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    Effects of membrane compliance on pore water pressure generation in gravelly sands under cyclic loading

    , Article Geotechnical Testing Journal ; Volume 33, Issue 5 , 2010 ; 01496115 (ISSN) Haeri, S. M ; Shakeri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The paper deals with an experimental study of the undrained cyclic behavior of a natural coarse sand and gravel deposit located in Tehran, a megacity situated on the continental side of the Alborz Mountain in Iran. Membrane compliance that plays a significant role in inhibiting redistribution of pore pressure and liquefaction in undrained cyclic triaxial tests performed on coarse granular soils is studied in this paper. Currently there is no or little satisfactory method for accounting for this phenomenon for gravelly soils, and thus the non-compliant cyclic loading resistanceof granular soils and the evaluation of the behavior of such material in natural and in situ state are not easily... 

    Self-accumulated Ag nanoparticles on mesoporous TiO2 thin film with high bactericidal activities

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 204, Issue 21-22 , August , 2010 , Pages 3676-3683 ; 02578972 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Antibacterial activity of sol-gel synthesized Ag-TiO2 nanocomposite layer (30nm) deposited on rough anatase (a) TiO2 thin film (~200nm in thickness) was investigated against Escherichia coli bacteria, in dark and also in exposure to UV light. The nanocomposite thin films were transparent with a surface plasmon resonance absorption band at a wavelength of 410nm. The metallic silver nanoparticles with an average diameter of 30nm and fcc crystalline structure were self-accumulated on surface of a mesoporous and aqueous TiO2 layer with a capillary pore structure having a pore radius of 3.0nm. By adding the silver nanoparticles in the TiO2 layer, recombination of the photoexcited electron-hole... 

    Synthesis and electrochromic study of sol-gel cuprous oxide nanoparticles accumulated on silica thin film

    , Article Thin Solid Films ; Volume 517, Issue 24 , 2009 , Pages 6700-6706 ; 00406090 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Tohidi, H ; Moshfegh, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, electrochromic properties of cuprous oxide nanoparticles, self-accumulated on the surface of a sol-gel silica thin film, have been investigated by using UV-visible spectrophotometry in a lithium-based electrolyte cell. The cuprous oxide nanoparticles showed a reversible electrochromic process with a thin film transmission reduction of about 50% in a narrow wavelength range of 400-500 nm, as compared to the bleached state of the film. Using optical transmission measurement, we have found that the band gap energy of the films reduced from 2.7 eV for Cu2O to 1.3 eV for CuO by increasing the annealing temperature from 220 to 300 °C in an N2 environment for 1 h. Study of the band... 

    Feasibility study of carbon dioxide capture from power plants and other major stationary sources and storage in Iranian oil fields for enhanced oil recovery (EOR)

    , Article 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT-9, Washington DC, 16 November 2008 through 20 November 2008 ; Volume 1, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 3663-3668 ; 18766102 (ISSN) Soltanieh, M ; Eslami, A. M ; Moradian, A ; US Department of Energy ; Sharif University of Technology
    Iran, with a record of over one century of oil production, is currently one of the major oil producing countries of the world. Several of the old fields have been depleted to an uneconomical level of production which requires significant amount of natural gas for re-injection so that currently over 100 million cubic meters of natural gas is reinjected daily to maintain or enhance oil production to an economical level. It is estimated that in order to maintain oil production, over 200 million cubic meters of natural gas will be needed daily by 2015. However, due to the increased level of domestic and export demands for natural gas, EOR with natural gas is prohibitive and therefore portions of... 

    Assessment of nitrate contamination in unsaturated zone of urban areas: the case study of Tehran, Iran

    , Article Environmental Geology ; Volume 57, Issue 8 , 2009 , Pages 1785-1798 ; 09430105 (ISSN) Joekar Niasar, V ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Modeling fate of nitrogen in unsaturated and saturated zone is a complex process, which requires detailed geochemical data. Complexities of the process as well as data insufficiencies are two major issues, which make quantitative assessment of the problem more complicated. In this work, a lumped-parameter model (LPM) is proposed that has been evaluated for a data-limited case to study temporal and steady-state behavior of Nitrate and Ammonium in unsaturated zone. The concentration of components in the model are assumed as the depth-averaged concentrations, and dispersive fluxes have been neglected. The case study area is Tehran City aquifer, which is highly contaminated by domestic... 

    Surfactant-free stable SnS2 nanoparticles dispersion for deposition of device-quality films

    , Article Thin Solid Films ; Volume 669 , 2019 , Pages 269-274 ; 00406090 (ISSN) Haghighi, M ; Tajabadi, F ; Mahdavi, S. M ; Mohammadpour, R ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Tin sulfide (SnS2) has recently attracted considerable attention due to its layered structure that may form two dimensional morphologies. It is an n-type semiconductor with band gap and electron affinity similar to CdS and In2S3; therefore can be regarded as an alternative for these materials in thin film solar cells. Here, we synthesis of SnS2 nanoparticles with different morphology in different ratio of water-ethanol mixed solution by solvothermal method, and observe that more ethanol leads to large sheet like morphologies, while water based synthesis results in very small nanosheets. A challenge in wet deposition of device-quality thin films of SnS2 is the requirement for highly dispersed... 

