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    Preparation of Nanocomposite Membrane For H2S / CH4 Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yazdani Sahamieh, Majid (Author) ; Mousavi, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Khanbabaee, Ghader (Supervisor) ; Babana’lbandi, Ahmad (Co-Advisor)
    Due to the presence of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide in natural gas outlet of wells, it cannot be sent directly to the municipal pipelines. This study was trying to be select and made membranes for separation of CO2 and H2S from methane. Permeability of methane and carbon dioxide gases through the polyurethane membranes were studied. For this purpose, two commercial polyurethane and synthesized polyurethane with different formulations of the compounds that have been studied so far in the literature were used. Synthesized polyurethane and nano-composite membranes were characterized by using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier Transfer... 

    Nanocarbon-based Nanocatalyst Design & Synthesis for Hydrogen Sulfide Removal from Gas Feed

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kamali, Farnoush (Author) ; Baghalha, Morteza (Supervisor) ; Eskandari, Mohammad Mehdi (Supervisor)
    well known metal-free nanostructure carbon-based catalyst, mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride, with diverse morphologies were synthesized by using ethylendiamine/carbontetrachloride as a precursor, SBA-15 and SBA-15 nanorod as hard templates. We have investigated morphology effect on the catalytic performance. The catalysts were characterized by means of low angle and wide angle XRD, BET, FT-IR, CHNOS, FE-SEM analysis. Because of high surface area, pore volume and high nitrogen content, which acts as lewis basic site, for the first time, carbon nitride is chosen for selective catalytic oxidation of hydrogen sulfide to sulfure. Reaction was taken place in a fixed-bed reactor and at... 

    Preparation of a Polyoxotungstate-Based Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Catalyst and the Application in Sulfide Oxidation and Azide-Alkyne Cycloaddition Reactions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi Neyestani, Fatemeh (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    In this study polyoxotungstate-based inorganic-organic hybrid [C272H162N80Cu16.5W36O129Na9] .80.5H2O was synthesized in situ. This inorganic-organic hybrid resulted from the reaction between copper salt and sodium tungstate with the benzimidazole ligand. Combining inorganic-organic hybrid with polyoxotungstate improved the ability of this catalytic system in oxidation and cycloaddition reactions. The resulting product was identified by IR, X-ray diffraction (XRD), elemental analysis (CHNS), inductively coupled plasma (ICP-OES), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) and EDX were technique. The catalyst was used in optimal conditions in sulfide oxidation and azide-alkyne... 

    Studying and Synthesize of H2S Gas Sensors Based on Modified WO3 Nanostructure Thin Films

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kashani, Shima (Author) ; Iraji zad, Aazam (Supervisor) ; Rahimi, Fereshte (Co-Advisor)
    H2S is a toxic gas used in chemical laboratories and industries. H2S is also liberated in nature due to biological processes and also from mines and petroleum fields. At some threshold level, exposure to concentrations over 10 ppm can result in headaches, irritability, dizziness and in some case leads to death. So that introducing sensors which sense H2S at ppm level with the low response time is so essential. The present work emphasizes on H2S resistance-sensing properties of pure and Pd doped WO3 films prepared by Arc discharge method. XRD, SEM, EDAX and XPS were applied to analyze crystal structure, morphology and chemical composition of the films. The analyzes results showed that films... 

    The Solubility of Carbonyl Sulfide in Aqueous Alkanolamine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Parvaneh, Khalil (Author) ; Ghotbi, Syrus (Supervisor) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Co-Advisor) ; Jalili, Amir Hossein (Co-Advisor)
    With considering the existence of carbonyl sulfide in natural gas and crude oil, we need to study the absorption of this gas in aqueous alkanolamine solutions. In this project the solubility of carbonyl sulfide in different pressures and two temperatures of 313.15 and 348.06 K have been measured.The absoption of carbonyl sulfide in aqueous alkanolamine solutions is a very slow process. In this study we used different methods for measuring the required data. Befor the experiments we calibrated the set up with reliable data. Finaly the results simulated with Deshmakh-Mather thermodynamic model, numerically. The simulation results show a good agreement with experimental data  

