Search for: doubly-fed-induction-generator
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    Modification of DFIG's active power control loop for speed control enhancement and inertial frequency response

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy ; Volume 8, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 1772-1782 ; 19493029 (ISSN) Ashouri Zadeh, A ; Toulabi, M ; Bahrami, S ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper proposes a fuzzy-based speed controller for the doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind turbines with the rotor speed and wind speed inputs. The controller parameters are optimized using the particle swarm optimization algorithm. To accelerate tracking the maximum power point trajectory, the conventional controller is augmented with a feed-forward compensator, which uses the wind speed input and includes a high-pass filter. The proposed combined speed controller is robust against wind measurement errors and as the accuracy of anemometers increases the speed regulation tends toward the ideal controller. The cutoff frequency of the applied filter is determined considering a... 

    Coordinated control approaches for low-voltage ride-through enhancement in wind turbines with doubly fed induction generators

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion ; Volume 25, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 873-883 ; 08858969 (ISSN) Rahimi, M ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper deals with the coordinated control of rotor- and grid-side converters in wind turbines with doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs) to improve the low-voltage ride-through capability. The rotor-side converter control and additional equipment, called stator damping resistor, are used to limit the rotor inrush current and to reduce the oscillations and settling time of DFIG transient response during the voltage dip. Also, the grid-side converter is controlled to limit the dc-link overvoltage during the voltage drop. It is found that the dynamics of the grid-side converter and dc-link voltage exhibit nonminimum phase behavior, and thus there is an inherent limitation on the... 

    Analysis and Improvement of Dynamic Behavior of Brushless Doubly-Fed Induction Generator in Wind Turbines

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tohidi, Sajjad (Author) ; Oraee Mirzamani, Hashem (Supervisor) ; Zolghadri, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Recently, the brushless doubly fed induction generator (BDFIG) has been proposed to be used in wind turbines due to variable speed operation with fractionally size power electronic converter and without brushes and slip rings. In this thesis, for the first time, LVRT capability of BDFIG has been assessed regarding the grid codes and several approaches have been suggested for improving it. Firstly, the steady-state performance of the BDFIG in different operating modes has been investigated and required tests have been performed. In addition, a new operating mode named as "double cascade mode" has been introduced. The fault-on performance of BDFIG has also been studied by means of torque-speed... 

    Fault Tolerant AC/DC/AC Converters for Wind Energy Turbine with Doubly-Fed Induction Generator

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Shahbazi, Mahmoud (Author) ; Zolghadri, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Saadate, Shahrokh (Supervisor)
    AC/DC/AC converters are widely being used in a variety of power applications. Continuity of service of these systems, as well as their reliability and performance are now of the major concerns. Indeed, the failure of the converter can lead to the total or partial loss of the control of the phase currents and can cause serious system malfunction or even shutdown. Thus, uncompensated faults can quickly endanger the system. Therefore, to prevent the spread of the fault to the other system components and to ensure continuity of service, fault tolerant converter topologies associated with quick and effective fault detection and compensation methods must be implemented. In this thesis, the... 

    Analysis and enhancement of low-voltage ride-through capability of brushless doubly fed induction generator

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics ; Volume 60, Issue 3 , March , 2013 , Pages 1146-1155 ; 02780046 (ISSN) Tohidi, S ; Oraee, H ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Shao, S ; Tavner, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper discusses the dynamic behavior of the brushless doubly fed induction generator during the grid faults which lead to a decrease in the generator's terminal voltage. The variation of the fluxes, back EMFs, and currents are analyzed during and after the voltage dip. Furthermore, two alternative approaches are proposed to improve the generator ride-through capability using crowbar and series dynamic resistor circuits. Appropriate values for their resistances are calculated analytically. Finally, the coupled circuit model and the generator's speed and reactive power controllers are simulated to validate the theoretical results and the effectiveness of the proposed solutions. Moreover,... 

