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    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zamzamian, Mehrdad (Author) ; Vosoughi, Nasser (Supervisor)
    High purity Germanium (HPGe) detector is a sub branch of semiconductor detectors which has very good resolution, very little dead time, able tobuild in large dimensions and suitable for any condition that it is using in vast fields from space investigation to radiation therapy. this detector is usually used to detecting gamma radiations furthermore the best resolution can be attained with decreasing leakage current. for analyzing about operation of the HPGe detector, it needs to initiate a model of this detector. in this studing has been used modelGEM-15190,POP-TOP which is built by ortec company. for initiating, it was used liquid nitrogen and accessory equipments like high voltage supply,... 

    ZrOCl2·8H2O on montmorillonite K10 accelerated conjugate addition of amines to α,β-unsaturated alkenes under solvent-free conditions

    , Article Tetrahedron ; Volume 62, Issue 4 , 2006 , Pages 672-677 ; 00404020 (ISSN) Hashemi, M. M ; Eftekhari-Sis, B ; Abdollahifar, A ; Khalili, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    At room temperature, ZrOCl2·8H2O on montmorillonite K10 efficiently catalyzes conjugate addition of amines to a variety of conjugated alkenes such as α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds, carboxylic esters, nitriles and amides under solvent-free conditions. The catalyst can be recycled for subsequent reactions without any appreciable loss of efficiency. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved  

    ZnO nanoparticles: An efficient nanocatalyst for the synthesis of β-acetamido ketones/esters via a multi-component reaction

    , Article Catalysis Communications ; Volume 9, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 299-306 ; 15667367 (ISSN) Mirjafary, Z ; Saeidian, H ; Sadeghi, A ; Matloubi Moghaddam, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    A convenient one-pot multi-component reaction of aromatic aldehydes, enolizable ketones or β-keto esters and acetonitrile in the presence of acetyl chloride and 10 mol% ZnO nanoparticles for the synthesis of β-acetamido ketones/esters at room temperature is described. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved  

    Work hardening and mechanical properties of severely deformed AA3003 by constrained groove pressing

    , Article Journal of Manufacturing Processes ; Volume 14, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 20-25 ; 15266125 (ISSN) Khakbaz, F ; Kazeminezhad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A severe plastic straining method, called constrained groove pressing, is used to improve the microstructure and mechanical properties of non-hardenable 3003 Al-Mn alloy. Williamson-Hall method is utilized to measure the grain size from X-ray diffraction patterns of deformed samples. The results show that ultra-fine grained 3003 alloy having grain size of 580 nm can be successfully produced by constrained groove pressing at room temperature. Mechanical properties of sheets, examined by tensile test, are approximately exhibited 170% improvement in comparison with those of annealed sample. Also, comparing the achieved results with those of aluminum 1100 alloy confirms the rapid rate of grain... 

    Water repellent room temperature vulcanized silicone for enhancing the long-term stability of perovskite solar cells

    , Article Solar Energy ; Volume 218 , 2021 , Pages 28-34 ; 0038092X (ISSN) Samadpour, M ; Heydari, M ; Mohammadi, M ; Parand, P ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    A key direction toward enhancing the long term and outdoor stability of the perovskite solar cells is encapsulation. As a result, a suitable encapsulation package is required to prevent moisture and oxygen penetration toward the perovskite solar cells. In this work, a low-cost commercially available bilayer structure of poly (methyl methacrylate)/ room-temperature vulcanizing silicone rubber (RTV) encapsulation package for enhancing the long term stability of the perovskite solar cells has been investigated. Encapsulated cells retained more than 80% of the initial efficiency at the environmental condition of 50% moisture, and room temperature after 1000 h, however reference cell efficiency... 

