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    Manipulation of Two-Dimensional Nanosheets Tin Sulfide by Solvothermal Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mansouri, Iman (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Tin sulfide with an energy gap of about 1.1 ev is a semiconductor suitable for applications such as solar cells, lithium-ion batteries, photocatalysts and other semiconductor-based devices. There are several methods for synthesizing this semiconductor at the nanometer scale, among which the solvothermal method is an efficient, controllable and inexpensive method. By precisely controlling the parameters of this process, two-dimensional tin sulfide nanosheets with high purity and desirable morphology can be produced. In this research, tin sulfide has been synthesized by solvothermal / hydrothermal chemical method and its metallurgical properties have been studied. Effect of solvothermal... 

    Immobilized Manganese-porphyrin and Molybdenum-Schiff Base Complexes on Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles as Efficient Recyclable Nanocatalysts in Hydrocarbon and Sulfide Oxidation Reactions

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mortazavi Manesh, Anahita (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles have been utilized as a support for immobilization of homogeneous catalysts. The catalytic activity of the supported heterogeneous nanocatalysts was investigated in hydrocarbon and sulfide oxidation reactions. In the first part of this research, imidazole functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@SiO2-Im) were used as a support to anchor manganese porphyrin complex, [MnT(4-OMeP)P]OAc; via axial ligation. Catalytic application of the immobilized manganese porphyrin was studied in oxidation of alkenes and sulfides. To find suitable reaction conditions, the effect of different parameters such as solvent and temperature on immobilization process... 

    Using of SnS2 Nanostructured Layer as an Electron Transport Layer in the Perovskite Solar Cells

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Haghighi, Maryam (Author) ; Mahdavi, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Taghavinia, Nima (Supervisor) ; Mohammadpour, Raheleh (Co-Supervisor)
    In this research, we focus on study and investigation of the role of Tin(IV) Sulfide (SnS2) nanostructured layer as electron transport layer in perovskite and chalcogenide thin film solar cells. For this purpose, SnS2 powder was prepared through hydro/solvo-thermal method, utilizing different ratios of water and ethanol as solvent and various sulfur sources (thioacetamide and thiourea). Afterwards, different solvents were investigated to achieve a stable ink (about one month) with uniform dispersion. After determining the appropriate ink and powder, thin films of SnS2 were prepared employing spin coating, spray pirolysis and laser pulsed deposition (PLD) methods and characterized. With each... 

    Surface Passivation of PbS Colloidal Quantum Dots for Photovoltaic Applications

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Tavakkoli, Mohammad Mahdi (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor) ; Ashuri, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Solution-processed quantum dots (QDs) have attracted significant attention for the low-cost fabrication of optoelectronic devices. Here, we synthesized PbS QDs via hot injection method and passivated the trap states by using short thiols and dopant elements for photovoltaic application. In order to study the effect of dopants on photovoltaic application, PbS QDs were doped by using three different cations: Cadmium, Calcium, and Zinc. The results showed that Cd dopant has a better improvement than Ca and Zn dopants in order to increase the efficiency of the PbS QDs solar cells. We achieved solar power conversion efficiencies of 5.81% using Cd therapy. Recently, hybrid nanocomposites... 

    Doping Effect of Copper and Copper Oxide on H2S Sensing of Nanostructured WO3

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nowrouzi, Rasoul (Author) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor)
    The aim of this research is preparation of tungsten trioxide nanoparticles film for hydrogen sulfide gas sensing. These nanoparticles were made by simple and inexpensive sol-gel method. To improve gas sensing properties, various precursors of copper and copper oxides were added to the sol. This solution was coated on alumina substrate by spin coating method. After annealing, sensing properties of samples were studied by measuring the electrical resistance. Best precursor and its molar percentage of copper to tungsten were selected (WO3-Cu2O (1%)). All tests for this sample were done in temperatures below 100 °C and gas concentration lower than 10 ppm. Sensitivity of WO3-Cu2O (1%) to 1 ppm... 

