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    Year-round outdoor experiments on a multi-stage active solar still with different numbers of solar collectors

    , Article Applied Energy ; Volume 152 , 2015 , Pages 39-46 ; 03062619 (ISSN) Feilizadeh, M ; Karimi Estahbanati, M. R ; Jafarpur, K ; Roostaazad, R ; Feilizadeh, M ; Taghvaei, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    The present work investigated the outdoor performance of a basin type multi-stage solar still as well as the effect of collector over basin area (CBA) ratio on the distillate production. The effect of CBA was studied in outdoor experiments for the first time. The system consisted of a still coupled with one, two or three flat-plate solar collectors. In order to study the effect of CBA more accurately, the experiments were conducted in both winter and summer. In these experiments, the distilled water production of the multi-stage still was measured during the whole 24. h of a day on an hourly basis. The results revealed that in the winter, the basin coupled to one solar collector (CBA. =... 

    Value of distribution network reconfiguration in presence of renewable energy resources

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Power Systems ; Volume 31, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 1879-1888 ; 08858950 (ISSN) Dorostkar Ghamsari, M. R ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Lehtonen, M ; Safdarian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    Proliferation of renewable energy resources in distribution networks has captured distribution companies' attention towards more active management tools. Thanks to the smart grid paradigm, hourly network reconfiguration, which is still among immature ideas, can bring the activeness required to handle fluctuating output of renewable resources. The aim of this study is to analyze the worthiness of the hourly reconfiguration in the presence of renewable energy resources. For doing so, a mathematical model is devised to minimize daily network losses via applying hourly reconfigurations. The model is a mixed integer second-order cone programming problem and is solved via MOSEK solver. The... 

    The impact of wind farms with doubly fed induction generators on power system electromechanical oscillations

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 50 , 2013 , Pages 780-785 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Jafarian, M ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Introduction of large amounts of new wind generation can affect the small signal stability of power systems with three mechanisms: displacing synchronous generators (SGs); reducing SGs power generation; and the dynamics of wind farms (WFs) interacting with the electromechanical mode of SGs. In this paper a novel approach is developed to investigate the impact of the latter mechanism on existing power systems oscillations. In this approach, the dynamic behavior of grid connected WFs is studied independent of the dynamic behavior of system SGs. This approach helps to identify the conditions in which the dynamics of WFs may interact with the electromechanical mode of SGs. Also it helps to... 

    The competitiveness of wind power compared to existing methods of electricity generation in Iran

    , Article Energy Policy ; Volume 42 , 2012 , Pages 651-656 ; 03014215 (ISSN) Moslem Mousavi, S ; Bagheri Ghanbarabadi, M ; Bagheri Moghadam, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    In Iran, there are more than 15,000. MW of wind power potential, but only about 90. MW have been installed since 2009. Because fuel costs are the main part of fuel-consumed power generation costs and fossil resource costs are highly subsidized in Iran, renewable energies such as wind power have yet to be fully developed. This analysis sets out to evaluate the total generating costs of wind power and conventional power plants in Iran. A levelized cost approach was conducted that included investment costs, O&M costs, fuel costs and external costs of emissions for each type of technology. Comparison of cost assessments of power generation show that by taking into account global fuel prices and... 

    Synthesis and characterization of bagasse poly(methyl methacrylate) graft copolymer

    , Article Macromolecular Symposia ; Volume 274, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 49-54 ; 10221360 (ISSN) Sarvi, I ; Pourjavadi, A ; Noei Aghaei, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Graft copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) was carried out on bagasse fibers in an aqueous medium using eerie ammonium nitrate (CAN) as initiator under a neutral atmosphere. In order to obtain the optimum condition for graft copolymerization, the effects of initiator concentration, temperature, time of reaction, and monomer concentration were studied. The maximum grafting percent was found to be 122%. The bagasse grafted poly(methyl methacrylate) was characterized by FTIR and its thermal behavior was characterized by TGA. Copyright © 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA  

