Search for: viscoelasticity
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    Modeling and Manipulation of Intracytoplasmic Cell Injection

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moshtaghi, Behnam (Author) ; Ahmadian, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    The injection process on cell is a very accurate and sensitive operation. This method is used for several new invented approaches such as tracytoplasmic Cell Injection or drug delivery. Controlling the injection force in micro scale is one of the problems of mentioned operations. Current huge and expensive laboratorial devices are helping the operators to do injection operation with :nore success. In this study a simple and novel microelectromechanical (MEMS) mechanism for doing injection process automatically on the biological cells is proposed. In order to controlling this device properly, we should model and simulate the operation condition from initial position to final condition. This... 

    Seismic Response of Irregular Steel Structures with Viscoelastic Dampers Under Near-Fault Records

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alizadeh Ranjbar, Ehsan (Author) ; Rahimzadeh Rofooei, Fayaz (Supervisor) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, the design of new structures and the renovation of existing buildings against earthquakes using energy absorption systems are very common. On the other hand, the near-field earthquake are characterized by directivity related velocity pulses with large accelerations. Recent studies have shown that the performance of the passive energy dissipation mechanisms are significantly depended on the characteristics of the near field velocity pulses. The efficiency of various passive dampers in damage mitigation of different building structures have been carefully evaluated under near field and far field earthquake records. In this study, the ability of viscoelastic dampers in controlling the... 

    Evaluation of the Performance of Viscoelastic Dampers in Controlling the Seismic Induced Response of Structures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gholami, Adel (Author) ; Rahimzadeh Rofooei, Fayyaz (Supervisor)
    In the present study, the performance of Viscoelastic Dampers in reducing the seismic response of the structures was investigated. For this purpose, first the effect of added damping to the system was studied. Number of 3-D steel structural models, with and without eccentricity which are designed with the 2800 code (first edition) and 519 code provisions that is not satisfied the provisions of the code-2800(third edition) is considered. It is assume that this system is located on a relatively stiff soil (soil type II based on Iranian Seismic Standard Code - 2800), a number of compatible earthquake records also considered to be used in the parametric studies. The results indicate that in... 

    Non-Linear Aeroelastic Analysis of Three-Layered Plates with Magneto-Rheological Fluid Core in Supersonic Airflow

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mousavi, Fatemeh (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    This study is a comprehensive analysis on the nonlinear vibration of a sandwich plate containing magnetorheological (MR) fluid as the core layer. The nonlinear aeroelastic analysis of the structure is also discussed to determine the flutter boundaries. In this study, the numerical Generalized Differential Quadrature (GDQ) method is applied to investigate the free vibration analysis of a sandwich plate with a MR fluid core. The classical thin plate theory (CPT) and the First-order Shear Deformation Theory (FSDT) are assumed for face layers and core layer, respectively. These theories along with Von-Karman kinematic formulations are incorporated to extract governing equations. The equations of... 

    Analysis of Sandwich Beam Vibration Due to Moving Mass

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahanfar, Rasoul (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor) ; Asgari, Mojtaba (Co-Supervisor)
    In this research, mathematical modeling, deriving equations of motion, solving equations and analyzing the response of motion vibrations of a moving mass with constant speed on a sandwich beam have been discussed. The sandwich beam consists of three layers, the middle layer of which is made of viscoelastic material, and the upper and lower layers are the Euler-Bernoulli beam model.At first, this sandwich beam is mathematically modeled, This mathematical modeling includes all the specifications of the system to obtain the equations that govern the behavior of the system. Then, the displacement field of the system has been extracted and the equations of motion of the system have been obtained... 

    Vibration and Flutter Analysis of Sandwich Shells and Plates with Fractional Viscoelastic Core

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Permoon, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Hadadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    The vibration and flutter characteristics of sandwich shells and plates with constrained viscoelastic layer are presented. The mechanical properties of viscoelastic core is modeled using fractional order model and the thin shells theory has been used to obtain the structural equations of the outer layers. Linear piston theory has also been used for aerodynamic modeling. The equations governing the vibrations and flutter of shells and plates are obtained using Newton method and in some cases using the energy method. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is implemented to solve the discretized governing equations for linear examples and the method of multiple scales is used to solve the nonlinear ordinary... 

    Modelling Nonlinear Viscoelastic Behavior of Hydrogels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Beheshti Seresht, Hassan (Author) ; Mohammad Navazi, Hossein (Supervisor) ; Arghavani Hadi, Jamal (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, the mechanical properties of collagen hydrogels were characterized using Finite Element method and the collagen content effect on the mechanical properties of hydrogels were investigated. Hydrogels samples with different collagen content were assessed which caused diverse mechanical behaviors. Due to the nonlinear behavior of hydrogels, using numerical methods and simulation softwars can be helpful to determine the mechanical properties of these material and save agreat deal of time. Finite Viscoelaticity theory was exploited for a UMAT Subroutine in Abaqus and an special Starin Energy Function was selected to extract the formulations. The agreement between simulation results... 