    Experimental Studies on the Application of Biosensors for Detection of Toxic Compounds

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghadiri, Mohammad (Author) ; Roosta Azad, Reza (Supervisor) ; Kariminia, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    In this project, quantification of sulfide ion was investigated based on peroxidase enzyme inhibition. The fungal peroxidase was obtained from the liquid culture of Coprinus cinereus NBRC 30628. Two different biosensing systems were suggested for sulfide ion measurement: (1) An amperometric inhibition peroxidase biosensor proposed for determination of sulfide by in situ bulk polymerization of acrylamide for immobilization of peroxidase on screen-printed carbon electrode. Measurements were performed using phosphate buffer solution as a supporting electrolyte in the presence of hydroquinone as a mediator. Identification method was based on reduction of generation current, caused by hydrolysis... 

    Modeling for Sensing Behavior of SnO2-CuO Nanostructures toward H2S Gas

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Boroun, Zhoubin (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Mohammadpour, Raheleh (Supervisor)
    H2S is a toxic and corrosive gas which is detrimental for both human’s health and some of important industries such as oil and gas. Based on different experimental research among various systems, resistive sensors fabricated from SnO2-CuO nanostructures have promising performance toward detection of this gas. High sensitivity and selectivity, response time of order of seconds, recovery times of order of tens of seconds and determining concentration of H2S gas below ppm level are advantages of this system. Unfortunately due to lack of a theoretical model, current experimental researches are excessively based on “trial and error” methodology. In this research some of the basic questions which... 

    Formulation and Prodution of Organometal-halide Provskite Cells to Increase Solar Cells Efficieny

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Attari Navab, Arvin (Author) ; Nemati, Ali (Supervisor)
    Today organometallic perovskites are very important in fabrication of solar cells. This materials have advantages like high mobility of charge carriers, changing in range of light aborption with changing in structures atoms, having longer charge carrier diffusion lengths than other materials, high stability and efficiency, Low-cost fabrication process, having capability of studying and processing in low temperatures and having flexibility because of Weak chemical bond in perovskite structure. Due to the low stability and rapid decomposition of this material with the presence of light and moisture, in this study has tried to use PbS quantum dots which is used in sensitive dye solar cells as... 

    Nanocarbon-based Nanocatalyst Design & Synthesis for Hydrogen Sulfide Removal from Gas Feed

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kamali, Farnoush (Author) ; Baghalha, Morteza (Supervisor) ; Eskandari, Mohammad Mehdi (Supervisor)
    well known metal-free nanostructure carbon-based catalyst, mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride, with diverse morphologies were synthesized by using ethylendiamine/carbontetrachloride as a precursor, SBA-15 and SBA-15 nanorod as hard templates. We have investigated morphology effect on the catalytic performance. The catalysts were characterized by means of low angle and wide angle XRD, BET, FT-IR, CHNOS, FE-SEM analysis. Because of high surface area, pore volume and high nitrogen content, which acts as lewis basic site, for the first time, carbon nitride is chosen for selective catalytic oxidation of hydrogen sulfide to sulfure. Reaction was taken place in a fixed-bed reactor and at... 

    Design and Fabrication of Flexible Fiber- Shaped Hybrid Micro- Supercapacitors Based on Carbon Nanostructures and Oxides, Sulfides and Phosphides of Some Transition Metals

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Naderi, Leila (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Miniaturization of electronic devices with portable, flexible and wearable characteristics created a great demand for high-performance microscale energy storage devices with lightweight and flexible properties. Among the energy storage devices, wire-shaped micro-supercapacitors have recently received tremendous attention due to their small size, lightweght, and high flexibility. In the first part, the porous dendritic Ni-Cu film was prepared on Cu wire substrate (CW) for fabrication of high- performance wire-type micro-supercapacitors (micro-SCs). The porous structure with dendritic morphology provides a high surface area, short ion diffusion pathway and low contact resistance between... 

    Design, Construction and Investigation of the Behavior of Electrocatalysts Based on Some Transition Multi Metals Nanostructures toward Electrochemical Water Splitting

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hafezi Kahnamouei, Mohammad (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Energy and the environment issues are among the most important concerns of the present age. Global demand for energy is growing rapidly and energy demand is projected to double within the next 15 years. However, today most of the energy consumption comes from fossil fuels, which have limited and unstable reserves and are among the sources of environmental pollution. Hence, the production and conversion of clean energy from renewable sources is considered as an intelligent solution to significantly reduce dependence on fossil fuels and protect the environment. Fuel cells, metal-air batteries, and water electrolysis are among the simplest, most efficient, and most reliable technologies among... 