    Stochastic modeling of the energy supply system with uncertain fuel price - A case of emerging technologies for distributed power generation

    , Article Applied Energy ; Volume 93 , 2012 , Pages 668-674 ; 03062619 (ISSN) Mirkhani, S ; Saboohi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    A deterministic energy supply model with bottom-up structure has limited capability in handling the uncertainties. To enhance the applicability of such a model in an uncertain environment two main issues have been investigated in the present paper. First, a binomial lattice is generated based on the stochastic nature of the source of uncertainty. Second, an energy system model (ESM) has been reformulated as a multistage stochastic problem. The result of the application of the modified energy model encompasses all uncertain outcomes together and enables optimal timing of capacity expansion. The performance of the model has been demonstrated with the help of a case study. The case study has... 

    Standard test systems for modern power system analysis: an overview

    , Article IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine ; Volume 13, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 86-105 ; 19324529 (ISSN) Peyghami, S ; Davari, P ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Blaabjerg, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    The reliable design, planning, and operation of power systems are of paramount importance for providing reliable services to customers. This article reviews the different aspects of power system reliability, ranging from planning to operation. Standard benchmarks employed for power system studies are reviewed according to nearly 2,500 IEEE journal papers from 1986 to early 2019. Our overview provides the pros and cons of existing test systems, implying the lack of appropriate benchmarks for future power system studies, including renewable resources and modern technologies. Furthermore, this article presents requirements for updating and modifying the benchmarks for modern power systems... 

    Reshaping energy policy for sustainable development: Curbing Iran’s carbon emission monster via renewable energies

    , Article Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy ; Volume 11, Issue 9 , 2016 , Pages 830-840 ; 15567249 (ISSN) Eshraghi, H ; Maleki, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc 
    This paper formulates flow of energy from primary resources and import routes to different socio-economic sectors by making use of Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) model. It presents a baseline of how Iran’s future production and consumption patterns evolve. It also seeks plausible scenario for renewable energies utilization and evaluates its mitigation potential and economic aspects. Model results indicate that exploitation of a "not-too-strict" package of renewable sources featuring 10 GW of wind and 19 GW of hydro by the end of 2035 will lead to CO2 emissions to be reduced up to an amount of 190.7 million tons in the study period. By accounting for the opportunity costs... 

    Ranking locations for hydrogen production using hybrid wind-solar: a case study

    , Article Sustainability (Switzerland) ; Volume 13, Issue 8 , 2021 ; 20711050 (ISSN) Almutairi, K ; Mostafaeipour, A ; Jahanshahi, E ; Jooyandeh, E ; Himri, Y ; Jahangiri, M ; Issakhov, A ; Chowdhury, S ; Hosseini Dehshiri, J ; Hosseini Dehshiri, S ; Techato, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Observing the growing energy demand of modern societies, many countries have rec-ognized energy security as a looming problem and renewable energies as a solution to this issue. Renewable hydrogen production is an excellent method for the storage and transfer of energy generated by intermittent renewable sources such as wind and solar so that they can be used at a place and time of our choosing. In this study, the suitability of 15 cities in Fars province, Iran, for renewable hydrogen production was investigated and compared by the use of multiple multi-criteria decision-making methods including ARAS, SAW, CODAS, and TOPSIS. The obtained rankings were aggregated by rank averaging, Borda... 

    Optimal deployment of renewable electricity technologies in Iran and implications for emissions reductions

    , Article Energy ; Volume 91 , 2015 , Pages 882-893 ; 03605442 (ISSN) Aryanpur, V ; Shafiei, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    In this paper, special focus is paid to the long-term adoption of renewable electricity technologies and their implications for emissions reductions in Iran. MESSAGE, as a bottom-up energy supply optimization model, is used to assess the lowest-cost technology options. The potential impacts of transitioning to a renewable electricity supply are quantified, and the investment requirement to achieve a low-carbon generation mix is estimated. Alternative scenarios are defined to evaluate the impact of fossil fuel prices, the carbon tax and government incentives on the utilization of renewable resources, national renewable targets, and emissions reductions. The prioritization of non-hydro... 