    A Layerwise Dynamic Non-Linear Formulation for Multi-Layered Panels in the Presence of Viscoelastic Layer and Sma Wires

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Khorasani, Reza (Author) ; Hosseini Kordkheili, Ali (Supervisor)
    This thesis aims to introduce a numerical method for investigating the appropriate arrangement of visco-pseudo-elastic dampers applicable to shell and plate structures under large deformation. These passive dampers are considered as viscoelastic layers and discrete shape memory alloy (SMA) wires in which this combination improves their overall efficiency and reduces their drawbacks. Also, the main advantages of these dampers are discussed during some illustrative problems. The current finite element formulation is based on an incremental updated Lagrangian (UL) approach along with the Newmark's integration technique. In the layerwise shell element, the Mindlin-Reissner theory is adopted in... 

    Aeroelastic Analysis of Sandwich wing With Fractional Viscoelastic Core

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebrahimi, Hossein (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    In this research, the effect of application of viscoelastic material with fractional derivatives pattern in aeroelastic stability analysis for a sandwich wing, has been examined. In order to study the wing’s aeroelastic behavior and the effect of inner layer on aeroelastic instability boundaries (fluttering), the wing is modeled as a cantilever sandwich beam with a fractional viscoelastic core. The Wagner approximation is used for applying the unstable aeroelastic loads. To obtain the characteristics and behaviors of the structure some assumptions including non-classical effects, are considered. These non-classical effects are the inner layer shear stress, the axial movements, the wing’s... 

    Flutter of Constrained Layer Damping Cylindrical Shell with Fractional Derivative Viscoelastic Core

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mokhtari, Mohadesh (Author) ; Hadadpour, Hassan (Supervisor) ; Dehghani Firouzabadi, Rohollah (Co-Advisor)
    This study presents the aeroelastic stability and vibration analysis of a sandwich circular cylindrical shells with a constrained viscoelastic layer. Based on the Donnell-Moshtari theory, the structural formulation of the cylinder is obtained using Lagrange method. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is implemented to solve the discretized governing equations. To describe the mechanical properties of the viscoelastic layer, the fractional order standard solid model is applied. The effects of variation of the governing parameters such as the length to radius ratio, radius to total thickness ratio and ratio of core to facing thickness on the stability margins and frequencies of sandwich cylindrical... 

    Stability of Fractional Viscoelastic Pipes Conveying Fluid in the External Cross Flow

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahali, Pooriya (Author) ; Hosseini Kordkhaili, Ali (Supervisor) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Co-Advisor)
    In this thesis, the dynamic behavior of a pinned-pinned fractional viscoelastic pipe conveying fluid is examined in the external cross flow. The Galerkin method is employed to discretize the nonlinear coupled equations of motion for viscoelastic pipe conveying fluid in the external cross flow. Consequently, four modes of system are obtained. In addition, direct perturbation method of multiple scale is used to solve the governing nonlinear coupled equations of motion for the fractional viscoelastic pipe conveying pulsating fluid in the external cross flow. Moreover, time response diagrams are drawn in order to investigate under effects of the internal fluid velocity, external fluid reduced... 

    An Analytical Approach to Nonlinear Vibrations of a Three-Layered Sandwich Beam with a Viscoelastic Core, under the Effects of Internal Resonance, Employing MMS

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology PashaJavid, Babak (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Vibrations with high amplitudes in continuous systems and models with multiple degrees of freedom, in specific conditions, is concomitant with a phenomenon called internal resonance. In the presence of this phenomenon, energy is transferred from one directly excited mode to the other vibrating modes of the structure results in response of the structure to be combination of the excited modes. In that situation occurrence of the internal resonance may decrease the level of undesired vibrations of the structure. This behavior is of interest especially in sandwich structures with viscoelastic cores that are designated to improve the damping characteristics of the structure and the property may... 

    Effects of Employing Vibro Absorbing Coating on Vibration Behavior of a Stiffened Panel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khorasani, Reza (Author) ; Hosseini Kordkheili, Ali (Supervisor)
    In this thesis the effects of vibro absorbing coating on vibration behavior of an aluminum sheet and also on a stiffened aluminum panel are investigated using experimental approach. Since there wasn't any information available about the used coating, to find its viscoelastic material properties, the method mentioned in ASTM E756-05 standard is employed and corresponding tests are performed.
    In the next step, an analytical solution developed for the aluminum sheet with viscoelastic coating and the obtained results compared with experimentation, in order to find its prediction accuracy for loss in “loss factor” of the system in presence of coating.
    To study the effect of... 