    Simulation of Mild Steel Corrosion in H2S Aqueous Solution

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fallah Mohammadi, Ehsan (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Corrosion is a main problem for oil and gas industries at refineries and petrochemical process. Presence of sulfur compounds in crude oil and creation a corrosive environment for steel structure, caused failure and unfortunate damages. H2S which present at cracking and sweetening process in sour feed obtain hydrogen atoms that can diffuse into steel structure which involve with its instruments and consequent to hydrogen damage .distribution and storage of these sour environments can be done by high strength low alloy steel (HSLA).Electrochemical hydrogen permeation test were performed to measure the hydrogen permeation current through A106/GR B pipeline steel in the electrolytes simulating... 

    Synthesis of Chloro Oxo (Tetraphenylporphyrinato) Vanadium(V) and Oxo (tetraphenylporphyrinato) Vanadium(IV) and Their Applications as a Catalyst for Oxidation of Sulfides and Epoxidation of Alkenes; Optimization of Reaction Condition by Response Surface Methodology (RSM)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Haghdoost, Mohammad Mehdi (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    Petroleum contains a large variety of metal compounds with vanadium and nickel being the major metals. Some 6–34% of the total vanadium content is made up out of metallo-oxo-porphyrins, also referred to as petroporphyrins. Metalloporphyrins have long excited interest as oxidation and epoxidation catalysts. In the other hand the selective oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides is of interest because of the importance of sulfoxides as synthetic intermediates in organic synthesis. A range of sulfides can be selectively oxidized to the corresponding sulfoxides in good yields using catalytic quantities of vanadyl complexes. Vanadium oxo tetraphenylporphyrin VO(TPP) catalyst is successfully applied... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of Vanadium (IV)-SNO & ONO Tridentate Schiff-Base Complexes and Their Applications in Sulfide and Alcohol Oxidation in Ionic Liquid Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mousavi, Narges Sadat (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    In recent years, application of transition metal biphasic catalytic systems for different reactions is an area of intense research activity. Among these reactions, oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides and sulfones due to their importance as an intermediate in synthesis of organic compounds is a center of interest. Also, the catalytic conversion of alcohols to the corresponding aldehydes or ketones is a fundamental transformation in both laboratory and industrial synthetic chemistry. From environmental perspectives, the development of new catalytic oxidation systems with molecular oxygen as green oxidant is particularly attractive. In recent years, ionic liquids have been extensively studied... 

    Synthesis of Core-Shell Nanoparticles Supported Iron and Vanadium Schiff Base and Their Application as a Catalyst for Oxidation of Sulfides, Alcohols and Olefins

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Payab, Ebrahim (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    In this work, synthesized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles andcoated with SiO2 to prepare magnetic core-shell nanoparticles. Then immobilized Schiff baseof iron and vanadium complexes on magnetic core-shell nanoparticles was prepared as a recoverable magnetic nano catalysts. These catalysts were named Fe3O4@SiO2@L1@Fe, Fe3O4@SiO2@L2@Fe and Fe3O4@SiO2@L3@V. Furthermore,olefines epoxidation, sulfides and alcohols oxidation were studied with using iron and vanadium magnetic nano catalysts. The supported catalysts were characterized by atomic absorption, FT-IR and UV–Vis spectra.The catalytic performance of the synthesized iron catalyst was tested for the epoxidation of cyclohexene, styrene and... 