    Optimal constrained non-renewable resource allocation in PERT networks with discrete activity times

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 19, Issue 3 , 2012 , Pages 841-848 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Hashemin, S. S ; Fatemi Ghomi, S. M. T ; Modarres, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we develop an approach to optimally allocate a limited nonrenewable resource among the activities of a project, represented by a PERT-Type Network (PTN). The project needs to be completed within some specified due date. The objective is to maximize the probability of project completion on time. The duration of each activity is an arbitrary discrete random variable and also depends on the amount of consumable resource allocated to it. On the basis of the structure of networks, they are categorized as either reducible or irreducible. For each network structure, an analytical algorithm is presented. Through some examples, the algorithms are illustrated  

    Iran atlas of offshore renewable energies

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 36, Issue 1 , January , 2011 , Pages 388-398 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Abbaspour, M ; Rahimi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The aim of the present study is to provide an Atlas of IRAN Offshore Renewable Energy Resources (hereafter called 'the Atlas') to map out wave and tidal resources at a national scale, extending over the area of the Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman. Such an Atlas can provide necessary tools to identify the areas with greatest resource potential and within reach of present technology development. To estimate available tidal energy resources at the site, a two-dimensional tidally driven hydrodynamic numerical model of Persian Gulf was developed using the hydrodynamic model in the MIKE 21 Flow Model (MIKE 21HD), with validation using tidal elevation measurements and tidal stream diamonds from... 

    Investigating the impacts of energy storage systems on transmission expansion planning

    , Article 2017 25th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2017, 2 May 2017 through 4 May 2017 ; 2017 , Pages 1199-1203 ; 9781509059638 (ISBN) Mazaheri, H ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Farzin, H ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Increased electricity demand coupled with investment in renewable-based generating units has resulted in problems such as transmission congestion and load shedding in modern power systems. In this situation, transmission expansion planning (TEP) studies plays a key role in dealing with the aforementioned problems. On the other hand, deployment of energy storage systems (ESSs) has been regarded as a viable solution for effective exploitation of renewable resources. In this context, this paper develops a novel framework to investigate the impacts of storage facilitates on the transmission expansion planning problem. The presented framework is decomposed to investment and operation subproblems... 

    Incorporating large photovoltaic farms in power generation system adequacy assessment

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Vol. 21, issue. 3 , 2014 , p. 924-934 ; 10263098 Ghaedi, A ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi-Friuzabad, M ; Parvania, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Recent advancements in photovoltaic (PV) system technologies have decreased their investment cost and enabled the construction of large PV farms for bulk power generations. The output power of PV farms is affected by both failure of composed components and solar radiation variability. These two factors cause the output power of PV farms be random and different from that of conventional units. Therefore, suitable models and methods should be developed to assess different aspects of PV farms integration into power systems, particularly from the system reliability viewpoint. In this context a reliability model has been developed for PV farms with considering both the uncertainties associated... 

    Formulating directional industry strategies for renewable energies in developing countries: The case study of Iran's wind turbine industry

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 39, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 299-306 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Bagheri Moghaddam, N ; Mousavi, S. M ; Moallemi, E. A ; Nasiri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study seeks a method for formulating directional strategy of wind turbine industry in Iran. To this end, by initially evaluating various economic viewpoints concerning the development of industries, the necessity of government intervention is recognized. By defining the concepts of national industry policy, firm technology strategy, and national technology strategy, the role of directional industry strategy is then made clear. Furthermore, the six assumptions of emphasis on formulating strategy (rather than on formulating policy), emphasis on formulating directional strategy, model's prescriptivism, emphasis on formulating the strategy at the level of industry, Iran's being a developing... 

