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    Towards aging-induced approximations

    , Article Proceedings - Design Automation Conference, 18 June 2017 through 22 June 2017 ; Volume Part 128280 , 2017 ; 0738100X (ISSN) ; 9781450349277 (ISBN) Amrouch, H ; Khaleghi, B ; Gerstlauer, A ; Henkel, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    In recent technology nodes, wide guardbands are needed to overcome reliability degradations due to aging. Such guardbands manifest as reduced efficiency and performance. Existing approaches to reduce guardbands trade off aging impact for increased circuit overhead. By contrast, the goal of this work is to completely remove guardbands through exploring, for the first time, application of approximate computing principles in the context of aging. As a result of naively narrowing or removing guardbands, timing errors start to appear as transistors age. We demonstrate that even in circuits that may tolerate errors, aging can be catastrophic due to unacceptable quality loss. Furthermore,... 

    Minimum length modulator design with a graphene-based plasmonic waveguide

    , Article Applied Optics ; Volume 56, Issue 17 , 2017 , Pages 4926-4933 ; 1559128X (ISSN) Ghahri, M. R ; Faez, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, we simulated and analyzed a plasmonic waveguide modulator based on a single layer of graphene. It includes a graphene sheet, which sandwiches between two layers of silicon dioxide. Then, some gates are arranged on either side of the waveguide on a periodic structure. When an electric field is applied perpendicular to the waveguide plate, the Fermi level of graphene under the gates changes. Detailed analysis is performed by the method of lines based on Maxwell's equations along the propagation direction of the waveguide. Computation of the multi-gate device starts by examining the effect of the Fermi level. The transmission coefficient of the magnetic-field norms of the... 

    Probabilistic analysis of soil-structure interaction effects on the seismic performance of structures

    , Article Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics ; Volume 46, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 641-660 ; 00988847 (ISSN) Mirzaie, F ; Mahsuli, M ; Ghannad, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper revisits the phenomenon of dynamic soil-structure interaction (SSI) with a probabilistic approach. For this purpose, a twofold objective is pursued. First, the effect of SSI on inelastic response of the structure is studied considering the prevailing uncertainties. Second, the consequence of practicing SSI provisions of the current seismic design codes on the structural performance is investigated in a probabilistic framework. The soil-structure system is modeled by the sub-structure method. The uncertainty in the properties of the soil and the structure is described by random variables that are input to this model. Monte Carlo sampling analysis is employed to compute the... 

    An imprinted interpenetrating polymer network for microextraction in packed syringe of carbamazepine

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1491 , 2017 , Pages 1-8 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Asgari, S ; Bagheri, H ; Es haghi, A ; Amini Tabrizi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    An imprinted interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) was synthesized and used as a medium for isolation of carbamazepine from urine samples. The polymer network consisted of a homogeneous polystyrene–sol gel hybrid constructed by in–situ radical polymerization method. In this process, within the sol–gel reaction duration, styrene monomer could penetrate into the reaction mixture and after the polymerization initiation, a monolithic IPN structure was prepared. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX) are indications of the polystyrene dispersion at nano- to micro-meter level in the sol gel matrix. Eventually, the synthesized IPN was used as a... 

    Circuit design to improve security of telecommunication devices

    , Article 2017 IEEE 7th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference, CCWC 2017, 9 January 2017 through 11 January 2017 ; 2017 ; ISBN: 978-150904228-9 Bahrami, H ; Hajsadeghi, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Security in mobile handsets of telecommunication standards such as GSM, Project 25 and TETRA is very important, especially when governments and military forces use handsets and telecommunication devices. Although telecommunication could be quite secure by using encryption, coding, tunneling and exclusive channel, attackers create new ways to bypass them without the knowledge of the legitimate user. In this paper we introduce a new, simple and economical circuit to warn the user in cases where the message is not encrypted because of manipulation by attackers or accidental damage. This circuit not only consumes very low power but also is created to sustain telecommunication devices in aspect... 

