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    Polyethylene quality control in an industrial scale fluidized bed reactor

    , Article Indian Journal of Chemical Technology ; Volume 25, Issue 1 , January , 2018 , Pages 21-30 ; 0971457X (ISSN) Vahidi, O ; Shahrokhi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR)  2018
    Abstract
    Polymer quality control in an industrial scale polyethylene fluidized bed reactor has been addressed. Since online measurements of polymer properties (melt index and density) are not available, they must be controlled indirectly via other available measurements. In the present paper, two algebraic equations correlating polyethylene melt index and density with the measureable concentrations of chemical components are obtained. Having the desired polyethylene properties and using these correlations, desired concentrations of chemical components are calculated and used via corresponding control loops. By using the infrequently available polyethylene property measurements, the correlation... 

    Control of a fluidized bed polyethylene reactor

    , Article Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering ; Volume 27, Issue 3 , September and October , 2008 , Pages 87-101 ; 10219986 (ISSN) Vahidi, O ; Shahrokhi, M ; Mirzaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    In present paper, dynamic behavior and control of a fluidized bed reactor for polyethylene production has been considered. A double active sites model for Ziegler-Natta catalysts is used for simulation of polymerization reaction. Hydrodynamic behavior of the bed is modeled using a two phase model including bubble and emulsion phases in which bubble phase has plug flow pattern with differentially variable velocity and size through the bed and emulsion phase has the CSTR flow pattern. The reactor model is validated using industrial data. Conventional PID controllers with anti-windup are considered for control purposes. It has been shown that the control system has satisfactory performances... 

    Heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of nanofluid in unsteady squeezing flow between rotating porous disks considering the effects of thermophoresis and Brownian motion

    , Article Advanced Powder Technology ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , March , 2016 , Pages 564–574 ; 09218831 (ISSN) Saidi, M. H ; Tamim, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2016
    Abstract
    In this study, the unsteady three dimensional nanofluid flow, heat and mass transfer in a rotating system in the presence of an externally applied uniform vertical magnetic field is investigated. This study has different applications in rotating magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) energy generators for new space systems and also thermal conversion mechanisms for nuclear propulsion space vehicles. The important effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis have been included in the model of nanofluid. The governing equations are non-dimensionalized using geometrical and physical flow field-dependent parameters. The velocity profiles in radial, tangential and axial directions, pressure gradient,... 

    Heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of nanofluid in unsteady squeezing flow between rotating porous disks considering the effects of thermophoresis and Brownian motion

    , Article Advanced Powder Technology ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2016 , Pages 564-574 ; 09218831 (ISSN) Saidi, M. H ; Tamim, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2016
    Abstract
    In this study, the unsteady three dimensional nanofluid flow, heat and mass transfer in a rotating system in the presence of an externally applied uniform vertical magnetic field is investigated. This study has different applications in rotating magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) energy generators for new space systems and also thermal conversion mechanisms for nuclear propulsion space vehicles. The important effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis have been included in the model of nanofluid. The governing equations are non-dimensionalized using geometrical and physical flow field-dependent parameters. The velocity profiles in radial, tangential and axial directions, pressure gradient,... 

    Modeling and simulation of barite deposition in an annulus space of a well using CFD

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 161 , 2018 , Pages 476-496 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Movahedi, H ; Shad, S ; Beagom Mokhtari Hosseini, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    In drilling industry, barite particles settling and barite sag as a major problem can potentially impose significant operational issues. Static conditions, in which well undergoes an extended shut-in period, could occur during different drilling and completion operations such fishing operation, tripping, and logging. Despite its importance, such phenomenon is not well understood yet. To avoid issues related to barite settlement and barite sag, a good understanding of the impact of different drilling parameters on barite settlement and sag phenomenon is required. Recently, the mathematical formulation and modeling of settlement and sag processes have gained more attention. In order to better... 

    Investigation of the interphase effects on the mechanical behavior of carbon nanotube polymer composites by multiscale modeling

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 117, Issue 1 , March , 2010 , Pages 361-367 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Montazeri, A ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    In this article, a multiscale modeling procedure is implemented to study the effect of interphase on the Young's modulus of CNT/polymer composites. For this purpose, a three-phase RVE is introduced which consists of three components, i.e., a carbon nanotube, an interphase layer, and an outer polymer matrix. The nanotube is modeled at the atomistic scale using molecular structural mechanics. Moreover, three-dimensional elements are employed to model the interphase layer and polymer matrix. The nanotube and polymer matrix are assumed to be bonded by van der Waals interactions based on the Lennard-Jones potential at the interface. Using this Molecular Structural Mechanics/Finite Element... 

    The effect of hematocrit and nanoparticles diameter on hemodynamic parameters and drug delivery in abdominal aortic aneurysm with consideration of blood pulsatile flow

    , Article Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine ; Volume 195 , October , 2020 Jafarzadeh, S ; Nasiri Sadr, A ; Kaffash, E ; Goudarzi, S ; Golab, E ; Karimipour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ireland Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Background and Objective: The present article has simulated to investigate the efficient hemodynamic parameters, the drug persistence, and drug distribution on an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: Blood as a non-Newtonian fluid enters the artery acting as a real pulse waveform; its behavior is dependent on hematocrit and strain rate. In this simulation of computational fluid dynamic, magnetic nanoparticles of iron oxide which were in advance coated with the drug, are injected into the artery during a cardiac cycle. A two-phase model was applied to investigate the distribution of these carriers. Results: The results are presented for different hematocrits and the nanoparticle diameter. It... 

    Energetic and exergetic performance enhancement of heat exchangers via simultaneous use of nanofluid and magnetic swirling flow: A two-phase approach

    , Article Thermal Science and Engineering Progress ; Volume 20 , 2020 Bezaatpour, M ; Rostamzadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    A high-efficient method has been considered for simultaneously improving the hydrothermal and exergetic performance of heat exchangers. Two-phase Eulerian model is employed in a 3-D numerical study to precisely study the hydrothermal and entropic behaviors of Fe3O4/water ferrofluid, under the effect of a magnetic field inducer. The findings reveal that employing the magnetic field can improve the energetic and exergetic performance by generating a swirling flow in the heat exchanger. The pressure drop and entropy generation minimization are also achieved by the induced flow in comparison with other passive techniques due to the lack of any additional obstacle in the flow path. Results show...