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    Thorough tuning of the aspect ratio of gold nanorods using response surface methodology

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 779 , 2013 , Pages 14-21 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Robatjazi, H ; Jalali Heravi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In the present work a central composite design based on response surface methodology (RSM) is employed for fine tuning of the aspect ratios of seed-mediated synthesized gold nanorods (GNRs). The relations between the affecting parameters, including ratio of l-ascorbic acid to Au3+ ions, concentrations of silver nitrate, CTAB, and CTAB-capped gold seeds, were explored using a RSM model. It is observed that the effect of each parameter on the aspect ratio of developing nanorods highly depends on the value of the other parameters. The concentrations of silver ions, ascorbic acid and seeds are found to have a high contribution in controlling the aspect ratios of NRs. The optimized parameters led... 

    Electrokinetically driven fluidic transport of power-law fluids in rectangular microchannels

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 414 , 2012 , Pages 440-456 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Vakili, M. A ; Sadeghi, A ; Saidi, M. H ; Mozafari, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Electroosmosis is the predominant mechanism for flow generation in lab-on-chip devices. Since most biofluids encountered in these devices are considered to be non-Newtonian, it is vital to study the flow characteristics of common non-Newtonian models under electroosmotic body force. In this paper, the hydrodynamically fully developed electroosmotic flow of power-law fluids in rectangular microchannels is analyzed. The electrical potential and momentum equations are numerically solved through a finite difference procedure for a non-uniform grid. A thoroughgoing parametric study reveals that the Poiseuille number is an increasing function of the channel aspect ratio, the zeta potential, the... 

    Controlling aspect ratio of colloidal silver nanorods using response surface methodology

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 393 , 2012 , Pages 46-52 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Jalali Heravi, M ; Robatjazi, H ; Ebrahimi Najafabadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    The properties of metallic nanorods vary due to changes in their composition, size and shape, which all depend on the aspect ratio of the nanorods. This work focuses on the optimization of the aspect ratio of silver nanorods using response surface methodology (RSM). Seed-mediated approach, which is the newest method with less difficulty, has been used for the synthesis of silver nanorods. First, silver ions were reduced with sodium borohydride in the presence of sodium citrate dehydrate, as stabilizer. Then, the prepared seeds were added to a solution containing more metal salts, a weak reducing agent (ascorbic acid) and a rod-like micellar template (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB).... 

    Mechanical performance of styrene-butadiene-rubber filled with carbon nanoparticles prepared by mechanical mixing

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 528, Issue 24 , September , 2011 , Pages 7161-7172 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Saatchi, M. M ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Reinforcement of styrene-butadiene-rubber (SBR) was investigated using two different carbon blacks (CBs) with similar particle sizes, including highly structured CB and conventional CB, as well as multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) prepared by mechanical mixing. The attempts were made to examine reinforcing mechanism of these two different classes of carbon nanoparticles. Scanning electron microscopy and electrical conductivity measurement were used to investigate morphology. Tensile, cyclic tensile and stress relaxation analyses were performed. A modified Halpin-Tsai model based on the concept of an equivalent composite particle, consisting of rubber bound, occluded rubber and... 

    One-dimensional cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanostructures by the solvothermal process: Controlling crystal structure and morphology aided by different solvents

    , Article Materials Letters ; Volume 65, Issue 9 , 2011 , Pages 1291-1294 ; 0167577X (ISSN) Dalvand, P ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Fray, D. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanowires and nanorods with different aspect ratios were successfully synthesized by the solvothermal method aided with various solvents, namely ethylenediamine, ethanolamine and triethylene tetraamine. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses revealed that, highly pure CdS nanostructures were crystallized with different structures and preferable growth orientations depending on solvent nature. Field emission electron microscope (FE-SEM) images showed that the aspect ratio of CdS nanostructures depends upon the dielectric constant and boiling temperature of solvents. CdS nanostructures with the highest aspect ratio in the form... 

    Studies on the oxygen barrier and mechanical properties of low density polyethylene/organoclay nanocomposite films in the presence of ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer as a new type of compatibilizer

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 32, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 1806-1813 ; 02641275 (ISSN) Dadfar, S. M. A ; Alemzadeh, I ; Reza Dadfar, S. M ; Vosoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Nanocomposite films based on low density polyethylene (LDPE), containing of 2, 3, and 4. wt.% organoclay (OC) and ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer as a new compatibilizer were prepared and characterized using rheological tests, X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, oxygen permeation measurements, and tensile tests. There was no exfoliation or intercalation of the clay layers in the absence of EVA, while an obvious increase in d-spacing was observed when the samples were prepared with EVA present. This issue was reflected in the properties of nanocomposites. The oxygen barrier properties of the LDPE/EVA/OC film were significantly better than those of the LDPE/OC film.... 

