ; Maleki, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc 
    This paper formulates flow of energy from primary resources and import routes to different socio-economic sectors by making use of Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) model. It presents a baseline of how Iran’s future production and consumption patterns evolve. It also seeks plausible scenario for renewable energies utilization and evaluates its mitigation potential and economic aspects. Model results indicate that exploitation of a "not-too-strict" package of renewable sources featuring 10 GW of wind and 19 GW of hydro by the end of 2035 will lead to CO2 emissions to be reduced up to an amount of 190.7 million tons in the study period. By accounting for the opportunity costs... 

    Value of distribution network reconfiguration in presence of renewable energy resources

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Power Systems ; Volume 31, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 1879-1888 ; 08858950 (ISSN) Dorostkar Ghamsari, M. R ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Lehtonen, M ; Safdarian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    Proliferation of renewable energy resources in distribution networks has captured distribution companies' attention towards more active management tools. Thanks to the smart grid paradigm, hourly network reconfiguration, which is still among immature ideas, can bring the activeness required to handle fluctuating output of renewable resources. The aim of this study is to analyze the worthiness of the hourly reconfiguration in the presence of renewable energy resources. For doing so, a mathematical model is devised to minimize daily network losses via applying hourly reconfigurations. The model is a mixed integer second-order cone programming problem and is solved via MOSEK solver. The... 

    Investigating the impacts of energy storage systems on transmission expansion planning

    , Article 2017 25th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2017, 2 May 2017 through 4 May 2017 ; 2017 , Pages 1199-1203 ; 9781509059638 (ISBN) Mazaheri, H ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Farzin, H ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Increased electricity demand coupled with investment in renewable-based generating units has resulted in problems such as transmission congestion and load shedding in modern power systems. In this situation, transmission expansion planning (TEP) studies plays a key role in dealing with the aforementioned problems. On the other hand, deployment of energy storage systems (ESSs) has been regarded as a viable solution for effective exploitation of renewable resources. In this context, this paper develops a novel framework to investigate the impacts of storage facilitates on the transmission expansion planning problem. The presented framework is decomposed to investment and operation subproblems... 

    Experimental investigation of blade number and design effects for a ducted wind turbine

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 105 , 2017 , Pages 334-343 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Ahmadi Asl, H ; Kamali Monfared, R ; Rad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Over the recent decades, many different ducted turbines have been designed to augment efficiency of wind turbines. The design and number of blades are the most important parameters to optimize efficiency of wind turbines. In this paper, effects of design, number and attack angles of blades on rotational speed are experimentally studied in a duct which increases wind velocity up to 2.46 times numerically and 2.32 times experimentally as great as far-field flow. In order to realize this, 3 different types of aerodynamic blades were designed and then, 2-bladed, 3-bladed and 4-bladed impellers were created by these blades; finally, 9 impellers were built on aggregate. The rotational speed of... 

    Synthesis and characterization of bagasse poly(methyl methacrylate) graft copolymer

    , Article Macromolecular Symposia ; Volume 274, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 49-54 ; 10221360 (ISSN) Sarvi, I ; Pourjavadi, A ; Noei Aghaei, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Graft copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) was carried out on bagasse fibers in an aqueous medium using eerie ammonium nitrate (CAN) as initiator under a neutral atmosphere. In order to obtain the optimum condition for graft copolymerization, the effects of initiator concentration, temperature, time of reaction, and monomer concentration were studied. The maximum grafting percent was found to be 122%. The bagasse grafted poly(methyl methacrylate) was characterized by FTIR and its thermal behavior was characterized by TGA. Copyright © 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA  

    Applying circular coloring to open shop scheduling

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 15, Issue 5 , 2008 , Pages 652-660 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Modarres, M ; Ghandehari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2008
    In this paper, a new approach to formulate a class of scheduling problems is introduced, which can be applied to many other discrete problems with complicated structures. The concept of graph circular coloring is applied to develop a model for the special case of an open shop scheduling problem. In this problem, there are some independent jobs to be processed in a shop with dedicated renewable resources. Each job consists of several tasks with no precedence restriction. Each task is processed without preemption. The processing time of the tasks is given. Processing each task requires using some multiple specified types of resource, while no more than one task can use each resource,... 

    A hybrid scatter search for the discrete time/resource trade-off problem in project scheduling

    , Article European Journal of Operational Research ; Volume 193, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 35-48 ; 03772217 (ISSN) Ranjbar, M ; De Reyck, B ; Kianfar, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    We develop a heuristic procedure for solving the discrete time/resource trade-off problem in the field of project scheduling. In this problem, a project contains activities interrelated by finish-start-type precedence constraints with a time lag of zero, which require one or more constrained renewable resources. Each activity has a specified work content and can be performed in different modes, i.e. with different durations and resource requirements, as long as the required work content is met. The objective is to schedule each activity in one of its modes in order to minimize the project makespan. We use a scatter search algorithm to tackle this problem, using path relinking methodology as... 

    An appropriate multiple criteria decision making method for solving electricity planning problems, addressing sustainability issue

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 8, Issue 3 , June , 2011 , Pages 605-620 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Bagheri Moghaddam, N ; Nasiri, M ; Mousavi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the past, decision making within the energy sector, especially in Iran, was limited to economic analysis. Lately, multiple criteria decision making has gained great popularity. However, this is not enough to make a right decision by considering sustainability. This paper deals with designing an appropriate multiple criteria decision making method to address the multifaceted nature of such problems. This task is the second precondition to make a decision which meets the sustainability criterion. This is done by revealing new facts about quantitative and qualitative data and the degree of compensation between the criteria. Moreover, this paper illustrates the capability of different methods... 