    In situ two-step preparation of 3D NiCo-BTC MOFs on a glassy carbon electrode and a graphitic screen printed electrode as nonenzymatic glucose-sensing platforms

    , Article ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering ; Volume 8, Issue 38 , 2020 , Pages 14340-14352 Ezzati, M ; Shahrokhian, S ; Hosseini, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2020
    In the present study, a rational two-step strategy is employed for the green, fast, very simple, and highly controllable synthesis of the bimetallic nickel-cobalt-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) on glassy carbon substrates by in situ transformation of nickel-cobalt-layered double hydroxide nanosheet (NiCo-LDHs NSs) intermediates into nickel-cobalt-benzene tricarboxylic acid MOFs (E-NiCo-BTC MOFs). The structural characteristics of the electrode materials in each step were investigated via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, elemental mapping, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and transmittance electron microscopy.... 

    Electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol on Ni and NiCu alloy modified glassy carbon electrode

    , Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 33, Issue 16 , August , 2008 , Pages 4367-4376 ; 03603199 (ISSN) Danaee, I ; Jafarian, M ; Forouzandeh, F ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nickel and nickel-copper alloy modified glassy carbon electrodes (GC/Ni and GC/NiCu) prepared by galvanostatic deposition were examined for their redox process and electrocatalytic activities towards the oxidation of methanol in alkaline solutions. The methods of cyclic voltammetery (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA) were employed. The cyclic voltammogram of NiCu alloy demonstrates the formation of β/β crystallographic forms of the nickel oxyhydroxide under prolonged repetitive potential cycling in alkaline solution. In CV studies, in the presence of methanol NiCu alloy modified electrode shows a significantly higher response for methanol oxidation. The peak current of the oxidation of nickel... 

    An inhomogeneous theoretical model for analyzing the temporal response of high concentration erbium-doped fiber laser

    , Article Solid State Lasers and Amplifiers III, Strasbourg, 8 April 2008 through 10 April 2008 ; Volume 6998 , 2008 ; 0277786X (ISSN); 9780819471963 (ISBN) Keyvaninia, S ; Karvar, M ; Bahrampour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper the gain dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) with an inhomogeneous active medium in the presence of ion pairs is modeled. A two-level model for single ions and a three-level model for ion pairs are employed to write the propagation and rate equations of inhomogeneous laser medium. The governing equations are an uncountable system of partial differential equations (PDEs). By employing the moment method, the system of PDEs is converted to a finite system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The Solution of the system of ODEs is used to analyze the output power of a high concentration EDFL. As it expected, theoretical results show that the threshold pumping power... 

    Application of temperature transient analysis for welltest interpretation and well productivity evaluation

    , Article Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Jakarta, Indonesia,October 30–November 1, 2007 ; 2007 ; 9781613990407 (ISBN) Bahrami, N ; Siavoshi, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    During transient tests, both pressure and temperature are changed depending on downhole flow rate. In gas producing wells, Joule-Thomson cooling and frictional heating effects are the main dynamic factors causing flowing bottomhole temperature to differ from the static formation temperature at that depth. When a gas well is shut in, JT cooling effect is vanished and this causes a sharp increase in sandface temperature. As effect of wellbore storage ends, wellbore temperature gradually cools down due to heat conduction with near wellbore region. This paper demonstrates a new technique for using temperature transient data in gas wells in order to determine end of wellbore storage. Also, effect... 

    Atheroprone sites of coronary artery bifurcation: Effect of heart motion on hemodynamics-dependent monocytes deposition

    , Article Computers in Biology and Medicine ; Volume 133 , 2021 ; 00104825 (ISSN) Biglarian, M ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Atherosclerosis as a common cardiovascular disease is a result of both adverse hemodynamics conditions and monocyte deposition within coronary arteries. It is known that the adhesion of monocytes on the arterial wall and their interaction with the vascular surface are one of the main parameters in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. In this work, hemodynamic parameters and monocyte deposition have been investigated in a 3D computational model of the Left Anterior Descending coronary artery (LAD) and its first diagonal branch (D1) under the heart motion. A one-way Lagrangian approach is performed to trace the monocyte particles under different blood flow regimes and heart motion... 

