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    The effect of temperature on eccentric contraction-induced isometric force loss in isolated perfused rat medial gastrocnemius muscle

    , Article Tehran University Medical Journal ; Volume 66, Issue 6 , 2008 , Pages 388-395 ; 16831764 (ISSN) Vasaghi Gharamaleki, B ; Keshavarz, M ; Gharibzadeh, S ; Marvi, H ; Mosayebnejad, J ; Ebrahimi Takamjani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences  2008
    Background: The typical features of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage are delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and prolonged loss of muscle strength. It has been shown that passive warmth is effective in reducing muscle injury. Due to the interaction of different systems in vivo, we used isolated perfused medial gastrocnemius skeletal muscle to study the direct effect of temperature on the eccentric contraction-induced force loss. Methods: After femoral artery cannulation of a rat, the left medial gastrocnemius muscle was separated and then the entire lower limb was transferred into a prewarmed (35oC) chamber. With the chamber temperature at 31, 35 and 39oC before and during eccentric... 

    An improved synthesis and preliminary biodistribution study of a technetium-99m-labeled2-amino-2-deoxy(thioacetyl)-D-glucose complex ([ 99mTc]-TA-DG) as a tumor imaging agent

    , Article Iranian Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; Volume 15, Issue 28 , 2007 , Pages 43-48 ; 16812824 (ISSN) Johari Daha, F ; Sadeghzadeh, M ; Charkhlooie, G ; Haghir Ebrahimabadi, K ; Saeedi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Introduction: This report describes the synthesis of 2-Amino-2-deoxy(S- benzoylthioacetyl)-D-glucose (S-Bz-TA-DG), radiolabeled with [ 99mTc(CO)3(OH2)3]+ complex with a procedure including deprotection of the benzoyl group, characterization by HPLC using a C18 reverse phase column and preliminary biodistribution study in normal mice. Methods: [99mTc(CO) 3(H2O)3]+ complex was used to label TA-DG with 99mTc. This complex was prepared using up to 46 mCi of Na99mTcO4 in 1mL saline. The radiochemical purity (>95%) was determined by TLC in normal saline solution as the mobile phase. Radio-HPLC analysis of [99mTc]-(TA-DG) at pH=9.5-10, revealed that labeling with 99mTc resulted in the formation of... 

    Quantitative in vivo microsampling for pharmacokinetic studies based on an integrated solid-phase microextraction system

    , Article Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 79, Issue 12 , 2007 , Pages 4507-4513 ; 00032700 (ISSN) Zhang, X ; Eshaghi, A ; Musteata, F. M ; Ouyang, G ; Pawliszyn, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    An integrated microsampling approach based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) was developed to provide a complete solution to highly efficient and accurate pharmacokinetic studies. The microsampling system included SPME probes that are made of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and C18-bonded silica, a fast and efficient sampling strategy with accurate kinetic calibration, and a high-throughput desorption device based on a modified 96-well plate. The sampling system greatly improved the quantitative capability of SPME in two ways. First, the use of the C18-bonded silica/PEG fibers minimized the competition effect from analogues of the target analytes in a complicated sample matrix such as blood... 

    Evaluation of bio-compatible poly(ethylene glycol)-based solid-phase microextraction fiber for in vivo pharmacokinetic studies of diazepam in dogs

    , Article Analyst ; Volume 132, Issue 7 , 2007 , Pages 672-678 ; 00032654 (ISSN) Es-Haghi, A ; Zhang, X ; Musteata, F. M ; Bagheri, H ; Pawliszyn, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2007
    Solid-phase microextraction probes based on poly(ethylene glycol)/C18-bonded silica were used for in vivo monitoring of drugs from circulating blood of beagles, over a period of 8 h. After sampling, the extracted drugs were subsequently quantified by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. External calibrations in whole blood and phosphate-buffered saline were used to correlate the amount of analytes extracted in regard to the total and free concentrations in blood respectively. The probe provided sufficient sensitivity for the drugs in the blood matrix, while the need for drawing blood was eliminated. The limit of detections of the method from whole blood were 1.7, 1.4... 