    Waste-free and environment-friendly uncatalyzed synthesis of dithiocarbamates under solvent-free conditions

    , Article Synlett ; Issue 18 , 2007 , Pages 2797-2800 ; 09365214 (ISSN) Azizi, N ; Ebrahimi, F ; Aakbari, E ; Aryanasab, F ; Saidi, M.R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A mild, convenient, and practical one-pot procedure for the direct synthesis of dithiocarbamates has been developed by condensation of amines, CS2, and a Michael acceptor, under solvent-free conditions at room temperature in good to excellent yields. © Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart  

    Visible light-induced photocatalytic reduction of graphene oxide by tungsten oxide thin films

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 276 , 2013 , Pages 628-634 ; 01694332 (ISSN) Choobtashani, M ; Akhavan, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tungsten oxide thin films (deposited by thermal evaporation or sol gel method) were used for photocatalytic reduction of graphene oxide (GO) platelets (synthesized through a chemical exfoliation method) on surface of the films under UV or visible light of the environment, in the absence of any aqueous ambient at room temperature. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) technique was employed to characterize surface morphology of the GO sheets and the tungsten oxide films. Moreover, using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), chemical state of the tungsten oxide films and the photocatalytic reduction of the GO platelets were quantitatively investigated. The better performance of the sol-gel tungsten... 

    Tribological characterization of electroless Ni-10% P coatings at elevated test temperature under dry conditions

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 62, Issue 9-12 , October , 2012 , Pages 1063-1070 ; 02683768 (ISSN) Masoumi, F ; Ghasemi, H. R ; Ziaei, A. A ; Shahriari, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    An experimental study of wear characteristics of electroless Ni-10% P coating sliding against hard AISI 52100 steel pin is investigated. Experiments are carried out at room and 550°C temperatures. Heat treatment effects on tribological behavior of this coating are studied. The wear surface and the microstructure of the coatings are analyzed using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersion analysis X-ray, and microhardness testing equipment. It is observed that the forming of continuous oxide film on contacting surfaces of pin and disk improves wear resistance and decreases friction coefficient of the Ni-10% P coating. The results indicate that the wear resistance of... 

    Threshold characteristics analysis of InP-based PhC VCSEL with buried tunnel junction

    , Article 2013 21st Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering ; May , 2013 , Page(s): 1 - 4 ; 9781467356343 (ISBN) Marjani, S ; Hosseini, S. E ; Faez, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The comprehensive optical-electrical-gain-thermal self-consistent model of the 1.55 μm AlGaInAs Photonic Crystal vertical cavity surface emitting diode lasers (PhC VCSELs) with buried tunnel junction (BTJ) has been applied to optimize its threshold characteristics. It shows that, for 5 μm devices, the room temperature (RT) threshold current equal to only 0.59 mA and maximum operating temperature equal to as much as 380 K. Results suggest that, the 5 μm AlGaInAs PhC VCSELs seem to be the most optimal ones for light sources in high performance optical communication systems  

    Thickness dependence on thermal stability of sputtered Ag nanolayer on Ti/Si(1 0 0)

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 254, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 548-551 ; 01694332 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Moshfegh, A.Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2007
    Thermal stability of Ag layer on Ti coated Si substrate for different thicknesses of the Ag layer have been studied. To do this, after sputter-deposition of a 10 nm Ti buffer layer on the Si(1 0 0) substrate, an Ag layer with different thicknesses (150-5 nm) was sputtered on the buffer layer. Post annealing process of the samples was performed in an N 2 ambient at a flow rate of 200 ml/min in a temperature range from 500 to 700 °C for 30 min. The electrical property of the heat-treated multilayer with the different thicknesses of Ag layer was examined by four-point-probe sheet resistance measurement at the room temperature. Phase formation and crystallographic orientation of the silver... 