    Aniline-silica nanocomposite as a novel solid phase microextraction fiber coating

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1238 , May , 2012 , Pages 22-29 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Roostaie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new unbreakable solid phase microextraction (SPME) fiber coating based on aniline-silica nanocomposite was electrodeposited on a stainless steel wire. The electropolymerization process was carried out at a constant deposition potential, applied to the corresponding aqueous electrolyte containing aniline and silica nanoparticles. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed the non-smooth and the porous surface structure of the prepared nanocomposite. The applicability of the new fiber coating was examined by headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) of some environmentally important polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), as model compounds, from aqueous samples.... 

    Nanostructured TiO2-CeO2 mixed oxides by an aqueous sol-gel process: Effect of Ce:Ti molar ratio on physical and sensing properties

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 150, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 631-640 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Mohammadi, M. R ; Fray, D. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nanostructured TiO2-CeO2 thin films and powders were prepared by a straightforward aqueous particulate sol-gel route. Titanium (IV) isopropoxide and cerium chloride were used as precursors, and hydroxypropyl cellulose was used as a polymeric fugitive agent in order to increase the specific surface area. The effect of Ce:Ti molar ratio was studied on the crystallisation behaviour of the products. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) revealed that the powders crystallised at the low temperature of 500 °C, containing anatase-TiO2, rutile-TiO2 and cubic-CeO2 phases, as well as Ti 8O15, Ti3O5 and Ce 11O20 depending on annealing temperature and Ce:Ti molar... 

    Synthesis and characterisation of nanostructured neodymium titanium oxides by sol-gel process: Controlling the phase composition, crystal structure and grain size

    , Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 122, Issue 2-3 , 2010 , Pages 512-523 ; 02540584 (ISSN) Mohammadi, M. R ; Fray, D. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nanocrystalline neodymium titanium oxide thin films and powders with different phase compositions with mesoporous structure were produced by a straightforward particulate sol-gel route. The sols were prepared in various Nd:Ti molar ratios and they showed a narrow particle size distribution in the range 20-26 nm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) revealed that the powders contained mixtures of Nd4Ti9O24, Nd2Ti4O11, Nd3Ti4O12 for titanium dominant powders (Nd:Ti ≤ 45:60), mixtures of Nd2TiO5 and Nd2O3 for neodymium dominant powders (Nd:Ti ≥ 75:25) and pure Nd3Ti4O12 phase for equal molar ratio of Nd:Ti, depending on the annealing temperature and Nd:Ti... 

    An interior needle electropolymerized pyrrole-based coating for headspace solid-phase dynamic extraction

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 634, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 209-214 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Babanezhad, E ; Khalilian, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    A headspace solid-phase dynamic extraction (HS-SPDE) technique was developed by the use of polypyrrole (PPy) sorbent, electropolymerized inside the surface of a needle, as a possible alternative to solid-phase microextraction (SPME). Thermal desorption was subsequently, employed to transfer the extracted analytes into the injection port of a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The PPy sorbent including polypyrrole-dodecyl sulfate (PPy-DS) was deposited on the interior surface of a stainless steel needle from the corresponding aqueous electrolyte by applying a constant deposition potential. The homogeneity and the porous surface structure of the coating were examined using the... 

    Lasting antibacterial activities of Ag-TiO2/Ag/a-TiO2 nanocomposite thin film photocatalysts under solar light irradiation

    , Article Journal of Colloid and Interface Science ; Volume 336, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 117-124 ; 00219797 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Photodegradation of Escherichia coli bacteria in presence of Ag-TiO2/Ag/a-TiO2 nanocomposite film with an effective storage of silver nanoparticles was investigated in the visible and the solar light irradiations. The nanocomposite film was synthesized by sol-gel deposition of 30 nm Ag-TiO2 layer on ∼200 nm anatase(a-)TiO2 film previously doped by silver nanoparticles. Both Ag/a-TiO2 and Ag-TiO2/Ag/a-TiO2 films were transparent with a SPR absorption band at 412 nm. Depth profile X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed metallic silver nanoparticles with diameter of 30 nm and fcc crystalline structure were self-accumulated on the film surface at depth of 5 nm of the TiO2 layer and also at the... 

    Challenges and future prospects for the delivery of biologics: oral mucosal, pulmonary, and transdermal routes

    , Article AAPS Journal ; Volume 19, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 652-668 ; 15507416 (ISSN) Morales, J. O ; Fathe, K. R ; Brunaugh, A ; Ferrati, S ; Li, S ; Montenegro Nicolini, M ; Mousavikhamene, Z ; McConville, J. T ; Prausnitz, M. R ; Smyth, H. D. C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    Biologic products are large molecules such as proteins, peptides, nucleic acids, etc., which have already produced many new drugs for clinical use in the last decades. Due to the inherent challenges faced by biologics after oral administration (e.g., acidic stomach pH, digestive enzymes, and limited permeation through the gastrointestinal tract), several alternative routes of administration have been investigated to enable sufficient drug absorption into systemic circulation. This review describes the buccal, sublingual, pulmonary, and transdermal routes of administration for biologics with relevant details of the respective barriers. While all these routes avoid transit through the...