    Synthesis of Core-Shell Nanoparticles Supported Iron and Vanadium Schiff Base and Their Application as a Catalyst for Oxidation of Sulfides, Alcohols and Olefins

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Payab, Ebrahim (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    In this work, synthesized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles andcoated with SiO2 to prepare magnetic core-shell nanoparticles. Then immobilized Schiff baseof iron and vanadium complexes on magnetic core-shell nanoparticles was prepared as a recoverable magnetic nano catalysts. These catalysts were named Fe3O4@SiO2@L1@Fe, Fe3O4@SiO2@L2@Fe and Fe3O4@SiO2@L3@V. Furthermore,olefines epoxidation, sulfides and alcohols oxidation were studied with using iron and vanadium magnetic nano catalysts. The supported catalysts were characterized by atomic absorption, FT-IR and UV–Vis spectra.The catalytic performance of the synthesized iron catalyst was tested for the epoxidation of cyclohexene, styrene and... 

    Doping Effect of Copper and Copper Oxide on H2S Sensing of Nanostructured WO3

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nowrouzi, Rasoul (Author) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor)
    The aim of this research is preparation of tungsten trioxide nanoparticles film for hydrogen sulfide gas sensing. These nanoparticles were made by simple and inexpensive sol-gel method. To improve gas sensing properties, various precursors of copper and copper oxides were added to the sol. This solution was coated on alumina substrate by spin coating method. After annealing, sensing properties of samples were studied by measuring the electrical resistance. Best precursor and its molar percentage of copper to tungsten were selected (WO3-Cu2O (1%)). All tests for this sample were done in temperatures below 100 °C and gas concentration lower than 10 ppm. Sensitivity of WO3-Cu2O (1%) to 1 ppm... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of ZnO Nanostructure, Modified by Graphene and CdS for PEC Application

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nourmohammadi, Mohammad Amin (Author) ; Moshfegh, Alireza (Supervisor)
    In this project, the photoelectrochemical properties of ZnO nanostructures modified by CdS and Graphene was studied. Firs, titanium foil was cut into rectangular shape with 1cm width and 3 cm length, cleaned by rinsing in acetone and ethanol and annealed at 4000C for an hour. As a result, a thin layer of titanium oxide was formed on Ti sheet. Then a layer of grapheme oxide was deposited on substrate using Electrophoretic deposition (EPD). After that, ZnO nanostructure was deposited on the TiO2 substrate using Electropulsation (EP) with 20 consecutive pulse followed by 3 minutes Electrodeposition (ED). Using SEM analysis, the morphology of ZnO was determined to be nanopetals in which the... 

    Hot Workability of a Free-cutting Steel with Severe Sulfur Segregation During Continuous Casting

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naghdy, Soroosh (Author) ; Akbarzadeh, Abbas (Supervisor)
    Splitting in ingot cast structures and transverse cracks in continuous cast structures are the main problems of hot rolling of low carbon resulfurized free-cutting (LCRF) steels. Presence of high volume fraction of manganese sulfide inclusions in cast structure increases the risk of alligatoring in hot rolling. Because of high sulfur content of these steels and probability of formation of low melting point phases, minimum level of manganese and maximum level of copper and tin is necessary. Morphology of manganese sulfide is another important factor in hot forming of these steels, which can be controlled by level of deoxidation in steel making. In fact, MnS2 is present in fully killed... 

    Modification of Repair Welding on Control Valves and Flanges of Sure Gas

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad, Nasr Esfahani (Author) ; Kokabi, Amir Hossein (Supervisor)
    In this research, for optimization of repair welding of control valve and flange that use in East Oil& Gas Company, effect of chemical composition, microstructure, hardness and stress relive on sulfide stress cracking (SSC) investigated with select of four electrodes. All welds were prepared by shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) and investigated with optical microscope, hardness test, tensile test and SSC test. The results showed that increase of nickel content in the range of 0.032–1.58 wt. % in weld metals, decrease of acicular ferrite and increase of side plate ferrite, grain boundary ferrite and M/A micro constituent in microstructure. Ni3S2 decrease SSC resistance and (FeCu).S increase... 

