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    Developing Novel Algorithms to Simultaneous Power Regulation and Load Mitigation of Modern Variable Speed Wind Turbines

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Golnary, Farshad (Author) ; Moradi, Hamed (Supervisor)
    The power control of horizontal axis wind turbines can affect significantly the vibration loads and fatigue life of the tower and the blades. In this thesis, we are going to consider both the power control and vibration load mitigation of the tower fore-aft vibration. For this purpose, at first, we developed a fully coupled model of the NREL 5MW turbine. This model considers the full aeroelastic behavior of the blades and tower and is validated by experiment results, comparing the time history data with the FAST (Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures, and Turbulence ) code which is developed by NREL (National Renewable Energy Lab in the United States). In the next, to estimate EWV, a novel... 

    Wind Farm Layout Optimization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kiamehr, Koosha (Author) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    In this work, wind farm layout optimization problem is dealt with a new approach. The aim of this work is maximizing the output power of a wind farm by considering wake loses. Layout optimization minimizes the wake loses regarding the wind direction. Three different wind scenarios including different wind direction angles, wind direction blowing probabilities and Weibull distribution parameters for wind speed are assumed. Since, the problem is nonlinear and constrained, imperialist competitive algorithm is used as a modern and powerful algorithm for continuous optimization problems. The optimization outcomes indicate that imperialist competitive algorithm yields promising results.... 

    Optimal Design of Mircogrid Components Containing Renewable Resources

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kalantari, Alireza (Author) ; Parniani, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, microgrids which comprise decentralized generation (DG) have attracted considerable attention. Establishment of DG-based microgrids that are normally connected to the main grid, is a practical method to reduce the costs of power outage and to increase the electricity supply reliability. The aim of this thesis is optimum planning of a microgrid containing wind turbines, photovoltaic systems and diesel generators, considering both the grid-connected and isolated modes of operation.
    In the areas with considerable solar radiation and wind potential valuable opportunities exist in utilizing these resources. In addition to these renewable resources, the use of controllable resources... 

    Reliability and Economic Evaluation of Power System with Wind Power

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi Taleb, Ali Asghar (Author) ; Oraee Mirzamani, Hashem (Supervisor)
    The demand for electrical energy is increasing. The main source of energy at this moment is fossil fuels. High price, great amount of pollution, uneven distribution and global warming are major disadvantages of fossil fuels. Using renewable resources can tackle these issues. Hence, the demand for renewable energy are highly increased. The wind energy is one type of renewable energy. Increasing the wind power penetration impairs the functionality of power system and causes the environmental issues. In order to have a stable power system this effect should be investigated thoroughly. Due to the inherent uncertain characteristics of wind energy, it is desirable to determine the characteristics... 

    Nonlinear Vibration Analysis of Non-Uniform Beam in two Lateral Directions by Multiple Scales Method: Application in Wind Turbine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi, Behnam (Author) ; Moradi, Hamed (Supervisor)
    Environmental issues and energy crisis have led the world attention to the renewable energies; especially wind power, since they have low cost and high reliability. One of the most challenging areas of studying for wind power is to increase the capacity of wind turbines. As a result, over the years, wind turbines have got progressively larger. Vibration is one of the problems that reduces the life and efficiency of wind turbines; and the growing size of the blades has worsen this problem due to the importance of nonlinear effects in large scale wind turbines. Researchers have been constantly working on this issue in order to make the wind turbines more efficient. In this research, a... 

    Energy Storage Systems Operation Strategy in Presence of Wind Farms Based on Consumption Pattern

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kadivar, Alireza (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    World environmental concerns sharp increase in necessity of using energy in comparison with permanent progress in the field of renewal energy technologies causes modern forms of energy sources which can be used by public. This project studies the increasing influence of the wind power in power systems and also designing and exploiting techniques of local saving energy systems. For this purpose, models and possibilities in order to anticipate the operation of wind farm which is connected to grid by saving energy is described. In this project, the operation of compound system components which is totally a combination of three systems is being studied. The considered compound systems consist of... 

    Optimum Power Dispatch in Wind Farm Considering Energy Storage Systems and Dispatchable Resources

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Kazari, Hessam (Author) ; Oraee, Hashem (Supervisor)
    In this dissertation, two parts of research has been conducted. First, with the aim of minizing the fluctuations of power output of wind farms and the need for energy storage system, optimization of wind farm (WF) layout has been studied. Deployment of battery energy storage system (BESS) is a viable option to alleviate the inherent power fluctuation of wind farms. In this thesis and based on the power spectrum density (PSD) theorem, it is hown that the WF layout affects not only the total harvested energy but also the level of power fluctuation, which in turn influences required capacity of battery energy storage system (BESS) needed to mitigate the inherent power fluctuation of the wind... 

