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    Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Wing Aspect ratio and its distance from the Tail on the Aerodynamic parameters at high A.O.A

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Afshari, Abbas (Author) ; Soltani, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    In recent years, requirement to increase projectile performance, leads to a great interest in high angle of attack Aerodynamics. Projectile Maneuverability is a concept which is defined by having the capability to perform at high angles of attack while maintaining attached flow over the tail, rather than a capability of performing a mission in minimum possible duration. Interaction between body, wing and tail vortices can delay vortex breakdown over the wing and as a result may enhance projectile maneuverability. Studies show that wing aspect ratio and tail location have a remarkable influence on the vortices interaction and thus projectile maneuverability. In the present study, a series of... 

    Analytical and Experimental Investigation of Spray Flame Front in Bidirectional Vortex Flow

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Dehghani, Saeed Reza (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Mozafari, Ali Asghar (Supervisor) ; Ghafourian, Akbar (Supervisor)
    Vortex engine has shown to be a credible substitute in thermal power and aerospace industries mainly due to their advantages such as better mixing, improved combustion, and considerable cooled walls of combustion chamber. The engine geometry and tangential inlet oxidizer create inner and outer vortices rotating in the same angular direction. The inner vortex moves from head to the end of engine in the axial direction and outer vortex moves in the opposite direction. In the vortex engine, vortices affect spray droplets and force them to have a spiral path and apply a centrifugal force on the droplets to push them towards sidewall. Also axial relative velocity of droplets and flow filed act as... 

    The Study of Wind Aerodynamics Effects on Degrading the Dry Cooling Tower Performance; Using Experimental and CFD Tools

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bagheri, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Darbandi, Massoud (Supervisor)
    A power plant cooling tower is like a tower, which needs to be studied very carefully from the aerodynamics point of view. Both the aerodynamics forces on the plume and intake stram are affected by the local winds and the performance of cooling tower decreases. There is a symmetric turbulent flow through the cooling tower if there is no. Wind blowing creates different vorticies, which appear in the lower section of the tower. Their periodic and wuick movments causes deficiency in towers performance and efficiency. Additionally there is wind effect on the plane of cooling tower and this causes a chocked plume which is named Wind Cover. The objective of this study is to decrease the adverse... 

    Influence of Tail on the Wing Pressure Distribution of a Model at Different Conditions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bahman Jahromi, Iman (Author) ; Soltani, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Ghorbanian, Kaveh (Supervisor)
    Control surfaces are used in combat aircrafts to control the pitching moment and to help the aircraft perform high angle of attack manoeuvres. For delta wing configuration, the flow characteristics around the horizontal tail depend on the wing and tail flow field and their interactions. The flow over delta wing is mainly characterised by strong vortices. These vortices move downstream and affect the tail flow field making the problem more complicated. The goal of this research is to study the effect of tail up wash on the horizontal wing-body- tail configurations in subsonic flow. For this purpose a series of wind tunnel tests were conducted on a model containing a moveable horizontal tail... 

    Mass Transfer Modeling while Formation of Liquid Jet to another Liquid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Safarirad, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Bastani, Darioush (Supervisor)
    Liquid-liquid extraction is one of most important processes in chemical industries. So determination of operating condition effects is very critical. In this thesis we modeled concentration profile in the jet via mathematical equations and compare with experimental data. The major problem in concentration profile and solving equations is lack of knowledge in velocity profile within the jet was formed. Therefore, different flow models such as piston flow model, parabolic flow model, vortex flow model and a cone flow model was used and terminal concentrations inside the jet compared with laboratory values. Results shows the most accurate model to predict the flow concentration along the... 

    Aerodynamic Optimization of Wing Shape of an Ornithopter Using Unsteady Vortex Lattice Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Teymouri Bakharzi, Aiub (Author) ; Mazaheri, Karim (Supervisor)
    At this project, at first step has been tried to solve the flow over a plate using unsteady vortex lattice method that reached to this purpose considering reference [5] and using available code at this book. And due to existent limitations of above code, has been tried to promote it to more complex three-dimensional modes. And at next step, the code has been approved using Wagner and Theodorsen theoretical methods and then the results validated with others results. Finally, after confidence of numerical results of the written code, has been studied the effect of design parameters on the Ornithopter aerodynamics parameters to can reach to final purpose that is optimum aerodynamic shape for... 

    Effect of Delta Wing Leading Edge Vortex on Pressure Distribution of Fuselagein in Subsonic Regime

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadri, Vahid (Author) ; Soltani, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Ghorbanian, Kaveh (Supervisor)
    The delta wing has proven to be very useful for the study and understanding of the basic features of separation-induced vortex flows since many aspects of these vortex flows can be generated with this simple shape. A phenomenon of special importance to vortical flows is vortex breakdown. Vortex breakdown remains an important and complicated phenomenon that can have negative or positive effects. The delta wing leading edge vortex is emphases in many experiments. Most of these experiments are focused on the delta wing only.In this research, emphasis is on vortex interaction of delta wing-canard-fuselage configuration. A series of low speed wind tunnel tests were carried out to investigate... 