    Crowdsummarizer: automated generation of code summaries for java programs through crowdsourcing

    , Article IEEE Software ; Volume 34, Issue 2 , 2017 , Pages 71-80 ; 07407459 (ISSN) Badihi, S ; Heydarnoori, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    To perform software maintenance, developers must have a relatively good understanding of the program's source code, which is often written by other developers. Code summaries, which describe a program's entities (for example, its methods), help developers better comprehend code more quickly. However, generating code summaries can be challenging. To mitigate this problem, CrowdSummarizer exploits crowdsourcing, gamification, and natural-language processing to automatically generate high-level summaries of Java program methods. Researchers have implemented it as an Eclipse plug-in together with a Web-based code summarization game that can be played by the crowd. Two empirical studies... 

    Response spectrum method for extreme wave loading with higher order components of drag force

    , Article Journal of Marine Science and Application ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 27-32 ; 16719433 (ISSN) Tabeshpour, M. R ; Dezfouli, Mani, F ; Dastan Diznab, M. A ; Mohajernasab, S ; Seif, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Response spectra of fixed offshore structures impacted by extreme waves are investigated based on the higher order components of the nonlinear drag force. In this way, steel jacket platforms are simplified as a mass attached to a light cantilever cylinder and their corresponding deformation response spectra are estimated by utilizing a generalized single degree of freedom system. Based on the wave data recorded in the Persian Gulf region, extreme wave loading conditions corresponding to different return periods are exerted on the offshore structures. Accordingly, the effect of the higher order components of the drag force is considered and compared to the linearized state for different sea... 

    Parametric study and design approach of off-center bracing systems

    , Article Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings ; Volume 26, Issue 3 , 2017 ; 15417794 (ISSN) Sedaghati, P ; Lotfollahi, M ; Mofid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents an effective approach for the seismic design of off-center bracing systems (OBSs). The nonlinear behavior of an OBS can be specified by evaluation of two yielding stages representing tensile yielding of different bracings. This can be achieved when stiffness of the corner brace member is deliberately considered less enough to act as a fuse-like component. An accurate two-dimensional finite element modeling for the geometric and material nonlinearity of such systems considering buckling behavior of the brace members is developed. Through an extensive parametric study, the optimal ratios of the influential parameters of OBS are obtained, and their effects on the nonlinear... 

    Dielectrophoretic cell sorting via sliding cells on 3D silicon microelectrodes

    , Article Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), 22 January 2017 through 26 January 2017 ; 2017 , Pages 147-150 ; 10846999 (ISSN) ; 9781509050789 (ISBN) Xing, X ; Chan, M. L ; Roshan, K. A ; Yobas, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    This work presents an innovative design for a flow-through dielectrophoretic cell sorting based on silicon bulk microelectrodes featuring sidewall undercuts. The microelectrodes are configured into an interdigitated array with digits extending across the flow chamber at an oblique angle against the flow stream. Target cells under dielectrophoretic forces and hydrodynamic drag can slide along the digits to a dedicated outlet. The design has been showcased for continuous-flow sorting of viable and non-viable mammalian cells, achieving a throughput of 16,600 cells/min, an order of magnitude higher than those reported for existing continuous-flow cell sorting designs using thin-film or... 

    Application of damage spectra as seismic intensity measures in endurance time method for steel moment-resisting frames

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 24, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 53-64 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Maleki Amin, M. J ; Estekanchi, H. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    In seismic resistant design of moment frames, the structure behavior under earthquakes has to be examined considering various damage criteria. Damage indices can be estimated by Endurance Time (ET) method with minimum computational effort. The quality of this estimation can be improved in different ways. In this paper, the graphs of a certain damage index versus natural period of the structure, called damage spectra, are produced applying intensifying ET records and scaled Ground Motions (GM). Then, the excitation duration of ET acceleration functions (target time) is modified in order to reach acceptable consistency between ET and GM damage spectra. Moreover, various damage indices of a... 

