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    Development of a model for Hydro-Mechanical Deep Drawing Process to Analyze the Effects of Assumptions and Parameters

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taghipour, Ehsan (Author) ; Assempour, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    It is the goal of this thesis to develop an analytical model for the hydro-mechanical deep drawing (HDD) process of an axisymmetric sheet metal with the fixed gap method to evaluate the effects of some assumptions such as: proportional loading, plane stress, and constant thickness conditions. The effect of parameters on the HDD process is also studied. The main model is developed with considering the normal stress and part thickness change, non-proportional loading, bending and unbending effects at the top of the cup wall. The interrelationships between geometrical and mechanical variables are obtained in the finite difference form based on the incremental strain theory, thereby being solved... 

    Developing a Compact Finite Difference Method for Solving Fluid - Solid Interaction in Incompressible Flow

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Parseh, Kaveh (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, fluid-solid interaction (FSI) is simulated computationally by using a high-order accurate numerical method. The two-dimensional incompressible viscous flows are considered in the fluid domain. The primary problem with solutions of the incompressible Navier–Stokes equations is the difficulty of coupling changes in the velocity field with changes in the pressure field while satisfying the continuity equation. Herein, the artificial compressibility method is used to overcome this difficulty. Preconditioning is implemented to reduce the stiffness of the system of equations to increase the convergence rate of the solution. Using preconditioning, physical solutions even at low... 

    Comparison and Evaluation of the Performance of some Fundamental Models for Simulation of Naturally Fractured Hydrocarbon Reservoirs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahmoudi, Siamak (Author) ; Taghizadeh Manzari, Mehrdad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Fractured reservoirs show a different behavior from common reservoirs because of the existence of a broad network of fractures. This phenomenon makes it necessary to apply special methods for fractured reservoirs in the procedure of reservoir simulation. Since twenty percent of petroleum content in the world is buried in fractured reservoirs, investigating these reservoirs is of great importance.
    The first step in simulation of these kinds of reservoirs is to come up with a geometrical model which can be used to take the fracture network influence into account. In the course for reaching such an objective, various models have been developed which are based on specific assumptions and in... 

    A Multiscale Moving Boundary Model For Cancer Invasion

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Mirzaei, Navid (Author) ; Fotouhi Firoozabad, Morteza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Cancer invasion of tissue is a key aspect of the growth and spread of cancer and is crucial in the process of metastatic spread i.e. the growth of secondary cancers. Invasion consists in cancer cells secreting various matrix degrading enzymes (MDEs) which destroy the surronding tissue or extracellular matrix (ECM). Through a combination of proliferation and migration, the cancer cells then actively spread locally into the surrounding tissue. Thus processes occuring at the level of individual cells eventually give rise to processes occuring at the tissue level. In this thesis we introduce a new type of multiscale model describing the process of cancer invasion of tissue.Our multiscale model... 

    Development of WENO Finite Difference Lattice Boltzmann Method for Simulation of 2D Incompressible Laminar and Turbulent Flows

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saadat, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the present study, the numerical simulation of incompressible laminar and turbulent flows using a high-order finite difference lattice Boltzmann method is presented. To handle curved geometries with non uniform grids, the incompressible form of lattice Boltzmann equation is transformed into the generalized curvilinear coordinates and the spatial derivatives of the resulting equation are discretized using the fifth-order WENO scheme. The advantage of using the WENO-LBM developed is that it needs less number of grid points and remains stable even at high Reynolds number flows. For the temporal term, the fourth-order explicit Rung-Kutta scheme is adopted for laminar flow calculations and... 

    Investigation of Dynamic Behavior of Beams with Different Supports under Moving Vehicles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Samanipour, Kianoosh (Author) ; Vafai, Abolhassan (Supervisor) ; Esmaeil Pourestekanchi, Homayun (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    With the transportation progress and appearance of transit industry, necessity of modern vehicles redounded to appearance of heavier trucks with higher speeds, moving on the roads. In addition, with the progress in mechanical engineering and automobile industry, appearance of such trucks is growing increasingly. So, bridges as one of the structures that civil engineers design and construct, nowadays are subjected to higher moving dynamic loads in comparison with the past. As a result, lots of investigation and researches in the universities and institutions all over the world are being conducting on the effects of the vehicle speeds on the dynamic stresses of the bridges. Bridge codes... 

    Soil-structure Interaction in Geothermal Foundations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moradshahi, Aria (Author) ; Khosravi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Regarding the issue that significant amount of energy consumption in the world is dedicated to heating and cooling of the buildings, by using traditional methods of heating and cooling, the environment is facing serious problems like green house gases. There were various techniques for decreasing the amount of contaminants stem from this process. Heat-exchanger energy piles are one of the most common methods that will result in economic usage of energy resources. Assessing the long-term behavior of the energy piles requires comprehensive understanding of the complex interaction between soil and pile subjected to mechanical and thermal loadings. Several numerical and analytical methods have... 