    Experimental Study of the Pressure Distribution on the Surface of an Infinite Wing Influenced by Different Sweep Angles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tirandaz, Mohammad Rasoul (Author) ; Soltani, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    A series of wind tunnel tests were performed to examine the effects of wing sweep and wing tip vortices on the pressure distribution of the upper surface of three wings with sweep angles of 23,33 and 40 degrees. The wing section had a laminar flow airfoil similar to that of NACA 6-series airfoils. All tests, were conducted at a chord Reynolds number of 8×〖10〗^5, and for a range of angle of attack -2 to14 degree. Generation of Wing tip vortices are eliminated by placing an End-plate on the wing tip. Static pressure distributions over the upper surface of the wing at three chordwise direction and at one spanwise direction along the quarter chord line are obtained. The results show that the... 

    Development of Optimization Algorithm for Low Speed UAVs Propellers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Miraghaei Jafari, Zahra Sadat (Author) ; Mazaheri, Karim (Supervisor)
    Aerodynamic shape optimization has been always of great importance in aerospace design. Recent advancements in computational algorithms and hardware, has made it feasible to have advanced optimization as a standard part of desing procedure. Here we have promoted aerodynamic optimization of air propeller.
    Propeller optimization process requires a propeller performance analysis program and an efficient optimization algorithm. A vortex lattice model is used for the propeller performance analysis and a computer program is developed based on it. Experiment and litritures are used for validation of VLM code. In order to optimize the propeller peformance, propeller efficiency is applied as cost... 

    3D Numerical Simulation of Two-Phase Immiscible Flow in Axial Vortex Technology and Economic Analysis for Industrial Produced Water Pretreatment Facility in Desalting Plants

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Aghaee, Mohammad (Author) ; Roshandel, Ramin (Supervisor) ; Ashjari, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    The phenomenon of vortex flow, is one of the most predominant streams in the nature. This phenomenon yielded by the motion of vortices, produces up to 1000 times acceleration of the Earth’s gravity. The issues of uncontrolled harvesting of oil wells and increase the life of the wells, which cause to increase in the extracted crude salt, reveal the importance of waste management and both handling and refining petroleum. According to global statistics, for every extracted barrel of oil, three barrels of water are yielded. Therefore, 250 million produced water barrels per day is produced.The separator technology with vortex core (brand Voraxial) is one of the latest technologies in waste-water... 

    Aerodynamic Analysis and Design of a Propeller for Light Flying Objects

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sardari, Ali (Author) ; Farhanieh, Bijan (Supervisor)
    One of the major concerns in the use of light flying objects is propulsion for cruise and take off from land. Creating propulsion force is important in such way that no excessive weight is introduced, especially in case of UAVs. A common trend for propulsion in light flying objects is using propellers. Propellers are commonly driven by an external motive force and due to this force and their geometry, they convert energy from this motive force into the momentum of fluid in which they are immersed as a result a lift force is generated.In the present work, trend of propeller design with optimum performance is introduced with use of vortex theory, optimum energy loss condition or Betz condition... 

    Investigation of Performance and Aeroelastic Characteristics of Wind Turbine Blades Based on Flexible Multibody Dynamics Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sekandari, Mahmoud (Author) ; Ebrahimi, Abbas (Supervisor)
    Aeroelasticity analysis and prediction of wind turbines sturcture deformations are fundamental parts in their design. Increasing the size of wind turbine blades and development of Mega-watt sized wind turbines have enhanced the importance of these studies. In this study, the aeroelasticity analysis of a wind turbine blade has been done based on flexible multibody dynamics method. For this purpose, the modal approach has been used for modeling blade structure which has been considered as a flexible beam with bending and torsion degrees of freedom. The unsteady vortex lattice method has been used to calculate aerodynamic loads in order to combine with wind turbine blade structure model. Using... 

    Design Optimization of Pouring basin in the Shape Casting Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zohrevand, Milad (Author) ; Davami, Parviz (Supervisor) ; Tavakoli, Rohollah (Supervisor)
    The pouring basin is a main part in the gating system. The formation of a vortical flow is a big problem occurs during the discharge of melt from the pouring basin. The vortex formation can enter the floating slag and inclusion into the mold. In the case that the vortex is more stronger, a fully air core to the sprue forms and leads to entraining of the air to the mold. These phenomena can decrease the casting quality significantly. Therefore preventing of the vortex is necessary to produce a sound cast. In this study the mechanism of vortex formation is investigated and several solutions are presented to avoid its detrimental effects. For this purpose discharge of a tank is simulated... 