    Synthesis and Study of Catalytic Reactivity Oxo Vanadium (IV)& (V) Complexes with N,N'-Ethylenebis(Salicylimine)Ligand in Oxidation of Sulfides and Epioxidation of Olfins by Urea Hydrogen Peroxide (UHP) and Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide (TBHP)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nadiri, Siheila (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    The selective oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides is an important method in organic synthesis because sulfoxides are useful synthetic intermediates for the construction of various chemically and biologically significant molecules. To date, the most important method of preparation involves the oxidation of sulfides. Various oxidizing agents are used for this purpose. Oxovanadium(IV)(Salen) and oxovanadium(V)(Salen)Cl were synthesised and screened in the vanadium-catalysed oxidation of sulfides to solfuxides with urea hydrogen peroxide(UHP) as terminal oxidant. Both complexes showed good activity and selectivity trough the catalytic reaction.characterized by elemental analyses, IR, 1H and 13C... 

    Preparation of Magnetically Recyclable Silica Supported Oxovanadium Nanocatalyst and its Application in the Oxidation of Sulfides

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Navi, Hossein (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    Current study reports a state-of-the-art approach for synthesis of nanocatalyst based on Oxo-vanadium Schiff base complex which itself is, covalently, immobilized on core-shell magnetic nanoparticles of silica-modified magnetite (Fe3O4@SiO2) and the substantial potential it offers as heterogeneous catalyst in selective oxidation of sulfides.Synthesized materials and complexes in this project were characterized by means of modern spectral devices such as FT-IR, XRD and SEM.Unlike routine process of the preparation of heterogeneous catalysts that requires further modification of the core-shell nanoparticles with capping agents, here we have been capable of cutting some time-consuming steps... 

    Design and Fabrication of Flexible Fiber- Shaped Hybrid Micro- Supercapacitors Based on Carbon Nanostructures and Oxides, Sulfides and Phosphides of Some Transition Metals

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Naderi, Leila (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Miniaturization of electronic devices with portable, flexible and wearable characteristics created a great demand for high-performance microscale energy storage devices with lightweight and flexible properties. Among the energy storage devices, wire-shaped micro-supercapacitors have recently received tremendous attention due to their small size, lightweght, and high flexibility. In the first part, the porous dendritic Ni-Cu film was prepared on Cu wire substrate (CW) for fabrication of high- performance wire-type micro-supercapacitors (micro-SCs). The porous structure with dendritic morphology provides a high surface area, short ion diffusion pathway and low contact resistance between... 

    The Effect of Cadmium, Calcium and Zinc on Optoelectronic Properties of PbS Quantum Dots

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirfasih, Mohammad Hassan (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    In recent years, much attention has been focused on quantum dot films due to their high amount of surface area and their size-dependant band-gap tenability. However, high surface area results in increase in energy traps in case of insufficient surface passivation. In this research, PbS colloidal quantum dots were synthesized via hot injection route having the size of 3 nm approximately. Then cationic doping with Zn, Ca and Cd and ligand exchange of long oleic acid with short organic mercaptopionic acid were done. Excitonic peak of these dots and photoluminescence peak appeard in wavelengths of 930 and 1100 nm respectively. Optimum film thickness was also determined as 300 nm. Quantum dot... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of Vanadium (IV)-SNO & ONO Tridentate Schiff-Base Complexes and Their Applications in Sulfide and Alcohol Oxidation in Ionic Liquid Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mousavi, Narges Sadat (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    In recent years, application of transition metal biphasic catalytic systems for different reactions is an area of intense research activity. Among these reactions, oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides and sulfones due to their importance as an intermediate in synthesis of organic compounds is a center of interest. Also, the catalytic conversion of alcohols to the corresponding aldehydes or ketones is a fundamental transformation in both laboratory and industrial synthetic chemistry. From environmental perspectives, the development of new catalytic oxidation systems with molecular oxygen as green oxidant is particularly attractive. In recent years, ionic liquids have been extensively studied... 

