Search for: viscoelasticity
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    Pore Scale Modeling of Fluid-Fluid Intercations During Low Salinity Waterflooding

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kamani, Ahmadreza (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahab (Supervisor) ; Mahani, Hassan (Supervisor)

    Recent studies have shown that the injection of low-salinity water would enhance the oil recovery factor for both the core scale and the field test. The evidence obtained from laboratory studies showed that the control of salinity and the composition of injected water has successfully affected the oil release, hence enhancing the oil recovery efficiency. In this method, by changing the type and amount of dissolved ions in the injected water, the water/oil/rock interactions are altered. Based on this, extensive studies have been focused on the mechanisms for the trapped oil release at the pore scale. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain this phenomenon, which can be divided... 

    Modeling and Sensitivity Analysis of Heavy Vehicles Tire With Target of Determining Stiffness and Damping Characteristics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Lahe Motlagh, Peyman (Author) ; Saadat Foumani, Mahmoud (Supervisor) ; Fallah Rajabzadeh, Famida (Supervisor)
    Tire is one component of the suspension system and has beneficial effects on reducing vibrations caused to the vehicle. This study aims to determine the factors affecting the damping and stiffness of the tire is carried out. The modeling of factors were identified. For testing the modeling effort is to be made to the instruments used to measure the damping and stiffness of the tires. To make the structural static analysis, dynamic and modal was to have sufficient structural strength and the displacements and stresses are sensibly placed. Factors that have influence on the hardness of the ring diameter, the outer diameter of the tire, tire pressure, tire tread depth, tire wall thickness,... 

    Vibration and Flutter Analysis of Sandwich Shells and Plates with Fractional Viscoelastic Core

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Permoon, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Hadadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    The vibration and flutter characteristics of sandwich shells and plates with constrained viscoelastic layer are presented. The mechanical properties of viscoelastic core is modeled using fractional order model and the thin shells theory has been used to obtain the structural equations of the outer layers. Linear piston theory has also been used for aerodynamic modeling. The equations governing the vibrations and flutter of shells and plates are obtained using Newton method and in some cases using the energy method. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is implemented to solve the discretized governing equations for linear examples and the method of multiple scales is used to solve the nonlinear ordinary... 

    An Analytical Approach to Nonlinear Vibrations of a Three-Layered Sandwich Beam with a Viscoelastic Core, under the Effects of Internal Resonance, Employing MMS

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology PashaJavid, Babak (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Vibrations with high amplitudes in continuous systems and models with multiple degrees of freedom, in specific conditions, is concomitant with a phenomenon called internal resonance. In the presence of this phenomenon, energy is transferred from one directly excited mode to the other vibrating modes of the structure results in response of the structure to be combination of the excited modes. In that situation occurrence of the internal resonance may decrease the level of undesired vibrations of the structure. This behavior is of interest especially in sandwich structures with viscoelastic cores that are designated to improve the damping characteristics of the structure and the property may... 

    CFD Modeling of Reactive Flow During Matrix Acidizing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi Khoramabad, Mohammad (Author) ; Bazarga, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Masihi, Mohsen (Co-Supervisor)
    Heterogeneity is the major cause of the uneven acid distribution in carbonate acidizing. Traditional acidizing involves the injection of mineral acids, such as hydrochloric acid into the formation, which the bulk of the acidic solution permeates into the high-permeable layers and the low-permeability layers remain unreacted. So far, many chemical and mechanical techniques have been used to avoid the uneven distribution of acid. Using surfactant-based viscoelastic acids is one of the effective chemical method to divert acid to low-permeable zones. The unique feature of these acids is increasing viscosity of acidic solution as the pH increases. In this study, a two-scale continuum model... 

    Simulation of Fluid-Solid Mixtures Using SPH Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Taghizadeh Manzari, Mehrdad (Supervisor)
    Taghizadeh Manzari, M. (In this work, a modified Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method, with a new moving solid boundary treatment approach, is utilized to simulate the particulateflow problems. The renormalized first and second derivative schemes which lead tothe consistency of the method, are also used along with a modification to the continuityequation which prevents the spurious pressure oscillations. The proposed methodis validated by solving benchmark problems of solid body motion in channel flows.There is a good agreement between the obtained results and those reported in theliterature. The convergence of solutions for different domain discretizations is alsoassessed. In order... 

    Rheological Evaluation of Ageing Properties of Modified Bitumens

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naderi, Koorosh (Author) ; Tabatabaee, Nader (Supervisor)
    Bitumen ageing is one of the principal factors causing the deterioration of asphalt pavements. Ageing is a complex process that is affected by different parameters.With the rapid growth of modified binders in road paving applications over the past twodecades, it is important to study the ageing properties of these binders. A number of laboratory methods are used tosimulatethe bitumenageing at various stages of the production and service of hot mix asphalt.Recent studies have shown that Superpave testing protocol does not fully address the ageing of modified binders. To study the ageing properties of modified binders, three different types of binder modifiers, plastomer, elastomer, and ground... 