    Vibration Analysis of viscoelastic Sandwich Plates Under the Effects of Nonlinearities and Random Excitations

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahmoudkhani, Saeed (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Different aspects of oscillatory behaviors of sandwich structures with viscoelastic cores are investigated in the present study in four parts. In the first part, an analytical study is conducted to determine the variation of linear frequencies and damping ratio of different families of modes with system parameters. The participation of different families of modes such as the so-called pumping or thickness-shear modes along with the overall bending modes in the transverse response of the structure to transverse wide-band excitation is also investigated in this part. The formulation of the problem is established by assuming quadratic variation of displacement components of the core through the... 

    Panel Flutter Analysis of Cylindrical Constrained Layer Damping (CLD) Panels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadeghmanesh, Mostafa (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this study is to analytically study the aeroelastic characteristics of the cylindrical shells fully treated with passive constrained layer damping (PCLD) to indicate the effects of various parameters on the behavior of such structures. Constraining the viscoelastic layers increases the amount of dissipated energy and the bending stiffness of the structure without considerable change of the weight.
    A thin shell theory in conjunction with the Donell assumptions is employed for the shell and the constraining layer (CL) and the first order shear deformation theory (FSDT) is used for the viscoelastic layer to construct the model. The effects of rotary inertia and shear... 

    Investigation of Healing Capacity of Asphalt Binders Using a Simplified Viscoelastic Continuum Damage (S-VECD) Model:Role of Aging, Rejuvenation, and Polymer Modification

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asadi, Babak (Author) ; Tabatabaee, Nader (Supervisor)
    Asphalt binders are known to exhibit an inherent ability to repair damage. Such selfhealing potentially affects the fatigue damage performance of bituminous materials. There is no consensus about the effect of aging and polymer modification on cohesive healing. Also, the effectiveness of rejuvenating agents have not been addressed in previous studies. In the current study, three healing indices are presented to precisely quantify the healing capacity of various binders. These indices have been defined using the damage characteristic curves derived from interrupted linear amplitude sweep (LAS) tests. Instantaneous healing (IH) describes immediate reduction in accumulated damage after the rest... 

    Empirical and Numerical Modeling of Viscoelastic-Viscoplastic Constitutive Equation for Asphalt Mixture Compaction

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Karimi Hosseinabadi, Mohammad (Author) ; Tabatabaee, Nader (Supervisor)
    The numerical simulation of asphalt concrete and pavement has gained considerable attention in recent decades. Information about the response of asphalt pavements during construction and in-service traffic loading is required by pavement specialists for improvement of pavement analysis and design methods. The goal of this study was to propose a constitutive relationship and a numerical modeling method for asphalt concrete compaction in the laboratory and in situ. Asphalt binders exhibit rate-dependent viscoelastic and viscoplastic mechanical behavior in asphalt concrete. The current study examined the viscoelastic and viscoplastic mechanical behavior of asphalt concrete under various loading... 

    Dynamics of a Viscoelastic Plate on a Viscoelastic Foundation Subjected to a Moving Mass

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Foyouzat, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Esmaeil Purestekanchi, Homayoun (Supervisor) ; Mofid, Masoud (Co-Advisor)
    This thesis investigates the dynamic response of a viscoelastic plate resting on a viscoelastic Winkler foundation subjected to the excitation of a moving mass. Through application of the Laplace transform, the governing equation of the problem is derived for a general viscoelastic material. Thereafter, an analytical-numerical method is proposed in order to determine the dynamic response of the viscoelastic plate. The method is based on transforming the governing partial differential equation into a new solvable system of linear ordinary differential equations. To that extent, the proposed solution proves to be applicable to plates made of any viscoelastic material and with various boundary... 

    Investigation of Dynamic Behavior of Beams with Different Supports under Moving Vehicles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Samanipour, Kianoosh (Author) ; Vafai, Abolhassan (Supervisor) ; Esmaeil Pourestekanchi, Homayun (Co-Advisor)
    With the transportation progress and appearance of transit industry, necessity of modern vehicles redounded to appearance of heavier trucks with higher speeds, moving on the roads. In addition, with the progress in mechanical engineering and automobile industry, appearance of such trucks is growing increasingly. So, bridges as one of the structures that civil engineers design and construct, nowadays are subjected to higher moving dynamic loads in comparison with the past. As a result, lots of investigation and researches in the universities and institutions all over the world are being conducting on the effects of the vehicle speeds on the dynamic stresses of the bridges. Bridge codes... 

    Study of the Effects of Rrest Time and Loading Time on Viscoplastic Strain of Asphalt Concrtee

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahangiri, Behnam (Author) ; Tabatabaei, Nader (Supervisor)
    Asphalt concrete exhibits viscoelastic and viscoplastic behavior which is dependent on rate and temperature. To model this behavior, various mechanical modelshave been presented in which total strain, as the response of the applied stress, is decomposed by various researchers to recoverable and permanent strains.Accumulation and expansion of permanent response result in rutting which is a dominant and prevalent distress in hot mixed asphalt (HMA) in hot climates. The available models are not capable of accurately calculate the viscoplastic strain under cyclic loading.
    To close this gap, recovered viscoelastic strain at rest (unloading) period was introduced. This parameter accounted for...