    Numerical Modeling of Terrestrial Planet Temperature Distribution Effect on Polar Vortex Forming: Venus Modeling

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Molaverdikhani, Karan (Author) ; Darbandi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    A global rotating atmosphere with polar vortex and super rotation is simulated using a simplified Venus General Circulation Model (GCM). The polar vortex is maintained strongly by meridional circulation develops in the form of a simple Hadley cell, extending from the equator to the pole in both hemispheres and rotation terrestrial planet. Venus Total Polar Vortex Parameter (PVP) was defined like globally integrated super-rotation but at polar skullcaps (60-90 deg). Venus Polar Vortex Parameter is PVP=1.5 that’s qualitatively similar to observed polar vortex. Then with study in terrestrial planet and Titan modeling, we appointed the Polar Vortex Parameter and critical limit of Polar Vortex... 

    Numerical Simulation of Flow and Thermal Field of Film Cooling using Fan-Shaped and Antivortex Holes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Deldar, Milad (Author) ; Mazaheri, Karim (Supervisor)
    In present study physics film cooling with two rows fan shape’s holes with RSM turbulence model is simulated. At the first, structure of flow in film cooling with fan shape’s holes is identified, Then effective flow parameters and geometry parameters in film cooling problem with 2 rows fan shape’s holes is investigated. As the result of present study, four transverse arrangements for arrangement is leading to optimum effectiveness is introduced. The continuing effects of trench in cylindrical and fan-shaped holes are investigated. Finally, the efficiency of film cooling cylindrical and fan-shaped holes compared with the anti vortex holes . The results show fan-shaped holes in the high... 

    Experimental Investigation of Flow Past a Delta Wing Model in Presence of a Canard in Supersonic Regime

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dehghani, Parham (Author) ; Soltani, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Application of canard next to the wing have been widely used in military industry for decades. Although it’s most application is in supersonic flying objects, It has to do it’s duty in lower air speeds too. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence on the wing due to the presence of canard in supersonic flow regime. But because of the importance of the issue, significant attempts has been conducted in subsonic flow regime. High research volume, Absence of a comprehensive theory in this branch and the local defense industry demand as a developing country on the other hand, delivers the importance and applicability of the subject. Another issue of importance is that the... 

    Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Canard Position on the Flowfield Over the Wing of a Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Izadkhah, Mohammad (Author) ; Soltani, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    The analysis results of air combat simulations explain fighters succeed at close air combat that are super maneuverable and at high angle of attack controllable. Closed-coupled delta wing/canard configurations play an important role in modern aircraft design. These configurations offer high trimmed lift, improved agility and maneuverability as well, as a potential for increased lift-to drag ratio, all of which make them attractive to study. Experiments were carried out in a subsonic closed circuit wind tunnel over a delta wing model under the influence of canard. Canard was set in two different vertical positions, high and mid, with respect to the wing location. Flowfield measurements were... 

    Investigation of Interactions of Injectors and Walls in Vortex Engines

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hamzeie, Faraz (Author) ; Mozafari, Ali Asghar (Supervisor) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Co-Advisor) ; Ghafourian, Akbar (Co-Advisor)
    A new experimental setup was fabricated; equipped with an adjustable chamber’s length, with air tangentially flowing through the wall of vortex engine. In a vortex combustion chamber, the tangential inlet fuel or oxidizer creates both inner and outer vortices which are rotating in the same angular direction. Indeed, inner vortex moves from head to the end of engine in the axial direction; however, outer vortex moves in the opposite direction. This setup was fabricated to see the effect of fuel nozzle characteristics on the wall temperature of the chamber. In a vortex engine, vortices affect spray droplets and force them to have a spiral path. Moreover, relative velocity of droplets and flow... 

    Investigation of Effective Parameters on Propulsion in a Vortex Engine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golbafian, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Mozafari, Ali Asghar (Supervisor) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Ghafourian, Akbar (Supervisor)
    Vortex flow is one of the most sophisticated fluid movements in nature which has great industrial and scientific importance. In this dissertation, in order to study the combustion process due to a vortex flow, a new experimental model of a cold wall vortex engine, was designed, fabricated and tested with oxidizer issuing tangentially toward the end of the chamber. The cold wall effect in these chambers is a result of the cool layer of oxidizer which significantly reduces the amount of heat transfer to the chamber’s wall. This experimental model was designed to withstand the massive temperature rise resulting from the usage of Polyethylene as fuel and Nitrous oxide as oxidizer. In a series of... 

    Numerical Modeling of Bidirectional Swirling Flow in Vortex Engine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Keshavarz Mohammadain, Poorya (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    Detecting of coherent structures in bidirectional vortex combustion chamber is the original aim of this project. For this aim a numerical simulation is performed by using OpenFOAM, open-source CFD software. Also influence of fuel nozzle places in formation of coherent structures is analyzed. Effects of combustion in these structures and differences in cold and hot flows are analyzed too. There are papers that present influence of coherent structures in vortex burners and other applications, but based on reviews that are performed in this work, it seems that influence of coherent structures have not seen in bidirectional vortex chambers. So it can be one of innovations of this work. Swirl...