    Active Control of Edgewise Vibrations in Wind Turbine Blade by Optimization of the Number and Locations of the Intermediate Actuators

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pishbahar, Baher (Author) ; Moradi, Hamed (Supervisor)
    Vibrations in HAWT reduce their efficiency and increase maintenance costs. In this paper, the blade edgewise vibrations are reduced by using several actuators in different parts of the wind turbine blade and optimization of the number and locations of actuators. The wind turbine blade dynamic behavior is investigated by using dynamic modeling. The actuators are trusses that are located inside each blade and apply control force to different parts of the blade. Active control force is applied to reduce edgewise vibrations. The designed controller is applied and simulated on NREL 5MW wind turbine. By applying the controller, the edgewise vibrations of wind turbine blades are significantly... 

    An Innovative Method to Monitor Power Production Performance of Wind Farms Using Web-GIS Technique

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pouryousefi, Ali (Author) ; Abbaspour, Madjid (Supervisor) ; Mehdigholi, Hamid (Co-Advisor)
    Nowadays because of population growth and limitation of fossil fuels for power generation purpose, utilization of renewable energy sources has become highlighted. According to the geographical situation for use of wind energy, since some areas of Iran are in suitable conditions the manufacture of wind turbines and installation in wind farms has been under development recently. Monitoring the performance and operation of turbines and wind farms is an inevitable matter. Because of the suitable geographical location of Iran and pursuant to fair wind potential sites widespread this country, this phenomenon requires some backgrounds in many aspects to be achieved. One of the most important... 

    Reliability Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbine Structure with Integrity Management Viewpoint

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Valadkhani, Ehsan (Author) ; Raie, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this study, a framework for reliability analysis of offshore wind turbine structures has been presented. The rapid development of these structures in the world due to the increasing need for electrical energy and limited sources of fossil fuels has increased the importance of research on the behavior and condition of these structures. For Iran, despite its fossil fuels resources due to its international voluntary commitments to reduce greenhouse gases such as Paris agreement, the use of renewable energy such as offshore wind energy is important. Also, the offshore wind turbine structure is affected by different forces and environmental conditions in its life cycle, which are associated... 

    Improvement of Matrix Converter Performance in Application of PMSG -Driven Wind Turbine

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hojabri Hutaki, Hossein (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The use of wind energy and wind generators as an inexpensive type of renewable energy sources is increasing. Wind farms and distributed wind generators connected to the power transmission and distribution systems and microgrids, and wind generators in standalone mode of operation affect the stability and power quality of the grid. In this thesis, the performance of a matrix converter in grid connection of variable speed PMSG–driven wind turbine is improved. In this way, by transferring the matrix converter modulation matrix into the synchronous reference frame and decomposing it into the singular values, a new general method is proposed for analysis, modelling and modulation of a matrix... 

    Exprimental and Numerical Analysis of Tlp Floating Offshore Wind Turbine with one Tendon Failure

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Helalat, Zeynab (Author) ; Tabeshpour, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Offshore wind energy is widely recognized as a renewable energy source that has the potential as a global energy source. Although the use of coastal wind turbines has been successful, it has been challenged in terms of visual, acoustic and environmental impacts. In addition, in terms of technology, it is difficult to achieve high levels of energy from coastal wind resources due to low annual average speed; Therefore, the wind energy industry is trying to make more use of the deep-water wind resources. However, before developing these types of deep-water turbines, economic challenges and technical problems must be resolved. Mooring failure is one of the major issues in the design of offshore... 

    Robust Power Control of Wind Turbine with Smooth Switching between Operational Regions using a Two-mass Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nouriani, Ali (Author) ; Moradi, Hamed (Supervisor)
    Wind turbines have been the subject of many researches in recent decades. Optimization and continuous improvement of these systems play a decisive role in the development and exploitation of wind farms. Wind turbines can be studied from several aspects such as structure, dynamics, aerodynamics, electricity and control. In this research, robust power control of the wind turbine has been studied with emphasis on accurate 2 DOF mechanical and aerodynamic modeling. Aerodynamic coefficients of the turbine have been calculated using the numerical methods and the effect of this numerical modeling has been studied in comparison with the analytical methods on the turbine power control. Several new... 