    Dynamic Analysis of an Inclined Functionally Graded Timoshenko Beam on Viscoelastic Foundation under Moving Mass

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirzaie, Vahid (Author) ; Firouzbazsh, Keykhosrow (Supervisor) ; Asghari, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    In this study, the linear dynamic response of an inclined FGM Timoshenko beam on linear viscoelastic foundation subjected to a traveling mass with constant and variable velocity is investigated. Timoshenko beam theory and von-karman strain-displacement relations are utilized to model the problem. the FGM beam is made of metal and ceramic and it is assumed that material properties of the beam vary continuously in the thickness direction according to the exponential law and the power-law form. The kelvin-voigt damping model is applied to model the internal damping of the FGM beam. The partial differential equations of motion for the bending rotation of cross-section, longitudinal and... 

    Study of Viscoelastic Property of Fluid with Optical Tweezers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirzahossein, Elham (Author) ; Seyed Reihani, Nader (Supervisor)
    Viscoelastic properties of biological fluid play an important role on biological organs. As an example we all know that Red blood cells must have high flexibility to pass thorough thin capillary.This high flexibility come partially from cytoplasm and 2 dimensional membrane and partially from polymeric fluid inside the cell(hemoglobin). So, for recognizing mechanical properties of a whole cell we also need to study the same properties just for fluid inside the cell. for this general purpose through this project we are going to measure viscoelastic properties of any polymeric fluid by optical tweezers which has an ability for measuring displacement of micron particle with accuracy of nm. first... 

    Non-Linear Aeroelastic Analysis of Three-Layered Plates with Magneto-Rheological Fluid Core in Supersonic Airflow

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mousavi, Fatemeh (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    This study is a comprehensive analysis on the nonlinear vibration of a sandwich plate containing magnetorheological (MR) fluid as the core layer. The nonlinear aeroelastic analysis of the structure is also discussed to determine the flutter boundaries. In this study, the numerical Generalized Differential Quadrature (GDQ) method is applied to investigate the free vibration analysis of a sandwich plate with a MR fluid core. The classical thin plate theory (CPT) and the First-order Shear Deformation Theory (FSDT) are assumed for face layers and core layer, respectively. These theories along with Von-Karman kinematic formulations are incorporated to extract governing equations. The equations of... 

    Investigation of the Recovery Time and Hyper-Viscoelastic Properties of the Brain Tissue

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohajery, Mohammad (Author) ; Ahmadian, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    FE simulations have been widely used to investigate the response of the brain tissue in various circumstances. The accuracy of the material models critically affects the results of the numerical simulation. However, despite the numerous studies aiming for the material modeling of the brain, there is still divergence between the results reported in the literature. A part of this discrepancy is due to the inherent difference between samples. Nonetheless, another part of it is resulted from the differences between testing protocols used by researchers. In some protocols multiple mechanical tests are performed on each sample. Enough recovery time should be considered between consecutive test... 

    Dynamics and Control of Needle Movement in Percutaneous Interaction with Prostate Tissue

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Maghsoudi, Arash (Author) ; Jahed, Mehran (Supervisor)
    In many modern medical procedures, needle insertion is an inevitable part of the diagnosis or treatment protocols. The accuracy of the needle insertion is adversely affected by a number of factors. A needle, frequently assumed to be flexible, is inserted into a soft tissue and induces complex mechanical interactions that may result in considerable uncertainties. Tissue intrinsic characteristics as well as its deformation and rotation may cause dramatic complexities. This work considers the needle movement inside the tissue from the dynamics and control point of view. The proposed approach can be regarded as an initial step towards automation of needle insertion procedures; it can also be... 

    Analytical and Numerical Investigation of Stress Wave Propagation in Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar for Studying Viscoelastic Behavior of Polymers at High Strain Rates

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moghaddam, Fazel (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Sohrabpour, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Studying the behavior of materials at high strain rate is necessary for design and analysis of structures subjected to impact loading. Therefore, design and construction of apparatuses that enable us for testing various materials under impact loading is very important. The split Hopkinson pressure bar test -one of the most important impact tests- is utilized for dynamic loading at constant strain rates ranging from 100 to 10000 1/s.
    In this thesis, first we explain about the behavior of materials at high strain rates and then focus on the behavior of polymers -that are widely used in different industries- under impact loading. Also, basic concepts of polymeric Hopkinson pressure bar and... 