    The two-step thermochemical growth of ZnS:Mn nanocrystals and a study of luminescence evolution

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 20, Issue 9 , 2009 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Hajisalem, G ; Marandi, M ; Taghavinia, N ; Houshiar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this work we report a new thermochemical method for the synthesis of ZnS:Mn nanocrystals. Zn(NO3)2 and Na2S 2O3 were used as the precursors and Mn(NO 3)2 was the source of impurity. Thioglycerol (TG,C 3H8O2S) was also used as the capping agent and the catalyst of the reaction. Na2S2O3 is a heat sensitive material which releases S species upon heating. Consequently, the reaction proceeds in temperatures higher than room temperature. The reaction was done in two steps. In the first step, the precursors were heated at 96 °C for an hour without TG. In the second step, TG was injected to the solution and the heating process was continued for longer heating durations. A fast growth occurred in... 

    The leaching kinetics of an oxide gold ore with iodide/iodine solutions

    , Article Hydrometallurgy ; Volume 113-114 , 2012 , Pages 42-50 ; 0304386X (ISSN) Baghalha, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Two types of gold ores were subjected to iodide/iodine leaching at room temperature. The effects of three factors, including ore type (a carbonaceous and an oxide gold ores), iodide/iodine concentration, and the presence of oxygen in solution on gold leaching performance were investigated. The carbonaceous ore showed only 20% gold extraction, since gold-iodide complexes readily adsorb on organic matter. In contrast, gold extraction from the oxide ore in a solution containing 20 g/L iodide and 4 g/L iodine reached 77% in 6 h and 89% in 24 h. With iodate as the oxidant, no gold could be leached in 48 h. When the iodate was partially converted to iodine by adding HCl to the solution, gold... 

    The geometrical characteristics of nickel-based metal organic framework on its entrapment capability

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1610 , 2020 Javanmardi, H ; Abbasi, A ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Here, a three dimensional nickel–based metal organic framework (MOF) was synthesized via solvothermal and room temperature protocols. In order to study the effects of the synthesis conditions on the physical properties such as pore sizes and shapes of the prepared MOFs, their extraction capabilities were examined. Both MOFs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller and thermogravimetric analyses. Brilliant properties such as porous structure, high surface area and considerable thermal stability make them reasonable candidates to be employed as efficient extractive phases. The efficiency of the... 

    The effects of oxidation conditions on structural and electrical properties of silicon nanoparticles obtained by ultra-low-energy ion implantation

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 16, Issue 12 , 2005 , Pages 2987-2992 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Grisolia, J ; Shalchian, M ; Ben Assayag, G ; Coffin, H ; Bonafos, C ; Schamm, S ; Atarodi, S. M ; Claverie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we have studied the effect of annealing under slightly oxidizing ambient (N2+O2) on the structural and electrical characteristics of a limited number of silicon nanoparticles embedded in an ultra-thin SiO2 layer. These nanoparticles were synthesized by ultra-low-energy (1 keV) ion implantation and annealing. Specific experimental methods have been used to characterize the ncs populations. They include transmission electron microscopy (TEM) Fresnel imaging for evaluating the distances and widths of interest and spatially resolved electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) using the spectrum-imaging mode of a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) to measure the size... 

    The effect of substrate surface roughness on ZnO nanostructures growth

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 257, Issue 8 , February , 2011 , Pages 3291-3297 ; 01694332 (ISSN) Roozbehi, M ; Sangpour, P ; Khademi, A ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    The ZnO nanowires have been synthesized using vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) process on Au catalyst thin film deposited on different substrates including Si(1 0 0), epi-Si(1 0 0), quartz and alumina. The influence of surface roughness of different substrates and two different environments (Ar + H2 and N2) on formation of ZnO nanostructures was investigated. According to AFM observations, the degree of surface roughness of the different substrates is an important factor to form Au islands for growing ZnO nanostructures (nanowires and nanobelts) with different diameters and lengths. Si substrate (without epi-taxy layer) was found that is the best substrate among Si (with epi-taxy layer), alumina and... 