    Impacts of SiO2 and MgO nanoparticles on mass transfer performance of batch liquid-liquid extraction

    , Article Inorganic and Nano-Metal Chemistry ; Volume 47, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 677-680 ; 24701556 (ISSN) Sepehri Sadeghian, S. S ; Abooali, D ; Rahbar Kelishami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Due to substantial impacts of nanoparticles on mass and heat transfer, having knowledge about different types of nanoparticles can contribute to access high efficiencies. As an investigation, in the present study, a number of liquid-liquid extraction experiments were designed by the use of Taguchi design model in order to study the impacts of SiO2 and MgO nanoparticles on mass transfer, in the batch systems. Acetic acid was considered as solute in some organic phases (i.e., n-butanol, n-butyl acetate, toluene, and chloroform), and pure water was applied as solvent. Taguchi experiment design method made more precision and convenience in the work. Final results showed reduction of mass... 

    Adjoint-based design optimization of s-shaped intake geometry

    , Article ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE), 3 November 2017 through 9 November 2017 ; Volume 1 , 2017 ; 9780791858349 (ISBN) Askari, R ; Shoureshi, P ; Soltani, M. R ; Khajeh Fard, A ; ASME ; Sharif University of Technology
    The S-shaped air intakes are very common shapes due to their ease in the engine-body integration or Radar Cross Section, RCS, specifications especially for fighter aircrafts. The numerical shape optimization of an S-shaped air intake using adjoint method is conducted. The flow of a specified air intake that uses S-duct M2129 is simulated using three dimensional (3D) numerical solution of Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equation along with k-ω SST turbulence model. The main purpose of this optimization scheme is to maximize the total pressure recovery (TPR). Further, the scheme is developed in such a way that would be applicable in industry thru satisfying specified constraint requirements.... 

    Online hybrid model predictive controller design for cruise control of automobiles

    , Article ASME 2017 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2017, 11 October 2017 through 13 October 2017 ; Volume 1 , 2017 ; 9780791858271 (ISBN) Merat, K ; Abbaszadeh Chekan, J ; Salarieh, H ; Alasty, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the proposed study, a Hybrid Model Predictive Controller is introduced for cruise control of an automobile model. The presented model consists of the engine, the gearbox, and the transmission dynamics, where the aerodynamics force and elastic friction between the tires and road are taken into account. Through Piecewise Linearization of nonlinearities in the system; (torque)-(throttle)-(angular velocity) of engine and (aerodynamic drag force)-(automobile velocity), a comprehensive piecewise linear model for the system is obtained. Then combined with the switch and shift between engaged gears in gearbox, the Piecewise Affine (PWA) model for the vehicle dynamics is acquired. As far as the... 

    Experimental investigation of blade number and design effects for a ducted wind turbine

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 105 , 2017 , Pages 334-343 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Ahmadi Asl, H ; Kamali Monfared, R ; Rad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Over the recent decades, many different ducted turbines have been designed to augment efficiency of wind turbines. The design and number of blades are the most important parameters to optimize efficiency of wind turbines. In this paper, effects of design, number and attack angles of blades on rotational speed are experimentally studied in a duct which increases wind velocity up to 2.46 times numerically and 2.32 times experimentally as great as far-field flow. In order to realize this, 3 different types of aerodynamic blades were designed and then, 2-bladed, 3-bladed and 4-bladed impellers were created by these blades; finally, 9 impellers were built on aggregate. The rotational speed of... 

    Parallelized numerical modeling of the interaction of a solid object with immiscible incompressible two-phase fluid flow

    , Article Engineering Computations (Swansea, Wales) ; Volume 34, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 709-724 ; 02644401 (ISSN) Ghasemi, A ; Nikbakhti, R ; Ghasemi, A ; Hedayati, F ; Malvandi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Purpose - A numerical method is developed to capture the interaction of solid object with two-phase flow with high density ratios. The current computational tool would be the first step of accurate modeling of wave energy converters in which the immense energy of the ocean can be extracted at low cost. Design/methodology/approach - The full two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations are discretized on a regular structured grid, and the two-step projection method along with multi-processing (OpenMP) is used to efficiently solve the flow equations. The level set and the immersed boundary methods are used to capture the free surface of a fluid and a solid object, respectively. The full... 