    Efficient control scheme of wind turbines with doubly fed induction generators for low-voltage ride-through capability enhancement

    , Article IET Renewable Power Generation ; Volume 4, Issue 3 , May , 2010 , Pages 242-252 ; 17521416 (ISSN) Rahimi, M ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    As the penetration of wind power in electrical power systems increases, it is required that wind turbines remain connected to the grid and actively contribute to the system stability during and after grid faults. This study proposes an efficient control strategy to improve the low-voltage ride-through (LVRT) capability in doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs). The proposed scheme consists of passive and active LVRT compensators. The passive compensator is based on a new crowbar arrangement located in series with stator windings. It considerably reduces the rotor inrush current at the instants of occurring and clearing the fault. The active LVRT compensator is realised through rotor voltage... 

    Wind turbine productivity considering electrical subassembly reliability

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 35, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 190-197 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Arabian-Hoseynabadi, H ; Oraee, H ; Tavner, P.J ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper proposes a reliability model for the electrical subassemblies of geared wind turbine systems with induction generators. The model is derived considering the failure of main subassemblies and their parameters are calculated. A productivity comparison is performed between the selected wind turbine systems including reliability issues. Two methods of modification for variable-speed wind turbines with Doubly Fed Induction Generators (DFIG) to improve their availability are finally suggested  

    Modified virtual inertial controller for prudential participation of DFIG-based wind turbines in power system frequency regulation

    , Article IET Renewable Power Generation ; Volume 13, Issue 1 , 2019 , Pages 155-164 ; 17521416 (ISSN) Ravanji, M. H ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Engineering and Technology  2019
    This study proposes a modified virtual inertial control (MVIC) scheme for doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG)based wind turbines (WTs), which both improves the frequency response of these renewable resources and enhances the power system oscillation damping capabilities. It is shown that the proposed control structure enables the WT to participate prudentially in system frequency regulation, which means the amount of WT kinetic energy released to the grid and its participation in system frequency support is alleviated as its stored energy decreases. The proposed control strategy is introduced conceptually, and its performance is verified analytically. Effects of wind speed variations on... 

    Integration of wind turbines in distribution systems and development of an adaptive overcurrent relay coordination scheme with considerations for wind speed forecast uncertainty

    , Article IET Renewable Power Generation ; Volume 14, Issue 15 , 2020 , Pages 2983-2992 Dindar, A ; Mohammadi Ardehali, M ; Vakilian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Engineering and Technology  2020
    The integration of renewable energy (RE)-based distributed generation (DG) with electric power distribution systems (DSs) in association with smart grid technology has numerous benefits, however, due to their intermittent nature, the utilisation of RE-based DG may pose threats to the proper operation of conventional overcurrent (OC) protection schemes. The resulting threats, malfunctions, and non-selective actions could occur by relays within the DS, and the development of efficient protection schemes is necessary. The objective of this study is to propose and simulate an adaptive OC protection scheme in DSs in the presence of doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbines based on wind... 

    Improved generic model of variable speed wind turbines for dynamic studies

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy ; Volume 11, Issue 4 , October , 2020 , Pages 2162-2173 Mirnezhad, H ; Ravanji, M. H ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2020
    Fast growth of wind power generation and its contribution in power systems dynamic performance has highlighted the importance of developing generic models for wind turbines. Following the former efforts, an enhanced version of standard generic wind turbine model is proposed in this article. The enhancements are aimed to make the model applicable for unbalanced Root Mean Square (RMS), short-Term frequency stability, and low-voltage ride-Through (LVRT) studies. Moreover, fidelity of the overall responses of the model is increased. To achieve these goals, five new blocks are designed and added to the base model and three existing blocks are modified. The new blocks are negative-sequence... 

    Doubly fed induction generators to enhance inter-area damping based on a Robust controller: H2/ H∞ Control

    , Article SN Applied Sciences ; Volume 3, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 25233971 (ISSN) Goodarzi, A ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Dehghani, M ; Ghasemi Garpachi, M ; Ghiasi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Nature  2021
    In this study, an auxiliary damping controller based on a robust controller considering the active and reactive power control loops for a doubly-fed induction generator for wind farms is proposed. The presented controller is able to improve the inter-area oscillation damping. In addition, the proposed controller applies only one accessible local signal as the input; however, it can improve the inter-area oscillation damping and, consequently the system stability for the various working conditions and uncertainties. The oscillatory modes of the system are appointed using the linear analysis. Then, the controller’s parameters are determined using the robust control approaches (H∞/ H2) with the... 