    The effect of pre-straining at intermediate temperatures on the mechanical behavior of high-bainite dual phase (HBDP) steels

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 543 , May , 2012 , Pages 224-230 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Farnoush, H ; Haghshenas Fatmehsari, D ; Ekrami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    High-bainite dual phase (HBDP) steels with 34. vol.% ferrite were subjected to tensile strains of 1%, 3%, and 5% at intermediate temperatures (150-450. °C). Mechanical behavior of pre-deformed steels was then investigated at room temperature. A maximum value for both yield stress and ultimate tensile strength was observed for pre-deformed steels. A minimum elongation was also found in the same pre-deformed specimens at the range of 250-350. °C. It was found that dynamic strain aging (DSA) plays the major role in mechanical properties of pre-strained HBDP steels. The DSA indicator parameter (DSAP) was introduced to evaluate DSA mechanism. Maxima of DSAP were likewise observed at the range of... 

    The effect of microstructure on the photocatalytic properties of TiO2

    , Article Advanced Materials Research, 26 October 2009 through 29 October 2009 ; Volume 264-265 , 2011 , Pages 1340-1345 ; 10226680 (ISSN) ; 9783037850534 (ISBN) Khameneh Asl, S ; Kianpour Rad, M ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Vaezi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Titanium dioxide is a cheap, chemically stable and non-toxic material. However its photocatalytic properties are unstable and it is a modest semiconductor and a mediocre insulator. For several applications it would be interesting to make it either more insulating or more conducting. The goal of this work was to modify the photocatalytic properties of nano-crystalline TiO2 powders by wet chemical routes and hydrothermal methods to understand the mechanism leading to these modifications The principal factors that influence the photocatalytic properties are on the one hand the concentration and nature of the chemical and physical conditions in TiO2, and on the other hand the morphology of the... 

    The effect of dynamic strain aging on subsequent mechanical properties of dual-phase steels

    , Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Volume 19, Issue 4 , June , 2010 , Pages 607-610 ; 10599495 (ISSN) Molaei, M. J ; Ekrami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dual-phase (DP) steels with different martensite contents were produced by subjecting a low carbon steel to various heat treatment cycles. In order to investigate the effect of dynamic strain aging (DSA) on mechanical properties, tensile specimens were deformed 3% at 300 °C. Room temperature tensile tests of specimens which deformed at 300 °C showed that both yield and ultimate tensile strengths increased, while total elongation decreased. The fatigue limit increased after pre-strain in the DSA temperature range. The effects of martensite volume fraction on mechanical properties were discussed  

    The effect of dynamic strain aging on room temperature mechanical properties of high martensite dual phase (HMDP) steel

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 550 , 2012 , Pages 325-332 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Shahriary, M. S ; Koohbor, B ; Ahadi, K ; Ekrami, A ; Khakian Qomi, M ; Izadyar, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    AISI 4340 steel bars were heated at 900 °C for one hour, annealed at 738 °C for different durations and oil-quenched in order to obtain dual phase steels with different ferrite volume fractions. A 3% prestrain at the temperature range of 150-450 °C was then imposed to the samples, and room temperature tensile tests were carried out, afterwards. Results indicate that the maximum values for both yield and ultimate tensile strength would exist for the samples pre-strained at the temperature range of 250-300 °C. Also, a sudden drop of the ductility was observed at the mentioned temperature range. The observed behavior might be attributed to the occurrence of dynamic strain aging taken place at... 

    The effect of dynamic strain aging on fatigue properties of dual phase steels with different martensite morphology

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 527, Issue 1-2 , 2009 , Pages 235-238 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Molaei, M. J ; Ekrami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dual phase (DP) steels with network and fibrous martensite were produced by intercritical annealing heat treatment cycles. Some of these steels were deformed at dynamic strain aging temperatures. Room temperature tensile tests of specimens deformed at 300 °C showed that both yield and ultimate tensile strengths for both morphologies increased, while total elongation decreased. Fatigue test results before and after high temperature deformation showed that dynamic strain aging has a stronger effect on fatigue properties of dual phase steels with fibrous martensite. Cracks in DP steels with fibrous martensite propagate in a tortuous path in soft ferrite phase, while they pass of both hard and...