    Seismic reliability-based design of inelastic base-isolated structures with lead-rubber bearing systems

    , Article Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering ; Volume 115 , 2018 , Pages 589-605 ; 02677261 (ISSN) Shoaei, P ; Tahmasebi Orimi, H ; Zahrai, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a seismic reliability-based approach is proposed to design inelastic steel moment frame structures isolated by lead-rubber bearing (LRB) systems. An equivalent two-degree-of-freedom system is assumed in which a bilinear behaviour is assigned to both the superstructure and the base. Furthermore, uncertainties associated with the equivalent superstructure mass, stiffness, and yield properties are taken into account by employing proper probability density functions. The proposed design approach is twofold: 1) Reliability curves that return the key design parameters of the inelastic base-isolated structure including: the period of the superstructure, the target base displacement,... 

    Experimental and analytical study of telescopic lead yielding damper

    , Article Journal of Constructional Steel Research ; Volume 150 , 2018 , Pages 371-383 ; 0143974X (ISSN) Eskandari, M ; Pournamazian Najafabadi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, a novel type of passive energy dissipation device called a Telescopic Lead Yielding Damper (TLYD) is proposed and analyzed. This device comprises co-axial steel cylinders and lead rings, such that these rings act as shear locks between the steel cylinders. TLYDs dissipate energy through the plastic shear deformation of lead metal. The telescopic mechanism used in TLYDs allows these small-sized dampers to tolerate large axial displacements with low fatigue. For each telescopic level, a yield plateau is added to the hysteresis behavior of TLYD devices. Each yield plateau resists a different performance level, namely design-based and maximum credible earthquakes. Seven... 

    Design and comparison of quasi continuous sliding mode control with feedback linearization for a large scale wind turbine with wind speed estimation

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 127 , 2018 , Pages 495-508 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Golnary, F ; Moradi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, dynamic modelling and control of WindPACT 1.5 MW wind turbine in Region 2 for extracting the maximum energy from wind is investigated (where the wind velocity is greater than ‘cut in’ and below ‘rated’ wind speeds). In this region, the generator torque must regulate the rotor speed in its optimal value while the blade pitch angle is considered constant in its optimal value. To achieve a more accurate model, wind turbine is modeled as an electromechanical system with two masses dynamics. A new method based on adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) is considered for wind speed estimation; where rotor speed, output power and pitch angle are inputs of such system and... 

    An efficient and low power one-lambda crosstalk avoidance code design for network on chips

    , Article Microprocessors and Microsystems ; Volume 63 , 2018 , Pages 36-45 ; 01419331 (ISSN) Shirmohammadi, Z ; Mahdavi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Crosstalk faults occurring in wires of Networks on Chip (NoCs) can seriously threaten the reliability of data transfer. One efficient way to tackle crosstalk faults is numeral-based Crosstalk Avoidance Codes (CACs). Numeral-based CACs reduce crosstalk faults by preventing specific transition patterns to occur. One-Lambda Codes (OLCs) are the most efficient types of CACs. However, the codec of OLCs imposes overheads including power consumption, critical path and area occupation to the routers of NoCs. To find overhead-efficient OLCs, this paper proposes an Algorithm for Generating OLC Numeral systems (AGON). AGON provides a tradeoff for designers in selecting overhead-efficient OLCs. Using... 

    Waveform design in MIMO radar using radial point interpolation method

    , Article IEEE Communications Letters ; Volume 22, Issue 10 , 2018 , Pages 2076-2079 ; 10897798 (ISSN) Imani, S ; Bolhasani, M ; Ghorashi, S. A ; Rashid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this letter, we consider the problem of waveform design in colocated multiple-input multiple-output radars in order to obtain a desired beampattern. In this problem, practical constraints, such as constant envelope (CE) and low peak-to-average power ratio, are very important. Therefore, we propose a simple method to generate some practical waveforms, such as different versions of phase-shift keying and pulse-amplitude modulation. We map a non-CE to the desired finite alphabet by a mapping function (MP). In the proposed method, first, the values of cross-correlation relationship between the input and the output of MP are calculated in a few points, and then, using radial point...