    Aeroelastic Analysis of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Based on Actuator Disk Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nozari, Mostafa (Author) ; Ebrahimi, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Rezaei, Mohammad Mahdi (Co-Advisor)
    The issue of solid and fluid interaction in horizontal axis wind turbines with diameter of more than 120 meters is one of the most important researching subjects of this type of turbines. This issues needs quick and exact solutions because of the high computational cost of fluid and structural domains.In this research a quick method with acceptable accuracy has been suggested which is based on computational fluid dynamic to examine the aeroelastic behavior of rotor and wind turbine tower. The actuator disc method in two domains of axisymmetric and three-dimensional has been used to compute aerodynamic forces. For this purpose a code has been written in C++ to set down virtual momentum on... 

    Model Predictive Control of the Wind Turbines with Uncertainties for the Switching between Operating Regions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nasajian Moghaddam, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Moradi, Hamed (Supervisor)
    Through the last decades, due to environmental issues and to confine CO2 emission and also dependency to the fossil fuels, renewable energy resources has been developed. It’s been expected up to 2035, the renewable energy resources will be scaled three times and among those resources, the wind energy will stand prominently. Out of this king of renewable resource, the horizontal wind turbine has been subjected in this research.The focus of is to design the controller in third of a 2 MW turbine operation by which stable rotor speed and nominal output power to be attained. Besides, to enhance the accuracy of the windturbine profiles, the TURBSIM software (At the National Renewable Energy... 

    Considering the Environmental Effect on the Performance of Vertical Axis
    Wind Turbines (VAWT)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nasehi, Ali (Author) ; Sattari, Sorna (Supervisor) ; Boroushaki, Mehrdad (Supervisor)
    This project aims to investigate environmental effect –such as dust and rain- on the performance of a vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT). However, those issues are frequently investigated in the horizontal axis wind turbines, but this subject has not been studied in vertical axis wind turbines. Impact of rain or dust particles on the turbine blades can change the turbine performance. So consideration of the impact of environmental factors on the performance of wind turbines is very important. Vertical axis wind turbines, particularly the straight bladed VAWT are widely used in wind power generation in agricultural and rural lighting and the use of this type of turbines is increasing... 

    Wind Farm Modeling for Power System Stability Studies

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirnezhad, Hosein (Author) ; Parniani, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    Considering the continuous growth of renewable energy sources in electric grids, the importance of utilizing simple, generic, and upgradable models for different network stability studies is increasing. In recent years, generic and standard wind turbine models for transient and short-term frequency and voltage stability studies have been developed. In this regard, researchers are still working on promotion of the generic models, especially to expand them for unbalanced transient studies, improve the transient response, and include inertia response. In this thesis, different methods for generic modeling of wind turbines are surveyed and the development procedure of WECC and IEC generic model... 

    Aerodynamic Performance Improvement of Megawatt Wind Turbine Rotor Using Plasma Actuator

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Movahhedi, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Ebrahimi, Abbas (Supervisor)
    For validation of simulation, plasma actuator was modelled on a flat plate in quiescent flow, which is result in low-speed jet near the wall. The results were compared with similar model and were showed good agreement with them. After that, blade was modelled in three-dimensional manner with MRF technique and periodic method and the results were validated in clean situation (absence of plasma). In the following, turbine was analysed with a code, which was written in MATLAB software based on BEM method and the results were compared with present CFD simulation. Then, plasma actuator was used in chordwise in parts of the blade to improve wind turbine performance. Also it was used in spanwise... 

    Multi-objective Optimization of a Megawatt Wind Turbine Blade Geometry Using an Evolutionary Algorithm

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahboubi Fouladi, Hossein (Author) ; Darbandi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Without optimization, it is impossible to reduce the cost of power generation from an efficient megawatt wind turbine. In this work, we present a multi-objective algorithm to optimize the megawatt blade geometry. In this algorithm, the mass of blade and the wind turbine annual energy production (AEP) are considered as the objective functions. The design variables are blade chord, blade twist, airfoil thickness, spar geometry and blade curvature distribution.The constraints are maximum allowable strain for the chosen materials, maximum tip deflection and maximum tip speed. For the internal geometry, we consider two spars and four panels. The blade element momentum method (BEM) is used for... 

    Modeling and Structural Health Monitoring of 5 MW Wind Turbine Based on Moving Principal Component Analysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Majidi Pishkenari, Mohsen (Author) ; Abedian, Ali (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, the structural health monitoring is considered as an essential element in improving the performance of the structures. The role and importance of the issues in this area have been reached to the point that different ideas and policies are developed for the safety margin over the useful life of the structures. To analyze more accurately, a real model of a turbine blade is required. This issue would be taken into more consideration when the scale of the turbine gets larger. Changing of the design philosophies over time results in effective changes in the design process and maintenance procedures. Any single of these inspections has different importance according to users' demands. In...