    Numerical Solution of Two-dimensional Compressible Flow Using Immersed Boundary Method with Compact Finite Difference Scheme

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mashayekh, Erfan (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, the viscous compressible flow is simulated over two-dimensional geometries by using the immersed boundary method and applying a high-order accurate numerical scheme. A fourth-order compact finite-difference scheme is used to accurately discretize the spatial derivative terms of the governing equations and the time integration is performed by the fourth-order Runge–Kutta scheme. To regularize the numerical solution and eliminate spurious modes due to unresolved scales, nonlinearities and inaccuracies in implementing boundary conditions, high-order low-pass compact filters are applied. A uniform Cartesian grid that is not coincident with the body surface is used and the boundary... 

    A Parametric Study of Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil (GRS) Low Height Walls with Concrete Block Facing in FLAC Software

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Selseleh, Amin (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Because of seismic flexibility, aesthetics, economic advantage and rapid construction of reinforced soil walls, application of these walls has raised tremendously since 1970’s. The early reinforced soil retaining walls used metallic srips to reinforce the soil with precast concrete panels as facing, however, since 1990’s using of geosynthetics to reinforce these walls with modular concrete block facing have replaced the old fashion. In this study, a finite difference code was developed in FLAC software. After verification of the numerical modeling procedure, a wall with 3.6m height reinforced by geosynthetics was simulated. In the course of numerical simulations the stage of counstruction,... 

    Numerical Simulation of 2D Panel Flutter in Compressible Flow using Compact Finite-Difference Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vafaei Sefti, Maryam (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the present study, the numerical simulation of the panel flutter in compressible inviscid flow is performed by the compact finite difference method. For this purpose, the 2D compressible Euler equations written in the arbitrary Lagrange-Eulerian form are considered and the resulting system of equations in the generalized curvilinear coordinates is solved by the fourth-order compact finite-difference method. An appropriate nonlinear filter is applied for the shock capturing and for the solution to be stable. The governing equation for the panel is also numerically solved by using the fourth-order compact finite difference method. The time integration in the flow domain is made by the... 

    Lattice Approximation for Stochastic Partial Differential Equations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadian, Sogol (Author) ; Zohuri Zangeneh, Bijan (Supervisor)

    Numerical Solution Of One-Dimensional Non-Fourier Bioheat Transfer Through Skin Tissue

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fazel, Zeynab (Author) ; Taghizadeh Manzari, Mehrdad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Innovations in laser, microwaves, and similar technologies have significantly advanced thermal treatments for diseases or even injuries concerning skin tissue. For a thorough understanding in the underlying mechanisms of bioheat transfer behavior of skin,a1D unsteady non-dimensional hyperbolic model of heat transfer through this tissue with metabolic heat generation which is subject to specific boundary conditions, is solved numerically using the finite difference method. A thermal shock is generated at the base of the tissue, which moves forward with a finite speed. A Numerical solution for a simple one-layer skin tissue is obtained. Then, the effects of various parameters, time step,... 

    Development of Compact Finite Difference Boltzmann Method for Simulating Compressible Rarefied Gas Flow

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alemi Arani, Ali (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor) ; Fouladi, Nematollah (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this work, a high-order accurate gas kinetic scheme based on the compact finite-difference Boltzmann method (CFDBM) is developed and applied for simulating the compressible rarefied gas flows. Here, the Shakhov model of the Boltzmann equation is considered and the spatial derivative term in the resulting equation is discretized by using the fourth-order compact finite-difference method and the time integration is performed by using the third-order TVD Runge-Kutta method. A filtering procedure with three discontinuity-detecting sensors is applied and examined for the stabilization of the solution method especially for the problems involving the discontinuity regions such as the shock. The... 

    A Monte Carlo Method for Neutron Noise Calculation in the Frequency Domain

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghorbani Ashraf, Mahdi (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Neutron noise equations, which are obtained by assuming small perturbations of macroscopic cross sections around a steady-state neutron field and by subsequently taking the Fourier transform in the frequency domain, have been usually solved by analytical techniques or by resorting to diffusion theory, but in this thesis, in order to increase of accuracy of neutron noise calculation, has been used transport approximation for neutron noise calculation and the Monte Carlo method has been used to solve transport equation of the neutron noise in the frequency domain. Since the transport equation of the neutron noise is a complex equation, a new Monte Carlo technique for treating complex-valued... 

