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    Optimization of Centrifugal Compressor Blades with Experimental Investigation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Poursadegh, Farzad (Author) ; Hajilouy Benisi, Ali (Supervisor)
    In this research, a novel quasi-3D design method is developed for the centrifugal compressor impeller on the blade-to-blade plane. In this method, an iterative inverse design method called Ball-Spine Algorithm (BSA) is incorporated into the quasi-3D analysis code solving the Euler equations on the blade-to-blade and meridional planes at each shape modification step. In design procedure, the difference between the target and current pressure distribution along the suction or pressure sides of the impeller causes the blade-to-blade profile to be changed and the target pressure distribution to be satisfied. In order to validate the quasi-3D analysis code, the centrifugal compressor of a gas... 

    Experimental and Theoretical Investigation on Losses and One Dimensional Modeling of The Centrifugal Compressor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Doost Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Author) ; Hajilouy Benisi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Centrifugal compressors have wide applications in the turbochargers, aircraft propulsion and petrochemical industry. Therefore it is important to design high efficiency centrifugal compressor. Knowledge of compressor performance at different conditions, energy losses and the contribution of each component of compressor in efficiency losses have of great importance.
    In this research, different loss models of the centrifugal compressor were reviewed and investigated. Then 1D codes were developed based on the loss models, and performance characteristics of S2B Schweitzer and GT4082 Garret compressors at different conditions were achieved. In order to evaluate the modeling results,... 

    Development of a Design Tool for Restaging of Centrifugal Compressors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahani, Zeinab (Author) ; Ghorbanian, kaveh (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this research is theoretical and numerical investigations on centrifugal compressor. A computer code has been developed to simulate single-zone and two-zone model, based on the revised formulation for real gas, using Peng-Robinson equations. Single-zone modeling, also known as meanline method, established based on 1-D equations of fluid dynamics considering ideal gas relations, empirical loss correlations, slip factors, impeller efficiency and no wake or separation regions. Considering usual significant separated regions in the gas path of impellers, two-zone (jet and wake zone) model has been developed to achieve a more reliable simulation by using fewer correlations based on... 

    Centrifugal Compressor Volute Design & Performance Optimization with Experimental Validation

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mojaddam, Mohammad (Author) ; Hajilouy Benisi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Movahhedy, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Radial Flow compressors have broad applications in aero-space, transport, gas and oil industries and etc. This type of compressor is a better choice in meeting constraints on weight and space, especially when continuous high pressure stream in low volumetric rate is of interest.
    Through main components of radial flow compressors, many investigations have been performed on design and optimization of the impellers and the diffusers, but the optimum design and optimization of compressor volute have received less attention.Volute design has direct and strong influence on compressor performance and its stable operating range.
    In this research numerical and experimental investigations is... 

    Design, Optimization and Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the Impeller of a Centrifugal Compressor under Geometric Constraints

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Moussavi Torshizi, Abolfazl (Author) ; Hajilouy Benisi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Durali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Centrifugal compressors are vastly implemented in the industry due to their higher pressure ratio per stage. So, researches are still going on to improve the performance of these devices. On this way, the current project is defined to perform geometrical optimization in the impeller of a centrifugal compressor using numerical and experimental methods. In this research, the design process of centrifugal compressors is first discussed according to methods and guidelines provided in several references. Then the compressor of the GT4082 turbocharger is redesigned using these theories. It is shown that overall available rules are enough to design an acceptable centrifugal compressor. Experimental... 

    Performance Modeling Of Twin Shaft Gas Turbine as a Turbocomperessor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohajer Darabi, Abbas (Author) ; Ghorbanian, Kaveh (Supervisor)
    Gas turbines and centrifugal compressors are the preferred means of compressing the gas in pipeline systems. Both gas turbines and centrifugal compressors exhibit performance characteristics that depend on the operating point imposed on them by the pipeline operation. Simulation of gas turbine-driven centrifugal compressors is necessary for a variety of applications in the general area of pipeline simulation. This research focuses on modeling of twin shaft gas turbine dynamic and steady state performance. For this purpose, it was necessary to evaluate the thermodynamic working process of the gas turbine by using an in-house computer code. At design point, the calculations are solely based on... 

    Model-Based Simulation of Surge and Active Controller Design of an Industrial Centrifugal Compressor applied in Gas Compression Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khodaparast, Pooya (Author) ; Ghofrani, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    Efforts to model and control surge, as the underlying instability of centrifugal compressors, were conducted. Of the three major instabilities in compressors, namely chokage, stall and surge, the latter has a significant role in limiting the available range of operation in centrifugal compressors, which are the most common devices for the transportation of Natural gas. The customary method to circumvent surge, which if occurred, could impose severe, catastrophic and irreversible damages to the machine, is to avoid the zones in which it is likely to develop by means of a recycling system. These often called "surge avoidance" or "surge prevention" schemes have the benefit of high reliability,... 