    Delivery of melittin-loaded niosomes for breast cancer treatment: an in vitro and in vivo evaluation of anti-cancer effect

    , Article Cancer Nanotechnology ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 18686958 (ISSN) Dabbagh Moghaddam, F ; Akbarzadeh, I ; Marzbankia, E ; Farid, M ; khaledi, L ; Reihani, A. H ; Javidfar, M ; Mortazavi, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2021
    Background: Melittin, a peptide component of honey bee venom, is an appealing candidate for cancer therapy. In the current study, melittin, melittin-loaded niosome, and empty niosome had been optimized and the anticancer effect assessed in vitro on 4T1 and SKBR3 breast cell lines and in vivo on BALB/C inbred mice. "Thin-layer hydration method" was used for preparing the niosomes; different niosomal formulations of melittin were prepared and characterized in terms of morphology, size, polydispersity index, encapsulation efficiency, release kinetics, and stability. A niosome was formulated and loaded with melittin as a promising drug carrier system for chemotherapy of the breast cancer cells.... 

    Homozygous mutations in C14orf39/SIX6OS1 cause non-obstructive azoospermia and premature ovarian insufficiency in humans

    , Article American Journal of Human Genetics ; Volume 108, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 324-336 ; 00029297 (ISSN) Fan, S ; Jiao, Y ; Khan, R ; Jiang, X ; Javed, A. R ; Ali, A ; Zhang, H ; Zhou, J ; Naeem, M ; Murtaza, G ; Li, Y ; Yang, G ; Zaman, Q ; Zubair, M ; Guan, H ; Zhang, X ; Ma, H ; Jiang, H ; Ali, H ; Dil, S ; Shah, W ; Ahmad, N ; Zhang, Y ; Shi, Q ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cell Press  2021
    Human infertility is a multifactorial disease that affects 8%–12% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide. However, the genetic causes of human infertility are still poorly understood. Synaptonemal complex (SC) is a conserved tripartite structure that holds homologous chromosomes together and plays an indispensable role in the meiotic progression. Here, we identified three homozygous mutations in the SC coding gene C14orf39/SIX6OS1 in infertile individuals from different ethnic populations by whole-exome sequencing (WES). These mutations include a frameshift mutation (c.204_205del [p.His68Glnfs∗2]) from a consanguineous Pakistani family with two males suffering from non-obstructive... 

    Rhythmic air-puff into nasal cavity modulates activity across multiple brain areas: A non-invasive brain stimulation method to reduce ventilator-induced memory impairment

    , Article Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology ; Volume 287 , 2021 ; 15699048 (ISSN) Ghazvineh, S ; Salimi, M ; Nazari, M ; Garousi, M ; Tabasi, F ; Dehdar, K ; Salimi, A ; Jamaati, H ; Mirnajafi Zadeh, J ; Arabzadeh, E ; Raoufy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Mechanical ventilation (MV) can result in long-term brain impairments that are resistant to treatment. The mechanisms underlying MV-induced brain function impairment remain unclear. Since nasal airflow modulates brain activity, here we evaluated whether reinstating airflow during MV could influence the memory performance of rats after recovery. Rats were allocated into two study groups: one group received rhythmic air-puff into the nasal cavity during MV and a control group that underwent ventilation without air-puff. During MV, air-puffs induced time-locked event potentials in OB, mPFC and vHPC and significantly increased the oscillatory activity at the air-puff frequency. Furthermore, in... 

    Dna-Rna hybrid (R-loop): From a unified picture of the mammalian telomere to the genome-wide profile

    , Article Cells ; Volume 10, Issue 6 , 2021 ; 20734409 (ISSN) Rassoulzadegan, M ; Sharifi Zarchi, A ; Kianmehr, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Local three-stranded DNA/RNA hybrid regions of genomes (R-loops) have been detected either by binding of a monoclonal antibody (DRIP assay) or by enzymatic recognition by RNaseH. Such a structure has been postulated for mouse and human telomeres, clearly suggested by the identification of the complementary RNA Telomeric repeat-containing RNA “TERRA”. However, the tremendous disparity in the information obtained with antibody-based technology drove us to investigate a new strategy. Based on the observation that DNA/RNA hybrids in a triplex complex genome co-purify with the double-stranded chromosomal DNA fraction, we developed a direct preparative approach from total protein-free cellular... 