    FPGA-based fault tolerant scheme with reduced extra-sensor number for WECS with DFIG

    , Article Proceedings - ISIE 2011: 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, 27 June 2011 through 30 June 2011 ; 2011 , Pages 1595-1601 ; 9781424493128 (ISBN) Shahbazi, M ; Gaillard, A ; Poure, P ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Fast fault detection and converter reconfiguration is necessary for fault tolerant doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) in wind energy conversion systems (WECS) to prevent further damage and to make possible the continuity of service. Extra sensors are needed in order to detect the faults rapidly. In this paper, a very fast FPGA-based fault detection scheme is presented that minimizes the number of additional voltage sensors. A fault tolerant converter topology for this application is studied. Control and fault detection system are implemented on a single FPGA and Hardware in the Loop experiments are performed to evaluate the proposed detection scheme, the digital controller and the fault... 

    Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) for wind turbines

    , Article International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems ; Volume 32, Issue 7 , 2010 , Pages 817-824 ; 01420615 (ISSN) Arabian Hoseynabadi, H ; Oraee, H ; Tavner, P. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    The Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) method has been used to study the reliability of many different power generation systems. This paper now applies that method to a wind turbine (WT) system using a proprietary software reliability analysis tool. Comparison is made between the quantitative results of an FMEA and reliability field data from real wind turbine systems and their assemblies. These results are discussed to establish relationships which are useful for future wind turbine designs. The main system studied is an existing design 2 MW wind turbine with a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), which is then compared with a hypothetical wind turbine system using the Brushless... 

    Dynamic behavior analysis of doubly-fed induction generator wind turbines - The influence of rotor and speed controller parameters

    , Article International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems ; Volume 32, Issue 5 , June , 2010 , Pages 464-477 ; 01420615 (ISSN) Rahimi, M ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper analytically investigates the effects of system and controller parameters and operating conditions on the dynamic and transient behavior of wind turbines (WTs) with doubly-fed induction generators (DFIGs) under voltage dips and wind speed fluctuations. Also, it deals with the design considerations regarding rotor and speed controllers. The poorly damped electrical and mechanical modes of the system are identified, and the effects of system parameters, and speed/rotor controllers on these modes are investigated by modal and sensitivity analyses. The results of theoretical studies are verified by time domain simulations. It is found that the dynamic behavior of the DFIG-based WT... 

    Coordinated control of doubley fed induction generator virtual inertia and power system oscillation damping using fuzzy logic

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions A: Basics ; Volume 32, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 536-547 ; 17281431 (ISSN) Solat, A. R ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Mozafari, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials and Energy Research Center  2019
    Doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbines with traditional maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control provide no inertia response under system frequency events. Recently, the DFIG wind turbines have been equipped with virtual inertia controller (VIC) for supporting power system frequency stability. However, the conventional VICs with fixed gain have negative effects on inter-area oscillations of regional networks. To cope with this drawback, this paper proposes a novel adaptive VIC to improve both the inter-area oscillations and frequency stability. In the proposed scheme, the gain of VIC is dynamically adjusted using fuzzy logic. The effectiveness and control performance of... 

    Small-Signal stability analysis of DFIG-based wind turbines equipped with auxiliary control systems under variable wind speed

    , Article 2020 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2020 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe, EEEIC / I and CPS Europe 2020, 9 June 2020 through 12 June 2020 ; 2020 Ravanji, M.H ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2020
    Providing ancillary services such as frequency support and power operating reserve by doubly fed induction gener-ator-based wind turbines has received considerable attention in the recent years, and several auxiliary controllers have been proposed to provide these services. In this paper, small-signal stability of wind turbines equipped with these controllers is assessed in presence of a frequency event and varying wind speed conditions. For this purpose, first, several auxiliary controllers are discussed, and a unified auxiliary controller (UAC) is proposed, which can represent all of these controllers simultaneously. Then, the overall transfer function from the wind speed to the wind...