    Aerothermodynamic Design of Direct Coupled Turboexpander Compressor Radial Impellers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alizadeh, Saber (Author) ; Ghorbanian, Kaveh (Supervisor)
    In this research, an attempt is made to obtain the geometrical and performance matching between a centrifugal compressor and a pre-designed radial inflow turbine. In this regard, constraints such as the same outer diameters, stagnation pressure, rotational speed, and power are considered. The impeller of the centrifugal compressor is designed by employing one-dimensional design method. The aerodynamic performance of the centrifugal compressor is 3-dimensionally evaluated by the commercial CFX software. A comparison of the 1D and 3D results reveals a maximum deviation of 7% indicating relatively good agreement. A sensitivity analysis on the flow coefficient and tip clearance shows a change of... 

    Design and Fabrication of Centrifugal Microfluidic System to Measure Blood Factors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahmoudi Arjmand, Ehsan (Author) ; Saadatmand, Maryam (Supervisor) ; Eghbal, Manochehr (Supervisor) ; Bakhtiari, Mohammad Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Diabetes mellitus is a global endemic that is rapidly increasing prevalence in both developing and developed countries. Recently, the American Diabetes Association has recommended the hemoglobin A1c as a possible substitute to fasting blood glucose for diagnosis of diabetes because it is an indicator of long-term glycemic control. Also, centrifugal microfluidics systems have a good potential to be used in the point of care testing systems. In this study, two centrifugal microfluidic discs were designed and manufactured in order to separately measure the hemoglobin and hemoglobin A1c in the whole blood. In the first part of the study, the hemoglobin measurement disc consists of two chambers... 

    Optimization of Enriching Cascades Using Genetic Algorithms

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sayadi, Vahid (Author) ; Otukesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Norouzi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Ayoubzadeh, Mohsen (Co-Advisor)
    One of the challenging issues in Iran's nuclear talks and Group 5+1 countries is the amount of Iran's enrichment capacity and the number of centrifuges needed to meet this demand. In this regard, Iran has recently announced that the basis for determining its enrichment capacity is the supply of fuel for the Bushehr power plant.Modeling and optimizing of gas centrifuge cascade is one of the most important problems in fuel cycle and isotope separation fields. To achieve this goal it is needed to comprehend of single centrifuge operation. Knowing the effectofsingle centrifuge parameters, it is easy to design a desired cascade. Minimizing the number of machines in the cascade is an anticipated... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Salari, Sina (Author) ; Farhanieh, Bijan (Supervisor)
    Centrifugal Fans are widely used in industrial and commercial applications, from shop ventilation to material handling to boiler applications. They consume extremely high amount of energy each year. Because of this high consumption, even a small efficiency improvement could led to high amount of energy saving. Many projects have been done with this goal up to now, and present work is one of them, with aim to optimize a industrial centrifugal BI fan performance, with wheel diameter about 400 mm. The research has been done based on 3D numerical methods, done by commercial code Fluent 6.3, in steady state. MRF and k-E models have been used to simulate flow around blades, and turbulence... 

    Simulation of Fluid Aliquoting in Centrifugal Microfluidics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yousefpour, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Arghavani, Jamal (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, a numerical analysis of micro chamber filling in centrifugal microfluidics is investigated. In the development of micro total analysis systems, it is often necessary to achieve complete and uniform filling of relatively large micro chambers. With centrifugal devices, these large micro chambers must often be orientated perpendicularly to the direction of centrifugal force and are usually bounded by materials with varying surface properties. On the other hand, the mixing characterization of two fluid by centrifugal microfluidic method has been also conducted. The multiphase flow analyses based on Eulerian-Eulerian approach have been conducted and the VOF method was used for ... 

    Study on the Mass Transfer and Isotope Separation Phenomena in a Gas Centrifuge by Using FEREON Mixtures as Model Compounds

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fard Kashani, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Karimi-Sabet, Javad (Supervisor) ; Norouzi, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    In the nuclear industry, gas centrifuges are considered of high importance for the purpose of uranium enrichment. Today, with advances in science and technology, the use of gas centrifuges for separating isotopes other than uranium, is so common. With respect to the use of conventional methods such as Pancake equation in calculating the velocity profile in centrifuges, it is needed that A^2=(MV^2)/2RT≫1 (M: Feed molecular weight; V: Peripheral speed of centrifuge; T: Mean temperature of feed; R: The universal constant of gases). While the molecular weight of the feed mixture gets lower, the A2 parameter gets closer to one. So, other methods for modeling the behavior of the gas in the... 

    Design of a High Pressure Centrifugal Compressor Impeller of an Aviation Turboshaft Engine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadr, Motahareh (Author) ; Ghorbanian, Kaveh (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this study is developing the design means of a high pressure centrifugal compressor impeller for aviational applications i.e. turboshaft engines. The logic and constraints of designing a high pressure centrifugal impeller for a turboshaft engine is different from those of low pressure aerial or high speed industrial ones. This kind of impeller is deployed in a number of advanced generation of aero engines. In this study, the centrifugal impeller design tools are developed using two design methods. Then, the results are compared, validated and corrected with an existing high pressure impeller data. A number of impellers with pressure ratios ranging from 6 to 11 are designed and... 