    Out-of-plane strength reduction of unreinforced masonry walls because of in-plane damages

    , Article Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics ; Volume 44, Issue 13 , 2015 , Pages 2157-2176 ; 00988847 (ISSN) Dolatshahi, K. M ; Yekrangnia, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    There are numerous studies on the behavior of Unreinforced Masonry (URM) walls in both in-plane (IP) and out-of-plane (OP) directions; however, few aimed at understanding the simultaneous contribution of these intrinsic responses during earthquakes. Undoubtedly, even a strong URM wall shows weakened capacity in the OP direction because of minor cracks and other damages in the IP direction, and this capacity reduction has not yet been accounted for in seismic codes. In this study, performance of three URM walls is evaluated by several numerical analyses in terms of the OP capacity reduction because of IP displacements and failure modes. Several parameters influencing the OP capacity have been... 

    Pure axial flow of viscoelastic fluids in rectangular microchannels under combined effects of electro-osmosis and hydrodynamics

    , Article Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics ; Volume 32, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 09354964 (ISSN) Reshadi, M ; Saidi, M. H ; Ebrahimi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2018
    Abstract
    This paper presents an analysis of the combined electro-osmotic and pressure-driven axial flows of viscoelastic fluids in a rectangular microchannel with arbitrary aspect ratios. The rheological behavior of the fluid is described by the complete form of Phan-Thien–Tanner (PTT) model with the Gordon–Schowalter convected derivative which covers the upper convected Maxwell, Johnson–Segalman and FENE-P models. Our numerical simulation is based on the computation of 2D Poisson–Boltzmann, Cauchy momentum and PTT constitutive equations. The solution of these governing nonlinear coupled set of equations is obtained by using the second-order central finite difference method in a non-uniform grid... 

    Surfactant-assisted synthesis and characterization of hydroxyapatite nanorods under hydrothermal conditions

    , Article Materials Science- Poland ; Volume 27, Issue 4 , 2009 , Pages 961-971 ; 01371339 (ISSN) Salarian, M ; Solati Hashjin, M ; Sara Shafiei, S ; Goudarzi, A ; Salarian, R ; Nemati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanorods with uniform morphology and controllable size were successfully synthesized by precipitating Ca(NO3) 24H2O and (NH4)2HPO4 in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400) as cationic surfactant and non-ionic cosurfactant, respectively, under hydrothermal conditions. The effect of hydrothermal temperature on the composition, morphology and size of HAp particles was studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results revealed that the morphology and size of HAp particles can be effectively controlled by the presence of CTAB and PEG... 

    Providing Multicolor Plasmonic Patterns with Au@Ag Core-Shell Nanostructures for Visual Discrimination of Biogenic Amines

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 13, Issue 17 , 2021 , Pages 20865-20874 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Orouji, A ; Ghasemi, F ; Bigdeli, A ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    Abstract
    Biogenic amines (BAs) are known as substantial indicators of the quality and safety of food. Developing rapid and visual detection methods capable of simultaneously monitoring BAs is highly desired due to their harmful effects on human health. In the present study, we have designed a multicolor sensor array consisting of two types of gold nanostructures (i.e., gold nanorods (AuNRs) and gold nanospheres (AuNSs)) for the discrimination and determination of critical BAs (i.e., spermine (SM), tryptamine (TT), ethylenediamine (EA), tyramine (TR), spermidine (SD), and histamine (HT)). The design principle of the probe was based on the metallization of silver ions on the surface of AuNRs and AuNSs... 

    Subsonic and supersonic flow-induced vibration of sandwich cylindrical shells with FG-CNT reinforced composite face sheets and metal foam core

    , Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 215 , 2022 ; 00207403 (ISSN) Taati, E ; Fallah, F ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Based on the linear fluid-solid interaction (FSI) model and classical shell theories, vibration behavior of sandwich cylindrical shells subjected to external incompressible or compressible fluid flow is investigated. The sandwich shell includes the same outer and inner face sheets made of carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced composites and a metal foam core. The effective mechanical properties of CNT reinforced composites are obtained using the extended rule of mixture. Also, the porosity distribution through the foam thickness is assumed to be in the form of a trigonometric function. Equations of motion and corresponding boundary conditions are derived according to the Donnell's, Love's and... 

    Controlling morphology and structure of nanocrystallineVcadmium sulfide (CdS) by tailoring solvothermal processing parameters

    , Article Journal of Nanoparticle Research ; Volume 13, Issue 7 , 2011 , Pages 3011-3018 ; 13880764 (ISSN) Dalvand, P ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Cadmium sulfide (CdS) with different morphologies was successfully prepared by solvothermal process by controlling the processing parameters, including nature of precursor and solvent, reaction temperature and process time. X-ray diffraction patterns revealed that, in all cases highly pure and crystallized CdS with hexagonal structure were obtained. In addition, it was found that the processing parameters influence on preferable growth direction of CdS nanostructures. Field emission scanning electron microscope analysis showed that CdS nanowires with different aspect ratios were obtained (depending upon the reaction temperature and process time) in presence of sulfur powder and... 