    Analysis and Simulation of Three-Dimensional Torsional Viscous Dampers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Matbou, Farshad (Author) ; Behzad, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Torsional vibrations of internal combustion engines and reciprocating compressors, is one of the challenges in the design process. It can reduce power of productivity, equipment operating lifetime and increase noise of the system. Torsional viscous damper is a method to reduce torsional vibrations in rotating equipment. In this study, three-dimensional simulations of torsional viscous damper is performed as a matter of FSI, with consider harmonic excitation on the external walls and calculation of damping response inertia ring in CFX software. The viscoelastic non-Newtonian model properties of damping fluid is calculated in MATLAB software with respect to viscoelastic parameters. For... 

    Three-dimensional Simulation of Circulating Tumor Cells Magnetic Isolation Using a Viscoelastic-based Ferrofluid Solution

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mostafavi, Ali (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Nowadays cancer is the second major cause of death in the world after cardiovascular diseases and scientists and researchers are making considerable efforts to fight it. Detection and isolation of circulating tumor cells in the blood is of paramount importance as it can be further used to measure the disease severity as well as efficacy of chemical drugs. Magnetophoresis has attracted researchers because of its simplicity, high effectiveness and non-invasiveness. Microfluidic systems have a high potential for implementing conventional biological methods in a microscale for detection, separation and incubation of CTCs, and they also lead to reduction in costs and required samples. Prior to... 

    Modeling and Manipulation of Intracytoplasmic Cell Injection

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moshtaghi, Behnam (Author) ; Ahmadian, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    The injection process on cell is a very accurate and sensitive operation. This method is used for several new invented approaches such as tracytoplasmic Cell Injection or drug delivery. Controlling the injection force in micro scale is one of the problems of mentioned operations. Current huge and expensive laboratorial devices are helping the operators to do injection operation with :nore success. In this study a simple and novel microelectromechanical (MEMS) mechanism for doing injection process automatically on the biological cells is proposed. In order to controlling this device properly, we should model and simulate the operation condition from initial position to final condition. This... 

    Flutter of Constrained Layer Damping Cylindrical Shell with Fractional Derivative Viscoelastic Core

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mokhtari, Mohadesh (Author) ; Hadadpour, Hassan (Supervisor) ; Dehghani Firouzabadi, Rohollah (Co-Advisor)
    This study presents the aeroelastic stability and vibration analysis of a sandwich circular cylindrical shells with a constrained viscoelastic layer. Based on the Donnell-Moshtari theory, the structural formulation of the cylinder is obtained using Lagrange method. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is implemented to solve the discretized governing equations. To describe the mechanical properties of the viscoelastic layer, the fractional order standard solid model is applied. The effects of variation of the governing parameters such as the length to radius ratio, radius to total thickness ratio and ratio of core to facing thickness on the stability margins and frequencies of sandwich cylindrical... 

    Vibration Analysis of viscoelastic Sandwich Plates Under the Effects of Nonlinearities and Random Excitations

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahmoudkhani, Saeed (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Different aspects of oscillatory behaviors of sandwich structures with viscoelastic cores are investigated in the present study in four parts. In the first part, an analytical study is conducted to determine the variation of linear frequencies and damping ratio of different families of modes with system parameters. The participation of different families of modes such as the so-called pumping or thickness-shear modes along with the overall bending modes in the transverse response of the structure to transverse wide-band excitation is also investigated in this part. The formulation of the problem is established by assuming quadratic variation of displacement components of the core through the... 

    Empirical and Numerical Modeling of Viscoelastic-Viscoplastic Constitutive Equation for Asphalt Mixture Compaction

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Karimi Hosseinabadi, Mohammad (Author) ; Tabatabaee, Nader (Supervisor)
    The numerical simulation of asphalt concrete and pavement has gained considerable attention in recent decades. Information about the response of asphalt pavements during construction and in-service traffic loading is required by pavement specialists for improvement of pavement analysis and design methods. The goal of this study was to propose a constitutive relationship and a numerical modeling method for asphalt concrete compaction in the laboratory and in situ. Asphalt binders exhibit rate-dependent viscoelastic and viscoplastic mechanical behavior in asphalt concrete. The current study examined the viscoelastic and viscoplastic mechanical behavior of asphalt concrete under various loading... 

    Smart Design of Viscoelastic Diverters for Carbonate Matrix Acidizing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Alipour, Mahdi (Author) ; Bazargan, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Jamshidi, Saeed (Supervisor)
    One of the best stimulation methods for oil and gas wells is matrix acidizing in order to increase the near wellbore permeability. in acidizing, good acid coverage in different layers is one the main goals. so, various methods have been presented. important part in using these methods is to not damage formation and economic matters. modern methods utilize VES acids for this purpose. viscoelastic characteristics of these materials by formation of miscellaneous, increases the apparent viscosity by a large degree. for this reason, VES fluids can be used to improve acid divergence in acid injection operation. acid system based on viscoelastic surfactants that is changed to gel instantly, can be...