    Fault Detection in Centrifugal Pump Using Current Signature Analysis of Induction Motor and Vibration

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahdavifar, Saeed (Author) ; Behzad, Mehdi (Supervisor) ; Asghari, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Pumps are widely used in oil and gas industry. Therefore condition monitoring for this type of equipment is very important. The motor current signature analysis (MCSA) technique as one of the condition monitoring techniques is very effective in the industry, but it is less used in industry. All conventional methods require additional sensors to be installed in the system; current signature analysis as a sensorless method can reduce the cost of condition monitoring. In this study, motor current signature analysis technique was used to diagnosis a centrifugal pump with a capacity of 187 kW from the refinery industry. The impeller wearing ring clearance problem has been investigated. This... 

    Fuzzy ANN Approach to Support Independent Failures of Rotary Equipment Based on Vibration, Temperature Parameters-Case Study: A Centrifugal Pump in offshore Industry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fouladi Vanda, Mohammad (Author) ; Ghaemi Osgouie, Kambiz (Supervisor) ; Ebrahimi Pour, Vahid (Co-Advisor)
    Pump operating problems may be either hydraulic or mechanical and there is interdependence between the failure diagnoses of these two categories. Consequently, a correct diagnosis of a pump failure needs to consider many symptoms including hydraulic or mechanical causes. Nonlinear, time-varying behavior, and imprecise measurement information of the systems makes it difficult to deal with pump failures with precise mathematical equations, while human operators with the aid of their practical experience can handle these complex situations, with only a set of imprecise linguistic if-then rules and imprecise system states, but this procedure is time consuming and needs the knowledge of human... 

    Analysis and Optimization of Surge Control System of a Centrifugal Compressor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Doost, Reza (Author) ; Mazaheri, Karim (Supervisor)
    The surge phenomenon, as the most important aerodynamic instability, has caused a severe drop in efficiency and performance in centrifugal compressors, and its prevention and control is considered one of the main concerns of industrialists. The purpose of this study is to design and develop a surge control system in order to improve the stability and safety of the system under the effect of surge. In this research, after simulating the existing control system and working line in Borzouyeh Petrochemical Industry, by designing and adding the piston surge active control system to the above centrifugal compressor and using the combined control system, the flow rate of the bypass path has been... 

    Numerical Investigation of Fuid Injection Effects on Improving the Stability of Centrifugal Compressors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hajaghaee, Ali (Author) ; Ghorbanian, Kaveh (Supervisor)
    Increasing the surge margin of compressors and preventing surge and stall phenomena have always been one of the main concerns of gas turbine engines. This research aims to numerically investigate the fluid injection effects on the surge margin in centrifugal compressors. In this regard, the NASA CC3 compressor is selected for validation purposes. Considering the available geometrical data, a simulation is performed by using Ansys software, and results are compared with those available from public literature.After the performance and accuracy of the fluid injection simulation results are validated, fluid injection is implemented in the newly selected location and its impact on the compressor... 

    Experimental & numerical investigation of losses in centrifugal compressor components

    , Article Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, San Antonio, Tx ; Volume 6 C , 2013 ; ISBN: 9780791855249 Doustmohammadi, A. A ; Hajilouybenisi, A ; Mojaddam, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this research an analytical model for performance prediction of centrifugal compressors is developed. The loss mechanisms are investigated in impeller, diffuser and volute separately for wide operating rotational speeds of the compressor. The contributions of compressor components in total entropy generation are further studied using different experimental correlations and methods. The results are verified using experimental test results, carried out at Sharif University of technology Turbocharger laboratory which has been designed to derive performance curves of turbocharger compressors. The test rig is equipped to measure static and stagnation pressures at inlet and outlet of each... 

    Preconcentration and determination of carbaryl and carbofuran in water samples using ionic liquids and in situ solvent formation microextraction

    , Article Analytical Methods ; Volume 5, Issue 9 , 2013 , Pages 2406-2412 ; 17599660 (ISSN) Tehrani, M. S ; Givianrad, M. H ; Akhoundi, L ; Akhoundi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present work, a novel microextraction method named in situ solvent formation microextraction (ISFME) using ionic liquids (ILs) for preconcentration of carbaryl and carbofuran in water samples is introduced. In this method, a small amount of sodium hexafluorophosphate (NaPF6), as an ion pairing agent, was added to a sample solution containing a small quantity of 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate [Hmim][BF4] as a hydrophobic ionic liquid. A cloudy solution formed as a result of formation of fine droplets of 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate [Hmim][PF 6]. After centrifugation, the fine droplets of the extractant phase settled to the bottom of the conical-bottom...