    Iran atlas of offshore renewable energies

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 36, Issue 1 , January , 2011 , Pages 388-398 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Abbaspour, M ; Rahimi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The aim of the present study is to provide an Atlas of IRAN Offshore Renewable Energy Resources (hereafter called 'the Atlas') to map out wave and tidal resources at a national scale, extending over the area of the Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman. Such an Atlas can provide necessary tools to identify the areas with greatest resource potential and within reach of present technology development. To estimate available tidal energy resources at the site, a two-dimensional tidally driven hydrodynamic numerical model of Persian Gulf was developed using the hydrodynamic model in the MIKE 21 Flow Model (MIKE 21HD), with validation using tidal elevation measurements and tidal stream diamonds from... 

    Optimal constrained non-renewable resource allocation in PERT networks with discrete activity times

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 19, Issue 3 , 2012 , Pages 841-848 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Hashemin, S. S ; Fatemi Ghomi, S. M. T ; Modarres, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we develop an approach to optimally allocate a limited nonrenewable resource among the activities of a project, represented by a PERT-Type Network (PTN). The project needs to be completed within some specified due date. The objective is to maximize the probability of project completion on time. The duration of each activity is an arbitrary discrete random variable and also depends on the amount of consumable resource allocated to it. On the basis of the structure of networks, they are categorized as either reducible or irreducible. For each network structure, an analytical algorithm is presented. Through some examples, the algorithms are illustrated  

    Stochastic modeling of the energy supply system with uncertain fuel price - A case of emerging technologies for distributed power generation

    , Article Applied Energy ; Volume 93 , 2012 , Pages 668-674 ; 03062619 (ISSN) Mirkhani, S ; Saboohi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    A deterministic energy supply model with bottom-up structure has limited capability in handling the uncertainties. To enhance the applicability of such a model in an uncertain environment two main issues have been investigated in the present paper. First, a binomial lattice is generated based on the stochastic nature of the source of uncertainty. Second, an energy system model (ESM) has been reformulated as a multistage stochastic problem. The result of the application of the modified energy model encompasses all uncertain outcomes together and enables optimal timing of capacity expansion. The performance of the model has been demonstrated with the help of a case study. The case study has... 

    A modified PSO algorithm for minimizing the total costs of resources in MRCPSP

    , Article Mathematical Problems in Engineering ; Volume 2012 , 2012 ; 1024123X (ISSN) Khalilzadeh, M ; Kianfar, F ; Shirzadeh Chaleshtari, A ; Shadrokh, S ; Ranjbar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    We introduce a multimode resource-constrained project scheduling problem with finish-to-start precedence relations among project activities, considering renewable and nonrenewable resource costs. We assume that renewable resources are rented and are not available in all periods of time of the project. In other words, there is a mandated ready date as well as a due date for each renewable resource type so that no resource is used before its ready date. However, the resources are permitted to be used after their due dates by paying penalty costs. The objective is to minimize the total costs of both renewable and nonrenewable resource usage. This problem is called multimode resource-constrained... 

    The competitiveness of wind power compared to existing methods of electricity generation in Iran

    , Article Energy Policy ; Volume 42 , 2012 , Pages 651-656 ; 03014215 (ISSN) Moslem Mousavi, S ; Bagheri Ghanbarabadi, M ; Bagheri Moghadam, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    In Iran, there are more than 15,000. MW of wind power potential, but only about 90. MW have been installed since 2009. Because fuel costs are the main part of fuel-consumed power generation costs and fossil resource costs are highly subsidized in Iran, renewable energies such as wind power have yet to be fully developed. This analysis sets out to evaluate the total generating costs of wind power and conventional power plants in Iran. A levelized cost approach was conducted that included investment costs, O&M costs, fuel costs and external costs of emissions for each type of technology. Comparison of cost assessments of power generation show that by taking into account global fuel prices and... 

    Formulating directional industry strategies for renewable energies in developing countries: The case study of Iran's wind turbine industry

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 39, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 299-306 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Bagheri Moghaddam, N ; Mousavi, S. M ; Moallemi, E. A ; Nasiri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study seeks a method for formulating directional strategy of wind turbine industry in Iran. To this end, by initially evaluating various economic viewpoints concerning the development of industries, the necessity of government intervention is recognized. By defining the concepts of national industry policy, firm technology strategy, and national technology strategy, the role of directional industry strategy is then made clear. Furthermore, the six assumptions of emphasis on formulating strategy (rather than on formulating policy), emphasis on formulating directional strategy, model's prescriptivism, emphasis on formulating the strategy at the level of industry, Iran's being a developing... 

    A novel integrated solar desalination system with a pulsating heat pipe

    , Article Desalination ; Volume 311 , 2013 , Pages 206-210 ; 00119164 (ISSN) Kargar Sharif Abad, H ; Ghiasi, M ; Jahangiri Mamouri, S ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    The application of the solar energy in thermal desalination devices is one of the most beneficial applications of the renewable energies. In this study, a novel solar desalination system is introduced, which is benefited from the undeniable advantages of pulsating heat pipe (PHP) as a fast responding, flexible and high performance thermal conducting device. Results show a remarkable increase in the rate of desalinated water production and the maximum production reaches up to 875mL/(m2.h). However, the optimum water depth in basin and the filling ratio of the PHP are measured 1cm and 40%, respectively