    The olfactory bulb modulates entorhinal cortex oscillations during spatial working memory

    , Article Journal of Physiological Sciences ; Volume 71, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 18806546 (ISSN) Salimi, M ; Tabasi, F ; Nazari, M ; Ghazvineh, S ; Salimi, A ; Jamaati, H ; Raoufy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2021
    Cognitive functions such as working memory require integrated activity among different brain regions. Notably, entorhinal cortex (EC) activity is associated with the successful working memory task. Olfactory bulb (OB) oscillations are known as rhythms that modulate rhythmic activity in widespread brain regions during cognitive tasks. Since the OB is structurally connected to the EC, we hypothesized that OB could modulate EC activity during working memory performance. Herein, we explored OB–EC functional connectivity during spatial working memory performance by simultaneous recording local field potentials when rats performed a Y-maze task. Our results showed that the coherence of delta,... 

    Allergic rhinitis impairs working memory in association with drop of hippocampal – Prefrontal coupling

    , Article Brain Research ; Volume 1758 , 2021 ; 00068993 (ISSN) Salimi, M ; Ghazvineh, S ; Nazari, M ; Dehdar, K ; Garousi, M ; Zare, M ; Tabasi, F ; Jamaati, H ; Salimi, A ; Barkley, V ; Mirnajafi Zadeh, J ; Raoufy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic inflammatory disease frequently associated with a deficit in learning and memory. Working memory is an important system for decision making and guidance, which depends on interactions between the ventral hippocampus (vHipp) and the prelimbic prefrontal cortex (plPFC). It is still unclear whether AR influences the activity and coupling of these brain areas, which consequently may impair working memory. The current study aimed to examine alterations of the vHipp-plPFC circuit in a rat model of AR. Our results show decreased working memory performance in AR animals, accompanied by a reduction of theta and gamma oscillations in plPFC. Also, AR reduces... 

    Fabrication and evaluation of chitosan/gelatin/PVA hydrogel incorporating honey for wound healing applications: An in vitro, in vivo study

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 592 , 2021 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Aghababaie, Z ; Afjoul, H ; Jami, M ; Bidgoli, M. R ; Vossoughi, M ; Ramazani, A ; Kamyabhesari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    In this study, physically cross-linked hydrogels were developed by freezing-thawing method while different concentrations of honey were included into the hydrogels for accelerated wound healing. The hydrogel was composed of chitosan, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and gelatin with the ratio of 2:1:1 (v/v), respectively. Further, the effect of honey concentrations on antibacterial properties, and cell behavior was investigated. In vivo studies, including wound healing mechanism using rat model and histological analysis of section tissue samples were performed. The results illustrated that the incorporation of honey in hydrogels increased the ultimate strain of hydrogels approximately two times,... 

    Overexpression of protein kinase Mζ in the hippocampus mitigates alzheimer's disease-related cognitive deficit in rats

    , Article Brain Research Bulletin ; Volume 166 , 2021 , Pages 64-72 ; 03619230 (ISSN) Amini, N ; Roosta Azad, R ; Motamedi, F ; Mirzapour Delavar, H ; Ghasemi, S ; Aliakbari, S ; Pourbadie, H. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2021
    Accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) soluble forms in the cerebral parenchyma is the mainstream concept underlying memory deficit in the early phase of Alzheimer's disease (AD). PKMζ plays a critical role in the maintenance of long-term memory. Yet, the role of this brain-specific enzyme has not been addressed in AD. We examined the impact of hippocampal PKMζ overexpression on AD-related memory impairment in rats. Oligomeric form of Aβ (oAβ) or vehicle was bilaterally microinjected into the dorsal hippocampus of male Wistar rats under stereotaxic surgery. One week later, 2 μl of lentiviral vector (108 T.U. / ml.) encoding PKMζ genome was microinjected into the dorsal hippocampus. Seven days... 

    Hyperthermia of breast cancer tumor using graphene oxide-cobalt ferrite magnetic nanoparticles in mice

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 65 , 2021 ; 17732247 (ISSN) Hatamie, S ; Balasi, Z. M ; Ahadian, M. M ; Mortezazadeh, T ; Shams, F ; Hosseinzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Editions de Sante  2021
    Herein, the graphene oxide (GO)/cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were used to apply the heat treatment on the breast cancer cell line of MCF7. The synthesized nanoparticles were evaluated before in vitro and in vivo studies, using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermal property and relaxivity measurement. The nanoparticles showed a diameter of 5 nm with the ferrimagnetic property. Also, the nanoparticles were well distributed on the GO nanosheets. The related peaks of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were approved by using XRD and XPS assays. During the in vitro investigations, IC50 with...