    Microstructural features, texture and strengthening mechanisms of nanostructured AA6063 alloy processed by powder metallurgy

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 528, Issue 12 , 2011 , Pages 3981-3989 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Asgharzadeh, H ; Simchi, A ; Kim, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Nanostructured AA6063 (NS-Al) powder with an average grain size of ~100. nm was synthesized by high-energy attrition milling of gas-atomized AA6063 powder followed by hot extrusion. The microstructural features of the consolidated specimen were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) techniques and compared with those of coarse-grained AA6063 (CG-Al) produced by hot powder extrusion of gas-atomized powder (without using mechanical milling). The consolidated NS-Al alloy consisted of elongated ultrafine grains (aspect ratio of ~2.9) and equiaxed nanostructured grains. A high fraction (~78%) of high-angle grain boundaries with average... 

    Coanda surface geometry optimization for multi-directional co-flow fluidic thrust vectoring

    , Article Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo: Power for Land, Sea, and Air ; Volume 5 , 2009 , Pages 183-189 ; 9780791848869 (ISBN) Saghafi, F ; Banazadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The performance of Co-flow fluidic thrust vectoring is a function of secondary flow characteristics and the fluidic nozzle geometry. In terms of nozzle geometry, wall shape and the secondary slot aspect ratio are the main parameters that control the vector angle. The present study aims to find a high quality wall shape to achieve the best thrust vectoring performance, which is characterized by the maximum thrust deflection angle with respect to the injected secondary air. A 3D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is employed to investigate the flow characteristics in thrust vectoring system. This model is validated using experimental data collected from the deflection of exhaust gases of... 

    Design, modeling and optimization of a piezoelectric pressure sensor based on thin-film PZT diaphragm contain of nanocrystalline powders

    , Article 2009 6th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications, ISMA 2009, Sharjah, 23 March 2009 through 26 March 2009 ; 2009 ; 9781424434817 (ISBN) Mohammadi, V ; Sheikhi, M. H ; Torkian, S ; Barzegar, A ; Masumi, E ; Mohammadi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    In this paper fabrication of a 0-3 ceramic/ceramic composite lead zirconate titanate, Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 thin film has been presented and then a pressure sensor based on multilayer thin-film PZT diaphragm contain of Lead Zirconate Titanate nanocrystalline powders was designed, modeled and optimized. This multilayer diaphragm in general acts as sensor or actuator. ANSYS was used for simulation of diaphragm. Dynamics characteristics of this multilayer diaphragm have been investigated. By this simulation the effective parameters of the multilayer PZT diaphragm for improving the performance of a pressure sensor in different ranges of pressure are optimized. The optimized thickness ratio of PZT... 

    Template-directed hydrothermal synthesis of dandelion-like hydroxyapatite in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and polyethylene glycol

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 35, Issue 7 , 2009 , Pages 2563-2569 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Salarian, M ; Solati Hashjin, M ; Shafiei, S. S ; Salarian, R ; Nemati, Z. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    A template-directed synthetic method, using surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a template and co-surfactant polyethylene glycol (PEG600) as a co-template under hydrothermal conditions, has been applied to obtain dandelion-like HAp. The morphology, size, crystalline phase, chemical composition, physical characteristics, and thermal behavior of the product were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier ransform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), induced coupled plasma spectroscopy (ICP), BET (Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller) method, and simultaneous thermal analysis (STA). SEM and TEM... 

    Well-designed Ag/ZnO/3D graphene structure for dye removal: Adsorption, photocatalysis and physical separation capabilities

    , Article Journal of Colloid and Interface Science ; Volume 537 , 2019 , Pages 66-78 ; 00219797 (ISSN) Kheirabadi, M ; Samadi, M ; Asadian, E ; Zhou, Y ; Dong, C ; Zhang, J ; Moshfegh Zaker, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2019
    Abstract
    In this research, adsorption and photocatalytic degradation process were utilized to remove organic dye from wastewater. To accomplish that, a newly-designed ternary nanostructure based on Ag nanoparticles/ZnO nanorods/three-dimensional graphene network (Ag NPs/ZnO NRs/3DG) was prepared using a combined hydrothermal-photodeposition method. The three-dimensional structure of graphene hydrogel as a support for growth of ZnO nanorods was characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). In addition, diameter of silver nanoparticles grown on the ZnO nanorods with the average aspect ratio of 5 was determined in the range of 30–80 nm by using transmission electron microscopy...