    Experimental investigation of blade number and design effects for a ducted wind turbine

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 105 , 2017 , Pages 334-343 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Ahmadi Asl, H ; Kamali Monfared, R ; Rad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Over the recent decades, many different ducted turbines have been designed to augment efficiency of wind turbines. The design and number of blades are the most important parameters to optimize efficiency of wind turbines. In this paper, effects of design, number and attack angles of blades on rotational speed are experimentally studied in a duct which increases wind velocity up to 2.46 times numerically and 2.32 times experimentally as great as far-field flow. In order to realize this, 3 different types of aerodynamic blades were designed and then, 2-bladed, 3-bladed and 4-bladed impellers were created by these blades; finally, 9 impellers were built on aggregate. The rotational speed of... 

    Expansion planning of generation technologies in electric energy systems under water use constraints with renewable resources

    , Article Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments ; Volume 43 , 2021 ; 22131388 (ISSN) Pourmoosavi, M. A ; Amraee, T ; Firuzabad, M. F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Thermal power generation needs great volumes of water for cooling purposes. A multi-period Low Water Generation Expansion Planning (LW-GEP) model is proposed to plan the future generation mix including type, capacity, time of installation, and proper cooling system of generation technologies to supply the future electric peak loads under the water resource limitations. Different types of generation technologies with conventional and modern cooling systems are considered as expansion candidates in the proposed LW-GEP model. The access of candidate and existing power plants to the water resources are considered. Renewable resources as water smart solutions are integrated in the proposed energy... 

    Dye-sensitized solar cells based on a single layer deposition of TiO 2 from a new formulation paste and their photovoltaic performance

    , Article Solar Energy ; Volume 86, Issue 9 , 2012 , Pages 2654-2664 ; 0038092X (ISSN) Mohammadi, M. R ; Louca, R. R. M ; Fray, D. J ; Welland, M. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new strategy for enhancing the efficiency and reducing the production cost of TiO 2 solar cells by design of a new formulated TiO 2 paste with tailored crystal structure and morphology is reported. The conventional three- or four-fold layer deposition process was eliminated and replaced by a single layer deposition of TiO 2 compound. Different TiO 2 pastes with various crystal structures, morphologies and crystallite sizes were prepared by an aqueous particulate sol-gel process. Based on simultaneous differential thermal (SDT) analysis the minimum annealing temperature to obtain organic-free TiO 2 paste was determined at 400°C, being one of the lowest crystallization temperatures of TiO 2... 

    Development of a zero emission integrated system for co-production of electricity and methanol through renewable hydrogen and CO 2 capture

    , Article International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control ; Volume 7 , 2012 , Pages 145-152 ; 17505836 (ISSN) Soltanieh, M ; Azar, K. M ; Saber, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In order to decrease CO 2 emission into the atmosphere and develop renewable energy sources for carbon capture, an integrated system is considered for co-production of electricity and methanol. In this research, methanol synthesis unit through captured CO 2 from fossil fuel power plant and produced H 2 from water electrolysis unit by wind renewable energy is developed. An oxy-fuel combustion carbon capture method is considered in large scale Matiant power plant based on utilization of oxygen from water electrolysis unit. Technical and economical analysis of the proposed system shows that when the price of natural gas is 7.8US$/GJ, the total CO 2 avoided cost is 93US$/(tonne of CO 2) and... 

    Development of a reduced order model for nonlinear analysis of the wind turbine blade dynamics

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 76 , February , 2015 , Pages 264-282 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Rezaei, M. M ; Behzad, M ; Haddadpour, H ; Moradi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    In this paper, a reduced order model for the nonlinear dynamic analysis of the wind turbine blade under operational loading is presented. The accuracy and efficiency of the proposed model are investigated through various static and dynamic analyses. A comprehensive straightforward formulation for the nonlinear beam model is developed based on different large deformation strain theories. Also, the fluid-structure coupling effects due to quasi-steady aerodynamics and gravitational forces are included. The new matrix expressions are introduced for direct conversion of the developed formulation into the reduced order model (ROM). Thereafter, the ROM based on the Galerkin method is developed...