    Numerical solution of homogeneous double pipe heat exchanger: Dynamic modeling

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2014 , pp. 449-455 ; ISSN: 10263098 AliHosseinpour, H ; Kazemi, Y ; Fattahi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Dynamic modeling of a double-pipe heat exchanger is the subject of the current study. The basis of this study is the same velocity of vapor and liquid phases or, in other words, homogeneous phase, in the annulus part of the exchanger. The model can predict the temperature and vapor quality along the axial pipe from the pipe inlet up to a distance where steady state conditions are achieved. The simulation is conducted for two modes of co- and counter-flow in a one dimensional transient system. The physical properties of water are estimated from empirical correlation and a saturated vapor table with cubic spline interpolation. The exchanger model, which is a set of Ordinary Differential... 

    An experimental-based numerical simulation of two phase flow through porous media: A comparative study on finite element and finite difference schemes

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 31, Issue 18 , 2013 , Pages 1881-1890 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Tavakkoli, M ; Kharrat, R ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this study, the nonlinear partial differential equations governing two phase flow through porous media are solved using two different methods, namely, finite difference and finite element. The capillary pressure term is considered in the mathematical model. The numerical results on a 2-D test case are then compared with the experimental drainage process and water flooding performed on a glass type micromodel. Based on the obtained results, finite difference technique needs less computational time for solving governing equations of two phase flow, but findings of this method show less agreement with the experimental data. The finite element scheme was found to be more adequate and its... 

    Numerical modeling and experimental validation of microstructure in gray cast iron

    , Article International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials ; Volume 19, Issue 10 , 2012 , Pages 908-914 ; 16744799 (ISSN) Jabbari, M ; Davami, P ; Varahram, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    Abstract
    To predict the amount of different phases in gray cast iron by a finite difference model (FDM) on the basis of cooling rate (R), the volume fractions of total γphase, graphite, and cementite were calculated. The results of phase composition were evaluated to find a proper correlation with cooling rate. More trials were carried out to find a good correlation between the hardness and phase composition. New proposed formulas show that the hardness of gray cast iron decreases as the amount of graphite phase increases, and increases as the amount of cementite increases. These formulas are developed to correlate the phase volume fraction to hardness. The results are compared with experimental data... 

    Mixed electroosmotically and pressure-driven flow with temperature- dependent properties

    , Article Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer ; Volume 25, Issue 3 , Sep , 2011 , Pages 432-442 ; 08878722 (ISSN) Sadeghi, A ; Yavari, H ; Saidi, M. H ; Chakraborty, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    The present work reports the outcome of a comprehensive parametric study on mixed electroosmotically and pressure-driven flow in slit microchannels with constant wall heat fluxes. Special attention is given to disclose the applicability ranges of usual assumptions in simplified analyses. The governing equations for fully developed conditions are first made dimensionless and then solved by means of an implicit finite difference method. The results reveal that the assumption of constant thermophysical properties does not leadto significant errors in practical applications. Although the Debye-Huckel linearization may successfully be used to evaluate velocity profiles up to the zeta potentials... 

    The effect of normal stress on hydro-mechanical deep drawing process

    , Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 53, Issue 6 , 2011 , Pages 407-416 ; 00207403 (ISSN) Assempour, A ; Taghipour, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Normal stress has some role in the deformation analysis of hydroforming processes. In this study, analytical modeling is pursued to evaluate the effect of normal stress on the hydro-mechanical deep drawing (HDD) process. Analyses are carried out for axisymmetric elements of the formed cup-shaped part for increments of the punch travel. The formulations are obtained using mechanical and geometrical relations and the finite difference method, thereby being solved by proper numerical algorithms. Furthermore, in the present work, part thickness is variable, the loading and straining are non-proportional, and bending/unbending effects over the part curvature are considered. The results show that... 

    Comparison between triangular and hexagonal modeling of a hexagonal-structured reactor core using box method

    , Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 38, Issue 2-3 , February–March , 2011 , Pages 371-378 ; 03064549 (ISSN) Malmir, H ; Moghaddam, N. M ; Zahedinejad, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A hexagonal-structured reactor core (e.g. VVER-type) is mostly modeled by structured triangular and hexagonal mesh zones. Although both the triangular and hexagonal models give good approximations over the neutronic calculation of the core, there are some differences between them that seem necessary to be clarified. For this purpose, the neutronic calculations of a hexagonal-structured reactor core have to be performed using the structured triangular and hexagonal meshes based on box method of discretisation and then the results of two models should be benchmarked in different cases. In this paper, the box method of discretisation is derived for triangular and hexagonal meshes. Then, two 2-D...