    Synthesis of NO-bidentate- and ONO-Tridentate-Oxovanadium(IV) Complexes Supported on Fe¬3O4@SiO2 Core-Shell Magnetic Nanoparticle and Their Application in Oxidation of Sulfides and Alkenes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahbazirad, Ayoob (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    To synthesizeFe3O4@SiO2 core-shellnanoparticles,at first,Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle synthesisedby usingcoprecipitation method.Then tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) was used to coverthe surface of this nanoparticle with layer of silica. In the next step, the surface of Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shellnanoparticlesfunctionalized by NO-bidentate and ONO-tridentate ligands. Finally the functionalized nanoparticle coordinated to oxovanadium(IV) to achieve Fe3O4@SiO2@NO-VO2+ and Fe3O4@SiO2@ONO-VO2+nanocatalysts for selective oxidation of sulfides to corresponding sulfoxide and oxidation of alkene. FT-IR, 1HNMR, 13CNMR, SEM, VSM and ICP analysis were used for characterization of this nanocatalysts. This... 

    Synthesis of Mo-Complex with An Ionic Salen Ligand and Its Application in Catalytic Epoxidation of Olefins and Sulfide Oxidation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bagheri Sereshky, Fahimeh (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    In this project synthesis and characterization of a novel dioxomolybdenum(VI), with tetradentates Schiff base ligand which was soluble in water. The first step of complex synthesis was chloromethylation of salicylaldehyde and the second step was the reaction with the pyridine. After that salen ligand will be synthesized by reaction with ethylene diamine. In the presence of Mo(acac)₂(VI) the final product will be synthesized. The complex was characterized by spectroscopic methods such as UV, NMR, FT-IR and CHN. The synthetized complex was studied for olefin (aliphatic and aromatic) epoxidation as well as sulfide oxidation. It was more active in aliphatic olefins epoxidation than sulfide... 

    Synthesis and Catalytic Activity of Mo(VI) Oxo-peroxo Complex in Selective Oxidation of Sulfides to Sulfoxides and Alkenes to Epoxides

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Atabaki, Behnam (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor) ; Jamali, Sirous (Co-Advisor)
    Considerable efforts have been directed in recent years towards the transition metal complex catalyzed oxidation of organic compounds. Among these, oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides and alkenes to epoxides have specially been attended a lot, since sulfoxides and epoxides are important intermediates in organic synthesis. In this study [MoO(O2)(oxazine)2] complex has been synthesized and characterized by FT-IR and 1HNMR. This complex was found to be an efficient, selective catalyst for the oxidation of various sulfides to sulfoxides with urea hydrogen peroxide (UHP) in excellent yields (100% for dioctylsulfide) and short reaction times (20 min) at room temperature. Also this new efficient... 

    Synthesis and Study of Catalytic Reactivity Oxo Vanadium (IV)& (V) Complexes with N,N'-Ethylenebis(Salicylimine)Ligand in Oxidation of Sulfides and Epioxidation of Olfins by Urea Hydrogen Peroxide (UHP) and Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide (TBHP)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nadiri, Siheila (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    The selective oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides is an important method in organic synthesis because sulfoxides are useful synthetic intermediates for the construction of various chemically and biologically significant molecules. To date, the most important method of preparation involves the oxidation of sulfides. Various oxidizing agents are used for this purpose. Oxovanadium(IV)(Salen) and oxovanadium(V)(Salen)Cl were synthesised and screened in the vanadium-catalysed oxidation of sulfides to solfuxides with urea hydrogen peroxide(UHP) as terminal oxidant. Both complexes showed good activity and selectivity trough the catalytic reaction.characterized by elemental analyses, IR, 1H and 13C... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of CdS Modified TiO2 Nanotubes for Studying of Photoelectrochemical (PEC) Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Qorbani, Mohammad (Author) ; Moshfegh, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Azimirad, Rouhollah (Supervisor)
    In this research, first thin films with nanostructures of titanium nanotube arrays (TNAs) synthesized by anodization under different applied voltage (20- 60 V) and different reaction times (120 and 200 min). The electrolyte solution for synthesizing the samples contained 90% ethylene glycol (EG), 10% DI water, 0.1 M NHR4RF and a little HR3RPOR4R to reach the pH to 5.6. The synthesized samples crystallized under annealing treatment at 500 °C (with heating rate of 9.5 °CminP -1 P). The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis was indicate that the length and the inner diameter of the nanotubes have increased from 1.6 μm and 67 nm (for 30 V anodization and for 2h) to 4.2 μm and 125 nm (for...