    Colloidal Synthesis of CdSe Nanoparticles and the Influence of Processing Parameters on Growth kinetics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mansouri, Hamid (Author) ; Asgari, Sirous (Supervisor)
    Over the past two decades, several studies have been investigated on synthesis and properties of semi-conductor quantum dots because of their applications in sensors, LEDs, detectors, solar cells, etc. One of challenging issues in synthesizing these nano-particles is their size distribution. In this study, Cadmium Selenide was synthesized by the method of colloidal synthesis. X-ray diffraction showed that the crystalline nano-particles have wurtzite structure. For obtaining a uniform size distribution, effect of various parameters such as molar ratio of components and reaction temperature on the growth kinetics of these particles, were studied. Results showed that molar ratio of Selenium to... 

    Manipulation of Two-Dimensional Nanosheets Tin Sulfide by Solvothermal Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mansouri, Iman (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Tin sulfide with an energy gap of about 1.1 ev is a semiconductor suitable for applications such as solar cells, lithium-ion batteries, photocatalysts and other semiconductor-based devices. There are several methods for synthesizing this semiconductor at the nanometer scale, among which the solvothermal method is an efficient, controllable and inexpensive method. By precisely controlling the parameters of this process, two-dimensional tin sulfide nanosheets with high purity and desirable morphology can be produced. In this research, tin sulfide has been synthesized by solvothermal / hydrothermal chemical method and its metallurgical properties have been studied. Effect of solvothermal... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of Nano-zeolite Membranes for Natural Gas Sweetening

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Maghsoudi, Hafez (Author) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Zeolite membranes are of interest due to their special properties; thermal and mechanical resistances and non-plasticization property in gas separations. Therefore, separation of H2S from natural gas by these membranes is the main goal of this thesis which is not investigated in the world. After some theoretical investigations including diffusion mechanisms of gases in the zeolites and adsorption mechanism of H2S on the zeolites, pure silica CHA-type (Si-CHA) zeolite was selected. After successful synthesis of Si-CHA zeolite, adsorption isotherms of H2S, CO2, and CH4 on the Si-CHA zeolite were measured over pressure range of 0-190 kPa and temperatures of 25 °C, 50 °C, and 75 °C. Acid gases... 

    Deposition of CdS on Nanostructured and Mesoporous TiO2 Film for Solar Cell Application

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moayeri, Vahid (Author) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    In this project, The cadmium sulfide nanoparticles were formed on a nanostructured and meso-porous titanium dioxide layer and its properties were characterized. Deposition process of titanium dioxide and cadmium sulfide has been performed respectively in one stage and two stages of dipcoating. In order to probing effects of temperature and dipcoating time, samples have been prepared in various times and temperatures. Also, some of the samples have been annealed. Thickness of titanium dioxide and cadmium sulfide coatings were approximately measured 1 μm and between 3-5 μm, respectively. As expected, XRD results disclosed that cadmium sulfide and titanium dioxide were formed in the form of... 

    A Study of Ascorbic Acid Electro-Oxidation Process on Silver and Silver Selenide Electrodes

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Majari Kasmaee, Laleh (Author) ; Gobal, Fereydoon (Supervisor)
    Electrocatalytic oxidation of L-ascorbic acid (L-AA) on silver electrode in alkaline solutions was studied employing cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry and impedance spectroscopy techniques. In comparison to Pt, the onset potential for L-AA electro-oxidation process on Ag, in a solution containg 0.02 M L-AA and 0.5 M NaOH, was 0.1 V more negative. Also, L-AA oxidation current increased more than 900% at -0.26 V/SCE. According to voltammety and impedance spectropy findings, although hydroxide anion presence was vital for L-AA oxidation to occur, at potentials more positive than -0.2 V/SCE, hydroxide ion tends to inhibit the oxidation process. Studies on the L-AA oxidation process on Ag in...